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Purohita must be a follower of the Atharva-veda. Chanakya did not introduce this as a new rule.*

Dr. Spooner institutes comparison between the 'Yoga' mentioned in the Artha Shastra and the 'Magian mummeries'! But unfortunately Chanakya never defines his Yoga, and as Yoga had different meanings in different ages, it is useless to institute comparison between the unknown and the known.

The result of the 'architectural evidence' is no more satisfactory. Being on the spot I have had the opportunity to follow the progress of the Kumhrar excavations. I do not think that the learned archaeologist has succeeded in proving that the site excavated represents Chandragupta's palaces. On a closer search the Persepolitan picture disappears from Kumhrar. This, I propose to show in another paper.

After a careful examination of the whole evidence and arguments contained in the lengthy paper of Dr. Spooner, I have no hesitation in saying that up to this time "The Zoroastrian Period of Indian History" appears to be a mere castle-in-the-air.


* I think in fairness to Dr. Spooner it must be mentioned that since the publication of his paper he has told me that he means to abandon the part of his theory relating to Chanakya.

I.-Minutes of the Annual

Annual General Meeting held on the 24th January, 1916, at Government House, Bankipore.

His Honour Sir EDWARD GAIT, K.C.S.I., C.I.E., President, in the Chair.

1. The

Vice-President of the Council, the Hon'ble Mr. C. E. A. W. OLDHAM, I.C.S., read the report of the Council, which was accepted.

2. His Honour the President then delivered his address.* 3. The following articles of antiquarian interest collected by the Society were exhibited :

(1) Twelve specimens of ancient copper axe-heads, dis

covered in Chotā Nagpur.

(2) Eighty Paleolithic and Neolithic stone axe-heads, hammers, chisels, stools, polishers, etc., collected in Chōtā Nagpur.

(3) A number of ancient copper ornaments, dug out from Asura graves in the Ranchi district.

(4) An old set of three copper plates with a

seal of

Yayati Gupta (11th century), found in the Sonpur

State in Crissa.

(5) One gold coin of Huvishka, of the Imperial Kushan dynasty, found in the Ranchi district.

(6) One gold coin of Anantha Varma Chola Gupta (11th century), found in the Sambalpur district.

*Printed at pages 1-13, sante.

(7) Twenty-four silver coins and seventy eight copper coins of the Hindu and Muhammadan periods, found in the Patna and Gaya districts.

(8) A number of ancient stone beads, found in Chōtā Nagpur and in the Santal Parganas.

(9) One ancient Cinerary urn, found in the Ranchi district. (10) Fragments of ancient pottery, found in the Ranchi district.

(11) Ancient brick, found in the Ranchi district.

(12) Ancient stone sculpture of a deity carrying a bow, found in the Ranchi district.

(13) Carved parts of an ancient temple, found in the Ranchi district.

(14) One ancient Siva-lingam, found in the Ranchi district. 4. His Honour the President then moved the formal adoption by the Society of the Rules framed by the Council. In doing so His Honour said: "It was decided at the inaugural meeting that the Council should draw up a set of regulations. Nothing was said about submitting them to the General Meeting for confirmation, but it would, I think, be well if this meeting were to confirm the rules already framed, subject to the following changes which were agreed upon at the last Council meeting, viz.:

(1) that Rules 5, 6 and 7 be amended so as to confer on the Council the power of electing members, and (2) that ordinary meetings be held twice a year, one at the beginning and one towards the end of the cold season, instead of once a quarter as laid down in Rule 33."

The motion was duly seconded and unanimously adopted. 5. The Hon'ble Maharaja Bahadur Sir Ravaneswar Prasad Singh, K.C.I.E., of Gidhour, proposed that His Honour Sir Edward Gait, K.C.8.I., C.I.E., be elected Patron of the Society in place of the Hon'ble Sir Charles Bayley, G.c.8.1, K.C.I.E., I.S.O., who has left the country, and that the Hon'ble Sir William Vincent, KT., be elected Vice-Patron.

Nawab Saiyid Nasir-ud-din Ahmad of Bihar seconded the proposal, which was unanimously carried.

6. Rai Bahadur Jwala Prasad proposed a vote of thanks to the Chair. Mr. S. Sinha seconded the proposal, which was carried with acclamation.

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