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The Government maps—by M. J. B. Tacsin, Artist and Publisher.
The Indian Journal of Medical Science, No. 13——by the Editors.
The following books were received from the Booksellers.
Marsden’s Numismata Orientalia, 2nd vol. _
Lardner's Cabinet Cyclopedia—Sismondi’s Roman Empire, vol. lst.
For the Museum.
A series of Skulls, consisting of 1 Tiger, 5 Antelopes, 3 Chikaras (Reindeer), 1 Hyena, 3 Wolves, and 2 Pariah Dogs ; also Models of the Native Plough, of the Cotton and Spinning Wheel, and that of the Mill for grinding Mustard Seed—also models of Carts, Szc. used in the Bhartpur Territory, and 2 Mewzitté Spears, presented by Mr. G. T. Lvsumoron.
Read a letter from Major Surnsanazvn, forwarding the Ancient Inscrip. tion presented by Captain J. Low, on the 8rd December.
[A reduced facsimile of this Inscription is given in Plate III.]
An image of.Buddha, mutilated in the upper part, was presented by Mr. James STEPHENSON.
A paper was read describing the locality and manner of its discovery at Bukra, near the pillar known as Bhim Sen’s Lath in Tirhfit. Round the base of the image was a Sanscrit inscription : the sculpture is in good taste and well finished.
Further relies and coins dug up at Behat, near Sehéranpur, were received from Captain CAUTLEY.
A letter was read from Captain E. E. Wnsrnacorr, 37th N. I. Assistant, Governor General's Agent at Assam, forwarding a description of the town of Shéhpuri in the Udayapur district, and also an account of the Rémsane‘his, a sect of Hindu Schismatics in VVestern India.
' . Physical.
A collection of the various formations of tufaceous kankar from the bed of the river Jamna, inclosing shells, wood, and bones, was received from Serjeant Dean, and a further assortment of the fossil bones discovered therein.
A letter from Dr. SPILSBURY begged the Society would accept of the fossil bones formerly transmitted for its inspection by him.
The following extract from a letter from Major Convm, Engineers, was read:
“ You have been informed of the successful results of the researches which have lately been carried on in the lower hills in this vicinity for fossil remains, and the subject has been taken up with such spirit and desire to attain information, that in all probability valuable use may be made of the facilities for studying the subject so immediately in the vicinity of the deposit; but it has struck me much good might result from the means of pursuing the inquiry being more extended, by the Society’s Museum being provided with specimens of the fossil remains of these bills, and as I am neither a geologist nor have the leisure to make myself one, I have obviously no motive for collecting a cabinet myself. I propose therefore excavating and collecting for the Museum of the Asiatic Society, who will Ihope accept of what the partyl have set to work may find; they have commenced under an intelligent man, who has learned to
recognize a fossil at sight, and to be careful in their extraction from the rock when so situated : but so many have been found fallen down from their original position, that many will likely be so now, and the wonder is that they have not been before recognized and brought to notice through the natives in the neighbourhood, who it would now appear have occasionally picked them up. The space I have selected for the operations of my party is the portion of the hills embraced between the embouchures of three mountain torrents, which united form the Sombe river, lying about half way between the Jamna and Nahun, to the right and left of which are the hills from which the specimens already collected have been brought. I may therefore expect to be successful, and though I have not seen the outlets of these three heads of the Sombe, I may presume the sections in the range of hills to be both deep and extensive from the floods which pass down there in the rains. I intend when I have an opportunity to visit them, and in the mean time have taken measures to have the localities of the specimens attached to each as brought out. I expect to be able to despatch the first results of my search from Delhi before three months are over. These fossils appear to me to correspond with those found by Dr. Srrnsnunv, described in the Journal for August. One lower end of a thigh bone is little less in breadth than that drawn in the plate, and an end of a corresponding bone of the fore-leg appears to me of equally gigantic dimensions. I believe you have not yet actually seen any thing from these hills, and inclose you a tooth I hammered out of the rock at the Kalowala Pass, wrapped in Upland Georgia cotton.”
The best thanks of the Society were voted for Colonel Co1.v1N’s obliging oifer.
With reference to the same subject, the following extract from a private letter, (received subsequently to the Meeting,) from Dr. H. FALCONER. will be read with interest: it is dated Mussooree, 3rd January, 1835.
