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lour forces us to confess, that the ap- carry his head high, and reclining vearance may have been temporary backwards. The expression it gives Ind deceitful, for he had just been to the manner is cold and repulsive.” urned off; and in that predicament, -Combe, p. 169. Haggart was con-. t is possible that the shoulder of any sequently placed, by this organ, in a entleman whatever might make a very awkward predicament. For we tiffened approach to his head, however have seen that he also possessed in eficient the gentleman might have great force, the organ of secretiveness, een in slyness, or in the scavoir faire, “ which produces a slyness of look, a r in dramatic genius, or in a general peculiar sidelong, rolling cast of the alent for constructing interesting plots eyes, and a stiffened approach of the r romances.
shoulders to the head.' Now, let the 10. Self esteem, VERY LARGE. This reader com vine these appearances, and i one of the four organs that, in Mr suppose them, for a moment, united Combe's opinion, brought Haggart to in one individual. What would he he gallows. Dr Gall first found this think, say, or do, if he were to meet rgan of self-esteem in a beggar. In in Mr Blackwood's or Mr Constable's xamining the head of this person, he shop, a gentleman carrying his head so bserved, in the midst of the upper high as to recline backwards, with a osterior part of the head, an elevation cold, repulsive air, haughty as a king, shich he had not before observed in an emperor, or a transcendent genius, ) high a degree. He asked him the and yet with a sly look, a peculiar, uuse of his mendicity; and the beg, sidelong, rolling cast of his eyes, and ar accused his pride as the cause of a stiffened approach of the shoulder to is present state, he having considered the head? What if he were told, that imself as too important to follow any is Mr Combe, the great phrenologist, usiness. He had therefore only spent or Christopher North, the Supreme is money, and did not think of earn- Editor, or the Great Unknown ? How ig a livelihood.-Combe's Phreno. Mr Haggart, having both organs in gy, p. 157. When this organ be- perfection, contrived to manage the mes diseased, the individual some- matter, we do not know, nor, in a mes believes himself to be a king, scientific point of view, do we care. mperor, a transcendent genius, or For, that he had the organs, and that ven the Supreme Being. --COMBE, the sentiments do produce these in
160. It does not appear that Hagé dications, are matters of fact; and it art went the length of believing him- is altogether a private concern of the -If the Supreme Being ; and he was gentleman who unites them, how he so often in confinement, and under carries himself-let him look to that ne lash of the law, ever to think him- - let the painter study his appearance :lf a king or an emperor. But he if he chuses; but we repeat, it is ertainly thought himself a transcende enough for the man of science to have nt genius ; and Mr Combe seems to discovered the facts, and the philosoaink so likewise. Mr Haggart says, phy of the facts-all the rest is but lat at school, though ratheridle, he ex- My eye and Betty Martin. elled all his fellows in talent and eru- 11. Love approbation, $MALL.ition;and Mr Combeafterwards speaks There was some strange anomalies in this a great talents.” His self-esteem Haggart's character. Though able to f himself, as a master in his profes- command the approbation of great on, knew no bounds. We have seen part of mankind, and though receiving hat he thought himself irresistible it every day in his life, he did not vamong the fair sex. He prided him. lue it a single curse. Even on the elf on his personal prowess in fight- scaffold, where he conducted himself ig, running, &c. He thought him- in a manner deserving the highest apelf skilful in the law, and made some probation, he did not, we are told, (for ery arrogant strictures on the con- we were a minute or two behind our uct of an Irish judge on the bench; time) seem to value the good opinion nd he imagined his poetical genius to of the spectators at a pin's head, but e of a high order, as witness his seemed to be wholly absorbed in the 'haunt composed in prison on the enjoyment of his own self-esteem. vening of his sentence. “ This sen- Even when saluted by the tears and .ment of self-esteem, when predomi- the blessings of the most fair and virantly powerful, makes the individual tyous of their sex, who lined the lane
