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because it was improbable that the Ireland should be referred to a Commitoffice would be a fit reward for service. tee of the whole House."

Lord Miiton shortly spoke; as did Sir J. Hippisley seconded the motion, Messrs. Long, Perceval, and Wharton, and vindicated the Creed of the Cathoin reply.

lics. The debate was then adjourned. Mr. P. Moore opposed the motion, because it did not go far enough; he was

May 21. for the abolition of every sinecure office. In thc Coumittee of Supply, 13,7?31.

The House then divided on, Mr. was granted, for purchasing, and annexBankes's amendment: Aves 93, Noes 99. ing to the British Museum, Mr. Gre

Mr. Martin then agreed that his Re- ville's collection of Minerals. (See vol. solutions on the same subject should be LXXX. p. 584.) negatived, and those of Mr. Perceval Gen. Tarleton presented a Petition agreed to, on an understanding that from the inhabitants of Liverpool, in the latter should be discussed, on bring- favour of Parliamputary Reform. ing up the Report.

A similar Petition from Canterbury

was presented by Mr. Wardle. HOUSE OF LORDS, Nay 18,

Mr. Brund, in a lengthened and apThe Royal Assent was notified by propriate speech, subnitted bis motion Commission to 73 Public and Private on the subject of Parliamentary Reform. Bills.

Tlie Hon. Gentleman observed, that the

first and greatest evil that existed was, In the Commons, the same day, a that so many Members of that House Bill for allowing the Trustees of Drury- were nominated by individuals, the prolane Theatre to, rebuild the same, was prietors of decayed boroughs. It was read the first time.

well known to have been the practice of In the Committee of Supply, the sum old to relieve, on their application, parof six millions was granted to pay off ticular boroughs from the onus of sendExcbequer Bills.

ing Representatives to Parliament. The In the Committee of Ways and same principle would authorise the disMeans, six millioris by Exchequer Bills franchisement of such boroughs, and was voted for the service of the vear. transfer the right of returning Members

The Committee of Privileges, appoint- to that House to more opulent and poed to consider the notices of action sent pulous places. He denied the right of by Sir F. Burdett, presented their re- the proprietors of such boroughs to port. It consists solely of a citation of claim remuneration ; yet, he thought, law anthorities and cases, where the that in feeling and equity it ought to privilege in question had been exerciscal, be granted. That property and populaand acquiesced in.

tion formed the basis of Representation, Mr. Whithread obscrved, that the he collected from the spirit of the Conreport was overrun with erasures, made stitution. It was a principle recognized by the pen, the pencil, and the per- by our ancestors, and be found it perknife. The extracts cited from Sir J. vading every one of their measures reE. Wilunot's posthumous papers were specting the constitution of Parliament. given as if they had been taken from The elective franchise for counties had judginents artually delivered by him; very wisely been given to the freeholiers whereas the fact was, that the opinions of such comties. He should not think quoted bad rever been delivered liy him, of altering that arrangement; but was but merely presumed to be delivered. of opinion, that the copybolders should Eleven precedents were also cited as the also be allowed to vote. This was the iinmoveable rorks of their privileges: only alteration be proposed in the riyht but of those pleven rocks it appeared of voting in counties, except in a few of that sccond thoughts had swept away the Northern couuties and in Scotland. four by erasures. Aftet some further In the Metropolis, and other populous discussion, the report was ordered to be places, he should propose, that the re-commited.

right of voting should be given to all Lord A. Hamilton's mo:ion for ex- householders paying parochial and other pungins certain resolutions relating to taxes. In the Northern counties of the sale of seats, from the Journals of England, and in Scotland, be could not that House, was negatived without a see any reason why the right of voting division.

should not be assimilated to the pracMir, Gratiron then submitted his pro- tice in this country, and left in the nised uintion on the sul ject of Catholic counties to the resident freeholders and Emancipation; and concluded an im- copyholders; and in the boroughs, to pressive and eloquent speech by moving, householders paying parochial and 1. That the Petition of the Catholics of 'other taxes. Norrb of Oxford-street,

