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assist at the election of scholars, from the son of good value. Concerning the kindred free schools of the Merchant Tailors, and of Dr. Watts, who, as is said before befrom that at St. Paul's, and of the Mercers, stowed a full scholarship on him in Pemand perceiving favour and affection, and broke-Hall, after much inquiry, he found other by-respects, sometimes to oversway only one, upon whom, being a scholar, he merit, with those to whom the choice be- bestowed preferments in Pembroke-Hall; longed, and that divers good scholars were and he dying there, his Lordship much omitted, and others of less desert prefer. grieved that he could hear of no more of red, he of his own goodpess at divers times that kindred, to whom he might express took care for such as were so neglected, his further thankfulness. And yet he forand sent them to the University, where he got not his patron Dr. Watts at his end, bestowed preferment upon them.
for by his will he took order that out of • To conelade this account of him, take a the scholars of that foundation, the two view of his fidelity, in that great place of fellowships which he himself founded, as trust, the almonership; which was suffi- you shall see by and by, in Pembrokeciently evident, especially to those who at. Hall, slıould be supplied, if they should be tended bim nearly. First, in that he would found fit for them. bever suffer one penny of that which ac- Lastly, to Pembroke-Hall (omitting the crued to bim by that place, to be put or legacies by him bequeathed to the parishes mingled with any of his own rents or re. of St. Giles, of St. Martin Ludgate, where vendes, and wherein he kept a more exact he had dwelt, of St. Andrew in Holborn, account than of his own private estate ; of St. Saviour in Southwark, of All Saints and, secondly, being so separated, he was Barking, where he was born, and others,) to as faithful in the disposing of it, not only in that college, I say, where he had been a the general trust of his sovereign, in the Scholar, Fellow, and Master, he gave one daily charges incident to that place, ex- thousand pounds to purchase land for two pended by the Sub-Almoner, and other fellowships, and for other uses in that yearly ordinary charges; but when he college, expressed in his will, besides three perceived that he had a surplusage (those bundred sach folio books of bis own, to the charges defrayed) he would not suffer it to increase of that college library, as were lie by him, but some of it he disposed of to not there before ; together with a gilt cup the relief of poor housekeepers, some in and a bason and ewer, in all points, as releasing of poor prisoners, and comforting weight, fashion, inscription, &c, so like to them which lay io misery and iron, and the cup, bason, and ewer, given about some in furnishing poor people with gowns, three hundred years since to ibat college. biose, shoes, and the like, for all which, by the religious foundress thereof, as that many, so bestowed by him, had he reserv- not ovum ovo similius ; and these, he proed to his own use, his patent being sine fessed, he caused to be made and given. computo, no man could have questioned not for the continuance of his own me. him ; but he was a faithful steward in this, mory, but for fear that those which she had as in the rest, and expected that joyful given so long since, might miscarry, and Euge, “ Well done, thou good and faith, so her remembrance might decay. ful servant, thou hast been faithful, &c. The fifth is bis munificence and bounty. enter thou into the joy of the Lord;" to prove which little need be said more, which no doubt but he possesseth.
than that which hath been touched in his The next is bis gratitude or thankfulness bountiful chiarity. But besides that, the to all from wbom he bad received any be two famous Universities, and they which Defit. Of this virtue of his there are and then were poor scholars in them, will wila were lately divers witnesses ; as Dr. Ward, ness for him in this point, he never comson to his first schoolmaster, upon whom ing near either of them after he was Bia be bestowed the living of Waltham, in shop, but that he sent to be distributed Hampshire, and Mr. Mulcaster, bis other among poor scholars, sometimes one huna schoolmaster, whom he ever reverently re- dred pounds, and ever fifty pounds at the spected during his life, in all companies, least-one thing I cannot pass over in and placed him ever at the upper end of silence—that when King James was pleashis table; and after his death caused his ed to grace the University of Cambridge picture, having but few others in his house, with his presence, in 1617, this reverend to be set over his study door : and not father being present also at the Philosophy only shewed he this outward thankfulness Act, he sent, at bis departure, to four of to him, but supplied his wants many times the disputants forty pieces of gold, of two also, privately, in a liberal and plentiful and twenty shillings a piece, to be equally manner; and at his own death, the father divided among them. But what speak I being dead, he bequeathed a legacy to his of these? Was ever Prince better enters tained, and in more magnificent but orderly besides many others, Master Erpenius, to manner, than was his said Majesty at whom he tendered an anpual stipend, to Farnham Castle (one of the houses belong. bave read and tauglit here the Oriental ing to the Bishopric of Winchester,) where tongues, (wherein long before his death he in the space of three days the Bishop himself had been well versed, as may apspent three thousand pounds, to the extra- pear by his Commencement Verses) the ordinary contentment of his Majesty, and experienced professorswhereof he much dethe admiration of all his followers *. lighted in, and did much for them; as Mr.