up which he walked to the place of this roundabout way of going to work? maileta execution, he appeared to hold light our answer is, Hold your tongue. We need ; their tender and touching expressions present you with facts; and if they stils of approbation, though, with that gal seem mysterious to you, you ought to and far lantry for which he was, nevertheless, remember that all nature is full of mys. x Vight distinguished and beloved, he gra- tery. Now that these opposite powers, ciously inclined his head towards when existing in the same individual, them; at which, according to the do neutralize themselves, or leave a newspaper reporter, the air was rent balance merely in favour of some one, abera with the clamours of female grief. is certain, otherwise Mr David Hago cui Probably some of the young women gart's personal appearance, as far as were those “ whom he had left to the we have followed him in Combe, istar freedom of their own will;" and it miglit be thus recapitulated :-“ Me pil en must have disgusted his chaste nature Haggart carried his head so high, that sued to see also "
so many of those called it even reclined backwards. He had a los prostitutes," collected to witness his cold, repulsive air, which bespoke a
There last efforts, with an approbation of haughtiness equal to that of a king, an his courage, which the conformation emperor, or a transcendent genius oxidir of his skull rendered hateful to his United with these externals, he had spent proud and intrepid spirit.
a peculiarly sly look, a peculiar, side- retai 12. Cautiousness, FULL.-" It ap- long, rolling cast of his eye, and sy pears to me,” says Mr Combe, “that a stiffened approach of the show we bu this faculty gives an emotion in gene- der to his head. The tones of his thing the ral, and that this emotion is fear.” voice were emphatic; and the stiff estee “ The tendency of it is, to make the ness and uprightness of his whole gait sed individual in whom it is strong, hesi- were such as if his person were trans xbia tate before he acts, and, from appre- fixed with an iron-rod. He was : 1. who hending danger, to lead him to calcu- bold, timid, fearless, cautious, consion to late consequences, that he may be as- derate, and infatuated person, who has hind sured of his safety.” “Too great an en- rushed boldly on danger, without a dowment, and too great activity of this moment's pause, after the most ma- sanity faculty, predispose to self-destruction.' ture deliberation on the inost remote ata Now, from this account, we should consequences ; and he was only pro *** have expected Haggart to be afraid of yented from committing suicide, to ever putting his hand into any man's which he had a strong natural propellen pocket, without having previously pro- sity, by two other propensities
, which is ved, to a demonstration, the certainty he had the good luck to possess in of his taking it out again in safety. equal vigeur-combativeness and dem It is also calculated to make us look structiveness, which led him to put type on Haggart as a youth whose imagi- others to death, instead of himself
, apo nation must have been continually and finally saved him from the guilt haunted with fetters, stripes, dun- of self-destruction, by placing him in geons, cords, and gallow-trees. It the salutary hands of the hangman." sabi prepares us also to find him self-sus- To a mind uninstructed in the new an pended by his pocket-handkerchief to and true philosophy, this soundsoddly. b. a nail in the wall
, or with a quarter of But before the eye of a Combe every was a pound, at least, of arsenic in his thing
reduced to order ; and the im stomach. But, reader, admire the wise picture is complete, distinct, and indiprovision of nature; for, look at No. vidually characteristie. 18. Firmness, and you will find it We have not room to continue ou ET37 very LARGE. Now it gives
