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or the still more inadmissible accom- the tracery, is, as it were, stuck paniment of dramatic effervescence. within it. This kind of window-conThese graces of Oratory, in their struction is certainly an original proper places, please and interest; thought of Wykeham’s, although we and the want of them there is felt : find numerous instances of the arches but I think they should not be trans- to the entrances of castles done at: planted into the Pulpit, from whence this period with a segment of a should proceed the sacred directions Pointed arch only. Thus 'much by of Truth, io language plain, but way of obseryation in this plaee ; proenergetic ; in manner impressive, but ceed we, therefore, on our regular pot fantastic. Sermons are to speak course in the illustration of the Rise to the heart, not to the eye; for it is and Progress of Architecture among to be hoped, that we do not, and certainly we should not, go to Church ST. STEPHEN'S CHAPEL, Westminwith our minds so totally unprepared ster; date, 1330. In this building, for the occasion, that there, as it every trial of the arts of Architecture were, we are now to receive a new and Painting is brought to the utmost Commandment, and to have the Pro- stretch of human ability ; and while position maintained, and the con- our wonder is excited at those who viction enforced upon us, by all the wrought its completion, our disgust arguments and auxiliaries which the

is at the same time raised against the tongue and the arm united can press savage hands that, since the Dissolu. into its service: and it was grateful tion, have either mutilated its dito be finally dismissed with the Archi- vine attractions, or horded up the episcopal Benediction from those beauteous relicks still in being, with sacred walls, within which, along with common wainscoting, from the pubthe humble, had been assembled to- lic

eye.

It is from that laudable pubgether for social worship, those ex- lication by the Society of Antiquaries alted characters whom the Constitu- of this Chapel, io plans, elevations, tion had placed in stations which will and sections, that we are enabled at always secure to them respect; buľon this time to entertain any idea of its whose own conduct alone it depends to original glorious state, to which we unite with it the nobler sentiments of refer.

nor could I leave this West Front. The portion left of Sanctuary without the felicities of the elevation, consists of the porch. Britain rising to the mind, and The pediments over the arches to the prompting the Prayer ansi the Hope, compartinents of the’screen before it, That'a merciful Providence will still indicate a gentle sweep ; leaving, in a preserve us ; that Piety and Penitence certain degree, the pyramidal line, may walk hand in hand amongst us ; so conspicuous in theexamples spoken that Peace may be within our walls, of at this period of the art. and Plenteousness within our palaces : East Front*. The East window preso that we may be ever able to re- sents a kneed outline ; and as all vespeat with the Preacher, and that tiges of the tracery is gone, some even our Enemies may see it, and say, doubt must be conceived in what way Happy are the People that are in such its head was filled in ; yet by exaa case ; yea, Blessed are the People mining the interiors of the side winwho have the Lord for their God ! dows of the crypt (they remaining Yours, &c.

W. persect, each having this kneed out.

line and accordant tracery) some hints ARCHITECTURAL INNOVATION. perhaps may be derived, necessary to No. CXLIX.

assist the mind in this respect. Be POINTED STYLE, &c.

this as it may. (continued.)

Interior of the Ch:pel. · The piors N studying the nave of Winchester between the windows are made out

reverence :

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Wykcham iv'the reign of Edward 111. studded over with small enriched pa a striking peculiarity in the windows tera's. Similar columns are disposed is visible ; the form of the head, or in the dados to the windows ; they arch to them, is a segment of a Pointed * This frunt bas been lately modernarch, while a regular triangular pro- ised. See our Survey, vol. LXXVII. portioncd Pointed arch, containing 532.

is wero

were certainly once continued up. Junns, they bear but little change. wards, so as to constitute the mul- Ju the mouldings, some novelty is Jions; but the openings to the win- brought forward, in the many square dows are now wholly curtailed of or fillets, mixed with the hollows such dividing particulars, and the and rounds; and in the foliages a more consequent tracery. Pateras are in- minute,, and less conspicuous boldness troduced likewise on the architraves, of Icafing occurs. The arches to the both to the arches of the windows, windows in the side walls give, at and to that of the entablature. These their springings, certain degrees, of pateras, thus introduced, are peculiar a circle struck from the necessary to this Chapel, as are the infinity of centre, from whence the Pointed arch minute ornaments, laid on every itself is extended to the required moulding throughout the design. height, forming a new species of From the nature of the entablature, Pointed arch, struck from four cenrunning in a direct line above the tres, Here a remarkable deviation Windows, on each side the building, from the true geometric or triava it is very, certain, that there never gular proportioned arch appears, and were any groins intended to complete which conception in the succeediog the same's 'but some open timber- reigas was carried still fartber, by wrought roof, correspondent to the taking more of the circular and less general contour of the main work. of the extending sweep: Thus this Those spaces, left untooled by the kind of Pointed arch continued to Mason, or Sculptor, are penciled depress or flattea itself, until at last upon by the Painter, in armorial, the beads of the windows fell to a ornamental, historical, and scriptural mere straight, or horizontal lipe. subjects, In fact, this last-artist has The great leature in the interior of not left the smallest moulding or this august erection is, the openfoliage untouched ; as they are either worked tunber roof, once profesfilled iu with various tints, or over- sionally valled one of the wonders laid by. gilding, which niust have of the world, and I hope there are produced, upon the whole, the most still those, whose feelings can give sublime and gorgeous scene that ever way to something like enthusiastic adorned this kingdom.