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there was a population of above 400,000 siness to be competent to his duties in inhabitants, who were at present not that House. He, for his part, would be represented at all. In the West of Eng. inclined to take a middle course between Jand, on the contrary, maay places re- the extremes of annual and septennial turned Members to Parliament without Parliaments, and to recommend trienhaving any population deserving of no- nial Parliaments; which, without the tice. What claim, he would ask, could evils of either, would possess all the adGatton, Old Sarum, or the sub-marine vantages of both. On the subject of inhabitants of St. Mawes, have to the voting, he thought that the Sheriffs right of sending Representatives to Par-, ought to collect the votes throughout liament? The right of election, in his the different districts, witbout subjecting opinion, should be transferred froin the candidate to the expence of bringing these and such places to Manchester, up the freeholders from the extremities Birmingham, and other populous towns, of the ovanty to the place of the election. and the niost populous counties. With There was another point to which he respect to Scotland, he could not feel it wished to call the attention of the so easy to point out a remedy, as he did House; and that was, to the number of with respect to bis own country. . He persons holding places and seats in that was not sufficiently informed upon the House. His remedy would be, that perstate of Scotland ; but he should sup- sons holding places without responsibipose, that there could be no objection lity should not be suffered to have seats to assimilate the election laws of that in that House. After expressing his country to the laws of England. He conviction, that the country must have was not aware that there was any tbing either Reform or a Military Governin the contract for the Union of tbe ment, the Hon. Gentleman concluded, two countries that would preclude such “ That a Coinnittee be appointed, to inan arrangement. As to the state of the quire into the state of the RepresentaRepresentation in Ireland, he was not tion of the People in that House, to disposed to propose any change. He consider of the most effectual means of should, however, bring that subject reforming it, and to report the same, under the consideration of the Commit. with their opinions thereon to the tee, if his motion should be agreed to. House." There were, he bad no doubt, boroughs Messrs. Giddy, S. Bourne, and can in that country, as well as in this, which ring, Lord Milton, and Sir J. Pulteney, were entirely in the noinination of some spoke against the motion; and Messrs. Members of the Aristocracy.--He had Whitbread, Ponsonby, Tierney, W. thus given a general outline of his plan, Smith, C. Wynne, and Noel, and Sir J. which would go to obviate the two prin- Newport, in its favour. cipal objections to the present state of Mr. Wardle quoted the plan of Reform the representation. There was, huw- suggested by Sir F. Burdett last Session ever, another objection of importance, as preferable: respecting the duration of Parliament: On a division, there appeared, for Annual Parliainents would leave the Re- the motion 115, against iż 234-Majepresentative too little accustomed to bu- rity 119.

ACCOUNT OF THE ENCENIA AT OXFORD, Monday, July 2. The University was ment, were opened at nine o'clock. In never known to be so full of company a few minutes, the Theatre was completeas it has been on this occasion. Great ly filled; the number of ladies who wishdifficulty was experienced in procuring ed to obtain admission was so very great, horses on the road. This evening the that nearly half of them were disapHigh-street was much crowded with poiuted. Many went intw the neighpeople waiting for the arrival of Lord bouring houses, and others remained in Grenville, the Chancellor His Lord

the street to see the procession. The ship did not enter Oxford till between Noblemen, Heads of Blouses, Doctors, nine and ten. He alighted at Balliol, and Proctors, dressed in their robes, as the college of the Vice-chancellor, where, sembled at Balliol college about ten according to custom, the Chancellor re- o'clock, where they were introduced to sides during this celebrity,

the Chancellor; anal at eleven they ac. T'uesday, July 3. Early this morn- companied his Lordship and the Viceing a great nuinber or carriages, with chancellor, in procession, . preceded ladies full dressed, and a large concourse by the bedels, to the Theatre. As soon of ladies and gentlemen on foot, began as those who formed the procession bad to assemble at the doors of the Theatre, taken their seats, his Lordship opened which, according to a previous arrange the Convocation, by briefly stating the


purpose for which it was assembled; stituted the Clinical Lecture, and first after which he proposed that the hono- gave the Annual Prizes for Latin Verse rary degree of Doctor in Civil law le and English Prose compositions. This coriferred on the following Nobleinen last benefaction, he said, was greater and Gentlemen, who were afterwards than it appeared to be; since it encouseverally presented by Dr. Phillimore, raged a laudable emulation among the the Regius Professor of Civil Law, and young students, and gave rise to many were admitted to their degrees by the yearly productions, which shewed much Chancellor :- Duke Somerset, Mar- ingenuity and diligence. This he afquisses of Buckingham, Downsbire, and firmed from a personal knowledge of the Ely: Earls of Essex, Abingdon, Jersey, fact for many years. (The Orator is Carysfort, Fortescue, and Temple; Vis- one of the judges to determine the counts Bulkeley and Carleton; Lords Prizes.) Having gone through the list Braybrook, Cawdor, and Carrington; of benefactors, he exhorted the students Right. Hon. Williain Wickham, Right to reflect that their acts of munificence Hon. G. Tierney, Right Hon. W. Elliot, were all calculated to extend the fame Right Hon. Sir Wm. Drummond, K.C. and glory oi the University, much more Right Hon. Sir J. Newport, bart. Right than to adorn or enrich it; and thereHon. Sir J. Anstruther, bart. and Mr. fore he trusted that they would cooperate Fagel, late Greffier of the United Pro- towards such a noble end. The concluvinces.