" You have heard from Capt. CAUTLEY and Lieut. BAx1m about the late fossil discoveries up here : I have come in for a lion's share of them. In one of my tours I had to return by Nahun, and having heard of the tooth presented by the Raja, in October, to Lieut. BAKER, I made inquiry and had a fragment of a tooth presented to me also. I got a hint of where they came from, and on going to the ground, I reaped a splendid harvest. Conceive only my good fortune : within six hours, I got upwards of 300 specimens of fossil bones! This was on the 20th November, a couple of days after Lieuts. Baxun and D1111.-.1~zn had got their first specimens through their native collectors.
“ Capt. CAUTLEY has since got about 40 specimens : my collection amounts to nearly 400 : and it is exceedingly rich and varied. There are more species than Messrs. Cnawroun and WALLICH got from the Irawaddi. Here are some ofthe results from arapid examination of Capt. CAU'rLEY’s collection, (not including the Kalowala fossils noticed in all his late letters in your J ournal,) and my own.
Mastodon Elephantoides. A most perfect cheek tooth, left side of lower
jaw, l3§ inches long! indicating an animal of immense size. Portions of the ivory tusks of do., ribs, and huge fragments of bones of the extremities. H. F.’s collection.
Mastodon Latidens ? cheek tooth doubtful from being water worn. CAv'rL1sY's.
Hippopotamus. Fragment of the lower jaw with teeth. H. F.’s collection.
Rhinoceros I doubtful. CAUTLI-IY'S and H. F.’s collections.
Tupi-r .7 doubtful from water-wearing;
Crocodile. Vertebrae of immense size, teeth, and other bones. H. F.’s collection:
Chelonians. Two species of Emys, one of Trionyx.
Vertebrae of four distinct mammalia, which the want of means of identifying satisfactorily prevents me from venturing a vague opinion of. A great number of other bones besides, which will admit, many of them, of being determined. There are some traces of new forms of structure: among othersa task of a Pachydermatous animal, about :1 of an inch in thickness, longitudinally channeled like the tusks of the Hippopotamus, and curved, with its apex worn down to an oblique disk; but having a reniform, transverse section, channeled with a deep fossa along its concave curve. This is but the commencement of the discoveries, and among the Pachydermata, I expect manyadditional results: either in Anoplothera? Lophiodons and Anthracothera, or analogous forms in their place: and most assuredly Tapirs at least. In fact, in Capt. CAUTLEY'S collection (the Kallowala one from the clay marle) of which he has given you so much of the details, there is a small tooth, which I imagine belongs to an extinct Pachydermatous animal, allied to Antbracotherium. His zeal is beyond all praise. The moment he got the scent, from some bones I found inythe Limli pass, he was oil‘ to the field in the Kallowalla Pass, and ever since it has been but a continuous search with him. He has lately turned out a beautiful and most perfect molar tooth of the upper jaw, right side, of a species of the genus Equus, which now puts his inference of the existence of Solipeda in the deposit, at first deduced from an incisor tooth, beyond all doubt. It has the roundish solitary lateral pit of the
inner side completely surrounded by a ridge of enamel: whereas in ‘existing species, the pit is open internally, and the ridge of enamel which encircles it, is continuous with the other flexures of enamel of the tooth. It therefore, perhaps belongs to a new extinct species. The Lithological details of the Sewélik formation are equally interesting with the fossil ones, and when worked out, will read as instructive a lesson regarding the Geomorphic operations, at the foot of the Himalayas, during centuries of ages past, as the fossil remains do, regarding the former tenants of the tract. By the bye, the fossils I have mentioned, Mastodon Elephantoides, &c. establish an identity of formation between the upper beds of the Irawaddi deposits and the upper deposits included between the Sewislik and the Himalaya range. Several of them are the same as those found by CRAWFORD and WALLICH ; and it appears, that all along the foot of the Himalaya, from the Panjéb, down to the Irawaddi, there is a nearly con. tinuous series of tertiary formations, more or less upheaved at difierent points along the line; but in all their great features, they appear chiefly developed in the J amna Gangetic portion, where they are upheaved to upwards of 1500 feet above the plains.
In a late excursion to Jamnautri I collected materials for a section from the snowy range on to the plains, like Dr. RoYLE’s, but perhaps more copious_ I. have found the trap rocks extensively distributed and far in the interior.
The whole tract on this side the snow is primitive ; and the line of the snowy peaks is primitive also. I am convinced that they are not like the high mountains of the Andes, porphyries and other trappean masses burst through the surrounding formations; but primitive schists upheaved to a higher level