con- separate consideration of all the powers to i stancy and perseverance; and when and feelings of Mr Haggart ; so let us delta too energetic, produces obstinacy, stub- say a word or two on his Benevolenét, CVELLE bornness, and infatuation.” "When Large, and skip over the rest lightly. Sy is eminently powerful, it gives a stiffness Mr Combe seems at first sight to have and uprightness to the gait, as if the stared a little at the big bump of beter er to de person were transfixed with an iron volence on the head of Haggart. But whethal
, da rod; and it gives a peculiar emphatic he soon recovered from his amazement, sol, tone to the voice"-COMBE, 181. and remarks, “ When, however
, the Now, Nature gave Haggart that power organ of benevolence possesses of firmness, to counteract the effects of gree of development, which, in Haso dite mume
“ When,” says
nanifestation cannot be entirely sup- and we have now to inquire into the pressed ; and it may be extended to emotions which he experienced in surhew itself in occasional gleams of veying the murder of Morrin, which ood feeling amid his atrocities, like he was certain he had committed. he lightning's flash through the gloom The account of his sensations, when of the storm!” This is one of the few he heard that the jailor was dead, is bursts of impassioned eloquence in Mr completely in point. Eombe, whose style is in general mark- he, as the buy answered, “ No, but the d by a philosophical calmness and jailor died last night at ten o'clock;' cientific precision, that remind us of his words struck me to the soul; my he happiest passages of the late Mr heart died within me, and I was in Playfair. Mr Combe has too much sensible for a good while; on coming good sense to sustain long this highly to myself, I could scarcely believe I levated tone, and accordingly descends had heard them, for the possibility of into his own dignified simplicity thus : poor Morrin's death had never entered
There are, ace ordingly, various in, into my mind.” The sympathy which ications of the activity of this feeling; he expresses (p. 141) for the young „s his dividing the plunder of a gentle women, who had murdered a lady in nan's pockets betwixt two poor thieves, Dublin, because their situation resemind retaining none for himself; his bled his own, and the agony which he caling the walls of Durham jail, to felt when he entered the jail at Dumiberate his condemned associate ; his fries, after the murder, (p. 146,) afribing the hangman in Perth, not to ford evidence, that his mind was not se severe on the boys whom he was altogether steeled against humanity. mployed to flog through the town ; Bellingham, the murderer of Mr Pervis forbearing to rob a young gentle- cival, a cast of whose skull may be seen nan, whom he met in the mail-coach with Messrs O'Neill and Son, in which coming to Edinburgh, because he had destructiveness is very largely devebeen kind to him ; these instances, loped, and benevolence uncommonly ind his dying declaration, that the small, shewed no contrition, but to numanity with which he had been the last hour of his life spoke of his reated while under sentence of death, crime with the most perfect indiffewas the severest punishment he had yet rence, and even self-approbation. This net with, afford decided evidence that was the natural feeling of such a comhe was not altogether insensible to bination, but Haggart never exhibited generous emotion, although this feel- such relentless ferocity.' ng unfortunately was not sufficient Never was there a more triumphant o control the tendencies by which it vindication of disputed benevolence. was opposed. The singular mildness The organ of benevolence is thus seen of his aspect, also, which was remarked to be of the greatest use in tempering by all who saw him, and which evi- murder to the shorn lamb. We see lently, in various instances, contribu- little or no ferocity in Haggart. He ted to his escape, by misleading spec- shot (as he says) the Newcastle beak, tators as to his real character, is unac- with a small pocket-pistol,-a weapon countable, except on the principle now in which there is little to shock the explained.
