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5838 HOARE'S (Sir Richard Colt) ANCIENT HISTORY OF SOUTH AND NORTH WILTSHIRE, 5 parts; imperial folio, Llarge paper, complete, portrait and numerous fine engravings, PROOF IMPRESSIONS (pub. at 317.10s.) 121. 1810-21
HISTORY OF MODERN WILTSHIRE, containing the Hundreds of Mere; Heytesbury; Branch and Dole; Everley; Amesbury and Underditch; Dunworth and Vale of Noddre; Westbury and Warminster; Downton, Damerham, &c; and Chalk, 8 parts, folio, plates (pub. at 281.7s.)207.1822-39 Modern Wilts, Hundred of Branch and Dole, by the Rev. J. Offer and Sir Richard Colt Hoare, Bart. folio, 7 plates, (pub. at 31. 13s. 6d.) sewed, 21. 1825
Registrum Wiltunense, in Anglo-Saxon and Latin, with Notes by J. J. Ingram, Sharon Turner, T. D. Fosbroke, Sir Thomas Phillips, and Sir R. C. Hoare; folio, only 100 copies printed, scarce, 11. 8s. 1827 Recollections Abroad, during the Years 1785-87, 1788-90, 1790-91; 3 vols. royal 8vo, boards, 4l. 4s. Bath, 1815-18 Only 25 copies printed. This was the presentation copy to P. Hoare, Esq. The Pitney Pavement, discovered by S. Hasell, Esq. of Littleton, A.D. 1828, illustrated from his Notes; royal 8vo, 16 plates, only 100 copies printed, bds. 10s. 1832 Classical Tour through Italy and Sicily, in Continuation of Eustace; 2 vols. 4to (pub. at 21. 2s.) bds. 14s. the same; 2 vols. 8vo (pub. at 11. 4s.) bds. 10s. 1819 the same; 2 vols. 8vo, half-bound, 12s. 1819 5847 HOBBES' (Thomas, of Malmesbury) WORKS, with his Life; folio,
neat, 51. 15s. 6d.
Leviathan, or the Matter, Form, and Power of a Commonwealth, Ecclesiastical and Civil; folio, half-bd. 10s. 1651 the same, a new edition by Sir Wm. Molesworth, Bart. 8vo, cloth, 12s.
Elements of Philosophy, written in Latine and now translated into English. To which are added, six Lessons to the Professors of Mathematicks of the Institution of Sir Henry Savile; 4to, plates, neat, very scarce, 1l. 5s. 1656 Iliads and Odysses of Homer, translated into English Verse with a large Preface by the Translator: 2 vols. in 1, 12mo, frontispiece, neat, 10s. 6d.
Odysses, translated by Hobbes; 12mo calf gilt, 5s. 1675
Decameron Physiologicum, or Ten Dialogues of Natural
Philosophical Rudiments concerning Government and Civill
5859 HOBBES' (THOMAS, of Malmesbury) COMPLETE WORKS, English and Latin, now first collected and edited by SIR WILLIAM MOLESWORTH, BART. 14 vols. 8vo, portrait and plates, cloth lettered, 81. 8s.
the same; 14 vols. 8vo, calf extra, 107. 10s.
the same; 14vols.roy.8vo, LARGE PAPER, bds. 147.14s. 1839-43 the same; 14 vols. royal 8vo, LARGE PAPER, half-bound morocco, uncut, top edges gilt, 187. 1839-43
Seven Philosophical Problems, and
Concerning Heresy and the Punish- Six Lessons to the Oxford Professors
AMONGST those great and original thinkers, who, during the seventeenth century, placed the moral and political sciences upon firm and indisputable bases, none held a higher place, or possessed greater intellectual powers than
THOMAS HOBBES OF MALMESBURY.
His Treatises on LOGIC, HUMAN NATURE, and GOVERNMENT, were, and are still, deservedly admired, as well for depth of thought as for exquisite precision of style, both in Latin and English. The influence
of these works is manifest throughout the speculations of the most distinguished of the succeeding Philosophers, by whom, there is no doubt, they were studied with the greatest care. Thus many of the most important opinions of Locke, Bishop Berkeley, and Hume*-nay, not a few which form the very groundwork of their systems-will be found clearly propounded in the works of Hobbes. And, notwithstanding the subsequent labours of Hartley and Mill, an intimate acquaintance with the ideas of the philosopher of Malmesbury is still indispensable for all who wish to acquire a mastery of Metaphysical Science. But though the productions of this truly great Writer are held in the highest estimation by the most competent judges, yet no edition exists of his collected works, and the separate Pieces are far beyond the purse of the general Reader.
