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Plate VII.—The Arna, Bus Arna, mas. The Tarai‘ and Bhaver.
Plate VIII.——Gulo O-rientalia. Lower hills of Nipal. Fig. 1, the fore, and 2, the hind, foot.
Plate IX.—-Sculls. 1-1, the Sayer; 2-2, the Machabha; 3-3, the Mul Sampra, or Martes Hardwickii .- 4-4, Oriental Glutton ; 5-5, the Highland Nyool, or Mangmrta Javanica.
Plate X.— Lowland Nyool. 1 and 2, the head; 3, the ear with hair reflected ; 4, fore foot, and 5, hind ditto; 6-7, head of Highland Nyool; 8, its ear; 9, its fore, and 10, its hind, foot; 11, 12, 13, 14, scnll of Lowland Nyool.
Plate I.—The Phusro Jarai of the Nipalese. Uervus Aristolelis of SMITH, mature males, and head of ditto. Figs. 1 and 2, from one specimen, and 3 and 4, from another.
Plate II. fig. 1, scull of Ailurus Fulgens; 2, upper teeth of ditto; 3, lower teeth of ditto; 4, scull of short-tailed Mania; 5 and 6, upper, and 7, lower, jaw of ditto ; all nat. size.
Plate III.—The Lokriah Squirrel, S. Lokriah, mihi. Central region of Nipal. Nat. size.
Plate IV. fig. 1, common Musk Shrew of Nipal. Sorew Indicus? 2, common field mouse of Nipal; 3, Sano Chuah, or lesser common rat of Nipal. M. Ratus. Black rat? All natural size. Fig. 4, the scull; and 5, the hand, of the Shrew. '
Plate V.—The Nipalese cat. Felix Nipalensis, mature male; 2, head of ditto.
Plate VI.—-Black and white flying Squirrel. Sciuropterus Alboniger, mihi. Central and northern regions. Fig. 1, the fore foot, and 2, the hind. Nat. size.
Plate VII.—-Ghoral Antelope. Figs. 1 and 2, head of mature male, 3; head of young male: 4, scull and horns of male ; 5, the fore, and 6, the hind, foot.
Plate VIII.—The Buansu, or wild dog of the Nipalese. Canis primzevus, mihj; fig. 2, reclining figure of ditto.
Plate IX.-—C0mparative views, on an uniform scale, of the Buansn, Indian jackal, and Indian fox.
Plate X.—~l-lead of the Buansu, nat. size; fig. 2, small front view of ditto.
Plate XI.—Sculls of Buansu, Indian jackal, and Indian fox. Figs. 4 and 5, scnll and teeth of Buansu of nat. size.
Plate I. fig. 1, scull and horns of the Barn Sinha, or Indian type of the true Stag. Inhabits the Bhaver and saul forest of Nipal. Fig. 2, horns of the Chittra, or spotted Axis; fig‘. 3, horns of Laghuna or Pada or Porcine Axis. Two latter inhabit the Tarai. All three on an uniform scale.
Plate II. figs. 1, 2, 3, various specimens of the horns of the Phnsro .Tara‘i of the Nipalese. 0'. Arislotelis of SMITH. Hipelnaplzus of DU Vaucnn; 4, horns of the Rate Jarai; 5, horns of the Kalo Jarai; 6, horns of the Bahraiya, Cervus Bakraiya, mihi. (The Maha of the western portion of these bills.) All the animals inhabit the saul forest and Bhaver of Nipal.
Plate III.—Yo\mg males of the two varieties of the musk proper to the Kachar region of Nipal.
Plate IV.—Female of the Nipalese variety of Felis Serval. Head of the same.
Plate V.—Head of the Machabba, or Malva of the Tarfii. Paradozurua Bondar .? mature male. (N. B. Long hair moulted off.) Fig. 2, the male organs of genera
tion with the bald secreting surface on either side the sheath of the penis; 3,
female organs of generation and anus; 4, the fore foot, and 5, the hind foot. (First despatch.)
Plate Vl.-- Pteropus of central region: Pt. Lencocephalus, mihi. ,1; of nat. size, (11 inches by 4-8; body and muzzle, uniform saturate brown; whole head and shoulders, rufous yellow.)
Plate VII. figs. l and 2, Rhinolphi, and 3, Vespertilio, of central region. Nat. size
Plate VIII. fig. l, Pteropus; 2 and 3, Vespertiliones, of central region. Nat. size. Plate IX.--Heads and soulls of the Vespertilionidaa of the three preceding plates. Plate X.—l-lead and members of the Langoor monkey of the central region.
Plate I.—-The Chikara or Chouka, A. Tetracornia. Figs. 1 and 2, horns of nat. Size. Habitat Tarai; mature male.
Plate II.—-Snakes of central region. (N. B. All of them are innocuous.)
Plate III.—Young Porcupine of central region.
Plate IV.—Tibetan Mastiff, two varieties.
Plate V.—Common Hare of central region. Figs. 2 and 3, Locusts of same region.
