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sideration the propriety of erecting a suitable Masonic Temple in Lowestoft and some day the idea may be developed. Meanwhile not the least pleasing of the exhibitions of fraternal feeling at the banquet was a spontaneous and truly generous statement by our excellent Bro. Clarke, that whether or not the lodge remained under his hospitable roof he was "heart and soul with the lodge." It would be a credit to the Craft if similar unselfish subordinations of pecuniary considerations for the love of the Order were more general.

Probably there are few of the readers of the MAGAZINE who are not aware that the town of Lowestoft undoubtedly the gem of Suffolk watering places-owes its rise and progress to Sir Samuel Morton Peto, the former lord of the beautiful demesne of Somerlsyton Hall. Sir Morton has never been forgotten by his Lowestoft friends, and they still remember him with affection and regret. Bro. John Hervey, the Grand Secretary of England was one time associated with Sir Morton, and the recollection of Bro. H. and the instruction he gave is warmly cherished in the Unity Lodge.

A pleasing feature in Masonic gatherings is the opportunities they afford for intercommunication between friends and brethren. The installation of Bro. Chambers was attended not only by visiting brethren from the Provinces but also by members of the Grand Lodge of Ireland, the Grand Lodge of Scotland, and the Grand Orient de France. There were also representatives of Lancashire and Yorkshire Bro. Cragg, of Unity Lodge, being a son of "proud Preston."

The moving spirit of Freemasonry in Lowestoft is our accomplished Bro., Major Allez, who has had the honour to install no less than seven of the Worshipful Masters of the Unity Lodge. At the call of duty Bro. Allez is ever ready to go any number of miles in order to assist his brethren in any way they desire, and there is no brother in the Province of Suffolk who is oftener in request at Masonic celebrations. We were delighted to find that Major Allez was a native of Guernsey; his father having been a member of Doyle's Lodge of Fellowship in that island, where we have the happiness to know and esteem so many excellent brethren. Thus, the Major may he described as the "worthy son of a worthy sire," in the Craft. Conversing with the Major on Guernsey matters, we could not but recall to mind our presence at

the installation of Bro. Martin in Doyle's Lodge, in 1866, when one brother, who has since under Divine Providence been called away, excited our admiration by the earnestness of his devotion to the Craft, and his sturdy manly welcome to the visiting brethren. Little did we think as we sat at the hospital board of Doyle's Lodge that our vis a vis, Bro. Muntz, would so soon be removed from the Lodge he loved so well, to stand before the Great Architect. We ourselves were then weak aud sickly, just arisen from a bed of suffering, while he was the embodiment of manly vigour and joyous spirits. Truly the grim soldier Death strikes when least expected. May all brethren of "the mystic tie," be ready to meet his summons! Bro. Muntz has passed away, but his memory will long be cherished. As was written of another we may say of Bro. Muntz :"Thou art gone to the grave, but we will not deplore thee.”

We will rather hope to preserve in our hearts that chivalric love for Freemasonry, which formed the highest feather in his character.

Bro. Allez did us the honour to associate our name with the FREEMASONS' MAGAZINE among the toasts of the evening. Thus called upon unexpectedly to answer for our esteemed Bro. William Smith and his excellent staff of literary assistants, we bore our hearty testimony to the services which Bros. Smith, Hughan, D. Murray Lyon, Buchan, and others whose noms de plume modestly hide their genius are rendering to the Order. Under such circumstances a pun on the patronymic of Bro. Allez was perhaps excusable. Allez being the French for go, we remarked that with so much go (as the Americaus say) in the Major and such a head as Bro. Chambers, the lodge could not fail to go-a-head.

It cannot be denied that both physically and mentally the Master and Wardens of Lodge Unity are up to the mark. Bros. Williams and Sterry the Senior and Junior Wardens have gained their honours by steady head work and unconquerable zeal, and like the respected W.M. they are what an old lady of our acquaintance recommended all young ladies to marry-" sizeable men"-physically qualified to fill their chairs of office. The members of Unity Lodge evidently love men of weighty character and to judge by the appearance of the brethren of the lodge the immortal Banting has not many disciples among them.

