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his own occasions. Resolved, that the Parliament so coloured and wrought upon by the circumstances doth exempt Richard Cromwell, eldest son of the of the times in which he lived, that He who is a late Lord General Cromwell, from all arrests of Spirit can alone pass judgment on a man who debt whatsoever for six months. It is referred to a committee to examine what is due for mourning
“ Seemed to be for the late Lord General, and to consider how it Not one, but all mankind's epitome.” may be paid for without prejudice or charge to the Commonwealth.
Of him, as of Richelieu, La Bruyère's remark is Considerate !
just : he belonged to those who have “pi aïeuls ni Information being given that there were several descendants; ils composent seuls toute leur race.” of his Majesty's goods at a fruiterer's warehouse, One word more touching the newspapers. We kept as the goods of Mrs. Elizabeth Cromwell, blame modern tergiversation, but we see times wife 10 Oliver Cromwell, deceased, sometimes past had their tergiversations 100; the prosperous called Protector, and it being not very improbable reason was a most wholesome and delectable conthat the said Mrs. Cromwell might convey away dition—the unsuccessful treason was an emanation some such goods, the Council ordered persons to from the pit of darkness. The more we blame view the same.
human nature generally, the more charitable shall Candid !
we grow towards individuals; and in all cases of The Council ordered that the galleries and other coniroverted character," he who is most charitable alterations in the chapel at Whitehall, made by is commonly least unjust." We all remember Oliver Cromwell, should be pulled down. Waller's bon mot, and we need remember it, when Measure for Measure!
we find in that poet's works, harmoniously repos. May 29. His Majesty (Charles II), was con
ing page by page, “A Panegyric 10 my Lord ducted to his royal palace at Whitehall, and the Protector," "and a congratulatory address “ To the solemnity of this day was concluded by an infinite King, on his Majesty's happy return !" Here, we number of bonfires. There were almost as many have the poet Aailering the Protector : fires in the streets as houses. Among the rest, in Westminster a very costly one was made, where the effigy of the old Oliver Cromwell was set upon
“With such a chief, the meanest nation blest
Might hope to list her head above the rest; a high post with the arms of the Commonwealth, which having been exposed awhile to the public
What may be thought impossible to do
By us-embraced by the sea and you ? gaze, were burnt together.
“As the vexed world, to find repose, at last
Itself into Augustus' arms did cast; public view, out of one of the windows of White
So England now does, with like toil opprest, ball, the effigy-which was made and shewn with
Her weary head upon your bosoin rest. so much pomp at Somerset-house-of Oliver Cromwell, lately so well known by the name of
“Still, as you rise, the state exalted too the Protector, with a cord about his neck, which
Finds no distemper while 'tis changed by you; was tied unto one of the bars of the windows.
Changed like the world's great scene, when with. Consistent !
out noise January 26. This day, in pursuance of an order
The rising sun night's vulgar lights destroys." of Parliament, the odious body of that horrid regicide, Oliver Cromwell, was digged up out of its grave, and in a cart dragged 10 Tyburn, where
And here we have the poet Aaltering the King: it hung till the sun went down; afier which the head was cut off, and the trunk thrown into a deep
“ Great Britain, like blind Polypheme, of late hole beneath the gallows. And now we cannot
In a wild rage, became the scorn and hate forget, how at Cambridge, when Cromwell first
Of her proud neighbours—who began to think set up for a rebel, he, riding under the gallows,
She with the weight of her own force would sink; his horse curveting, threw his cursed Iligliness oui
But you are come, and all their hopes are rain, of the saddle just under the gallows, where he is
This giant Isle has got hier eye again." now again thrown (never more to be digged up); and there we leave him.
So the long and the short of the matter is, we Complete!
must forgive ihe newspapers published during the Farewell then 10 bis “most serene and renowned Protectorate, and the newspapers published after Highness Oliver,” a man Aaltered, feared, con
the Restoration. spired against-brave, yet suspicious, honoured, and yet haled-splendid in action, sagacious in council, sordid in speech an example to kings, and a warning to subjects-achieving greatness by Through life one rarely succeeds in penetrating evil means, but employing greatness worthily men's secret sentiments : affectation, 'falsehood, successful, because he put aside bis conscience, coldness, and modesty, exaggerate, alter, repress, yel wretched withal, because he could not forget or veil that which passes in the depths of the it-not wholly a knave or wholly a hypocrite, yet heart. A great actor displays symptoms of truth knavish and hypocritical both a character so in bis sentiments and his character, and gives us strangely compounded in its natural elements, and sure tokens of our true feelings and inclinations.
