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the medical profession, whose business it should be, aot merely to. see ■whether the rules for the prevention of disease be carried into execution, but whether they be adequate to produce the effect intended. A series;. of plain and obvious instructions for the poor, in particular, should be; drawn up, and left in every house, and a punishment inflicted for inattention to them.' Vol. II. p. 354. ~!
Art. X. Wilkinson's General Atlas of the World, (its) Quarters, Em-< pires, Kingdoms, States, &c. with Appropriate Tables. Second Edi
, dition. Elephant Quarto., pr. boards 11. lis. 6d. .hbd. 11. 14*. hot-< pressed and in calf 21. 4s. 1809. . .',,...'
Art. XI. Atlas Classica, of the .Countries mentioned by .aptjent Authors, both Sacred and Profane, with their various Subdivisions at different periods. Elephant Quarto: bds. 21. 2s. hbd. 21. 4s. h.p. & cf. 21.14s. Wilkinson, Cornhill. 1808.
IV/fR. Wilkinson's General Atlas, having been first published in 1800, is already extensively known, as a neat, conn venient, and generally correct, compendium of modern ge» flgraphy. In his new edition, we perceive that lie has been at the pains of having those maps newly drawn and en, graved, which could derive any considerable improvement from recent discoveries f. He scorns, however, to imitate those new-fangled geographers who toil after the progress ©f Bonaparte's conquests and caprices, haud passibus aquis. According to Mr. W., the King of Sardinia still retains his Continental dominions, France is still restricted to her 83 departments, and Poland still holds her station among the distinct countries of Europe, although so long ago hacked piece-meal by Crowned Robbers, that they, in their turns, nave mostly since endured similar treatment from a yet jnigbtier plunderer, who alone could have restored the Poles to their, former rank, but has lately denied that he ever entertained such a design! We admire Mr. W.'s stedfast at-r tachment to the ancien regime; but as its case seems hopeless, we think that it would have been more prudent for him to have adopted such changes as are but too likely to be permanent.
His maps of ancient geography, although begun before his general Atlas was completed, may be considered as a new work, having, we believe, very recently received the finishing stroke. Together, they form an ingenious and valuable aid to the study of ancient and modern history. The antient Atlas (as it ought to have been intitled), has also its pe^ (Culiar merits. It is judiciously distributed into four parts.
f The form of Lou'ts'u,!e, in the general map of Asia, requires an exception to this commendation. It is corrected is the map of New .South. Wales, in the present edition.
■' ■' . .....« , ..■. . ....• To the first of these, which Mr. W. intitles Geographia Sacrat he has laudably paid so much attention, that it will be found a very useful companion to the Bible. Beside eight maps, illustrative of Palestine in its different geographical stages, and of other countries to which the Scriptures refer* six copious genealogical tables are added, on the authorities (exclusive of the Bible) of Josephus, Junius, Calmet, Sanson, Raleigh* Fuller, Stukeley, Anderson, and Bruce. On these, the in-* genious compiler has evidently bestowed much labour; and, tn a general view, certainly to a very good purpose : not-» withstanding the extent to which those writers to whom he refers indulged themselves in conjecture, and the impossi-* bilityj in tables like these, of enabling readers to form'theft own judgements.
The second, and smallest division, is called Geographia Ecclesiastuia. It contains only two maps of the eastern and western patriarchates of the Roman Empire; and one map distinguishing the dioceses of England, ancient andmoderni To the latter is annexed, a copious table of the succession of Bishops; with the alterations of dioceses, at different times* in England, since the arrival of Augustin in 597 ; with their contemporary sovereigns. These afford useful illustrationsof English ecclesiastical history. We think that Mr. W« would have materially improved this part of his workj had he extended bis notice of general ecclesiastical history so far as Sanson's labou*a might conveniently have been pressed into his service.
