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far outdone by the destruction of the Alexandrine library itself I But it could
not be supposed, that the Government of a great country could mean to with-
draw its support and patronage altogether from the indigenous literature of
India, however it might have determined to separate this object from the business
of the Committee of Public instruction, and to confine the efforts and the funds of
the latter to the support and superintendence of schools and purely normal educa-
tion. It only required a public body, independent of such functions, and offering
a guarantee of competency for the task, to step forward and solicit to be entrusted
by the Government with this momentous object. None could so properly proffer
its services as the Asiatic Society, supported by all the eminent Orientalists of the
country : he had already the assurance of many both in Calcutta and in the interior,
that they would cordially join. He would then move the following resolutions ;
_ “ lst. That a Committee be formed in the Asiatic Society, to be called the “ Ori-
ental Publication Committee,” consisting of the President, Vice-Presidents, and
Secretaries as ex-oflicio members, and of such members as may express a desire to
join it ; as well as of all distinguished Oriental scholars, or patrons of Oriental
literature, Europeans or natives, resident in India, who not being members of the
Asiatic Society may be desirous of joining in the objects of the Committee.

2nd. That the Governor General be requested to accept the oflice of Patron.

3rd. That no monthly contribution shall be expected from ordinary or from associated members, but that subscriptions for specific objects may be occasionally invited, as may be determined on in committee.

4th. That the principal object of the Association is the completion of the

-publication of those Oriental works which have been hitherto printed under the
auspices of the Committee of Public Instruction ; but which, by a late resolution
of Government, have been suspended, in order that the funds devoted thereto,
piight be wholly appropriated for purposes of Education by means of the English

5th. That the Asiatic Society do present an humble but urgent Memorial to the
Government of India, or if necessary, to the Court of Directors, setting forth the great
national importance of continuing the publication of the series of Oriental classical.
literature it had commenced ; the high value set upon this undertaking by all

i the learned of Europe ; the difliculty of re-organizing the same establishment, or

one equally well trained for conducting through the Press any Sanscrit or Arabic works, if the Pundits, Maulavls, and compositors now employed be discharged and dispersed ;—and soliciting, therefore, that the Government will still continue its patronage to these Oriental works, granting as a separate boon a sum of money equivalent to what has hitherto been expended, or such sum as may be suflicient for the object, and placing its expenditure under the Asiatic Society, or the Oriental Committee, with such means of audit or control as may seem advisable, to prevent misappropriation.

6th. That the Society will engage to devote its attention gratuitously to the careful and creditable execution of the important charge entrusted to it.

7th. That it will bring to the notice of Government other works which are worthy of being printed, and use its utmost exertion to secure the careful collation of manuscripts and correction of the press.

8th. That it requests of Government the same advantages as the Committee of Education has hitherto enjoyed for this purpose, in the use of the Pundits and Maulavls of the Pétsala and Madrassa.

9th. That the Oriental Translation Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain be invited to unite with the Committee, as far as they have a common object in view, namely, that of placing in a permanent form the ancient classical literature of the country—by the printing of standard editions, with or without translations in the English or Latin language. That to that end the Oriental Fund Branch Committee of Calcutta might properly merge into the

new Association.” _ _ The Secretary concluded by reading a letter from Mr. HODGsoN, Resident in

Nipal, whose experience of the natives, and acquaintance with Bauddha and Brahminical literature, entitled his opinions to the utmost respect. [We may perhaps find roomhereafter for the insertion of this letter at length.]

. Mr. W. H. Macnacn-ran thought it would be useless in the Society to form a Committee, until it were assured that Government would grant the same pecuniary support as heretofore, or at any rate, a suflicient aid; he would therefore first propose that a memorial should be presented to Government, or if necessary, to the Court of Directors, expressing the sentiments of the Society as a body, _on the late resolution, and praying to be allowed to continue the suspended publications at the public expence, in case no other arrangement was contemplated for their completion.

His own view of the effects of the measure on the education of the people, he had expressed in another place-~but he could not consent to relinquish these arguments in an appeal from the Society, which was as much as any body open to conviction that the improvement of the vernaculandialects, nay the very grammatical formation of them, required the cultivation and preservation of the parent and classical languages.

The Rev. Dr. MILL entirely concurred in these views. To discourage sys. tematically the study of the learned languages of the east,—was, as far as in us lies, to barbarize the native dialects, and render them incapable of being the vehicles of science and improved knowledge. This capability was now eminently possessed by many of them, entirely through their natural connexion with the Sanscrit, an advantage which it was chimerical to think of supplying by means of artificial and exotic derivation from the English. Another observation had forcibly struck him with respect to the late measure. There were two distinct classes of publications overthrown by it, of which he feared only one would or could be provided for by the Society's proposal; namely, the perpetuation of the most venerated monuments of Sanscrit, Arabic, or other oriental literatui-e,—but the other class, comprising the 5th, 7th, 8th, and 9th of the works enumerated above, which are intended to communicate the advanced knowledge and science of Europe, through the medium of the learned languages of India, either by translations or original treatises, and thus indirectly, but most powerfully, to encourage the study of English among learned natives, fell peculiarly under the scope of an Education Committee. It did not come within the Asiatic Society’s province to attempt this, otherwise than by commenting on existing native systems of science; and although the object was so important as to warrant some latitude in the exer. cise of its proposed functions, it seemed doubtful whether they could properly undertake the completion of the four works thus suspended, already prepared and half printed at so great an expence. '

Mr. Tnnvnnvan came purposely to support the formation of the new Com. mittee. He thought the preservation of standard editions of the classics of the country a national object, although he had done his utmost to disconnect it from the business of national instruction. He had himself had a narrow escape of being a great orientalist, for he had attained some credit for his progress in Sanscrit at College : but his Dictionary fell overboard on his voyage to this country, and thus he was saved from the bias which an enthusiastic devotion to this ancient tongue might have given to his views of education.

The PRESIDENT thought, it would be proper to confine the object of the Society's '

motion, to the simple question of the completion of the oriental works, which it was given to understand had been discontinued. He also agreed with Mr. MACNAGHTEN, that the first step must be to ascertain whether Government would continue its support, and to what extent ; for this he recommended, that Mr. MACNAGHTEN and Dr. MILL should be requested, in conjunction with the Secretaries, Mr. J. Pnmsar and Babu RAM Komnr. SEN, to draw up an urgent memorial to the Government, avoiding to the utmost all controversial points, and to submit it for the approval of the Society at the next meeting. This proposition was unanimously agreed to.


[The meeting was less numerously attended than usual, in consequence of the usual notices to members having been omitted. At the last meeting it was directed, “ that in future the day of meeting should be fixed regularly for the first VV ednesday of every month, and that notice should be only inserted in the “ public engagement” column of the daily papers.”]

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Register, kept at the Assay ($1/ice, Calcutta, for the Month of April, 1835.

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