Saint Thomas the Apostle: New Testament, Apocrypha, and Historical Traditions
Are the Thomas references in the Gospel of John, the Thomas compositions, and the early Thomas traditions in northwestern and southern India purely legendary as biblical scholars have assumed or do they preserve unexamined historical traditions intermittently as the Thomas Christians in India have believed?
Didymus Judas Thomas is one of the most misunderstood characters from the beginning of the New Testament history and interpretation. In this study, Thomaskutty addresses the following questions: whether Thomas was merely a 'doubting Thomas' or a 'genuine Thomas'? Can we understand Thomas comprehensively by bringing the New Testament, apocrypha, and historical traditions together? How was Thomas connected to eastern Christianity and how does the Thomas literature support/not support this connectivity? Can we understand the Thomas traditions related to Judea, Syria, and India with the help of canonical, extra canonical, and traditio-historical documents? Thomaskutty investigates the development of the Thomas literature right from the beginning, examining and questioning the approaches and methodologies that have been employed in interpreting these documents, and analyzes the Thomas literature closely in order to understand the character, his mission involvements, and the possible implications this may have for understanding early Christianity in the east.
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Acts of Thomas apocryphal documents Attridge Barrett believe Beloved Disciple Bennema Blomberg Book of Acts Book of Thomas Bultmann Carson century chapter character of Thomas Charlesworth Christological church fathers connected dialogue Didymus Judas Thomas early Christian East Syrian Edessa Farewell Discourse Fourth Gospel further glory Gospel of John Gospel of Thomas Greek Haenchen historical Howard-Brook IGTh India Indo-Parthian Jerusalem Jesus’s Johannine John’s Gospel Keener Kerala Klauck Klijn Köstenberger Lapham Layton Lazarus Luke Malabar martyrdom Mary Magdalene Matthew Meyer mission Moloney Mundadan Mylapore narrative framework narrator Nedungatt Newman and Nida Pantaenus Parthia Persian Pokornı Puliurumpil reader resurrection reveals Ridderbos role Savior says Schnackenburg significant Simon Peter South Indian statement story Sylva Synoptic Testament Theodore of Mopsuestia theological Thomas appears Thomas Christians Thomas’s character Thomas’s utterance Thomasine Thomaskutty traditio-historical Twelve twin understand utterance of Thomas