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THE GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE,
For OCTOBER, 1810.
Mr. URBAN, York, Aug. 13. are but a cambrous deformity, preYORK TORK deservedly ranks as the se judicial to the health of the City,
cond City in England ; yet it is and that more useful edifices might not the mere established title to be so be erected on their sites! So might called, but the association of ideas, the hallowed melancholy of St. Mary's and the impressions which its own Abbey-precincts be invaded; so might features create, that ratify the justice Clifford's Tower be leveled with the of the claim, and would stamp it with dust ; and all that reminds us of the the appellation, even did no legal magnificence of antieut York, remain right exist for it. But, alas! Mr. only in the beautiful delineations of Urban, the ravages of the grand Mr. Halfpenny. It is not for a destroyer are planting the deep fur. Stranger io behold or understand the rows of age on many parts of its springs which move the conduct of venerable countenance ; and I fear those in whom local administration that some of its features are vanishing resides; he can but reason from what away for ever.
he sees, and from the feelings which I have indulged myself with a Ram- those views excite ; but if it be only ble on a portion of the Walls of the tusle, whether good or bad, that is City, formerly more agreeable, when busy on the occasion, he may then more safe, from North-strect Post: he allowed to express his own sentiern, nearly to Skeldergate Postern; ments, and to confess, that he is but I am sorry to say, that there are rather at a loss to conceive bow a interruptions in the course of it, which circumvallation, which in his idea take much from the pleasure of the operates as a barrier against the acwalk, and which, I think, might be cunulation of buildings, can be acreinedied. It is pot to be expected counted not salutary; and he may
be that these decaying fabricks should perinitted to ask, whether, as the now be renewed ; yet I should think, closenes of the streets cannot be unithat the contemplation of the majestic versally remedied, it is pot counterruins might, at no very considerable balanced by the possession of elevaexpence, be rendered easy and secure, tions, commanding the most interestand that the walk along the ramparts ing scenery,and whereon, could we cermuight be maintained, although the tify the roads in order, the inhabitbattlements theniselves should be ants might walk delighted, and enjoy entirely given up to the silent en the freshness of the reviving breeze. croachments of Time; and, certainly, that some sylphid zephyr would on the interest of the scene would be in its silken pinions, in language soft as no degree diininished, if these moul the wings that bore it, language that dering rempants, and the sombrous could neither irritate nor offend, confeelings of the Antiquary who con vey the sorrows and regrets of Antitemplates them, should occasionally quity to those who ought to be the be irradiated by the bright beams that guardians, not the destroyers of dart from blushing Beauty's lustrous these antique piles; and could coneyes. But there are surmises afloat, vince them, that, though unseen, unfounded ones I hope, that it is vot the frowning forms of their foreTime alone that burls down the inassy fathers, caparisoned in all their grim fragments; but that more daring attire of war, stalk terrible along the depredation, if not permitted, is at ramparts of their old defences, ascend least overlooked : and notions are their lofty towers, look down with entertained, that the walls themselves mingled anger and concern, and in
their hands raise high those forinida rest and expatiate : I could not with ble weapons, which they are still not the same ardour have accompanied itto permitted to let fall on their forgetful the Castle ; nor with the same emotions sons ; yet those sons might hear their have contemplated those Judges'comsighs, which float hollow on the winds unissioned by His Majesty to dispense that murmur round the battlements, justice, and maintain order in his and their groans, which mix with the provinces; nor with the same lively tempest, and swell the sullen horrors impression have marked the subseof the storm. O that they would quent transmission of those Judges hear them! O that they would be from the Coach of the Sheriff' of The persuaded,' that, although out of County, to the Coach of the Sheriff's London they can only address their of the City; thus evincing, by a Chief Magistrate by the same title, speaking form, the sensibility of Juyet' that the consceuence of their risdiction, and appealing palpably.to City is of a different description to the surrounding multitude ; many of that of the Metropolis; and that, if whom, perhaps, might not be able they would maintain its real reputa- to discuss the nature of their sensation as the second City of the king- tions, but all of whom could feel them dom, they would, as much as pos to be just, and that something had sible, preserve the vestiges of former been presented to them of an in porttimes, and not suffer its Antiquity to ance beyond the visible perception of be no more.
