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LETTER.

Vowel PLACE TERMINATIONS. 18. Final vowels are, according to the general principle, (par 3.) indicated by a dot placed opposite the centre of the preceding consonant, exact vowel marks, when used, being written at the top or bottom of the consonant. Since the latter symbols are not required in ordinary notation, a new value may be given to these positions. The first position (the top) is used to denote terminations in ic, ice, ous ; and the second position (the bottom) to denote terminations in te, nt, nce. Thus a dot in the first position indicates eous, ious; and a dot in the second position represents eate, iate, &c.

19. Each letter of the alphabet is used on this principle to denote the terminations of these classes OF WHICH IT IS THE INITIAL

Thus we have in the first position; bbic, bous; d-dic, dice, dous; f-fic, fice; g-gous; j-gic, geous ; &c.; and in the second position, b—bate, bent, bence; d-date, dent, dance,; g-gate, gant, gance; j-gent, gence; 8-sent, cence, &c. These vowel place symbols are of course written in tick-size, or very minutely. A dot added to any of these symbols denotes the addition of y, as k dot-cancy, 1 dotlity, lency; s dot-sity, cency, &c. A hook added denotes tion,

as b hookbation, bution ; s hook--sation, cension, &c.

CROSSING PREFIXES—Tick-size. 20. Each letter of the alphabet written in tick-size, across or close to the beginning of the next consonant, denotes a Prefix commencing with the representative letter, as d-dis, f-phil, k-cal, m--mal, &c.

CROSSING PREFIXES--Half size. 21. The letters of the alphabet written in half size across the beginning of the next consonant are used to indicate a variety of Prefixes containing the representative letter with preceding vowel

, such as d-idio, k-equi, n-ante, p-epi, b-sub, s-sus, t-auto, &c.

CROSSING TERMINATIONS-Tick Size. 22. Each letter written in tick size across the end of the preceding consonant indicates a termination commencing with the representative letter and ending in al, ile, &c. as t-tal, tile, g-gal, k-cal, cule, &c. A dot added denotes the addition of ity; as t dot-tality, tility; b dotbility, &c.

CROSSING TERMINATIONSHalf Size. 23. The alphabetic characters written in half size across the end of the preceding consonant denote syllables commencing with a vowel and ending in le; such as p-iple, b--ible, k--acle, &c. A few other varieties are indicated by this class of symbols, such as d-ded, 1-ology, j-dage, tage, &c. All DERIVATIVES are denoted by small alphabetic additions.

CROSSING TERMINATIONS— Full Size. 24. Full sized letters written across the end of the preceding consonant indicate terminations commencing with a vowel and ending in an, ean, ian, &c. such as D-edian, K-ican, J-egian, ogian, N-anean, SH-ician, &c.

-Act,-ect, &c. 25. Terminal syllables ending in ct, (act, ect, ict, oct, uct,) are represented by a short k written in connection with the preceding consonant. This forms a perfectly distinctive contraction for a very important and common class of terminations, as a short final k can never occur in ordinary notation except after the letters l, r, and s; and there cannot therefore be the least possible ambiguity in the symbol after any other letter. Ted, ing, tion, &c., may be added in the usual way.

-Sive,-tive. 26. The terminations sive, tive, may be denoted, on the same principle as in the preceding case, by a short v, written in connection with the preceding consonant. As this symbol can never occur in ordinary notation, except after 1 and r, it is in all other cases entirely free from ambiguity. S or z may be added for the plural.

27. The chief advantage, and it is a very sufficient one, of thus extending the list of these syllabic abbreviations, consists in the readiness with which, by their means, a vast number of words can be expressed with unmistakable definiteness, by single letters of the Alphabet, joined to the appropriate symbol for a Prefix or Termination. The letter s, for instance, with the symbol (v) for vile, vice, or vant, gives a simple and perspicuous notation for the words servile, service, and servant. In this way, the class of symbols which in other systems of Shorthand are required to indicate vowels, become representative of important syllables.

28. This principle will be found fully illustrated in the Vocabulary of Logograms, in connection with the Prefix Symbols. It will be unnecessary to give here a collective Table of the Prefixes. The learner will find them under their respective letters in the Vocabulary.

29. The Terminations of the different classes are collected in the following Tables for convenience of reference.

GENERAL LIST OF TERMINATIONS,

I. VOWEL PLACE TERMINATIONS.

(Written at top.) Represented by their initial letter. Those ending in tion, have a hook joined ; those in y have a dot added.

b-bacy g-gacy bic

gous bous

j-geous d-dacy

gic dic

gious dice k-cacy dication

chic dix, dox

cous dous

1-lace f-face

lacy faction

lax fic

lic fice

lice fication

lication fix

like fixion (f hook) lous

[blocks in formation]

tr-trice

trix th-thic

thesis (ths) V-vacy

vic
vice

vous
W—wic

uous (wus) y-ious (yus)

ūous
uosity

use
2-ses

sis, sys

pice

sh—sious

tious
t-tacy

tic
tication
tice
tous

pication

pous r-racy

sic (zik)

II. VOWEL PLACE TERMINATIONS.

(Written at bottom.) Represented by their initial letter. Those ending in tion, (except inction) have a hook joined; those in y, a dot added. For or add r; for ive add v; for ing add ring, &c. b-bance-y d-dent

h-hance

1-lent

P-pent bant dity hend lity

pity bate, tion -fancy

hension m--mance-y plant (pl) bence-y fant hensive mate, tion

plate, tion bent phant j-geant

mity

pret (pr) bity phate gence-y

motion, tive pretation blance (bl) flate, tion (A) gent

n-nant

print brance (br) fluence giance

nate, tion

r-rance .y ch-chance fluent k-cance-y

neity, nity rant chant g-gance-y

cant ng—inct, unct-ion d-dance-y gant

P-pance-y

rence-y dant crat, crit (kr) pant

rent date, tion grant (gr) 1-late, tion

riate dence-y

lence-y
pence-y

riety

rate, tion

cate, tion

gate, tion

pate, tion

grate, tion

[blocks in formation]

III. CROSSING TERMINATIONS.

(Tick size.) Represented by their initial letter. Those ending in y have a dot added. b-bal

h-hold m-mility 8—sal, ity th-thal bial

head

n-nal, ity sile, ity V-val, ity bility

hood
nial
school (sk)

vile, ity d-dal, ity

nile, ity

w—ual (qual) dial gile, ity p-pal, ity

selves (sv) uality dile, ity k-cal, ity r-ral, ity sh—sial, ity

well f-ful, ly

cule
rial

tial, ity y–ial (yal) phal 1-lel rile, ity t-tal, ity

iality g-gal, ity m-mal, ity S--cile, ity tile, ity

ūal, ity 2_zal-ity

j-gel

self (sf)

r-arch

b-able

ible

abular-y d-ded-ly f-after

office-r g-igogue

- ogogue

IV. CROSSING TERMINATIONS.

(Half size.) g-ography-phic k-acular (r)

m-some ographer (r) icular

n-tune h-ahead 1-alogue

tunate (t) ohol

ology

p-aple
j-dage

ologer (r) iple
tage
ologist

ople
k-acle
m--dem

apular (r)
icle
dom

ship

ure ture tural (1)

turist (t) s-less

sis

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