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dimensions are :-length, 6.25 cms. ; breadth,-of the blade, 8.75 cms., -of the butt, 1.5 cms.; thickness, 1.5 cms.

Figure 34—represents another small hatchet, edged celt of beautiful design and finish, made of grey and white quartz rock, also from the same village (Bindā, police-station Kbūnti). The sides are flat and barely rounded off to meet the faces which are convex: The butt is thin and round, and forms with the sides one continuous band which terminates in sharp angles at each end of the crescentic blade. The edge is perfectly symmetrical and quite sharp. The dimensions are :-length, 3.75 cms.; breadth-of the blade, 3-5 cms. ;-at the butt, 2 oms. ; thickness,

2 1 cm.

Figure 35-represents another small highly polished hatohetedged celt made of streaked grey and whitish quartzite. The sides are unequal but well rounded, and meet the convex faces with an almost imperceptible slope. The blade is almost straight but unsymmetrically disposed between the sides which taper towards the narrow flat broken butt. The dimensions are :-length, from butt to one corner of the blade, 4.75 cms.,- from the butt to the other corner of the blade, 4 ms.; breadth,-near the blade, 2.75 oms.,—at the butt, 1 cm.; thickness, 1.25 cms.

Figure 36—represents a chisel partly polished and partly chipped, manufactured of hornblendic gneiss, found at village Indpiri (police-station Khūnti). The faces are convex and the sides which are chipped are rounded to meet the faces. The lower ends of the faces are highly bevelled and polished to form a sharp crescentic blade, one corner of which is broken. Both faces and sides converge and taper towards a narrow flat butt. The dimensions are :-length 12 cms.; breadth-near the blade, 5 cms.,-near the butt 2.5 cms. ; thickness, 2 cms.

Figure 37—shews the broken upper half of a chisel with thick rounded sides and pointed butt, from village Buruhatu (police-station Khunti). It is manufactured of silicious slate. One of the faces is flat and the other convex. Towards the middle of the sides there are two or three depressions making the instrument suitable for gripping.

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Figure 38—represents a chisel, partly polished and partly chipped, made of grey quartzite and found at village Sopārom (police-station Rānchi). The faces are slightly convex, being polished and bevelled towards the lower ends to form a crescentic blade. The rough and slightly rounded sides are formed by chipping out the faces, and meet the blade at round corners. The butt is broad and rounded. The dimensions are :-length, 9.6 cms. ; breadth, near the blade, 5.3 cms.,-near the butt, 3 cms. ; thickness, 2 cms.

Figure 39-represents the broken upper half of a chisel manufactured of dark compact gneiss, from village Sopāroin (police-station Rânchi). The faces which are very thin and almost flat, are bevelled at the borders to form a crescentic blade and slightly rounded sides. The edge and sides are quite unsymmetrically disposed.

Figure 40-represents a long triangular chisel manufactured of dark grey pyroxine or amphibole gneiss, and found at village Chendāgutu (police-station Khūnti). The faces are polished but uneven with cleaved depressions. The sides are chipped to meet the faces. One of the faces is much more convex than the other. The faces meet to form a crescentic blade much impaired through use. The butt is rather pointed, though partially broken. The dimensions are :-length, 17 cms., breadth near the blade, 7.5 cms.; thickness, 3.5 cms.

Figure 41---represents another chisel celt manufactured of compact gneiss, from village Chendāgutu (police-station Khunti). It is triangular in shape, and its thickest portion is just above the edge. The butt is slightly broken, the sides are roughly polished to meet the faces which have a cleaved surface. The faces are flat and polished and bevelled to form a crescentic edge one corner of which is partly broken. The butt too is slightly broken. The dimensions are :-length, 4:65 cms. maximum breadth near the blade, 6.25 cms., thickness, 7 cms.

Figure 42-represents a thick, heavy grinder manufactured of compact silicate (chert) found at village Bichnă (policestation Khủnti). It is cylindrical in shape and not perfectly


rounded. One end bears marks of use and the other is broken. The dimensions are :-length, 15 cms.; breadth, 9.5 cms.; thickness, 8 cms.

Figure 43— represents a polished and well-finished chisel formed of dark grey gneiss, also from village Bichnä. The faces which are convex slope on all sides, forming the crescentic edge which is impaired throngh use. The thick and flat sides are bevelled to meet the faces. The sides and faces converge towards a flat irregular butt. The dimensions are :-length, 9 cms. ; breadth,-near the blade, 5 cms.,-near the butt,

2-25 cms.; thickness, 175 cms.

Figure 44—represents the broken lower half of a polished chisel manufactured of grey compact fine-grained quartzite. It was found at village Bürūbātū (police-station Khunti). The surface is coated over with buff-coloured decomposition product. Both the faces are highly convex and slope towards the crescentio edge. The sides are flat and meet the edge at sharp angles. The dimensions are :-length, 5 cms.; breadth,—of the blade,

,-at the other end, 4.25 cms. ; thickness at the broken end, 2.75 cms.

Figure 45-represents a broken chisel of dark grey compact diorite gneiss, found at village Sopārom (police-station Rānchi). The faces are convex and imperfectly polished. The sides are rounded to meet the faces, and converge towards the butt which is broken so that the specimen is without its upper portion. Towards the middle there are depressions on both the sides so as to render the instrument suitable for gripping. The blade which is crescentic in form is much impaired and broken. The dimensions are :-length, 11 cms.; breadth,ếof the blade, C-25 cms.,-of the broken butt, 4.5 cms. ; thickness, 2 cms.

5 cms.,

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Figures of specimens-1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 21,

25, 34, 35.

The size of the figures is about one-ninth of the specimens

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Figures of [specimens--7, 13, 19, 27, 30, 41, 44. The size of the figures is about one-ninth of the specimens.

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