The next is his hospitality; from the Bedwell, to whom he gave the vicarage of first time of his preferment (to means of Tottenham, in Middlesex, if living, among any considerable value) even to his dying others, would testify. And the reason for day, he was ever liospitable and free in en- this, a late reverend father of this Church tertainment to all people of quality and hath given Omnes quod in se amant, in worthy of respect, especially to scholars aliis venerantur ; loving and honouring and strangers, his table being ever bounti- these gifts in others which he had in himfully and neatly furnished with provisions self, for among the other parts of his pro and attendants answerable, to whom he found learning, he by lis industry had atcommitted the care of providing and ex. tained to the knowledge of fifteen tongues, pending in a plentiful yet orderly way, if not more .. himself seldom knowiog what meat lie had, To these former may be added his mo. till he came from his study to dinner, at desty, which was ever such, that although which he would shew himself so noble in the whole Christian world took special nohis entertainment, and so gravely facetious, tice of his profound and deep learning, yet that his guests would often profess, they was he so far from acknowledging it in him. never came to any man's table wliere they self, that he would often complain of his received better satisfaction in all points, defects, even to the extenuating, yea viliand that his Lordship kept Christmas all fying of bis own worth and abilities; prothe year, in respect of the plenty they fessing many times that he was but inutilis ever found there. And yet, by the way, serrus, day inutile pondus ; insomuch, that take this, that he ever strictly observed being preferred by King James to the in his provisions of diet, the time of Lent, Bishopric of Chichester, and pretending Embers, and other fasting days, according his own imperfections and insufficiency to to the laws of this kingdom, and the or- undergo such a charge, as also that he ders of the Church.
might have not only his clergy, bat all I shall not need to speak of the extraor- others to take notice thereof, he caused to dinary great hospitality he kept, and the be engraven about the seal of his bishopric large expence he was at, in entertainment those words of St. Paul--Et ad bæc quis of all sorts of people in Scotland, at what time he attended King James thither; the * A pleasant story (at once too well nobility, clergy, gentry, and others of both known to be mentioned, or yet to be nations there present, will, as they ofteu passed over) is related of him in the life already have, speak of it for me to his ex. of Waller the poet. That gentleman, ceeding great honour. So that I know not going to see the King at dinner, overwhether I have fitly couched it under this heard a very extraordinary conversation head of hospitality, or whether it had more between his Majesty and two Prelates, properly belonged to that of his muuiti- the Bishop of Winchester (Andrews,) and cence and bounty.
Dr. Neale, Bishop of Durham, who were The seventh is his humanity and affa- standing behind the King's chair. His bility, not only to the last mentioned, his Majesty asked the Bishops, “ My Lords. guests, but to every one that did converse cannot I take my subjects' money when Í with; for which, not only divers famous want it, without all this formality in Parscholars and others of this kingdom, but liament?" The Bishop of Durham readily others of foreign parts, as they bad just answered, “ God forbid, Sir, but you cause, have admired him; as, not to men- should: you are the breath of our nos. tion natives, Master Casaubon, Master trils." Whereupon the King turned and Claverius, Master Vossius, Master Gro- said to the Bishop of Winchester, “ Well, tius, Master Moulin, Master Barclay, and, my Lord, what say you ?"_“Sir," re
- plied the Bishop, “ I have no skill to Besides he refused to make some judge of parliamentary matters." The leases in his last years, which might have King answered, “ No put off, my Lord; been very beneficial to him, for the good of answer me presently."-" Then, Sir," his successor; his reason was, “ Many are said he, “ I think it lawful for you to too ready to spoil Bishopricks, and few take my brother Neale's money, for he offers enough to uphold them."-Fun. Serm. it,”
idoneus? and who is sufficient for these had such a dexterity, that some would say things ? 2 Cor. ii. 16.