A TOUR IN SIKKIM,
over the stone to find numbers of the animal. He
described the taste as resembling that of pepper. [Sikkim is a mountainous territory, separated The bug-like smell is on the head, which he from Chinese Tartary on the north by a portion of plucked off, and threw away. Now query, is this the Himalaya range, and bounded elsewhere by bad odour in many insects an offensively defensive Nepaul, Bootan, and Bengal. Darjeeling, formerly effluviuin to protect them from pursuers ? Flying one of its most important strongholds, is now bugs have a very acrid humour about them, as any more interesting as the grand sanatorium to which one who has had the mishap to get one in his eye invalids resort from Calcutta ; the mean tempera- knows, and perhaps this is attractive to birds, &c., lure being 24° below that of the city of palaces. and the bad savour of a section of their framé may The inhabitants are of the Lepcha tribe, who pro- be a means of protection to them, seeing they are fessing for the most part the Lama religion, have weak animals, and of rather slow motion. none of the Brahminical prejudices, but eat all sorts of food, and drink ardent spirits.]
Dec. 28th.-Haring procured supplies from Dec. 30th.-Cross the Rumoong by a bamboo Darjeeling, after the previous bad weather, we bridge, a short way above its junction with the Runproceeded down the great Runjeet towards the jeet, near which we encamped. We then crossed, Teesta, from the junction of the small Runjeet about half a mile or a mile further, on the great with the greater river of the same name, where we Runjeet by a ratan bridge. This we measured by had been detained ten or twelve days by rain means of a fishing line, and made it to be eightywhich sell at Darjeeling as snow, and other causes. two yards in lengii). The measuring was by no Pass over the end of the Tuckvor ridge, which means an easy matter, the bridge being in a rather we find steep and difficult. The hill men travels ruinous state. These bridges are the same in ling with loads have a staff formed of a piece principle as our iron suspension bridges. The of small bamboo, Iwo cubits in length, with parts ihat correspond to the main chains are of the lower end sharpened to a point, or double ralans, well lied iogether, sometimes by a hitch in point rather; and this, from the stick being hollow, the ratan itself, sometimes by its being bent back holds on admirably, so that an accident is a matter and the bending well lashed to the ratans, of of very rare occurrence among these people from which it is part, by slips of bamboo. Strong slips slipping on the precipitous faces of the hills. of bamboo attached to each ratan are hung from
To-day, about noon, we came on a deer at bay, these chains, corresponding to the suspending rods in the river, whither it had been driven by the wild and road frame in one of our bridges, and a dogs. The deer was first seen by a sipahi, who couple of pieces of bamboo, for as many lengths also saw the wild dogs about him; but they stole as are needed, are laid in the bight which these off into the jungle, on becoming aware of the ap- bamboo slips form, and constitute the road-way. proach of the party. An attempt was made to The ratan chains are kept apart by booms of shoot the deer, who remained in his position, but bamboo, suspended under the bridge, and attached without success.
B. entrusted the matter to iwo 10 the ralans by slips of bamboo, which form sipalis, assuming they must be very cognoscent in strong ties capable of supporting a great strain or such matters; one fired one of B.'s guns at the weight. animal, the other shot an arrow; but the effect Near this point of the Runjeet, firs or pines are was only to alarm him, and he quickly made for met with, but chiefly on the hill to the north of the forest.