feelings. Neither, perhaps, is shoot“ In Haggart's Life, we find the ing a beak any thing very reprehensinarrative of two murders; but these ble in the abstract. Then it is obappear to me referable, with greater vious, that in knocking the Irish farpropriety, to combativeness, which mer off his horse with a blow on the gave to his mind the bold and deter- back of the head, with the loaded butt mined tendency to attack, than to de- of a whip, poor Haggart acted more in structiveness, which, when too ener- the spirit of fear than of ferocity. getic, inspires with a disposition to There was nothing very ferocious in deliberate ferocity. Benevolence is op- the mere thought of drowning an imposed to destructiveness; which, when pertinent gentleman, who stared Hagpowerful, disposes to cruelty. In Hag- gart out of countenance in the packetgart's head, conscientiousness is small, boat; and when all the circumstances and it will be perceived that there is of the murder of Mr Morrin are tasearcely a feeling of remorse expressed ken into consideration, we agree with "for the numerous robberies which he Mr Combe in considering it, on the committed ; but benevolence is large, whole, rather a mild murder. Hage
gart very naturally wished to get out of the head of man, and, we under.me of prison, and Mp Morrin stood in the stand, of all other animals
, is laid kim way. What then did he do? He down with a minuteness of accuracy .concealed himself, with his characters that must be very galling to the feelistic benevolence and firmness, be- ings of an Arrowsmith or a Morrison. hind a door, with a large stone in a Aristotle, Lord Bacon, and Locke, are bag, and on Mr Morrin making his mere impotent ninnies, in comparison appearance with a plateful of potatoes with Gall, Spurzheim, and Combe; in his hand, for a gentleman of the and indeed, any one page of Combe's name of O'Gorman, who was to be great work on Phrenology is worth hanged before the dinner-hour on the * all that Bactrian, Samian sage e'er day following, he knocked the unsus- writ.” We propose that a colossal pecting Morrin full on the temples with and equestrian statue be erected to do this ingenious sling-fractured his Him on the Calton Hill, instead of skull and then, by repeatedly bob- that absurd national monument the bing it against the stone floor, smash- Parthenon; and that a subscription ed it in upon the brain, knocked the be forthwith set a-going, under the eyes out of the sockets-and then made auspices of Sir John Sinclair
, who his escape. Mr Combe gives us a will soon make Michael Linning hide slight description of a murder com- his diminished head. mitted upon a poor half-witted pedlar The world will rejoice to hear that ac boy, in a solitary moor, by a ruffian a Phrenological Society has been estanamed Gordon, and then reverting blished in this city. 'l'heir “Report”un with calm and philosophic satisfaction is now lying before us; and as it is to the murder by Haggart, also slight- quoted in Waugh, we presume that
, ly described above, observes, “ the without offence, we may quote it also al most benighted intellect must perceive
" The existence of this Society implies a difference in the motives of the mur- a belief in the Members, that the Brain is ders for which these men suffered.” the organ of the Mind, and that particular The difference is indeed great, and parts of it are the organs of particular men. exhibits the benevolence of Haggart key to the true Philosophy
tal faculties; and that these facts afford a in the most pleasing light. We have left ourselves room only the doctrines have met with, and of the ri
Society is aware of the opposition which to inform the philosophical world, dicule which has been cast upon them ; but that Mr Haggart's cerebral organiza- they know also, that in all ages a similar tion exhibited in great fulness the or- reception has been given to the most im- fare gans of Form, Locality, Order, Tune, portant discoveries ; which, nevertheless
, ir Language, Causality, Wit, and Innita- have in time prevailed. The Pope imprition; so that, had his life been spa- soned Galileo for teaching that the earth red, he would probably have distin- turned on its axis ; but the earth continued guished himself as a sculptor, a geo- it had done
before it, and carried him round
to revolve after the Pope's denunciation as grapher, a musician, a linguist, a philosopher, an Addison, and a Ma- lileo's assertion or not. As the evidence
on its surface, whether he believed in Gathews. Never before have so many faculties been found united in one indie and now Galileo is an object of respect,
was examined, the fact itself was believed; vidual ; and melancholy it is to reflect and the Pope of compassion or contempt that that individual should have been The result, it is believed, will be the same hanged.