In the third division, (which should have been denominated Gtographiu Classica, for the present title is altogether inadmissible^) are twenty good maps, mostly on the usual subjects of ancient geography. Two, on a larger scale, of Achaia and the Peloponnesus, deserve particular notice^ * although, as their design is to illustrate the travels of Ana* charsis, they seem to us to be misplaced in this division. Those travels, fictitious as they are, relate to an authentic period of Grecian history ; and should, therefore, have been, referred to the following division; which Is intitled Geographia Historica.'
In' this last part, Mr. W. has very properly detached from the general maps, those which represent the state 6f Countries at different periods of ancient history. Of these, which are fifteen in number, the " world according to Herodotusj" copied by permission from Major RennelPs performancej will not be deemed the least valuable. In an useful map of the countries which have professed the faith of Mahomet, Abyssinia, which never was Mahometan, is not distinguished from the rest; and in Saxon England, Cumberland, iri which the Britons word not finally subdued till tb« Xfinth century, is included in the kingdom of Nortmimb«dail(i ■; while Cornwall, which had. submitted to the West Saxons, is represented as independent.
Sonic .maps of the latter division are accompanied with oborqgraphical and historical explanations, as are many in the,general Atlas. These are announced in the tide of that jrodc, as " appropriate tables;" while the more laboured and important gene»lop;ical charts annexed to the sacred geography, are .not intimated on the title page of the ancient Adas; ft .is too rare an occurrence, .that a publisher should be more intent-on doing justice to .his readers,than .to himself,-for us to pass without notice; but, as the omission is very unlikely to be imitated, we shall surfer it to pass without censure. We would however recommend, that, in -the nest.edition of the general Atlas, .some hints should be given, in iho ^appropriate tables," of the changes of names, boundaries, aud titular sovereigns, which have been, or may,be made, in those countries that are unhappily situated within the reach of Bonaparte's talons. We can hardly advise that pew maps should .be constructed on all such occasions, any more than that a fresh chart should be made for every variation of the Goodwin Sands. We rather doubt whether maps should not be rendered independent on political geography, and be adapted to the natural boundaries of "seas, rivers, and chains of mountains, without regard to the ephemeral distinctions of patvonymical appellations or forms of civil government.
To return from this brief digression to the publications before us, we can cordially recommend them, for ingenuity ef design, and general correctness and neatness of execution. For portable and scholastic uses, we think them pre» JFerahle to any sets of maps that have come. under our observation. . .
jilt. Xil. Imitfltiotu and Translations JtQtn the Ancient and Modern Classics, together* with Original Poems never before puhTulied. Collected by J. C. Hobhouse, B. A. of Trinity College, Cambridge. 8vo. pp. 255. Price 7s. bds. Longman and Co. 1803.
f^QTHING .accumulates saaoon as fugitive poetry. Many a young master's rhymes, we believe, have been praised ,by Mamma, before the stripling has been entered at school; and, when once engaged in classical pursuits, die boy must he very dull who does not admire, and, admiring, does not imitate, the beauties of the ancients. We recollect a schoolfellow of cur's, who, when he had read five odes of Horace, -bad translated three, and had scarcely got through half one JEneid, before he had formed the design of grVing to the public a version of the whole twelve. It is true, these premature attempts are quickly consigned to oblivion; but they are succeeded by others more diligently elaborated; and, by the time a man is one or two and twenty, and leaves the university, it is ten to one but be has two or three port-folios, filled with 'lines' and 'stanzas,' with •'songs addressed to a young lady,' and 'elegies on the death of a/ciend,' andj we are sorry to add, in the present day it is ten to one but these are laid before the public. Thus the bookseller's window*groans under the crudities of seventeen, under a load of * poems,' * miscellanies,' and 'hours of idleness.'