The accession of Bro. Albert Edward Prince of Wales to the ranks of Freemasonry (which bye the bye we were the first to announce in Great Britain) was suitably recognised at the banquet. Instead of "the Queen and the Craft," so long interlinked in Masonic honours, her Majesty was separately honoured, and "the Prince of Wales and the Craft" received due appreciation. This was the first occasion on which we had witnessed the change and it met with a hearty and truly fraternal reception. The Heir Apparent has evidently increased the depth and earnestness of the loyalty with which he is regarded by joining our Order. Long live our Royal Past Grand Master.

A custom prevails among the Suffolk lodges of "chorusing" the toasts of the evening, which is done in a peculiarly stentorian manner. Thus after the health of the W.M. or other distinguished brother has been toasted, he is honoured with the following choruses :

"Prosper the man

Prosper the man

Join in one chorus to prosper the man." "Prosper his lodge

Prosper his lodge

Join in one chorus to prosper his lodge." This is diversified occasionally by singing "prosper the art" and other variations, and when the "choruses" are lead by an experienced brother whose lungs are sound, their effect may well be described as "Suffolk harmony."

The Unity Lodge at Lowestoft and the Appollo Lodge at Beccles, have long maintained a close alliance and constant interchange of visits. The Beccles brethren mustered very strongly on this occasion, headed by the veteran Bro. Fenn, P. Prov. G.S.W., and Bro. Ward the W.M. of the Apollo Lodge. It was a singular fact remembered during the evening, that Bro. Chambers and Bro. Ward were schoolfellows in childhood, and in mature years have been called upon during the same years to act as Worshipful Masters of lodges in neighbouring towns. The ancient corporation of Beccles was well represented, inasmuch as three of the brethren present had served the office of Chief Magistrate of that Borough. Bro. Fenn who has we believe been more than once Mayor of Beccles, has rendered many public services to that town among the rest, that of promoting the formation of the park or recreation ground which passengers in the Great Eastern Railway will find branching off from the Railway station.

Lodge of Friendship, Great Yarmouth, No. 100 in the Grand Lodge of England, was represented. by its Junior Deacon Bro. James Beaumont who having delighted the brethren with a song on the virtues of the fair sex, appropriately wound up by proposing the health of the excellent "sister" who presides over the household of Bro. Chambers -a compliment to Mrs. C. which was given with hearty enthusiasm.

The respected secretary of the Unity Lodge Bro. W. R. Archer was unfortunately absent in London, but the duties of the secretariat were for the evening ably discharged by Bro. Bradbeer, P. Prov. G.S.W. for Suffolk.

At the house of Bro. Archer we met with one of the few remaining links which unite the present generation, with the Battle of Waterloowon be it remembered by the Duke of Wellington himself a craftsman. Bro. Archer has a lady relative whose husband commanded a man-of-war when Waterloo was fought, and she herself was at Ostend and heard the firing of the guns during the great conflict. This venerable lady had her own experience of the Craft to relate and in proof that Freemasonry was "a good thing" she told us how on board her husband's ship the officers recognised brother Masons among the French captives taken at Waterloo, and carefully showed the grateful prisoners that the fraternal principles of Freemasons had power enough to subdue even the animosities of sworn foes separated by race language and religiou. In these happier times Englishmen and Frenchmen have established an entente cordiale which we would fain hope may never be broken, but though each nation may cherish different reminiscences of the battle-field of Waterloo Bro. John Bull and Bro. Johnny Crapaud have alike reason to feel proud, that ing illustrations of the power and philanthropy of cven amid the grim struggle there were not wantthe Royal Art which hallowed by the antiquity of Ages, is still girdling the globe with its peaceful and elevating influence.

It was not without some determination of purpose that we were able to attend the banquet. The day was terribly wet and we had a dozen miles across country to drive. But we were well rewarded by the pleasant evening we spent. The command for brethren to "dwell together in unity" is carried out to the fullest extent in the Unity Lodge, and distant frères who wish to enjoy a summer holiday will find Lowestoft a pleasant place to visit, Bro. Clarke a hospitable and yet economical host, and the Unity Lodge a

The "Old Century Lodge" otherwise the happy home of the Craft.


A New and Correct List of all the English Regular Lodges in Europe, Asia, Africa, and America, according to their seniority and constitution. By order of the Grand Master. Brought down to April 19th, 1765.