sion of the speech was addressed to the After this ceremony was concluded, Chancellor, to this effect :--" I have the Creweian Oration was delivered not hesitated to celebrate the munisiby the Rev. William Crowe, LL.B. cence of these Chancellors in your preof New College, the Public Orator. sence ; for I am not apprehensive that The animated manner in which this my speech can be misinierpreted so far very elegant Latin composition was de- as that any should think I have a design livered, as well as the topics it con- to stimulite you to acts of bounty, by tained, called fortlı great and deserved this recital of the bounty of others. applause. The following analysis, we Your good will to the University is alfear, will give but a faint idea of the ready well known; and she has proofs of original. The public benefactors to the your liberality, for instance, in the new University being too numerous to be annual Prize. Other acts I could willcomprised in a single oration, it has been ingly mention, but this is not the sea.. usual for the Orator to divide them into son. Envy is too often the attendant classes, and to take for his subject some upon Virtue, and Death alone can exone most suitable to the occasion. He tinguish it. It is not till then that Virtherefore, for the day, chose to celebrate tue has her due reward. The age to those Chancellors of the University who come will not fail to give you a more had been its benefactors; but first he ample praise. But may you long live said something of the airtiquity and to preside over us; and may that day be diguity of the office. The Chancellor- far slistaut, when your praises will be ship of Oxford 'was always higbly hu- heard without envy! This is the wish nourable, because it was conferred by of all who wish wel to our University." the free suffra'res of the members, An- Some little indications of discontent at tiently, the person elected was some the opening of the Convocation contrieininent inan resident within the Uni- buted to make the conclusion the more versity, who executed the office himself. appropriate. Ali Galice so laborious was not held for The Prize Compositions were then relife. During tbis period, the Ortor no- cited in the following order: ticed two Chancellors ; Bishop Smyth,

THE CHANCELLOR'S I'RIŽES. the founder of Brasenose college; and The Latin Verses, " Fyranides ÆgypArchbishop Warham, whom le desired tiacæ,” by Mr. John "Taylor Coleridge's leave particularly to name (being bim- Scholar of Corpus Christi College. self 2 W; kehamist, is the glory of the The English Essay, “ What are the Wykebamists in his age, the great be- Arts in the cultivation of which the nefactor of learned men, and particu- Moderns have been less successful than Jarly of Erasmus. The Chancellors the Antients?" by Mr. Richard Whateky; whom the speech celebrated were Laud, B.A. of Oriel college. This Essay shewed the founder of the Arabic Lecture, and a considerable degree of research, and a great benefactor to the Bodleian Li- good habits of analyzation and combrary, by the gift of Oriental MisS. &c.; parison. Cwenton, to whose in niortal llistory, The Latin Essay, " In Philosophiâ, the University own her Printin-house ; quæ de Vitâ et Moribus est, illustrandâ, She dort, the musiceut founder of the quemain præcipuè Sermonun Socraticatri; curi bin Liebficle, who in- corum fuit excellentia ?” by Mr. John


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Miller, B.A. Fellow of Worcester col- Doctor in Civil Law: Viscount Hawará lege. This was highly and deservedly den, Hon. Richard Neville, M. P. Hon. applauded.

W. H. Lyttelton, M. P. Hon. James SIR ROGER NEWDIGATE'S PRIZE, Abercromby, M. P. Sir Cecil Bisshopp, English Verse, “ The Statue of the bart. Sir W. Pole, bart. Sir G. Cerke, dying Gladiator," by Mr. George Robert bart. Sir Stephen Glynn, bart. Sir RiChinnery, Student of Christ Church. chard Trooke, bart. Sir Oswald Mosley, As we have enriched our poetical depart- bart. Sir James Matthew Strong, bart. ment with this production (see p. 61.) Rear-adm. Sir W. Sidney Smith, Sir Cowe shall only observe that it exhibits dringten Edmund Carrington, Rearmuch youthful poetical genius and tire, adlın. Isaac George Manley, W. Caven. and was also inost deservedly com- dish, Esa. N. P. C. Watkin Williams inended.