of him, that he was quick again, as soon One note of his modesty, mixed with his as delivered; and in this faculty he bas last virtue of humanity, may be added, left a pattern inimitable : so that he was that after his chaplains had preached in truly styled, Stella predicantium, and an bis chapel before him, he would some- angel in the pulpit. And his late Majesty times privately request them, tbat he might took especial care in causing that volume have a sight of their notes, with very good of his sermons to be divulged, though but words, and full of encouragement: inso- a liandful of those which he preached, by much, as they would profess of him, that enjoying whereof this kingdom hath an inthey would never desire a more candid estimable treasure .. anditor. So that what was said of Bede, And for his acuteness and profundity in may as fitly be said of him: A pielale writing against the adversary, he so excelmodestia, et castitate nomen Venerabilis led all others of bis time, that neither Beladeptus est.
larmine, champion to the Romanists, nor His indefatigability in study cannot be any other of them, was ever able to answer paralleled, if we consider him from his what he wrote: so that as his sermons childhood to his old age. Never any pian were inimitable, his writings were nnantook such pains, or at least spent so much® swerable. time, in study, as this reverend prelate; To draw to 'an end of deciphering his for even in those days, when it might have virtues and attainments, it may truly be been supposed lie would have taken some said of him, that he had those gifts and ease for his former pains, then also from graces, both of art and nature, so fixed in the hour he rose (his private devotions liim, as that this age cannot parallel him; finished) to the time he was called to din- for his profundity and abyss of learning ger, which, by his own order, was not till were accompanied with wit, memory, judge' twelve at noon at the soonest, he kept ment, languages, gravity, and humility; close at his book, and would not be inter- insoinuch that if he had been contemporupted by any that came to speak with rary with the ancient fathers of the prihim, or apon any occasion (public prayer mitive Church, he would have been, and excepted,) insomuch that be would be so that worthily, repated not inferior to the displeased with scholars that attempted to chiefest among them. speak with him in a morning, that he He generally hated all vices, but three would say, he doubted they were no true (which he ever reputed sips) were most scholars that came to speak with him be especially odious unto him. First, usury, fore noon.
from which he was so far himself, that After dinner, for two or three hours when his friends had need of such money space, he would willingly pass the time ei as he could spare, hc lent it to them freely, ther in discourse with his guests, or other without expectance of anght back but the friends, or in dispatch of his own temporal principal. The second was simony, which affairs, or of those who, by reason of his was so detestable to him, as that for reepiscopal jurisdiction, attended him; and fusing to admit divers men to livings,whom being quit of these and the like occasions, he suspected to be simoniacally preferred, he would return to his study, wliere le lie suffered much by suits of law: choosing spent the rest of the afternoon, even till rather to be compelled, agaiost his will, to bed-time, except some friend took him admit them by law, than voluntarily to do off to supper, and then did he eat but sparingly.
• He was always a diligent and painful Of the fruit of this his seed-time, the
preacher; most of his solemn sermons be world, especially this land, has reaped a
was most careful of and exact : I dare plentiful harvest, in bis sermons and writ.
say few of them but they passed his hand, ings: never went any beyond bim in the
and were thrice revised before they were first of these, his preaching, wherein he preached; and he ever disliked often and
loose preaching without study of antiquity, • He used no man to read for him and he would be bold with himself and as 'those great clerks, Bellarmine and say, “ When he preached twice a-day at others fashion is, to employ whole col- St: Giles, he prated once ;" and when his leges and societies to study add read for weakness grew on him, and that by infirthem, and to furnish them; he only used mity of his body he grew unable to preach, an amanuensis to transcribe that which he began to go little to the Court, not so himself had first written with his own much for weakness, as for inability to preach, hand.-Fun. Serm.
-Fun, Serm. REMEMBRANCER, No. 62.