And where is the barm of all this? No one is obliged to buy these volumes, much less to read them. No; we only regret that they are bought, and that they are read. Every body knows how much sooner a taste is acquired for frivolous sing-song, than substantial poetry, and now this taste is encouraged by indulgence, crescit indulgcns sibi: and we do lament, (what any one,, who will take the trouble .of looking into ottr .boarding-schools and, our colleges, will find to ba the case) that the leisure hours which mjght be devoted, to the beauties of Spenser, or the -sublimities ,ef MiltQ.n and Shakespeare, should be lost among the littles, the JUewjsesj and the'Strangfotds. .
Far be it from..u» to discourage anyone-; from writing verse,s, »r any .thing else; It will humanize the mind,,it!W.ill systematize the thoughts, it will polish the language. If this is.'ftqjt a sufficient reward to the young.votary of the Muses, he may please his friends, and captivate his mistress; but, before he prints, do let him remember, that, in all. probability, five out of six of his former companions at school, cojuld print H'hat would be quite as well worth reading.
Mr. Hobhowse has been moderate: the present volume cof* fists of but about 260 pages, and of those, near a hundred are taken up by the contributions of friends. We ha\e.therefore to thank him for much that he has ¥ept back; artd> Jf the book were not defiled with indecency, we"should thank him for some that he has_given, ,
/The three first.arid longest pieces in the volume, are imitations ; the first, of Juvenal's Milieus cvimii si,ccefiat, J&p second, of Horace's Omnibus hoc vilmmj&t cantor ihus, and the third of his Pvisw.si tredis. This adaptation -of -ancient-sentiments to modern) manners :and events requires' considerable skill; a skill, which Mr. H., we think, does not possess. The first appears to-us the 4)est:' but JuvcnaUs thoughts are always given at sufficient length by himself; ^hy-should Mr. H. double the number of- lines'? We give one extract, referring to the manners of past times, to satisfy the reader's curiosity.
._,l' Ilia doml natas, &c.
y,' 'Their household goods as, simple as their food*
v: . Plates, dishes, spoons, aDd bowls were all of wood?
It then the gay luxurious lords forsook
'' • And s<!brn the dainty if without the plate.
-li.v Behold their feast! no dinner but a show,
-Where glass and wax-lights glitter in a row;
, j,.. ' Where late a plain substantial dish appear'd,
The graver sort cry'd shame on such a boast>
A field of flowers or naked figures rise
, t To please the taste for show, and feed the eyes J
Our sires preferred—a thing beyond belief—
Of the merits of the second the reader will judge, on hearing that Horace's Stoic is represented^ in Mr. H.'s imitation, by the modern Methodist. We had thought that no one ■ was to be.found weak or wicked enough to 'wag the tongue* ■against Mr. Wilberfdrce; Mr. Hobhouse has undeceived us; iand, we believe, few persons will contradict him, when hd lealls it ah 'awkward imftation.' The satire closes thus:
,., ,•*',,, * No monster of perfection, I
With all my faults for pardon fly
To gentle friends, for whose dear sake '■ I grant th' indulgence that I take 5
And find with them an happier fate 4p\'" Than thou, a" saint,- so good and great.' p. 65.
Notwithstanding the great difference of tastes, we scarcely imagine that Mr. H. will find a 'happier fate' among winetind women, than Mr. Wilberforce has found in a life of Ue'befibedce.
. There is nothing else of any length in the volume, except "the 'Manciple'sTale,' from Chaucer, and the * Miracle'frorn '.Boccace; the gross indelicacy of both which is sufficient to
<Ui i ■ Still 1 — ■■■ ■ r ■■!, ml'-' - .. 'i . i. ■ » J-l'. ■ • ■
-, *««'Willow," &c. '< When our houses were builtfed of willo<tr, •then lad we oaken men; but now that our houses are come to be made of oak, our men are-not only become willow, but a great many altogt. ther of straw, which is a sore alteration." Holinshed, Description of -Britain, chap. xvi. '...-"■
•If Holinshed complained of these men of willow, what must w* . In wr times say? Y.'