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On reason build misrule, or justly bind
Allegiance to injustice. Tyranny

Absolves all faith; and who invades our rights,
Howe'er his own commence, can never be
But an usurper. But for thee, for thee
There is no name. Thou hast abjur'd mankind,
Dash'd safety from thy bleak, unsocial side,
And wag'd wild war with universal nature.

Crist. Licentious traitor! thou canst talk it largely.
Who made thee umpire of the rights of kings,
And pow'r, prime attribute; as on thy tongue
The poise of battle lay, and arms of force,
To throw defiance in the front of duty?
Look round, unruly boy! thy battle comes
Like raw, disjointed, must'ring, feeble wrath,
A war of waters, borne against a rock

Of our firm continent, to fume, and chafe,
And shiver in the toil.

Gust. Mistaken man!

I come empower'd and strengthen'd in thy weakness;
For though the structure of a tyrant's throne
Rise on the necks of half the suffering world,
Fear trembles in the cement; pray'rs, and tears,
And secret curses, sap its mould'ring base,
And steal the pillars of allegiance from it;
Then let a single arm but dare the sway,
Headlong it turns, and drives upon destruction.✨

Crist. Profane, and alien to the love of Heaven!
Art thou still harden'd to the wrath divine,
That hangs o'er thy rebellion? know'st thou not
Thou art at enmity with grace, cast out,
Made an anathema, a curse enroll'd

Among the faithful, thou and thy adherente,
Shorn from our holy church and offer'd up
As sacred to perdition!

Gust. Yes, I know,

When such as thou, with sacrilegious hand,
Seize on the apostolic key of heaven,
It then becomes a tool for crafty knaves
To shut out virtue, and unfold those gates
That heaven itself had barr'd against the lusts

Of avarice and ambition.

Soft and sweet,
As looks of charity, or voice of lambs
That bleat upon the mountain, are the words
Of Christian meekness! mission all divine!
The law of love, sole mandate. But your gall,
Ye Swedish prelacy, your gall hath turn'd
The words of sweet but undigested peace,
To wrath and bitterness. Ye hallow'd men,
In whom vice sanctifies, whose precepts teach
Zeal without truth, religion without virtue,

Sack'd towns and midnight howlings, through the realm,
Receive your sanction. O, 'tis glorious mischief!.
When vice turns holy, puts religion on,

Assumes the robe pontifical, the eye

Of saintly elevation, blesseth sin,

And makes the seal of sweet offended Heaven
A sign of blood.

Crist. No more of this.

Gustavus, would'st thou yet return to grace,
And hold thy motions in the sphere of duty,
Acceptance might be found.

Gust. Imperial spoiler !

Give me my father, give me back my kindred,
Give me the fathers of ten thousand orphans,
Give me the sons in whom thy ruthless sword
Has left our widows childless. Mine they were,
Both mine and every Swede's, whose patriot breast
Bleeds in his country's woundings, O, thou canst not!
Thou hast outsinn'd all reckoning! Give me then
My all that's left, my gentle mother there,
And spare yon little trembler.

Crist. Yes, on terms

Of compact and submission.

Gust. Ha! with thee!

Compact with thee! and mean'st thou for my country,
For Sweden? No, so hold my heart but firm,

Although it wring for't, though blood drop for tears,
And at the sight my straining eyes start forth-
They both shall perish first.


THESE northern seas, owing to the excessive cold of the climate, are frequently so full of ice, as to render it exceedingly hazardous to ships, which are thereby exposed to the danger of being crushed between two bodies of immense ice, or of being so completely surrounded, as to deprive them of every power of moving from the spot.

2. In this latter alarming situation were the crew of a Russian ship. A council was immediately held, when the mate mentioned what he recollected to have heard, that a ship's crew from Mesen, some time before had formed a resolution of passing the winter upon this island, and for that purpose had carried timber proper for building a hut at a little distance from the shore.