the ceremony. Nor without this iinTo absolute necessity, London has posing association of ideas could I yielded much of its primæval gran-' have experienced sentiments so subdeur; to absolute necessity, Ouse- limed, when, on the following Sunbridge must also yield. An air of day, I attended in the Temple of the modernised importance will necessa Lord, in such a Temple! to hear that rily characterise the seat of modern Liturgy accompanied with all its CaEmpire. But this necessity is indige- thedral magnificence, which, whether nous to the Metropolis; it exiends not thus presented to us in choral sublibither: and the air of grandeur which mity, or sanctified by the unadorned proudly tells us This Is York, is the simplicity of the pious Pastor of the grandeur of ages long ago; of times, Village Church, is always interesting, that we are convinced have been, by and can always reach the heart ; but, the substantial memorials which croud in this place, it was grateful to hear upon the sight; yet how well modern the Commandments of Heaven deliimprovement, when judiciously in- vered from the High Altar, as of old troduced, will harinonize with antient by Moses from the Holy Mountain, interest, let the New Walk, that mo and to listen to the soft melody of dern glory of the City, testify and responsive supplication, floating confirm. York will ever preserve the among the grand enrichments of pride and boast, how justly merited! this amazing edifice, and ascending, of its unequalled Cathedral; but de we trust, above its walls, to mix prive it of all other remaids of what with the Hyınn of Praise chanted by it has beep, and though it will pos- Cherubim and Seraphim beyond the sess an object which cannot be viewed skies. It was grateful to have the without the highest admiration ; yet fervour of emotion afterwards brought it would then be viewed alonc, and down to earth and earlh's concerns, the assiciation of ideas, perpetually by a judicious, practical, and imrecurring to us wherever we turn our pressive discourse, presenting the eyes in this venerable City, and which grand outlines of a picture, which it so sreally adils to the contemplation was the duty of the mind to fill up; of the minister itself, would then be and delivered with that plainness wanting to complete the plcasidig which was suitable to the place and picture; and for myself I'must ow, the occasion ; and which, in my inind that without thiş unavoidable asso at least, and if I niay judge from the ciation, I could not have feil the same attention with which it was received, interest in the Procession of the could not, in the opinions of numbers, Judges into. York, a Procession on have been hсighicoed, had it been which, while passing through this attempted to have been set off by the antient City, the mind could amply unappropriaid aid of forensic energy,
or the still more inadmissible accom- the tracery, is, as it were, stuck paniment of dramatic effervescence. within it. This kind of window-conThese graces of Oratory, in their struction is certainly an original proper places, please and interest; thought of Wykeham’s, although we and the want of them there is felt : find numerous instances of the arches but I think they should not be trans- to the entrances of castles done at: planted into the Pulpit, from whence this period with a segment of a should proceed the sacred directions Pointed arch only. Thus 'much by of Truth, io language plain, but way of obseryation in this plaee ; proenergetic ; in manner impressive, but ceed we, therefore, on our regular pot fantastic. Sermons are to speak course in the illustration of the Rise to the heart, not to the eye; for it is and Progress of Architecture among to be hoped, that we do not, and certainly we should not, go to Church ST. STEPHEN'S CHAPEL, Westminwith our minds so totally unprepared ster; date, 1330. In this building, for the occasion, that there, as it every trial of the arts of Architecture were, we are now to receive a new and Painting is brought to the utmost Commandment, and to have the Pro stretch of human ability ; and while position maintained, and the con our wonder is excited at those who viction enforced upon us, by all the wrought its completion, our disgust arguments and auxiliaries which the
is at the same time raised against the tongue and the arm united can press savage hands that, since the Dissolu. into its service: and it was grateful tion, have either mutilated its dito be finally dismissed with the Archi- vine attractions, or horded up the episcopal Benediction from those beauteous relicks still in being, with sacred walls, within which, along with common wainscoting, from the pubthe humble, had been assembled to lic
It is from that laudable pubgether for social worship, those ex lication by the Society of Antiquaries alted characters whom the Constitu- of this Chapel, io plans, elevations, tion had placed in stations which will and sections, that we are enabled at always secure to them respect; buľon this time to entertain any idea of its whose own conduct alone it depends to original glorious state, to which we unite with it the nobler sentiments of refer.
nor could I leave this West Front. The portion left of Sanctuary without the felicities of the elevation, consists of the porch. Britain rising to the mind, and The pediments over the arches to the prompting the Prayer ansi the Hope, compartinents of the’screen before it, That'a merciful Providence will still indicate a gentle sweep ; leaving, in a preserve us ; that Piety and Penitence certain degree, the pyramidal line, may walk hand in hand amongst us ; so conspicuous in theexamples spoken that Peace may be within our walls, of at this period of the art. and Plenteousness within our palaces : East Front*. The East window preso that we may be ever able to re sents a kneed outline ; and as all vespeat with the Preacher, and that tiges of the tracery is gone, some even our Enemies may see it, and say, doubt must be conceived in what way Happy are the People that are in such its head was filled in ; yet by exaa case ; yea, Blessed are the People mining the interiors of the side winwho have the Lord for their God ! dows of the crypt (they remaining Yours, &c.
W. persect, each having this kneed out.
line and accordant tracery) some hints ARCHITECTURAL INNOVATION. perhaps may be derived, necessary to No. CXLIX.
assist the mind in this respect. Be POINTED STYLE, &c.
this as it may. (continued.)