(Continued from page 507.)

120 George, Whitehaven, Cumberland, first Monday, March 19, 1740.

121 Ship and Castle, High-street, Haverford West, South Wales, April 14, 1741.

122 Two Chairmen, Little Warwick-street, Charingcross, first and third Thursday, April 13 1742.

123 Old Rood, at St. Christopher's, Jan. 17, 1742. 124 Union, Francfort, in Germany, second and fourth Tuesday, Jan. 17, 1742.

125 Three Horse Shoes, Leominster, in the county of Hereford, Oct. 11, 1742.

126 Port Royal Lodge, Jamaica, 1742.

127 Angel, Dolgelly, in Merionethshire, North Wales, first Tuesday, Sept. 17, 1743.

128 St. George, Emperor's-court, at Hamburgh, every other Wednesday, Sept. 24, 1743.

129 Bull, High-street, Bristol, first and third Tuesday, March 20, 1743.

130 New Lodge, Copenhagen, Denmark, Oct. 25, 1745.

131 St. Jago de la Vego, in Jamaica, April 29, 1746. 132 Bear, Norwich, second and fourth Tuesday, May 9, 1747.

133 A New Lodge in St. Eustatia, Dutch Island, West Indies, Jan. 1748.

134 Prince George's Head, Plymouth, May 1, 1748. 135 Jan. 15, 1748.

136 Queen's Head, Norwich, third Tuesday, Jan. 5,


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138 Lodge of Orange, at Rotterdam, May 5, 1749. 139 St. Martin's Lodge, at Copenhagen, in Denmark, Oct. 9, 1749.

140 Sun, St. Peter's Mancroft, Norwich, second and fourth Monday, Jan. 9, 1740.

141 No. 1. at Minorca, first Thursday, Feb. 1750. 142 No. 2, at Minorca, second Tuesday, May 23, 1750. 143 No. 3, at Minorca, first Wednesday, June 24, 1750.

144 St. Christopher's, at Sandy Point, July 20, 1750. 145 The Key, Norwich, second and fourth Wednesday, Feb. 12, 1751.

146 King's Arms, Falmouth, second and last Thursday, May 20, 1751.

147 Angel, Great Yarmouth, in Norfolk, June 6, 1751.

148 King's Head, West-street, Gravesend, first and third Thursday, June 8, 1751.

149 King's Head, the Sea Captains Lodge, in Fenchurch-street, first and third Tuesday, Aug. 29, 1751. 150 No. 4, at Minorca first Monday, Nov. 26, 1751. 151 King's Arms, at Helston, in Cornwall, first and third Tuesday, April 14, 1752.

152 St. John's Lodge, at Bridgetown, in the Island of Barbadoes, fourth Monday, April 23, 1752.

153 Ship, Leadenhall-street, late the Bell at Aldgate, second and fourth Monday, July 13, 1752.

154 The George, Maggoti-court, Piccadilly, first and third Tuesday, Aug. 21, 1752.

155 King's Head, at Truro, in Cornwall, first and third Wednesday. Sept. 22, 1752.

156 At Cardengere, the chief French Settlement in Bengal, East Indies.

157 At Madras, in East India.

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161 Lion and Goat, Grosvenor-street, second and fourth Monday, Feb. 24, 1753.