the river. Encamp in the north side of the river Halled a little after mid-day by the river, where near Puter, having crossed in the course of the day a second spur from T'uck vor abuts on it. llere I Iwo brooks, coming from the north, named found a fossil bone of the size of the leg-bone of Moongbroo and Rumbroong. a deer, the specimen seemed silicfed ; it was a To-day, while proceeding down the bed of the drist bone, and its original locale is, of course, un- river, in which our road lay for the time, we mel certain. The curiosity, now in two pieces, is in Iwo Booteeas, who quickly made for the wood, on the possession of Dr. Campbell. I searched long seeing the strength of the party, suspicious lest we for other specimens of this kind, but to no effect. should seize thein for slaves. It is one of the I had abundance of leisure for my examination of worst traits of the people of these hills, that they the ground, which I industriously availed myself make slaves of the members of other tribes. The of, for my companion had gone afier the deer, and Lepchas are not very willing to acknowledge that did not return for an hour or two. Encamp for they practise such a custom, but the fact of the the night on a third spur from the Tukvor ridge. Booteeas running from the party, which was This day's march was short, because of the inci- chiefly of this tribe, is a proof ihey did not choose dent of the deer,
to trust themselves within the power of our peoDec. 29th.-Move to the Rungoong, the torrent ple. The sirdar, Sano by name, of our party, which divides the Leebong or Ging-ridge from the afterwards treated B. and myself to an account of ridge of Sinchul: the route lay over the north end the mode adopted to catch slaves; and the descripof Ging, which we found difficult to travel along, tion was given so graphically, that it struck us from its precipitous nature. To-day the Sirdar that he must himself have acted occasionally in Lepcha, while sitting with me in the bed of the expeditions of this nature. Two men, he said, Runjeet, had a feast on a sort of bug, which he only, went on a trip of this kind : iwo were enough, called Nóp, and wbich abounds in such localities more could not easily be concealed. They hang at this season, it being merely necessary to turu on the skirts of paths, and when a stranger passes they throw themselves on him, overpower him, tie | ascertained how they lie, the sipahis will be him and cram him into a basket, put it on the brought to take the country! shoulders of one of them, and keep marching as Jan. 4th.-Having resolved to make our way to fast as they can ; relieving each other by turns till the plains, by the valley of the Teesta, but being they reached a place where they are able to dispose short of provisions, the country being less peopled of the fruits of their enterprise. In order 10 than we expected, and not affording us necessaries, silence the prisoner in case of his calling out, they having also failed to obtain supplies from the employ the simple expedient of beating him over Booteea side of the river, we to-day moved tothe mouth with ihe end of their sticks. It seems wards a valley nearer Darjeeling than our previous to be no uncommon practice for a party of travel position, hoping to obtain food from the inhabitants lers to walk into a house in an unfrequented part of that ylen, and also with a view of drawing proof the country, and to take away children of the visions froin the station, if we should find this a family, to sell them for slaves.
requisite measure. Our intention was to pitch Dec. 31st.--Proceed to the junction of the Run- our tent under Sircoom peak; but by taking a jeet and Teesta, crossing the Runjeet on a bamboo wrong turn, we found ourselves at Mungra, a raft at Singboom Ferry, a short way from our clearance on the south-west edge of a valley, of camp. Although the term ferry is used here, it is which Pursokeblew forms the left or north-east not lo be supposed, that Mullahur dandies live at side. Here we managed to procure some small the place to guide the raft across the river. The supply of eggs, rice, fowls, &c.,
paying well, raft is attached by bends formed of slips of bam- for presents of articles of this description made us boo, tied together to each side of the river, and a by some of the people ; and this liberality seemed party wishing to make use of the conveyance put 10 open the hearts of other natives, and induced ihemselves over by means of them. These struc-them to part with what they would have otherwise tures in general carry about the weight of two men, scrupled to give away. As they scarcely raise or of a man and his load. With more they are more food than is needed for domestic use, some. apt to sink, so that the water comes over the floor- thing above a bare remunerating price is needed ing of the contrivance. Go down the right bank to induce them to furnislı strangers with supplies. over very rocky ground. To-day we met a Lepcha Our march to-day was three or four miles in a lady, with her hair dressed in a comely manner; northerly direction. it was divided into two portions, brought forward Jun. 7th.-Go along under the east side of and passed through a ring, or band of cloth upon Sircoom, a high peak, a little back from the rest, the forehead, then turned and knotted on the back and halt on Sideeongbloco, a high ridge, overof the head : a short red mantilla also formed a looking that river, say six miles down the river portion of the dame's dress. She had several from the ferry at which we halted on the 2nd. attendants, male and female, but seemed the chief Jan. 8th.-Halt at Konjere, passing on our person of the party.
