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Eli. Would she be willing to be so long absent from bér dear little Trip, as you call him?

Nan. O ro, indeed! She would run crazy, if she were to lose him but for one day. And no wonder; for he is the most engaging little animal you ever saw. You would be diverted to see him drink tea out of the ladies' cups. And he kisses his mistress delightfully! My aunt says she would not sleep a night without him for his weight in gold.

Eli. It is very noble in your aunt to pay such attention to an object of so much consequence. He is certainly more valuable than half a dozen children. Does your aunt expect to learn him to talk ? Nan. Talk! why he talks already. She says


perfectly understands his language. When he is hungry, he can ask for sweetmeats. Whenyhe is dry, he can ask for drink. When he is tired of running on foot, he can ask to


my aunt is never more happy than when she has him in her arms!

Eli. And yet she would not be seen with one of her own children in her arms !

Nan. Why that would be very vulgar, and all her acquaintance would laugh at her. Children, you know, are always crying; and no ladies of fashion will ever admit them into their company.

Eli. If children are always crying, little dogs are often barking, and which is the most disagreeable noise ?

Nan. Oh! the barking of Trip is music to all who hear him! Mr. Fribble, who often visits my aunt, says he can raise and fall the eight notes to perfection ; and he preters the sound of his voice to that of the harpsichord. It was he wbo brought his mother from London ; and he says there was not a greater favorite among all the dogs in possession of the fine ladies of court. And more than all that, be says Trip greatly resembles a spaniel which belongs to one of the royal family. Mr. Fribble and my aunt almost quarreled last night, to see which should have the honour of carrying the dear little favourite to the play.

Eli. After hearing so many rare qualifications of the little quadruped, I do not wonder at your aunt's choice of a companion! I am not surprised she should set her affections

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upon a creature so deserving of all her care. It is to be wished her children might never come into competition with this object of her affections. I hope she will continue to maintain the dignity of her sex; and never disgrace the fashionable circle to which she belongs, by neglecting her lap-dog for the more vulgar employment of attending to her own offspring.


THAT education is one of the deepest princilpes of independence, need not be laboured in this assembly. In arbitrary governments, where the people neither inake the law ncr choose those who legislate, the more ignorance the more peace.

2. But in a government where the people fill all the branches of the sovereignty, intelligence is the life of liberty, An American would resent his being denied the use of his musket; but he would deprive himself of a stronger safeguard, if he should want that learning which is necessary to a knowledge of his constitution.

3. It is easy to see that our agrarian law and the law of education were calculated to make republicans; to make men. Servitude could never long consist with the habits of such citizens. Enlightened minds and virtuous manners lead to the gates of glory. The sentiment of independence must have been connatural in the bosoms of Americans; and sooner or later must have blazed out into public action.

4. Independence fits the soul of her residence for every noble enterprize of humanity and greatness. Her radiant smile lights up celestial ardour in poets and orators, who sound her praises through all ages; in legislators and philosophers, who fabricate wise and happy governments as dedications to her fame; in patriots and heroes, who shed their lives in sacrifice to her divinity.

5. At this idea, do not our minds swell with the memory of those whose godlike virtues have founded her most

magnificent temple in America ? It is easy for us to main. tain her doctrine, at this late slay, when there is but one party on the subject, an immense people. But what tribute shall we bestow, what sacred pæan shall we raise over the tombs of those who dared, in the face of unrivalled power, and within the reach of majesty, to blow the blast of freedom throughout a subject continent ?

6. Nor did those brave countrymen of ours only express the emotions of glory; the nature of their principles inspired them with the power of practice ; and they offered their bosoms to the shafts of battle. Bunker's awful mount is the capacious urn of their ashes ; but the flaming bounds

; of the universe could not limit the flight of their minds.

7. They Aled to the union of kindred souls ; and those who fell at the straits of Thermopylæ, and those who bled on the weights of Charlestown, now reap congenial joys in the fields of the blessed.



THE great events on which my resignation de pended, having at length taken place, I have now the honour of offering my sincere congratulations to Congress, and of presenting myself before them, to surrender into their hands, the trust committed to me, and to claim the indulgence of retiring from the service of my country.

2. Happy in the confirmation of our independence and sovereignty, and pleased with the opportunity afforded the United States of becoming a respectable nation, I resign, with satisfaction, the appointment I accepted with diffidence; a diffidence in my abilities to accomplish so arduous a task, which, however, was superceded by a confidence in the rectitude of our cause, the support of the supreme power of the Union, and the patronage of Heaven.

3. The successful termination of the war bas verified the most sanguine expectations ; and my gratitude for the interposition of Providence, and the assistance I have re:


veived from my countrymen, increases with every review of the momentous contest.

4. While I repeat my obligations to the army in general, I should do injustice to my own feelings hot to acknowledge, in this place, the peculiar services and distinguished merits of the gentlemen who have been attached to my person during the war.

5. It was impossible the choice of confidential officers to compose my family should have been more fortunate.Permit me, Sir, to recommend in particular those who have continued in the service to the present moment, as worthy of the favourable notice and patronage of Congress.

6. I consider it as an indispensable duty to close this last solemn act of my official life, by commending the interests of our dearest country to the protection of Almighty God, and those who have the superintendence of them, to his holy keeping.

7. Having now finished the work assigned me, I retire from the great theatre of action; and, bidding an affectionate farewell to this august body, under whose orders I have so long acted, I here offer my commission, and take my leave of all the employments of public life.


Dec. 23, 1783.


WHEN the Scythian ambassadors waited on Alexander the Great, they gazed on him a long time without speaking a word, being very probably surprised, as they formed a judgment of men from their air and stature, to find that his did not answer the high idea they entertained of him from his fame.

2. At last the oldest of the ambassadors addressed him thus. "Had the gods given thee a body proportionable to thy ambition, the whole universe would have been too little for thee. With one hand thou wouldst touch the east, and with the other the west; and not satisfied with this


thou wouldst follow the sun, and know where he hides himself.

3. But what have we to do with thee? We never set foot in thy country. May not those who inhabit woods be allowed to live, without knowing who thou art, and whence thou comest? We will neither command over, nor submit to any man.

4. And that thou may est be sensible what kind of people the Scythians are, know that we received from Ĥeaven, as a rich prescnt, a yoke of oxen, a ploughshare, a dart, a javelin, and a cup. These we make use of, both with our friends, and against our enemies.

5. To our friends we give corn, which we procure by the labour of our oxen; with them we offer wine to the gods in our cup; and with regard to our enemies, we combat them at a distance with our arrows, and near at hand with our javelins.

6. But thou, who boastest thy coming to extirpate robbers, art thyself the greatest robber upon earth. Thou hast plundered all nations thou overcamest; thou hast possessed thyself of Lybia, invaded Syria, Persia, and Bactriana; thou art forming a design to march as far as India, and now thou comest hither to seize upon our herds of cattle.

7. The great possessions thou hast, only make thee coIf thou art a god, vet the more eagerly what thou hast not. thou oughtest to do good to mortals, and not deprive them of their possessions.

2. If thou art a mere man, reflect always on what thou art. They whom thou shalt not molest will be thy true friends; the strongest friendships being contracted between equals; and they are esteemed equals who have not tried their strength against each other. But do not suppose that those whom thou conquerest can love thee.


DEMETRIUS Poliorcetes, who had done singular services for the people of the city of Athens, on setting out for a war in which he was engaged, left his wife and children

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