A History of Indian Logic: Ancient, Mediaeval and Modern Schools

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Motilal Banarsidass Publishe, 1988 - Buddhism - 648 pages
3 Reviews
The author has in this work clearly marked the principal stages of Indian logic in the vast period of about two thousand years beginning from 640 and has traced how from Anviksiki the science of debate Indian logic developed into the science of knowledge Pramanasastra and then into the science of dialectics Prakarana of Tarkasastra.The treatment of the subject is both historical and critical. The author has traced some Greek influence on indian logic. For instance he has shown how the five membered syllogism of Aristotle found its way through Alexandria Syria and other countries into Taxila and got amalgamated with the Nyaya doctrine of inference.The book is one of the pioneer works on the subjects. It has drawn on original sources exhaustively. Besides the preface introduction, foreword and table of contents the work contains several appendices and indexes.
 

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it is i think an extremely valuable work for researchers on Indian traditions of logic and argumentation. Historians give an account of architecture, painting, poetry and music and the bhakti movement. but this aspect has been ignored to a great extent

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There was a need of a book which gives a detailed account of development of Indian logic. The book easy to read and gives overview of entire period of Indian logic developed in all philosophies of Indian traditions. The book is a treasure for beginner as he gets entire bird view of Indian logic at one place. I thank to Google for making this book available for readers to read on its portal.  

Contents

PART I
1
Chapter II
9
Chapter
11
IS Astavakra Solves Puzzles
16
Chapter III
22
The Technical Terms used in the Council of Debate
29
Chapter IV
36
Teachers of Nyayaiastra
42
UvayiikattinlyahrdayaAastra
259
Arya Beva
261
Maitreya
262
Maitreyas Treatise on the Art of Debate
263
i The Means of Debate
264
Arva Asariga
265
Vasubandhu
266
Vasubandhus TarkaSastra
267