with Phrenology.” From the slight and imperfect This is finely put. Nothing can be sketch which we have now given of more simply sublime than the statethe conduct of this interesting young ment of the earth continuing notonly to man, as furnished to us by Mr Combe, revolve after the Pope's denunciation, the world will perceive the high cha- but also to carry the misbeliever
round racter of that philosophy
of which he on its surface, instead of chucking him is the ablest expounder. For our own overboard. In like manner, if a louse parts, we think that Gall, and Spurz- were to get drunk in the head of a heim, and Combe, have thrown great- phrenologist, he would indisputably er light on the nature of man, than be of opinion that the said
head, with all the other philosophers put together all its organis, was whirling round since the world began. Indeed there but in this the louse would be most is now little or nothing to discover. grossly mistaken ; and the head would
; The moral and intellectual geography continue to remain unrevolving arte
he louse's denunciation as it had done on its surface just as it had done beJefore it, and keep him on its surface fore, whether the phrenologist ugreed hotwithstanding his astronomical he- with the opinion of the louse or not. esy. If, instead of a louse on the The Phrenological Society, we hope, head of a phrenologist, the phrenolo- will publish their Transactions, as well ist himself were to get drunk, and as the Royal Society, and the Dilethe louse to remain sober, then the tanti. We shall have an eye on their Shrenologist would opine that the head proceedings; and, in a future number, "evolved, and would denounce, if he we mean to give a list of the members, new it, the opinion of the louse ; but which, as it might be expected, conhe head would continue stationary tains many of the most illustrious .fter the phrenologist's denunciation, names in literature and science. und would not carry round the louse
VOYAGES AND TRAVELS OF COLUMBUS SECUNDUS.
LE The Christmas holidays in Edinburgh dern plans of tanning the stomachs of a chave long furnished the working classes their customers; the grocers were conbe with an intermission from labour,-the scientious, and ash-leaves and burnt ons baie overs of good eating with excuses for horse-beans were totally unknown in
amigratifying their propensities,-andhave the manufacture of tea and coffee ; ale pe cunnually suspended the administration was drunk in quaighs without measure, w of justice in our courts of law, by a and reaming stoups of genuine claret shree weeks' recess from business. The superseded the necessity of paying five
Church of Scotland, having wisely dis- shillings a bottle for sloe juice. 2:23 arded from her polity set times, ap- One of the first demonstrations of 5.-bointed feasts, and unprofitable fast- the approach of Christmas in Edin***ngs, the approach of Christmas brings burgh was the annual appearance of
with it no idea connected with reli- large tables of anchor-stocks at the head zion, except what may be gathered of the Old Fish-market Close. These rom festive hilarity, and the practical anchor-stocks, the only species of bread gratitude of family meetings. For made from rye that I have ever obsersome time previous to this day, all is ved offered for sale in the city, were pustle and preparation among the ma- exhibited in every variety of size and aufacturers of confectionary ; cur- price, from a halfpenny to a half sants and almonds, raisins and orange- crown; and the manufacture, as far speel, and all the necessary ingredients as may be judged from a hereditary
for forming shortbread and buns, are resemblance of feature, has been cona laid out in tempting variety in the tinued to the present time by the same
shop windows of the grocers; and Brie family,-I believe from Musselburgh. tish and foreign spirits, of every va- Anchor-stocks, at this period, had, from riety and price, are also exposed, their novelty, an uncommon sale; and with the price per gill in conspicuous even among the higher ranks many characters, to attract purchasers who were purchased, as an agreeable variewish to get merry at a trifling expense. ty in the accustomed food; for they
The Christmas holidays to which I were sweet-tasted, and baked with caallude, it is necessary to mention, are raway seeds and orange-peel. I have those of some twenty years back, be- been particular in mentioning the comfore the morals of the humbler citi- position of anchor-stocks, as, without zens were broken down by a change of some such explanation, many who read manners ;—when the poor man could my travels might proclaim to the world, easily procure labour, have his amorie that the citizens of Edinburgh were filled with wholesome provisions at a so ill off in point of provisions, as in cheap rate, and was able to get desi- winter to eat the very stocks of their
rably tipsy upon penny whip for two- ship anchors,--and thus class the inhaE pence. The distillers were then allow. bitants of the Northern Athens with i s'ed to poison the lieges without check; the saw-dust and fish-bone eaters of " # the brewers had not adopted the mo- Lapland and Norway.