that which his conscience made scruple of, which (by couching them only in this comAnd for the livings and other preferments pend) we have seen in him, as ex ungue which fell in his own gift, he ever bestow- Leonem, or by Hercules' foot, bis whole ed them freely, as you have seen before, body; and consider whether the Church upon deserving men, without suit: so that of God in general, and this in particular, we may say of him, as was said long since did not suffer an irreparable loss by his concerning Robert Winchelsey, Archbishop death. of Canterbury, Beneficia Ecclesiastica Having taken a short survey of his life, nunquam, nisi doctis contulit; precibus let us now see him dying. He was not ac gratia nobilium fretos, et ambientes, often sick, and but once, till his last sick. semper repulit. The last was sacrilege, ness, in thirty years, before the time he which he did so much abhor, that when died, which was at Downham, in the Isle the Bishopric of Sarum, and that of Ely, of Ely, the air of that place not agreeing before it was so much deplumed, were of with the constitution of his body. Bat fered to bim, upon terms savouring that there he seemed to be prepared for bis disway, he utterly rejected them. Concern. solution, saying oftentimes in that sickness, ing that of Salisbury, give leave to add a “ It must come once, and tchy not here?" particular passage of his, which bappened And at other times, before and since, he many years after his said refusal of it, would say, “ The days must come, when, which was this–At a parliament under whether we will or no, we shall say, with King James, when an act was to pass con- the Preacher, I have no pleasure in them." cerning Sherborne Castle, it was observed, (Eccles, xii. 1.) of his death he seemed that only Bisbop Andrews and another to presage himself a year before be died, gave their votes against the same: that the and therefore prepared his oil, that he other should so do was not much marvel- might be admitted in due time into the led at, but that Bishop Andrews should bride-chamber. That of qualis vita, &e. do it, when none but that other lord did was truly verified in him, fór as he lived so so, was so remarkable, as that he was de died he. As his fidelity in his bealth was manded by a great person wbat his reason great, so increased the strength of his faith was for it! to which he most worthily re- in his sickness. His gratitude to men was plied, that it could not be well wondered now changed into his thankfulness to God. why he should now vote against that which His affability to incessant and devout if he would have yielded unto many years prayers and speech with his Creator, Rebefore, in the days of Queen Elizabeth, he deemer, and Sanctifier. His laborious might have had this Bishopric of Sarum, studies, to his restless groans, sighs, cries. which reason of his when bis late Majesty, and tears; his hands labouring, his eyes being then Prince, and present at the pass. lifted up, and his heart beating and pauting of the act, heard; he beshrewed him, ing to see the living God, even to the last that when he denied his consent, he did of his breath. And him, no doubt, he sees not declare the reason of bis denial also, face to face, his works preceding and folprofessing that had he been made ac- lowing him, and he now following the quainted with the state of that case, as Lamb, crowned with that immortality, now he was, he would, with the King his which is reserved for every one that lives father's good leave, have laboured against such a life as he lived. the passing of the said act. To close up. He departed this life September 25, this point, this reverend prelate went yet a 1626, in the 71st year of his age, and lieth degree further, in refusing, when he was buried in the upper aisle of the parish Bishop of Winchester, divers large and con- Church of St, Saviour's, Southwark. His siderable sums, to renew some leases, be- executors have erected to him a very fair cause he conceived that the renewing of monument of marble and alabaster. And them might be prejudicial to succession. one that formerly had been his household
Now let us lay all these together : bis chaplain, (whom this honourable and revezeal and piety; his charity and compas. rend prelate loved most tenderly from his sion ; bis fidelity and integrity; his grati. childhood, rather like a father than a lord tude and thankfulness; his munificence or patron,) but since his death a successor and bounty ; hospitality, humanity, affabi- to him in some of his places in the Charch, lity, and modesty; and to these his inde- for the duty and reverence which he ever fatigability in study, and the fruits of his bare to him while he lived, hath most labours in his sermons and writings, toge- gratefully and cordially, in his everlasting ther with his profundity in all kind of honourable memory, added to it a most learning-bis wit, memory, judgment, gra. excellent, significant, and speaking Epivity, and bumility, his detestation of all taph, which followeth; vices and sin, but especially of three. All
Moræ pretium erit
Sub eâdem fælicis Resurrectionis Spe,
Eandeni D. Jesu præstolans Epiphaniam,
Londini oriundus, educatus Cantabrigiæ
Unus & nemini secundus,
Humanorum, Divinorum omnium
Orthodoxæ Christi Ecclesiæ
Regina Elizabethæ a Sacris,
D. Petri Westmonast. Decanus,
Regique Jacobo tum ab Eleemosynis,
Rara amoenitate in suos,
Æternum admirandus :
Christi MDCXXVI o.
Reader, be serious, let thy thoughts reflect
Were crown'd and guilded with resounding praise.
Che ample glories of bis spreading Fame. The concluding part of this inscription is manifestly corrupt; and we have not the means of ascertaining the true reading. The inscription at present on the monument is as follows:
Ætatis suæ 71.