Plate VI.—Commou Otter Of Tarai.
Plate VII. fig. 1, common Toad, and 2,, common Frog, of central region.
Plate VIlI.—Panther and Leopard of central region. Mature males.
Plate lX.—Cabool grey-hound and scull ; 3, scull of Proclzilus Labiatua.
Plate X. fig. 1, Prochilus Labiatus of Tarai; 2,, Ursua Tibeianus of central region of Nipal. Fem, junior.
' Plate I.—Dentition of Rhinoceros unicornis of the Taral.
Plates II. and III.~—Fishes of central region.
Plate IV.-—Members of the fishes of the two preceding plates-_
‘Plate V.—-The Khar Laghuna, or brown Porcine Axis. Fem. Fig. l, mature; 2, junior, from living animal in 2nd and 3rd year of age.
Plate VI. figs. l, 2, scull and horns of Yak of Tibet, mature male; 3, 4, 5,
scull of Ursus Tibetanus of central region, junior ; 6, scull of the Lassa Mastifl’, old. N. B. For the clime and physiognomy of the three regions of Nipal, (i. e.
the Northern, Central, and Southern ones,) see the published Catalogue of the Mammalia.
Plate VII. figs. 1 and 2, Zibet of central region of Nipal: two figures from ditferent specimens ; 3, the Urva of central and northern tracts ; 4 and 5, fore and bind feet of Urva.
Plate VIlI.—-Indian Dhmba sheep, mature male ; 2, Cabool ditto ditto, ditto.
Plate IX.—The Barwal or domestic sheep of the Kachar of Nipal; fig. 2, the Hoaniah or domestic sheep of Tibet and of the Himalaya. Mature males.
Plate X.—-The Wool-bearing Paradoxurus, Paradoxurus Lanigera, milii ; nat. size. Habitat the northern region of .Nipal.
Plate Xl.—The short-tailed Manis of the central region of Nipal. (N. B. Proves to be a new species.)
Plate XII. fig. 1, Chittra or Axis ; 2, Jhou Laghuna or spotted Porcine Axis; mature males. The Tarai of Nipal.
(Second despatch.)—-Extra sheets, three.
Plate 1. figs. 1 and 2, soul] of Ovis Nahoor, old male; 3-4, ditto of Ovis Banbhera, junior; 5-6, ditto of musk of Kachar; 7-8 ditto, of Antelope Hodgsonii, old male; 9-10, ditto of a Cervi Capra.
Plate II.—Head and limbs of Ovis Nahoor, old male.
Plate III.—5 sketches of horns of Ratwa Muntjac, (to prove the various forms they are apt'to assume.)
Two more extras.
Plate IV.-Ursus Tibetanus, male of two years; and head and limbs of ditto; and 3, views of scull and teeth.
Plate V.—Ant. Tetracornis, Chikara or Chouka, male head of ditto, separate.
(March, 1835.)-—An0ther extra sheet.
Plate VI.—Capra Jharhl, wild goat of the northern region. Views of head and horns separate.
(The Tehr of the western hills is a variety with nodose horns, and probably identical with H. S1u1'rn’s C. Jemlaica.)
(July lst.)—E.z-tra sheet. Plate VII. fig. 1, The Arna; 2, Gouri G60, mature males. (Bubalus A-rna
N. B. The delineations of the extra. sheets to be substituted for prior drawings of the same subject. _______—____—..___-—-—-——
1.—I1y‘luence of the Moon on the Weather. By F. Mancar.
On the question whether the moon has any influence on the weather or not, there are two opposite opinions : the great mass of the people, including sailors, boatmen, and most practical farmers, entertain no doubt whatever, of the influence of the moon’; whether the change of the weather at the lunar phases will be from fair to foul, or from foul to fair, none of them pretend to decide beforehand, but most of them think, that at the new and full moon, there is generally a change of some kind. On the other hand, philosophers, astronomers, and the learned in general, attribute this opinion altogether to popular prejudice. Finding no reason, in the nature of atmospheric tides, for believing that changes should take place on one day of the lunation. rather than another, they consider the popular opinion to be unsupported by any extended series of correct observations.
In the Annuaire for 1833, Aaaoo, the learned editor, has presented the result of the observations of Scnvnm-za in Germany, during twenty-eight years, or 348 synodic revolutions of the moon. During this period of 348 new moons, &c. the number of rainy days were as follows :
It rained on the day of the new moon, . . . . . . . . . . .. 148 times.
The observations of Scnnnnnn were made during eight years at Munich, four years at Stuttgard, and sixteen years at Augsburg. As a good meteorological register has been long kept at Geneva, the author thought it would be interesting to ascertain from the tables, (which have been carefully published in the Bibliothéque of that city,) whether, during a period of thirty-four years, viz. from 1800 to 1833, any inferences could be drawn for or against the popular opinion on the subject of lunar influence.