162 Horseshoe and Crown, Holborn, second Wednesday, March 5, 1753.

163 Angel, Piccadilly, second and fourth Monday. 164 Lilly Tavern, in Guernsey, May 10, 1753.

165 Nag's Head, Wine-street, Bristol, second and fourth Tuesday, Aug. 22, 1753.

166 Queen's Head, Great Queen-street, second and fourth Tuesday, Oct. 23, 1753.

167 Red Lion, Market-street, Carmarthen, South Wales, first and third Monday, Oct. 24. 1753.

168 King's Head, Balsover-street, Cavendish-square, second and fourth Wednesday, Nov. 5, 1753.

169 Castle and Lion, White Lion-lane, Norwich, third Wednesday, Nov. 10, 1753.

170 Evangelist's Lodge, at Antigua, Nov. 10 1753. 171 At Amsterdam, Nov. 30.

172 Rose and Crown, at Prescot, Lancashire, Wednesday next before full moon, Dec. 20, 1753.

173 The Royal Exchange, in the borough of Norfolk, Virginia, first Thursday, Dec. 22, 1753.

174 Jan. 31, 1754.

175 White Hart, Mansel-street, Goodman's-fields, second and fourth Wednesday, Feb. 9, 1754.

176 Redruth, in Cornwall, first and third Thursday, Feb. 14, 1754.

177 Bear, Leman-street, Goodman's-fields, first and third Wednesday, Feb. 18, 1754.

178 Mitre, Union-street, Westminster, second Tuesday, March 2, 1754.

179 Chequers, All Saints, Norwich, March 4, 1754. 180 Swan, Ramsgate, in the Isle of Thanet, second and fourth Monday, March 8, 1754.

181 Parrot, Cow-lane, in Leeds, first Wednesday, March 28, 1754.

182 Robinhood, Butcher-row, near St. Clements, first Thursday, March 29, 1759.

183 Crow, without Cripplegate, second and fourth Monday, April 5, 1754.

184 Paul's Head, Doctors-commons, second and fourth Monday, April 13 1754.

185 Swan, Westminster-bridge, first and third Wednesday, May 13, 1754.

186 Rustal's Coffee-house, Sharrad-street, Goldensquare, second and fourth Wednesday, June 4, 1754. 187 Pelican, Leicester, first and third Thursday, Aug. 21, 1754.

188 Red House, Cardiff, Glamorganshire, South Wales, second Monday, Aug. 21, 1754.

189 Bear, Cow-bridge, Glamorganshire, last Monday, Sept. 1754.

190 No. 2, at St. Eustacia, Dutch Island West Indies,


191 Queen's Head, Lowestoff, in Suffolk, second Monday, Oct. 29, 1754.

192 Chequers, Charing-cross, second Tuesday, Nov. 2, 1754.

193 The two Spies, King-street, Seven-dials, second and fourth Monday, Dec. 14, 1754.

194 Coffee-house, St. Anne's-square, Manchester, first and third Wednesday, Feb. 1755.

195 No. 8, The King's own Regiment of foot, first and third Tuesday, Feb. 15, 1755.

196 Two Blue Posts, Old Bond-street, second and fourth Friday, March 2, 1755.

197 Jack of Newberry, Chiswell-street, first and third Wednesday, April 5, 1755.

198 White Hart, St. James's-street, second and fourth Thursday, May 5, 1755.

(To be Continued.)


LODGE MINUTES, ETC. NO. 5 (FROM P. 388.) In the inside of the title-page of the St. Mungo Bye-laws (printed in 1862), I find the following:


"Lodge St. Mungo, Glasgow, No. 27, Holding off Grand Lodge of Scotland, Date of confirmation 1729, originally part of St. John's Lodge, Glasgow, 32, date of constitution, 1057." Now that is a mistake, as the charter-see page 387-proves. It should be:"Date of confirmation 1762, which refers to date of constitution, as a pendicle of Mother Kilwinning, in 1729; and also claiming to have been previously chartered by, or, to have originally formed part of, the Lodge of Glasgow St. John (now No. 3 bis), date of constitution. . . ? * However, to proceed with the old minutes :

"1762. 27th December, Saint John's Day.-Annual


"Att our Lodge of St. J. of St. Ms. K. Gw. K-wing. The twenty-seventh day of December, one thousand seven hundred and sixty-two years." The officers then were Master, S.W., J.W., S. and J. Stewarts, Sec., Treas., and Tyler. "Key Masters. J. Stewart. R. Hd. Key; W. Mr. Centre Key; Treasurer left hand Key of the lodge box."

"All of whom accepted of their respective stations as above by takeing upon them the oaths Defideli, and were ordained and appointed to continue stedfastly under the same In terms of the regulations of this Lodge untill regularly removed at next annual election."

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"Confirmed by ' In 1764 the "Key Masters" were-Master, centre Key; Treas., right Key; J.W., left Key. The minutes are only of the election till Nov. 26th, 1766. But in August 5th, 1767, we find them making new rules or "acts." (For former acts see page 289 ante.) Act made 19.

"David Marshall, G. Mr."