way the Rungbo, a tributary of the Teesta, about The distance from the junction of the small mid-day ; our progress to-day was, say six miles, Runjeet with the great Runjeet to the Teesta our march having been shortened by the necessity cannot at the most moderate computation be under of halting near water, which even here was only twenty miles. Thus, call the first march four found with difficulty and by digging. These hills miles, the second and third six each, or twelve, are in nothing more remarkable than for the little and the last four. The course of the river is water that is to be found upon them; the ridges pretty nearly east. Between the small Runjeet are steep, and the water from the clouds quickly and the Rumoong the course is more winding.than runs off the sides ; nor, but for the pretty constant between the Rumoong and the Teesta, it being the supply of moisture from the almosphere, does it first mentioned portion of its course, more put out seem that vegetation would be supported, far less of its way by the protrusion northward of the that such maguificent trees as are found in great Tukvor and Ging spurs; from the Rumoong 10 numbers on all parts of the mountains should obthe Teesta the river becomes narrow and very lain nourishment. This dryness of the ground rapid.
may also serve to account for the healthiness of the country, whether on the hill tops or in the val
leys ; tbe higher portion of the mountains remain Jan. 2nd, 1843.- Move about three miles down salubrious throughout the year, and it is only in the Teesta to a ferry, between Bootea and Sik- the rains that fever is known in the deepest glens kim; here we find a man watching the place to resorted to by the inhabitants, and into which the prevent Booteeas from crossing, having had orders love of fishing leads them. to this effect from Sikkim. It seems the Booteea Jan. 9th. - To the Rieng, perhaps three miles authorities are annoyed at their ryuts taking refuge beyond Konjere : as we approached it we obtained in the British and Sikkim territories, and are to a view of its junction with the Teesta from the send an envoy to remonstrate on the point; and Bootan side, near the same place. We had if the refugees are not forth with ordered back, the also a view of the course of the Teesta for a coninhabitants of Darjeeling must look to themselves, siderable way in the valley below us ; it seemed or they shall be all murdered! A reference has narrow and rapid, as we had found it higher up, already been made to the Sikkim Rajah, who, it and quite unsuited for the purposes of traffic, and is said, has consented to the stipulations !! though sending down an immense volume of In
ard to our party, the rumour is, that we water, more perhaps than any European river can have come to look for roads, and on our having equal; the scene was a very noble one, and far
beyond my power to describe. Ilalted at the the eyes of the uninitiated in such crast, it seems junction of the Rieng and Rungeo, about a couple to be. of miles from the Teesta. The Rungeo comes Feb. 20th. This morning we had a specimen from the north-east of the Rieng, having a course of the skill of the Lepchas in snaring partridges from the north-west previous to the junction, after by imitating their call. In this way they brought which the united waters proceed about due east to one to the very door of the tent, and a good many the Teesia. The waters on the east side of Sin. were taken by them through this means in their chul are remarkable for being translucent, even nooses, on the present march from Kursiong 10 among the streams of Sikkim, which at this season Darjeeling. In ihe course of the day we came on are all very clear. Tigers were said to abound in slate, the previous march from Kursiong having this place, and B-was warned against moving been over gneiss. We also came on a palm, the about alone, for fear of accidents. It may be re- centre of which is edible, and several of which the marked that the Lepchas are shy of travelling one people cut down to feasi on. The edible portion by one in places frequented by ferocious animals ; is white, and in taste resembles the inside of a but they do not fear to traverse the forests in cocoa-nut. I am inclined to think this palm is couples, however infested by the fierce denizens of only found on the slate soils in these hills, but do the woods. Wild animals, it is alledged, get not venture to affirm this positively. There is alarmed at the voice of men in conversation, below the falls under Kursiong, on the forest of suspicious, it is supposed, of being outwitted by the Ruktee, a palm of this kind, but whether on the superior cunning of the lords of the creation, of slate or not I don't know; but if this point were whom the fear and the dread remains among them ascertained it would go some length in seuling the predominant.
