The Agrarian System of Mughal India, 1556-1707
The first edition of this book, published in 1963, presented a mass of critically analyzed material on the agrarian condition of pre-colonial India--a subject which until then had received little attention. Many of its key findings, particularly those concerning administrative institutions and the position of the zamindars, have become standard tools in the field. This revised and updated edition draws on extensive new research by the author and others, and it presents much that is new in both description and perception. It also includes an expanded bibliography, a new descriptive index, and new illustrations and maps.
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Means of Cultivation and Irrigation
The Crops and Other Agricultural
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A'in according actual administration Agra agricultural Ajmer Akbar Aligarh Allahabad allowed amount appears assessment assigned Aurangzeb authorities Awadh belonging Bengal bigha called cash caste cent century Chapter claim collection court crops cultivation Dakhin dāms demand described documents earlier Early empire English established evidence fact Factories famine farmān Fazl figures fixed given gives grant Gujarat half hand held History Ibid imperial important increase India jāgir jāgirdārs jama Khān known Lahor land land revenue later means measured Moreland Mughal obtained officials original paid pargana peasants period Persian persons possession possible practice probably produce province rates records reference region reign relating reported rupee sarkār says seems share shows sources statement statistics suggests Surat tables territory trade Travels unit usually village weight whole zamīndārs