Wym, Esq. N. P. Win. Lowndes, Esq. The Installation Ode, written by the M.P. John Leach, Esa: M.P. Daniel Prosessor of Poetry (see pe 61.), and Giles, Esq. M.P. Wra). Ilenry Fremanset to music by the Professor of that tle, Esq. M.P. Pascoe Grenfell, Esq. science, was then performed, amidst M.P. Richard William Henry Vyse, frequent bursts of applause; and at Esq. M. P. William Holmes, Esq. M. P. about two o'clock, the Chancellor dis- Joseph Halsey, Esq. M. P. The name sulved the Convocation ; after which, of Sir Sidney was received with loud the Noblemen, Heads of flouses, Doc- shouts of applause, which were repeated tors, and Proctors, met the Chancellor when he was admitted to his degree, at a sumptuous dinner in the Hall of

and on his taking his place among the Balliol College. The first Concert com- Doctors. After all the degrees were menced at the usual hour of five in the conferred, congratulatory verses afternoon, and was over before nine. delivered by the following Nobleinen The persons present amounted to two and Gentlemen, and in the following thousand and sixty-four. This, how- order froin each rostrum alternately: ever, was but the prelude to the amuse- 1. Mr. Chinnery, Christ Church, Engtisk ments of the evening, for there was a Verse in Rhyme; 2. Earl De la Warre, grand ball and supper at the Town-ball. Braserose college; 3. Mr Rogers, Oriei The company was very brilliant, but so college, English Blank Verse; 4. Mr, very nuinerous that the dancing was Rawnsley, Exeter college, Engleski much interrupted. The stewards were Rhyme; 5. Mr. Gregson, Brasenose the Marquis of Worcester and the Earl college, Latin Alcaic Ode; 6. Mr. Mills, De la Warre.

Magdalen college, English thyme ; 1. Wednesday, July 4. At eleven, full Ilon. Mr. Campbell, Christ Church, choir service, with an anthem, aecom- English Khyme; 8. Mr. Kebie, Corpus panied by the band of music, was per- Christi college, English Blank Verse : formed at St. Mary's Church, for the 9. Mr. Poulter, New college, English benefit of the Radcliffe Infirmary, where Blank l'erse; 10. Mr. Randal, Trinity an excellent sermon was preached by the college, English Blank l’erse; 11. Mr. Rev. Dr. Howley, the Regius Professor C. Bathurst, Christ Church, Englisés of Divinity. The subscription amount- Rhyme; 12. Mr. Bill, Oriel college, ed to 2491. After service, the Chan- English Rhyme; 13. Mr. Richards, çellor held a Levee at Balliol college, Jesus college, English Blank l'erse; which was fully attended by those who 14. Lord Aysley, Christ Church, Latiss had not had an opportunity of being Arcaic Oide. previously presented to his Lordship. The Chancellor dined this day in He this day dined with the Stewards of Christ Church Hall. The party was very the Radcliffe Charity at the Town-hall. large, and his health was given with acThe company at the Concert in the af- elamations of applause. The Concert ternoon amounted to rather more than this afternoon was as fully attended as 1400. In the evening, there were several on the preceding. The remainder of private balis.

the evening was passed in private para Thursday, July This morning ties and balls. the doors of the Theatre were opencat Friday, July 6. The Convoratiou before nine, and that part appropriateci met at teli, when the bonorary degree for ladies was soon filled. Some benches of Doctor in Civil Law was conferred on in the semicircular part of the Theatre Lord Viscount Iuncannon, M. P. Right were on each morning reserved for Lady Hon. Lord G. Grenville, M.P. Sir Edu. Grenville, her friends, and other ladies Kuatehbull, bart. M.P. Sir James Crau. of distinction. The Convocation com- fird, bart. Sir Niontague Cholmeley, menced at ten, when the following bart. William Robert Spencer, Esq. were admitted to the honorary degree of Thomas Tyrwhitt, Esq. M.P. Charles