question. The ground continued difficult to From the Rieng to Subbok Gola the country travel over, there being no path whatever, and our has been surveyed and mapped ; and here I close only guide being the stream down which we prothe present extract with remarking, that the dis- ceeded; nor bad any of our people been here pretance from the junction of the Runjeet and Teesta viously. At one place the men bad lo unload and to the junction of the Rieng and Teesta is farther readjust their burdens, so that they might be able than the distance of the junction of the Reing and to pass a difficulty occasioned by a rocky piece of Teesta to Subbok Gola, and this f infer from the ground; and this was effected by one man going time taken to travel the distance between each of ahead iu light order, and giving his hand to aid his the points mentioned. Beyond a few cotton fields loaded companion over the face of the precipice. on the Rieng, we met with no cultivated ground Encamp again on the right bank of the stream and from Sikkim to Subbok Gola, nor for a march be
on its bed. yond Subbok into the plain ; and it may be worth Feb. 21st.-- Proceed down the same tributary noting that the cotton plant thrives well on the of the Mahanunda, viz., the Selim, which is joined aluminous soils on these mountains, and the plains in its course by various other streams. Met to day in their vicinity, and give a good out-turn in traces of fishermen having been pursuing their quantity and quality.
calling on those waters; came also on elephant tracks, and saw marks of deer and tiger. Encamp
on the left side of the river on its bed. Feb. 191h.—This day we left Kursiong to pro. Feb. 22nd.--Reach the Munna-find a large ceed by the sources of the Mahanunda to Darjeel party of Mechis here assembled on a fishing exing; walked up the made road to near Dhobee- cursion; they had apparently fished the Selini and doora, below which we struck 10 the right into an Munna here about completely out or nearly so, old Lepcha path, which we followed till it led us and were preparing poison to take to some other to the east edge of the hill, when we left it, and point of the river. They must have exceeded a made our way down the face of the precipice to hundred or even two hundred in number, and were wards the river; the trees and bushes met with on grouped up and down the river banks and among the ground enabled us to descend without much the rocks like the Southsea Islanders, as represented risk, though stones lying loose on the hill's face in illustrated accounts of voyages. The poison made it necessary to proceed with caution, lest by employed in taking fish is procured from the root moving them the further advanced of the party of a shrub or tree; the smallest pieces are beaten should be injured by their falling on them. After or bruised with mallets or billets of wood, the proceeding a little way we got into the bed of a larger peeled and chipped, bark and wood being tributary of the Mahanunda, down which we both used; after undergoing which processes, the descended ; and after passing a remarkably large stuff is fit to be employed. The fish, however, in slone or rock, which projected over the brook, the very deepest pools appear to escape from its and a waterfall reminding one of the famed grey effects, for B. took by the fly about a score of fish mare's tail near St. Mary's on Yarrow, we en- of from 1 lb 10 2 lb. from a deep pond, at the junccamped on the right bank of the stream, on rough tion of the Selim and Munna. At the junction of and rocky ground, hardly affording a level space the Munna and Selim there is abundance of sandlarge enough for pitching our small tent. On the stone ; and on the last day's march to this point, upper part of the mountains we found the chick it was seen super-imposed on slate. ralans in great abundance, sufficient to supply the The history, progress, and future object of the Calcutta upholsterers with material for chairs Mechi expedition, we were not able to learn, from and couch bottoms for years, if indeed it is of a not having any medium of communication with kind suited for such purposes, which, however, to the people, our Limboos and Lepchas being alike ignorant of the language, and the Mechis on their of Sinchul, alier which we found the track_parpart, knowing nothing of Oordoo, so a conversa- tially grown up, but still passable enough. From tion could not be got up with them. The present | Dhobeedone to the Munna there was no path but Munnagola is about a coss below the junction of what we contrived to cut for ourselves. the Selim and Munna, but it is not kept at one The Mechis whom we met on the Munna and spot year after year.
elsewhere have a stronger dash of the Bengalee in The plains were said to be a good day's march them than the other hill vibes, who indeed bear no from the junction of the Selim and Munna; and trace of any cross with the people of the plains. this point cannot be less than 18 or 20 miles from The Mechi nose bas scarcely a perceptible bridge, the Mabalderam range; thus say we descended but the physique of the tribe is an improvement the bill three miles the first day, marched six miles on the Bengalee. They are less good looking, but the second, and five miles the ihird day, and com- show a better muscular development, and a larger pleted only four or five on the fourth day, we should frame of body than their low country neighbours. have made this much progress.