Igement of Categories in the Nyayasutra
52
TarkaSSttnthe Scienck of Dialectics
54
Irpose prayojana
59
Wrangling jalpa
63
Quibble chala
65
A Point of Defeat nigrahasthdna
66
The Varieties of Analogue
67
Balancing the heterogeneity
68
Balancing a deficit
69
Balancing the unquestionable
70
Balancing the question
71
Balancing the mutual absence
72
Balancing the infinite regression
73
Balancing the nonproduced
74
Balancing the point at issue or the controversial
75
Balancing the presumption
76
Balancing the nondifference
77
Balancing the demonstration
78
Balancing the perception
79
Balancing the eternal
80
Balancing the effect
81
Sixwinged Disputation satpaksi hatha
82
Varieties of the points of the Defeat
84
Shifting the proposition
85
Renouncing the proposition
86
The meaningless
87
Saying too little
88
Silence
89
their Examination parlksa
90
Topics Incidentally Examined
105
Chapter III
115
Vatsyayana criticises Nagarjuna
117
Vatsyayana criticises other Doctrines of the Buddhists
120
Vatsyayanas Explanation of certain Doctrines
121
Uddyotakara Author of the Nyayavartika
123
Uddyotakaras Controversy with the Buddhists
125
Uddyotakara criticises Vasubandhu and Nagarjuna
127
Uddyotakara criticises Dignaga
129
Uddyotakaras Explanation of Perception
130
Uddyotakaras Theory of Verbal Knowledge
131
Uddyotakaras Theory of Sufferings
132
Vacaspati Misra Author of the Nyayavartikaialparaya tilca
133
Vacaspati opposes Dignaga
135
Vacaspati criticises Dharmaklrti
136
Vacaspatis Explanation of Determinate and Indeterminate Perceptions savikalpaka and nirvikalpalca
137
Vacaspatis Theory of Right Knowledge and Wrong Know ledge prama and aprama
138
53a Vacaspatis Theory of Condition upadhi
140
53e The Buddhist and Jaina Scriptures condemned
141
Udayana combats the Buddhists
142
Udayana opposes Kalvana Raksita and Dharmottara
143
Udayanas Atmntattvaviveka
145
Jayanta Author of the Ntjayamanjari
146
Jayantas Explanation of Verbal Knowledge
147
Jayanta criticises the Doctrines of Kalyana Raksita and Dharmottara
149
Jayantas Review of several other Buddistic Doctrines
150
Srlkantha
151
V
152
The Nyaya supports the Veda
153
The Nyaya adapts itself to Saivism
154
The Popularity of Nyaya established
155
Jaina Logic
157
Page
161
Chapter II
164
Umasvatis Explanation of Naya the Mood of Statements
170
Siddhasena Gani
182
Man iky a Nandi
188
Reason hetu
190
Example drstanta
191
Inference anumana
192
References to Philosophers
193
Rabhasananda
194
Amrtacandra Suri
195
2 Pradyumna Suri
196
Laghu sa ra an tabhad ra
197
Kalyanacandra
198
Deva Suris PramananawiiaUvalolcalankara
200
Fallacies of Naya
203
The Soul atmri
204
Hemacandra Suri
205
Candraprabha Suri
206
Nemicandra Kavi
207
Haribhadra Suri
208
Parsvadeva Gani
210
Devabhadra
211
Tilakacarya
212
Rajasekhara Suri
213
Gunaratna
214
Srutasagara Gani
215
52a Vinayavijaya 516
216
Yasovijaya Gani
217
Yasovijayas Works
218
Chapter IV
221
Royal Patronage and Persecution
222
Section II
225
paiimokkha
232
Milindapafiha alias the BhiksuSutra
240
Eighteen Sects of the Buddhists
246
Early Buddhist Writers on Logic 77 Rise of Buddhist Logic
251
Nagarj imas Jladhyamikakarika
253
Nagarjunas References to the Logical Doctrine
255
Aksapada
256
Nagarjunas Piamanavihetana or Pramana vidhwnksona
257
Chapter 111
268
Systematic Buddhist Writers on Logic 91 The Commencement of Mediaeval Logic
270
Life of Bignaga
272
Dignagas Pramanasamuccaya
274
Chapter IPerception
276
Chapter IIInference for Ones Self
280
Chapter IIIInference for the Sake of Others
282
Chapter IVReason and Example
286
Chapter VApnha Negation of the Opposite
287
Chapter VIAnalogues or Farfetched Analogy
288
Dignagas Nyayapravria
289
The Minor Term
290
The Middle Term and the Major Term
291
Fourteen Fallacies
293
The example
295
Perception and Inference
298
Dignagas Hetucakrahamaru
299
Pramdna6aslranyayprave6a
300
Alambanapariksavrlti
301
Sankara Svamin
302
Acarya Sllabhadra
303
Acarya Dharmaklrti
305
Pramanavartikakarika
307
Pramanavartikavrtti
308
Nyayabindu
309
Perception
310
Inference for the Sake of Other
312
Dharmaklrti criticises Dignaga
315
Uetubinduvivarana
318
Sanlanantarasiddhi
319
Sakyabodhi
320
Ravi Gupta
322
Jinendrabodhi
323
Kamalasila
327
Kalyana Raksita
328
Dharmottaracarva
329
Muktakumbha
331
Asoka
332
Candragornin Junior
333
Prajnakara Gupta
336
Acarya Jetari
337
Jina
338
Ratna Vajra
339
Jina Mitra
340
Jnanasrl Mitra
341
Jnanasrl Bhadra
342
Yamari
343
Sankarananda
344
Subhakara Gupta
346
The Decline of Buddhist Logic
348
PART III
355
Commentaries on the Nyayasara
371
Valid knowledge pramana
375
1
381
18
387
25
393
The Nyaya cannot be combined with Vaisesika
402
yaplipancakam
421
The conclusive Definition of Invariable Concomitance
424
Conclusion about the Intercourse whose Character
430
Syllogism Nyayak
436
Fallacies are serviceable as they point out Inefficiency
442
Intention Tatparawm
448
The Popularity of Tatlvaclntamani
454
Paksadhara Misra
455
Vasudeva Misra
456
Bhaglratha or Megha Thakkura
457
Sankara Misra
458
Vacaspati Misra the Younger or Junior
459
Misaru Misra
460
Madhusudana Thakkura
461
Raghunatha Siromani
463
Haridasa Nyayalankara Bhattacarya
465
Janakinatha Sarma
466
Mathuranatha Tarkavaglsa
467
Krsnadasa Sravabhauma Bhattacarya
468
Jagadisa Tarkalankara
469
SabdaSakliprakaMka
470
lludra Nyayavacaspati
476
Jayarama Nyayapaficanana
477
Gaurikanta Sarvabhauma
478
Bhavananda Siddhantavaglsa
479
Ramabhadra Siddhantavagisa
480
Kaghudeva Nyayalankara
481
Nrsinha Paflcanana
482
Ramadeva Cirafijlva
483
Rudrarama
484
Rajacudamanimakhin
485
90
486
Rise of Vernacular detrimental to Nyaya
492
The University of Nalanda
514
Appendix F University of Mithila
521
Appendix H The Tashi Lamas Visit to India
528
Appendix J Reminiscences of a Visit to Pamiyangchi
537
Index of Subjects
543
Index of Books
579
Index of Authors
595
Index of Sanskrit Terms
611
Logical Terms
633
Proper Names
644
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