praise. I bear my weakness in this - Pointed Style of Architecture froin sort, if it is a weakness, and own,

the reign of Edward III. to the that ever as I comment on its-surreign of Henry VI.

prizing framing, draw from its geo. WESTMINSTER Hall. This struc- inetric composure, its all enduring, ture, excepting the dados on its sides, resisting powers ; some new attracEast and West, (these parts of the tion, or some new stroke of art, walls are the remains of the Hall of still presents itself to niy admiring William II.) is allowed to have been view. I shall here presume to lay erected in the reign of Richard 11. down its geometric principle. The West Front, although it carries The stone walls on the sides of the on in some respects the splendour of Hall, from which the several divisions the Edwardian æra, evinces inany deo of the wood framing take their rise, partures therefrom. The tracery to is done nearly into two equal beights, the windows, more immediately tle in the dado and window lines. On great centre window, is purely archi- the top of the walls, or window lines, tectural, without ornamental or fo- (speaking of one half of the framing) ljaged ideas introduced thereon, as the first, or principal raster, springs before practised. The height of the pyramidally to its pitch or apex, in mullionş divided by transoms of mould- the centre of the roof; the second ings and compartments, and the tra. rafter springs from consoles on the cery ruu into various compartmented top of the dado line, in one prodi. forms likewise. The heads of the digious regular Pointed arch. From niches bear octangular canopics, with the top of the window line is laid, square, instead of pyramidal icrmi- horizontally, a flying joist to a nations; and on cach side the openings given length, supported by a second of the niches are small clusters of pointed r.Iter, rising from the above buttresses, lo those parts where any console. This arched rafter, with thing like a pyramidal idea is retained, the horizontal joist, support a it takes the sweeping direction. In third pointed rafter, meeting in regard to the clustering of the co- the centre, and uniting itself with

the

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the first arched rafter. These con- and is constant practice, until the junctions act in the most satisfactory art itself was lost in the universal manner to support a second hori. change wrought in men and things in zontal juist, bringing the whole of the sixteentla century. Turning with the connecting niediums near the contempt from the innovations, both summit of the first exterior, or pyra- external and internal, such as the midal rafter. The voids 'within the cieling by Sir Christopher Wren, the several rasters and joists are filled in South purch by a living Artist, and with perforated compartments, cu- the metamorphosis of the charming riously contrived as perpendicular compartmented divisions for the sei. supports to the whole mass af framing ting up of monuments, &c. &c. 5 let Viewing narrowly the properties of it be observed, that the arches of the the roof, for the express purpose of door-ways and windows (in general) illustrating this paper,

I found that shew the new conjunctive sweep, as since my first drawing its parts, sonie premised in the Westminster Hat! fourteen years past, the greater Surveys and in one instance, the East portion of the perforated compart. door-way to the crypt, the arch is inents have heen destroyed. Surely flattened to that extreme, as almost this deserves repréhension; not alone to mark at once the total extiuction as a pleasing decoration is lost, but, of the form. But this expedient, at what is of greater importance, much this state of the art now under notice, of the collateral strength of the roof was rare ; and we may conclude the itself done away, and rendered less idea did not at its first dawn meet able to resist the push of Time than with the approbation of professional heretofore.

men, but was left to take it course, In direct opposition to those opi- until, at a distant day, it becamc uions gone before me, I maintain the

masonic rage, as

no kind of addition of stone work to the interior edifice was raised without this conof the dado walls, and octaugular juuctive arch. The tracery in the pilasters, run up about thirty years windows, like tirose in Westminster ago, are not of that distinct use, by Hall, is architectural, and the mouldway of support to the roof, as then ings and ornaments are more in adsupposed ; but an useless and irrele- Vance than there found. : As the devant waste of material and masonry, corations of the internal walls of this and disfiguring the symmetry of the Civic mansion arc so far gone into whole design. I argue thus : The with high embellishment, while the side walls are kept from falling out Royal Palace at Westminster has by the vast buttresses externally set little to boast of in this respect, may against them ; and froiu' falling in- we zsurmise, that it might be poswards, by the pressure of the tinberssible the roof of the former, before themselves, right and left. There- the Fire of London, outshone the fore,' wbile coinmon attention by latter ? But the absolute existing way of repair is paid to the real stale igantic beauties of the one, forbid of the walls and tinbers, more than us to give way to a futile supposition to patch and restore them with pe- in favour of the other, now departed ; rishable materials (as is seen on the therefore, let thus much be observed Last external wall) little sear can be with reference to Westininster Hall, entertained for the safety of a pile, that its roof is not alone the most which may be confidently asserted, is extraordinary performance of the (reviving the old designation) one kind, but the carliest in point of workof the professional “Wonders of the manship that we have now remaining. World.