Interior of the Ch:pel. · The piors N studying the nave of Winchester between the windows are made out
Wykcham iv'the reign of Edward 111. studded over with small enriched pa a striking peculiarity in the windows tera's. Similar columns are disposed is visible ; the form of the head, or in the dados to the windows ; they arch to them, is a segment of a Pointed * This frunt bas been lately modernarch, while a regular triangular pro- ised. See our Survey, vol. LXXVII. portioncd Pointed arch, containing 532.
to. I am glad thus to acknowledge exertion or talent of ventering from my obligations to him for this valua- home, or increasing their patrimony ble addition, as well as for his pointing in a series of ages. out in the account some Anglo-Nor I write this, Mr. Urban, in a hurry, man remains in the Transept, which being at this moment unable to refer had escaped my attention, And I to books; but, as Heraldry has occamay well congratulate the publick on sionally formed a part of my reading, the excellent illustrations which have I am almost certain that, in Guilin's appeared in his Engravings of our Display, he gives to Colonels the Cathedrals and Monastie Buildings, Precedence of simple Knights; but amongst which, that of Rivalx rai ks what matters his authority, or Blackas a very interesting one.
stone's, or any others for your CorYours, &c. AN OBSERVER. respondent, the “ Constant Reader,"
has candidly confessed he will not Mr. URBAN,
Auy. 31. allow of any opinion that does not CONSTANT Reader, p. 14, has coincide with his own. As for Here A
expressed himself very unhand- ditary wortb, in despite of ten milsomely wheu speaking of the Prece-' lions of quotations, daily instances dence of Military men. He seems to occur of the woeful degeneracy of forget that the greater part of the families ; nor do I know a more exeColonels in the Army, and Post Cap- crable wretch than he, who, born with tains of the Navy, are the sons and every advantage of family and wealth, relatives of the most noble and re cannot preserve his fame and respecspectable families of the United King- tability ; nor a more contemptible don. When he tauntingly speaks of mau than he who piques himself on the sons of tailors and stone-inasons, his consequence, because he possesses &c. &c. attaining that rank, so far what belonged to his family ten cenam I from under-rating the preten- turies ago : it is at best but a negative sions of these gentlemen, that I con- qualification, if unattended with acsider then in the first class of subjects, tive worth.
MILES TRIM. and infinitely inore honourable in their pursuits and claims, than one Mr. URBAN,
Sept. 13. hundred generations of Country
HE following notices of the faSquires, even though they had dis inily of Browne, and their marplayed a coach and four' at every riages, previous and subsequent to County Election for the greater part their settlemeut in Ireland, will, I of that period. It appears to me trust, prove interesting to some of very rational and just, that a Caplain your Readers, extracted from an anof the Navy, or a Colonel in the Army, tient book of pedigrees in my posshould have considerable rauk in that session, Dugdale, Camden, and others. Statt in whose defence he exposes his The first person of much note of this life in every quarter of the Globe, and family, which has been long settled to whom is entrusted the charge of a in England, 'though now extinet in ship or a for!, and the constant super. this country, was Anthony, who, in intending mavazernent of a thousand the reign of Queen Mary, was created of our fellow countrymen.
au English Peer by the title of VisWhen the active worth and weighty count Montacute, or Montague ; he responsibility attached to these gen was commissioned by Parliament to tlemen is duly considered, it is very go on an Embassy to the Pope, in possible that the publick will allow order to reduce this realm to an them the Precedence of the lidilyn union with the Church of Rome ; breed of mere Country Squires, whose and in the 2d of Elizabeth, his Lordgreatest exertion has most probably ship, and the Earl of Shrewsbury, been in promoting a Turnpike Bill; were the only Peers who voted against or a florid display of Elocution at a the abolition of the Pope's Supremacy. Parish Vestry. As Honours are, ge lle married twice; first, Jane, daugh.of nerally speaking, the only rewards of the Earl of Sussex; and had Anthony, Military men, Country Squires may his son and heir, and a daughter Mary, allow them undisturbed possession, married to Henry Wriothesley, Earl and quietly doze away their lives in of Southampton ; next to Sir Thomas their imagined consequence; because, Heneage ; and thirdly, to Sje Wilforsooth, they have neither had the liam Hervey, created afterwards Lord
Ross in Ireland. The Viscount's se- . quis of Sligo; the Right Hon. Denis
such a task. His Peerage has hitherto
Yours, &c. ANTIQUARIUS D.B. ried on by several noble and respectable families of Ireland, which I shall * The monument alluded to was erected specify; consequently, there can be
to the memory of Sir Edmund Uvedale, no fear of the issue male failing, and who died 1506, by " Mary his loving wife, the title must be ranked as dormant. daughter of Sir Wm. Dormer, kut. somea
The principal descendants in Ire- time wife of Anthony Brown, søn and heir land are, Howe Peter Brownc, Mars ..of Anthony Viscount Montacute.” Edit.