William Taylor, Esq. M. P. Albany Sa- Proctors, afterwards dined' with the
rille, Esq. M. P. Henry Calveley Cotton, Principal and Fellows of Brasenose col-
Esq. Henry Watkin Williams Wynn, lege, in their hall. The fourth and last
Esq. George Hammond, Esq. Benjamin Concert in the Theatre, as well as the
Garlike, Esq. William Henry Ashhurst, Ball at the Town-hall, were much crowd-
Esq. High Sheriff of the county of Ox- ed, and went off extremely well. This
ford; Frederick Thomas Hervey Foster, morning the Chancellor paid his re-
Esq. Thomas Francis Fremantle, Esq. spects to the Heads of Houses and Mem--
Captain R. N. George John Legh, Esq. bers of Convocation at their respective
William Hanbury, Esq. Patrick Crau- Colleges and Halls, and in the evening
furd Bruce, Esq. Samuel Kekewich, quitted Oxford on his return to Drop-
Esq. Thomas Schutz, Esq. John Engel- more. The Concerts were miscella-
bert Liebenrood, Esq. Thomas Strang- neous; and when we have said that the
ways Horner, Esq. High Sheriff of the selections were made by Dr. Crotch, the
county of Somerset ; Edward Grove, Esq. Professor of Music, and that they were
Rev. Dr. Haggitt, of Cambridge, was performed by the first vocal and instru-
admitted Doctor in Divinity, ad eundem. mental performers in the kingdom, at
Tbe following gentlemen of Cambridge the head of whom were Catalani and
University were admitted Masters of Cramer, it is impossible to say, more in
Arts ad eundem: Charles Peers, Esq. their praise.
Ralph Lockie, Esq. the Rev. William Saturday, July 7. At half past two
Robinson. The Honorary Degree of this afternoon, Mr. Sadler ascended in
Master of Arts was also conferred on his balloon from Merton-meadows,
Charles Cumming, Esq. Gentleman amidst the acclamations of an immense
compioner of Corpus Christi college; concourse of spectators, assembled from
Addison John Easterby Cresswell, Esq. all parts of the surrounding country. It
Gentleman commoner of Corpas Christi was visible for a considerable time, and,
college; William Whittred, Esq. Gen- after a voyage of about one hour and a
tleman commoner of Exeter college; half, descented in safety within a mile
Henry Ralph Willett, Esq. Gentleman and a half of Stowe, the seat of the Mar-
commoner of Christ Church ; Edmund quis of Buckingham, a distance of 24
Lechmere Charlton, Esq. Gentleman miles from Oxford.Messrs. Sadler ar-
commoner of Cbrist Church. They rived safely at Oxford in a post-chaise a
were presented by the Public Orator. little after two o'clock on Sunday, with
Congratulatory Verses were then deli- the balloon in another post-chaise fol-
vered, in the same manner as on the lowing them. It appears that the course
preceding day, by 1. Mr. Smith, Magda- taken by the balloon was almost due
Ten college, English Rhyme; 2. Mr. North East to the left of Aylesbury, be-
Cleaver, Christ Church, English Blank tween that town and Bicester. It float-
Verse ; 3. Mr. Fowle, Merton college, ed directly over Winslow, in Bucks,
English Rhyme; 4. Hon. Mr. Eden, having before swept off Moor Brill, &c.
Christ Church, English Rhyrne ; 5. &c. The aëronauts, above Wooton,
Mr, Crowe, Wadham college, English met with a contrary current of air,
Rhyme (see p. 62.); 6. Mr. Hornby, which detained them for a length of
Brasenose college, a Latin Alcuic Oile; time, and compelled them to make a
7. Mr. Oakley, Christ Church, English complete circle in the air, They then
Rhyme ; 8. Mr. Short, Trinity college, resumed their original course, and after
English Rhyme; 9. Mr. Starkie, Brase- a transit of two hours and 29 minutes,
nose college, English Blank Perse; 10. alighted in a field belonging to Mr. Mar-
Hon. W. Bathurst, Christ Church, Eng- shall (a Quaker), in the parish of North
lish Blank Verse: 11. Mr. Bartholomew, Crawley, Bucks; by the assistance of
Corpus Christi college, an English (de; whose people it was packed, without
12. Hon. Mr. Vane, Brasenose college, having received the slightest injury.
English Rhyme; 13. Mr, Swete, Oriel The hurry. and confusion occasioned by
college, English Rhynie; 14. Earl of the people in the vicinity of the balloon
Clare, Christ Church, English Khyme. on its ascension, caused Messrs. Sadler
Oil this, as well as on the former days, to forget the barometer, so that the
some beautiful short pieces of music true elevation could not be aseertain.
were performed by the band between ed; the thermometer in the sun rose
qach recitation, and they concluded with considerably, being once as high as 85.
« God save the King,” in which the Their descent was beautiful and gradual
wonderful sweetness and compass of for about three quarters of an bour. At
Madame Catalani's voice were particu- first they approached the earth where a
larly adınired. The Chancellor, and a number of bay-makers were at work,
muncrons party of Noblemen and Gen- but wbo, though repeatedly hailed to
tlemen, with the Vice-chancellor and take hold of the ropes thrown out, were

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