May admiration still continue to be GUILD- A Alli, London. Another paid to its stupendous construction, work erected about the date of the not withstanding Sir C. Wren, in the preceding Hall , and, if History did Parentalia, calls the builders of this Dot, its great similitude of style roof, “ senseless artificers !" would confirm the same; not with

AN ARCHITECT. standing many of the decorations

(To be continued.) must have been executed subsequent The View of the West Front of to the other, as they are of a inuch Lichriend Cathedral, promised in vol. later turn, and seeni to have led the LXX. p. so, as a companion to that of way to those decided features, which, York, vol. LXXIX. p. 700, will be given ja process of time, became general, in the Magazine for next month.

METE

METEOROLOGICAL JOURNAL kept at Clapton, in Hackney, from the 21st of

September to the 6th of October, 1810. (Thermometer. Barometer. Day of

Wind.
Month.

Weather, &c.
Max. Min. Max, Min.

28

2 3 4.

66

Sept.21 1 5S 30:13 30.10 W.-S. misty-fair-misty

29 70 49 30.08 29.97 S. S. E. foggy and calm-fair
23

62 51 30:03 29.95 S. clear-showers-clear
24 67 56 30:19 30:10 N--.N.E. clear-clouded and windy
25 71 52 30.20 30.14 N. N. E. clouded-very clear
26 69 47 30.14 30:10 E. clear
27

47 30.05 29.95 E.-S. E, misty-clear and clouds 68 45 30.05 29.98 S.-S.W. fogafair 29 66 56 30.10 30.06 SE---SW foggy-fair-cloudy

30 69 59 30.12 30.03 NE-SW. clouds-fair-cloudy Oct. 1 66 45 30:28 30-20 SE--E. clouded-clear

65 45 30:30 30.29 N.-E. misty-clear
65 47 30.30 30-29 N.-E. clear

45 30.30 30.28 N.-S.E. clear
5 65 47 30-20 30-01 N.--S.E. clear

603 45 29.98 29.96 S.W. foggy-fair-foggy T 64 46 30.00 30.00 S.E-S.W.) foggy--fair--foggy

OBSERVATION's. Sept. 21. Some Cirro-cumuli appeared about 5 p.'m. : the evening became

misty. 22. A great disturbance of the Electric state of the atmosphere was con

spicuous this day. A fog covered the ground at sun-rise ; about Doon it was become clear, when I observed Cirri spread about at a great altitude : these were succeeded by Cirro-strati, Cirro-cumuli, and Cumuli of various appearances; some large and lowering, others loose dark-coloured fleeces, fivating in a lower regiou. Towards evening the wind rose, and barometer fell; but the night

turned out calm and clear, and summer lightning prevailed. 23. Several modification of cloud in the sky during day. . Clear night,

and summer lightning. 25. Overcast at sun-rise ; very clear day afterwards; falling stars ob

served at night. Stars shine very bright. 26. Clear day, and rather windy in the middle ; calm clear night. Small

meteors observed. 27. Cirro-stratus prevails during the day, disposed in beds of small ag

gregates, extending in arcs across the zenith. Clear night; small

meteors, called falling stars, frequest. 28. Small meteors observed at night. 29. Foggy at sun-rise. After it cleared off, I observed the modification

of Cirro-strutus dispersed about in the atmosphere; in some places in thin films, in others in rows of small spots.Cirro-cumulus also appeared. Loose flocks of dark reddish Cumulus floating beneath in a lower region. At sun-set a very highly coloured Cirro-stratus, on an almost goldca sky, gave the Western horizon a very beautiful appearance.

Rain came on during the night. 30. Pleaşant day after the rain ; Cirrus"and Cirro-stratus prevail. The

Western sky appeared deep red after sun-set. Oct. 1. At night the stars' light suddenly diminished, and a lucid' Burr (not

a Halo) was observed round Jupiter. 2. Electric state of the atmosphere very much disturbed ; various mo.

difications of cloud prevail. A breeze rose from E.'at 10 a. m.

Clouds highly coloured at sun-set.
3. Clear day; only Cumuli passed over with the wind.
5. Cirri and Cirro-strati observed.

6. Cirre-cumuli ; heat increasing, Glapton, Oct, 22, 1910. .

THOMAS FORSTER.

Mr.

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