"Att our Lodge of St. Js. St. Mungos Kirk Glasgow. In reference to Act 14, John Hind, Rt. W., John Brown, Senr. Warden, and the rest of the brethren being present, It was fully agreed upon that no office-bearer from the Master to the Junior Stewart is not to pay aney sellarry into the Lodge at their first election to an office-bearer."

Act 20.

"That every member entered into this Lodge is to pay seven shillings and sixpence at Entrey and two shillings and sixpence at Passing and Raising-for Saint Mary's at Edinburgh."

Act 21.

"Likewise it is fully agreed upon that the Lodge is to meet regurly every first Wednesday of the Quarter, viz., the first Wednsday of Febury, the first Wednsday of May, the first Wednsday of August, and the first Wednsday of November."


"Any persons who have been admitted masons and not joyned with a Body before admission as a member of this lodge is to pay four shillings and sixpence, and

If St. John's could connect itself properly with the Building Fraternity chartered by William the Lion, it might be said -date of origin 1190."


those that have been members of aney other Lodge and have paid their Deus is to pay three shillings ster."

"These and the foregoing ruls We the members of this Lodge do hear subscribe." Then follow 120 signatures.

Glasgow, 3 May, 1769.

"Att a meeting of the St. Mungo's Lodge, held at their Hall here, it was unanimously agreed that the R.W. John Gourlie should nominate a committee and invested them with full power to settle and regulate every affair relative to the Lodge-the Lodge likewise bound themselves to agree to and stand by their resolutions and to fulfill and perform the same they further allowed the committee to amend any laws now subsisting or make any new ones that shall to them appear necessary, and that the same shall be binding upon the whole members of the lodge agreeable to the voice of the Lodge the Right Worshipful nominated the following brethren." Jn. Gourlie Ex. Oft.; F. Bain, S. W. &c. "three of whom to be a quorum to meet at Mr. Gourlay,s house, 10th May, 1769."

30th November, 1769. 30th November, 1769.

Election and committee apppointed anent acts.

"At the Lodge Room eight December 1769 years The members warned to attend and the Lodge opened It was agreed that every person who was a Mason and admitted a member of this lodge should pay of Entry monie (instead of three shillings formerly in use to have been paid) five shillings sterling, Besides Tylers dues."

"Same day it was enacted that the Entry monie of every apprentice should be raised to one pound one shilling stg. And the passing and raising of a fellow Craft seven shillings and sixpence-every appe beside the one pound to pay 2s. 6d. to St. Mary's Lodge."


Same day the following Masons, after petitioning to be made members of the Lodge, were unanimously admitted, paid their dues and gave their oath of alledgeance, &c." Then follow 28 names. day, it being represented that the Lodge wanted proper clothing, jewels, &c., some of them at present being borrowed, The Lodge appointed the following members as a Committee to get decent clothing and Jewells for the Lodge before St. John's day next with power to them to dae therein as they thought proper, viz.,-then follow seven names.

At the Lodge Room, 24th April, 1770, Alexr. Elliot and Alexr. Campbell were passed fellow crafts and made masters and paid their dues."* Second Nov., 1770.

"The annual committee for regulating the affairs of the Lodge agreed that the quarter accts be for this year 2s. 6d., and ordained the Tyler to get the same from the members. They also ordained the Tyler to be paid £1 58. stg. yearly."


At a meeting of St. Mungo's Lodge held in their hall this 1st of December, 1773, Present the R.W. Archibald Mair," and 14 brethren, the election then

*Although e.g. in 1767, act[20, we find a regulation anent the "raising." This is the first minute I have observed actually or definitely recording it, or giving the names of the brethren so "made," and who received that degree.

took place, and the new office-bearers took "the oaths as use is."

"After the election was over many visiting Brethren were present and the evening was spent in great harmony." "John Gibson, Secy." "Wm. Ingram, R.W."

At page 49 it says," At a meeting of St. Mungo's Lodge Room, the 28th November A.M. 5771."

Page 55. "At Glasgow, the 21st of December, 1773, Captains Wm. Giles, George McKenzie, Robert Longfield, Lewis Nanny, and Doctor John Denholm, all of his Majestie's 19th Regiment of Foot, were admitted members of this Lodge and took their oaths de fideli as use is." Then follow 20 signatures, leading off with those of the new members.