To the admirers of Hobbes it has always been a source of regret, that, whilst the productions of his contemporaries (Bacon, Grotius, Galileo, Gassendi, Descartes, Milton, and we may add Locke) have been carefully collected, a similar degree of diligence has not been evinced with regard to those of the master-mind, Hobbes, which, in consequence, have become so excessively rare, that it is now nearly impossible to procure a complete set at any price. To supply this disgraceful deficiency in English Literature, the Editor was induced to undertake the task of collecting and publishing the first uniform Edition of
THE ENTIRE WORKS OF THOMAS HOBBES,
WITH A LIFE of the author, and a VIEW OF HIS PHILOSOPHY, Forming 14 volumes octavo, each containing above 500 pages, printed on fine hot-pressed paper, in the best style of modern Typography. A very limited number of copies are taken off on Large Paper, in royal octavo, for which an early application is recommended.
To quote Testimonies in favour of Hobbes may appear unnecessary: yet it will be but justice, when we consider the unmerited obloquy attached to his writings by those who were either his political enemies, or hated and feared him for that spirit of free inquiry, with which he investigated the grounds of all political aud ecclesiastical dominion. When, also, it is remembered that the calumnies, to which these feelings of animosity gave birth, have, since the period in which he lived up even to the present day, been industriously propagated by men, who, relying on the character drawn of him by his antagonists, probably never read one line of his arguments, or, if they did, have done so for the sole purpose of deducing from isolated passages conclusions contrary to the general tenor of those arguments, it may not be deemed unadvised to cite a few of the numerous commendations on the vigour and purity of his style, which, without reference to his opinions, whether moral, metaphysical, or political, ought alone to recommend him to the diligent perusal of all admirers of close reasoning, couched in
DUGALD STEWART (in his dissertation prefixed to the Encyclopædia Britannica) states that Hobbes' works " have plainly been studied with the utmost care both by Locke and Hume. To the former they suggested some of his most important observations on the Association of Ideas."
such beautiful language, that even his bitterest foes were forced to admire, while they inveighed against his sentiments. Thus, Sir James Mackintosh, an unfriendly critic, says:
"THOMAS HOBBES of Malmesbury may be numbered among those eminent persons born in the latter half of the sixteenth century, who gave a new character to European philosophy in the succeeding age. A permanent foundation of his fame consists in HIS ADMIRABLE STYLE, WHICH SEEMS TO BE THE VERY PERFECTION OF DIDACTIC LANGUAGE. Short, clear, precise, and pithy, his language never has more than one meaning, which never requires a second thought to find. By the help of his exact method, it takes so firm a hold on the mind, that it will not allow attention to slacken. His little tract on Human Nature has scarcely an ambiguous or a needless word. He has so great a power of choosing the most significant term, that he never is reduced to the poor expedient of using many in its stead. He had so thoroughly studied the genius of the language, and knew so well to steer between pedantry and vulgarity, that two centuries have not superannuated probably more than a dozen of his words. His expressions are so luminous, that he is clear without the help of illustration. Perhaps no writer of any age or nation, on subjects so abstruse, has manifested an equal power of engraving his thoughts on the minds of his readers. He seems never to have taken a word for ornament or pleasure; and he deals with cloquence and poetry as the natural philosopher, who explains the mechanism of children's toys, or deigns to contrive them. Yet his style so stimulates attention, that it never tires; and to those who are acquainted with the subject, appears to have as much spirit as can be blended with reason. He compresses his thoughts so unaffectedly, and yet so tersely, as to produce occasionally maxims which excite the same agreeable surprise with wit, and have become a sort of philosophical proverbs; the success of which he partly owed to the suitableness of such forms of expression to his dictatorial nature."
SIR J. MACKINTOSH (Second Dissertation in Encyclopædia Britannica).
"The Leviathan contains in it good learning of all kinds, politely extracted, and very wittily and cunningly digested in a very commendable and in a vigorous and pleasant style."-LORD CLARENDON (View of the Leviathan).
"HOBBES' LANGUAGE IS SO LUCID AND CONCISE, THAT IT WOULD almost be AS IMPROPER TO PUT AN ALGEBRAICAL PROCESS IN DIFFERENT TERMS AS SOME
OF HIS METAPHYSICAL PARAGRAPHS."-HALLAM (Introduction to the Literature of Europe, wherein he has given an excellent analysis of Hobbes' writings).
"Hobbes is a great name in philosophy; on account both of the value of what he taught, and the extraordinary impulse which he communicated to the spirit of free inquiry in Europe.