3. This information led the whole company to form the resolution of wintering there, should the hut be fortunately remaining. They were induced to adopt this measure from the certainty of perishing should they remain in the ship. They therefore deputized four of their crew to go in search of the hut, and make what further discoveries they could.

4. As no human creature inhabited the shore on which they were to land, it was absolutely necessary for them to carry some provisions with them for their support. They had to make their way, for nearly two miles, over loose heaps of ice, which the water had raised, and the wind had driven against each other; and this made it equally difficult. and dangerous.

5. From this consideration, they avoided loading themselves too much with provisions, lest their weight might sink them between the pieces of ice, where they must inevitably perish.

6. Having previously considered all these matters, they provided themselves only with a musket and powder horn, containing twelve charges of powder and ball, an axe, a small kettle, a bag with about twenty pounds of flour, a

knife, a tinder box and tinder, a bladder filled with tobaceo, and every man his wooden pipe.

7. Thus poorly equipped, these four sailors reached the island, little thinking what they were to endure while they remained on it. After exporing some small part of the country, they discovered the hut they were in pursuit of, at the distance of about an English mile and a half from the shore.

8. Its length was thirty-six feet, and its height and breadth eighteen. It consisted of a small antichamber about twelve feet broad, having two doors, the one to exclude the outer air, and the other to form a communication with the inner room. This contributed not a little to keep the larger room warm when it was once heated.

9. They found in the large room an earthen stove, constructed in the Russian manner. They rejoiced exceedingly at this discovery, though they found the hut had suffered very much from the severity of the weather, it having been built a considerable time. However, they contrived to make it supportable for that night.

10. The next morning early they repaired to the shore, in order to acquaint their comrades with their success, and also to get from the vessel such provisions, ammunition, and other necessaries, as might in some measure enable them to struggle with the approaching winter.

11. But what pen can properly describe the terrible sitnation of their minds, when, coming to the place at which they landed, they discovered nothing but an open sea, clear of all ice, though, but a day before, it had covered the ocean! During the night, a violent storm had arisen, which had been the cause of this change of appearance in the


12. Whether the ice, which had before surrounded the vessel, being put in motion by the violence of the winds and waves, had crushed the ship to pieces, or whether she had been carried by the current into the main ocean, it was mpossible for them to determine.

13. However, they saw the ship no more; and as she was never afterwards heard of, it is most likely that she went to the bottom with every soul on board. This dread

ful event deprived the poor unhappy wretches of all hopes of ever again seeing their native country.

14. They returned to their hut, and there bewailed there deplorable lot, more perhaps to be pitied, than those who were buried in the bosom of the deep. Their thoughts were, of course, first directed to procure subsistence, and to repair their hut.

15. Their twelve charges of powder and shot soon produced them as many rein deer, of which there fortunately happened to be many on the island. They then set about repairing their hut, and filled up all the crevices, through which the air found its way, with the moss that grew there in plenty.

16. As it was impossible to live in that climate without fire, and as no wood grew upon the island, they were much alarmed on that account. However, in their wanderings over the beach, they met with plenty of wood, which had been driven on shore by the waves.

17. This principally consisted of the wrecks of ships; but sometimes whole trees with their roots came on shore, the undoubted produce of some more hospitable clime, which were washed from their native soil by the overflowing of rivers, or some other accident.

18. As soon as their powder and shot were exhausted, they began to be in dread of perishing with hunger; but good fortune, and their own ingenuity, to which necessity always gives a spur, removed these dreadful apprehensions. In the course of their traversing the beach, they one day discovered some boards, in which were large hooks and nails in abundance.

19. By the assistance of these, they made spears and arrows; and from a yew tree, which had been thrown on shore by the waves, they formed plenty of bows. With these weapons, during the time of their continuance on the island, they killed upwards of two hundred and fifty rein deer, besides a great number of blue and white foxes.

20. The flesh of these animals served them for food, and their skins were equally useful in supplying them with warm cloathing. The number of white bears they killed were only ten; for these animals being very strong defended themselves with great vigor and fury, and even ventured

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