Page 56. "At Glasgow, 27th December, 1753, St. John's Day. The Office Bearers with a very respectable number of brethren dined at the exchange coffee house and after dinner walked in Procession from thence to their Hall preceded by a Band of Music. Deputations were received from and returned to all the Lodges except two, vizt., the Kilwinning,* forgetting our title as the most ancient omitted sending

one to us for which reason we sent them none and the Thistle and Rose+ having sent a very impertinent card demanding the date of our charter no answer was sent them. The evening was spent in the greatest harmony.

John Gibson, Sec. "Wm. Ingram, R.W." Page 57. "At Glasgow the 13th January (1774) being St. Mungo's day our Tutelary saint the OfficeBearers and many of the members attended with several other visiting Brethren when a petition was presented from Brother John Kinnibroch who has been a member of this Lodge for Fifty years and upwards petitioning for charity when the brethren present voted him on account of his ancient and helpless situation the sum of one pound sterling and he is hereby desired to call to-morrow on David Elliot Esqre. for the same."

On Nov. 13th, 1783, two Brethren entered as apprentices, and on Nov. 23rd, 1783, the two late apprentices with one other member are "passed

and raised master masons."-W. P. BUCHAN.

* See page 203 of Universal Masonic Calendar where the date of constitution of the G.K.L., No. 4, is given as 1735. In Laurie's 1804 History, page 330, she is No. 7 on the roll.

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See page 205 of Calendar, where No. 73 has the date of its constitution given at 1758, this, however, requires a little explanation. In 1758 the lodge was constituted under the name of Glasgow St. Paul's," which somehow soon after got into disrepute, whereupon a number of the brethren petitioned the Grand Lodge for a new charter changing their name to the "Thistle and Rose," but still granting them their old precedence; the Grand Lodge agreed to this, and on May 25th, 1762, gave them a new charter.

On looking back to page 388 of the Magazine, it will be seen that the St. Mungo's Charter of confirmation is dated 2nd August, 1762; so the point of the above rise" is that the confirmatory charter of the Thistle and Rose was 69 days older than that of St. Mungo's! The Thistle and Rose was formerly No. 87 on the roll. I understand its old minutes previous to 1819 are lost, or cannot be got.

"Fifty years and upwards," previous to 1774, gives before 1724, which tends to prove the truth of the assertion stated by St. Mungo's Lodge that it was in existence previous to its accepting a charter from Mother Kilwinning in 1729, when it thereby became a "Pendicle" of the old "Mother."

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A writer of the last century says:-"The Masonic and Christian eras do not coincide. The Year of

Light dates with them from the first days of the Creation." Can any learned brother say why the Masonic computation was used, and when it was first adopted? Perhaps Bro. Buchan will kindly oblige. Can any brother say when the stars and other symbols borrowed from the firmament were first incorporated with the Masonic system? Is it natural to suppose this would be done by operative Magons.—NEKUM.


The Editor is not responsible for the opinions expressed by Correspondents



Dear Sir and Brother, The re-discovered mysteries have been objected to because they were not within the "ordinary" scope of Freemasonry; and Bro. Godfrey, in his letter (vide Magazine, p. 290), so clearly states what the term "ordinary" means, Masonically, that there can be no longer any misconception in the matter; while the Grand Master, at the recent banquet given on the occasion of his 26th installation, as clearly states, "that his earnest desire has been to make Freemasonry what it is and what it professes to be-a charitable society."

The question here arises, how far would the reassumption by Freemasonry of its ancient mysteries, so long lost and so recently re-discovered, interfere with its present "ordinary and charitable character?"

In the first place, the knowledge of the mysteries would inevitably tend to render brethren, not only more forbearing and more charitable one towards another, but more forgiving, more kindly disposed towards their neighbours without the pale of Freemasonry, for it was in that sense that Jesus asked the lawye", "Which of these three-the Priest, the Levite, the Samaritan-thinkest thou was neighbour unto him that fell among thieves!" And he answered, "The Samaritan that showed mercy." Then said Jesus, "Go thou and do likewise."

In the next place, the profession of the mysteries would be taught in the Temple in lieu of the "ordinary" practices now in vogue among the Order; the Empiric would yield to the learned Physicianthe initiated Professor whose teaching would not, as at present, be confined to simply rehearsing Texts of

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