He finds, during these thirty-four years, the number of rainy days and quantity
of water fallen, to be as follows :
Atthenewmo0n,...................... 123 432' lines.
Lastquarter,.......................... 128 368'6 ditto. Throughout the whole period,. . . . . . . . . . . . 3,657 968 in. 93 lines. Thus it appears, that during thirty-four years, or 12,419 days, comprehending 420 synodic revolutions of the moon, there have been 3,657 rainy days. This gives for every 100 days, 2945 rainy days; and we find, that
For every 100 days of new moon, 2929 have been rainy.
Hence, it is evident, that during these thirty-four years at Geneva, the days of new moon and the days of the first quarter have been just about as liable to be rainy days as any other common day of the month ; while the days of full moon and those of the last quarter have been rather more liable. But although the days of full moon have been rather more frequently wet days than those of the new moon, it does not follow that more water has fallen at full moon, than at the change. The result of observation in that respect is as follows:
For every 100 days of new moon, there fell l02'9 lines.
The average quantity for 100 days is 93'6 lines, whence it appears, that at the new moon, the first quarter, and the full moon, more water has fallen than on common days; at the last quarter, less. The quantity fallen on the total of the lunar phases, surpasses that on other days in the proportion of 98 to 93‘6. Another question is, whether a change of weather is more liable to happen on the four principal days of the lunar phases than on common days. But it must be first decided, what is meant by the term change of weather.
This term should, the author thinks, be limited to a change from clear weather to rain, or from rain to clear weather, and not be understood to include, as some meteorologists make it, all changes, such as that from calm to windy, or from clear to cloudy, &c. As the author accepts it, the weather must have been steady during two days at least; that is, that the weather has been clear, or that it has rained more or less during two consecutive days. For example, a week has passed without rain ; it rains on the eighth day, and on the ninth, the weather is again fine. In this case, according to the author’s definition, there is no change of weather.
So also, if it has rained during five successive days, the sixth and seventh must
be clear, in order to constitute a change of weather. This may be arbitrary, but at least it is not vague ; and if practised, it will prevent, in the balancing of calculations, any leaning to a favorite hypothesis. To avoid another error, into which some may have fallen, the author marks no change as occurring on lunar phases, but those which take place on the very day, and never those which may happen on the evening before or on the next day. With these precautions, he finds that, during the thirty-four years, or 12,419 days, there have been 1,458 changes of weather. Of this number, 105 have taken place at the epoch of the two principal lunar phases, viz. 54 at the new moon, and 51 at the full moon. Now the whole number of principal phases during the thirty-four years is 840 ; therefore, as 12419: 840 11 1458: 98'6, the number of changes which would have taken place at new and full moon, had these lunar phases had no more than the share of common days; but instead of which, the number was 105. Of the 54 changes at new moon, 32 were from rain to fine weather, and 22 from fine weather to rain. Of the 51 at full moon, 31 were from rain to clear, and 20" from clear to rain. Thus at the new and full moon, the changes to fine weather are to those to rain as 63 to 42. Having thus proved, that the epoch of new and full moon are not absolutely without some efiect on the weather, the author examined, whether this effect was confined to those very days, or extended to the day following. On the days following the new and full moon, there were 129 changes, instead of 98'6, which would have been the number had these shared the proportion only of common days. With respect to the days of the first and last quarter, the changes on these were 96, which bring them nearly to the condition of common days. lt is thus shown from the tables, that the chance of change at the new and full moon, compared with the chance on ordinary days, is as 125 to 117, and that the chance on the day following these two phases, compared with the common days, is as 154 to 117. Upon the whole, therefore, this examination lends some support to the vulgar opinion of the influence of new and full moon, but none whatever to any special influence of the first and third quarters. With respect to the barometrical pressure, it is ascertained, that out of the 1,458 changes of weather, there were in 1,073 cases a corresponding rise
or fall of the barometer, according as the change was from rain to fair or the contrary. This is nearly as 3 to 4. Of the 385 false indications of the barometer,
182 were on a change from rain to clear, and 203 on a change from clear to
rain. Finally, of the 385 anomalies of the barometer, 17 were at full moon,
and 10 only at new moon. 2.--On the Composition of the Rangoon Petroleum, with Remarks on the Composi
tion of Petroleum and Naphtha in general. BY WILLIAM GREGORY, M. D.
F. R. S‘. E.
The author first adverted to the discovery, nearly about the same time, of paraffme by Rercnannacn, and of petroline by Dr. CBRISTISON. The former occurred among the products of destructive distillation ; the latter was found in the Rangoon petroleum, and they were soon found to be identical. Rarcar:NaAca’s researches on naphtha were then quoted, by which it appears, that that indefatigable observer could not discover, in the kind of naphtha which he examined, any trace either of paraffine, or of any other product of destructive distillation. On the contrary, he found, naphtha to possess the characters of oil of turpentine, a product of vegetable life ; and he succeeded in obtaining a precisely similar oil from brown coal, by distillation at 212°. The facts had led Rsrcnaxaacn to