The habits too of the Mechis are, I apprehend, This morning the Mechis go off on their own more like the Bengalee habits than those of the errand down the river. We proceed upwards ; Booteeas, Lepchas, and Limboos. This I infer pass two deserted golas a little after starting. A from their showing dislike to a dog approaching little further on, the river divides into two branches; their cooking pots or places where ihey were pretake up the stream to the right a short way, and paring food, as if afraid of defilement; they did encamp. The march was short, for there being no not, however, seem to care for our going near them water io be met with along way a-head, we were when cooking, and in this they exhibited a supecompelled to remain by the river.
riority to the people of the plains, who reject food Feb. 24th.-Leave the Munna and go up Suita when approached by others than of their own or toong, turn iis highest point a little after noon, and of a supposed superior caste. go down towards the Rieng-pass some fine bam- In this excursion one of our Lepchas was taken boos and measure one at the ground where we ill of small pox, and so far from there being any halted, and find it 99 feet in length, not by any disposition exhibited 10 abandon bim in the jungle means the finest we had secn; but in cutting the or to destroy him as we had heard alledged 10 specimen we had to consult the convenience of be the custom of these hill tribes, in their exceshaving our people with us with their knives, which sive dread of the disease, they made up a chair, was not the case in the place where the finest and had the patient carried on the back of a man, bamboos occurred.
who had had the disease, and no longer had cause to Feb. 25th.– Descend the hill to the Rieng, dread its ill-effects. They also took the precauwhich we cross; meel with bamboos in clumps, as lion to have him kept separate from that portion if planted, they being at apparently regular inter- of the people who had cause to fear the effects vals, and of nearly cqual size, both stock and of the complaint if seized with it; but the regard shools. This occurs on the left bank of the river. for the man was undoubted and unaffected, and Though the land seems good, we were told it did the step of making a chair for him taken as a meanot answer for rice, the crop being obnoxious to sure of course, and not as if with the desire of esthe attack of a fly as we understood.
hibiting any extraordinary feelings of humanity. Feb. 26th.-Halt near Mungpo clearance, the The treatment was the hot bath, and hot water to only cultivated land we have seen since leaving drink; and these simple observances are said to be Kursiong.
wonderfully efficacious, combined with abstinence Feb. 27th.-Descend to the Rungeo, and pass from strong food, so long as food can be taken. it about noon; then ascend Rieschupto Rieng-hien- The Lepchas say they are more successful in yonlot, on the top of which is a Lama's tomb, or bringing their patients through this ailment than cenotaph rather, buried beneath which (as we the Booteeas are, who are not observant of any were told) is a pot, containing money, grain, a regimen: the inhabitants of that country being a skull, &c. The erection seems quite recent, as gross feeding people, generally the disease appears judging from its appearance, not many years can Among them with great violence. On its breakhave elapsed since it was built. Pass also what | ing out in a Lepcha village, those obnoxious to an we were told was a Kazi's house, now in ruins, attack leave it, and place the sick people in charge and built on the plan of the dilapidated stone of an individual who has had the disease; and the house on Darjeeling-hill.
patients, on recovery, are by custom bound to give Feb, 28th.—This morning pass another ruined him large presents for his trouble. Property to Kazi's house, larger than the former, and near it. the amount of 100 Rs., a large sum in these reThey were deserted, and the country became waste gions, is thus made over to the person who has dissome years ago, on account of a revolt of a Kazee charged the office of doctor, or nurse, in a season against the Raja. The country in the vicinity has wlien small pox has prevailed. formerly been well cultivated, and would form a The favourable points of the Lepcha character good locality for a farm, from which Darjeeling are good humour and fondness for fun. These might be supplied. The bills are prettily varied, may in some degree be owing 10 the good climate, and a good view is got down to the Teesta. and consequent good digestion which they enjoy ;
Go up over the shoulder of Sinchul and down but there must be something constitutional or heto Singenboom, opposite Ging, from which the reditary also in their good nature, for the Booteeas, Rumoong divides it. We had a fair path from who dwell in the same country, are rather stern the junction of the Munna and Selim to the ridge, and cross. The Lepchas drink a beer made from