"The controversies roused by the daring attack of Luther on the established religion, had deeply, for a considerable time, engaged the minds of men, on the great questions relating to the Creator and his revelations to mankind. Philosophy, physical, mental, or political, was hardly an object of attention. A series of dogmas, handed down by authority, were passively received; and the very idea of inquiring into the foundation of them, seemed to have passed away from the minds of men. Even the great effort of Bacon to point the views of men to the proper object of physical inquiry, and to make them ardent in the pursuit, had not yet produced any considerable effects. With respect to the mental and physical sciences, they were hardly regarded as objects of inquiry. The opinions of Aristotle were taught as a branch of education; and the possession of them in the memory was all that even the most instructed men imagined they had any occasion to desire. In this benumbed and torpid state of the human mind, the appearance of such a man as Hobbes, who challenged so many received and fundamental opinions, and exhibited his own views with evidence and brevity, was calculated to produce very extraordinary effects. It is hardly, as Sir James Mackintosh somewhere acknowledges, too much to say that the
character of modern speculation was to a great degree determined by the writings of Hobbes.”—MILL (Fragment on Mackintosh).
"Hobbes is commonly supposed to be an enemy to all religion, especially the Christian. But it is observable that in his attacks upon it (if at least he intended his chapter of the Christian Commonwealth in the LEVIATHAN for an attack), he has taken direct contrary measures from those of Bayle, Collins, Tindal, Bolingbroke, and all the other writers against Revelation. They endcavoured to shew the GOSPEL SYSTEM as unreasonable as their extreme malice could make it; he as reasonable as his admirable wit could represent it. The schemes of CHURCH DISCIPLINE likewise, which they and he severally recommended, were by an odd fatality as different as their representations of the DOCTRINE; but in the reverse as to their qualities. They, all of them, contended for the most unbounded Toleration; he, for the most rigorous Conformity. He seems, indeed, to have formed his plan of Ecclesiastical Government before he turned his thoughts to the Christian Doctrine; and therefore as his politics had inforced an absolute submission to the civil magistrate in spirituals, he contrived, in order to make it go down the better, to make the object of this submission as reasonable as possible. Whereas the others, beginning with the Christian Doctrine, which they aimed to render as absurd as possible, very equitably contrived to make it sit easy on their followers, by a licentious kind of toleration destructive of all Church Discipline.”
Bishop WarbuRTON ( Alliance between Church and State). "The Philosopher of Malmesbury was the terror of the last age, as Tindal and Collins are of this. The press sweat with controversy, and every young churchman militant would try his arms in thundering on Hobbes' steel cap." BISHOP WARBURTON (Divine Legation).
"Mr. Hobbes, however sorry and mischievous a philosopher, was undoubtedly a very learned man. He hath shown it beyond dispute in his translation of Thucydides."-W. SMITH, D.D. DEAN OF CHESTER.
"Hobbes was a great favourite with Charles II, and was highly respected by many of the most distinguished personages of his age. Like the illustrious Hume, his private character was correct and virtuous. In public he had many enemies, because they were interested to resist his opinions; but all who knew him acknowledged the integrity of his life, and the goodness of his heart. That his system of ethics and political morality is far from perfection, will be readily admitted; but every man who reads his works with an unbiassed mind, will perceive that they are fraught with the tenets of a sound and rational philosophy. That they were censured in Parliament, ordered to be burnt by Convocation, and opposed by the English Universities, are not arguments against their truth. The writings of Galileo met with a similar fate. The doctrines of the earth's rotundity, and of her motion round the sun, were denounced by the clergy as heretical, and were not only rejected, but voted to be absurd, by nearly all the collegiate establishments in Europe. The opinions of Hobbes coincide in many points with those of our best writers. Even Locke has not disdained to borrow from him his views of the origin and association of our ideas; and Hume, Hartley, and Priestley, are certainly indebted to him for the elements of their respective metaphysical systems. The dogmatical style in which he wrote, and the pushing of some of his principles beyond their proper limits, added to the simple circumstance of his having been almost the first who attacked the prevailing notion respecting the foundations of religion and morals, are the chief causes which have operated to bring Hobbes's works into disrepute. His boldness created an alarm which few have been able to conquer, and which it is the interest of the prejudiced to keep up. Thousands reprobate his opinions, but not one in a hundred has actually looked into his works. The general judgment of him is formed upon the evidence of tradition only; and hence the Tory condemus him as an enemy to royalty; and the Whig as a supporter of despotism: one calls him a Pyrrhonian; another a Materialist; a third a Deist; a fourth an Atheist; in short, he is every thing but a Christian; yet not a sentence does he utter against our holy religion. On the contrary, many of his philosophical maxims are favourable to her doc