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84. IRON GROUP (III.).—Separation of Iron, Nickel, To the filtrate from the sulphides of the Cu and As groups add (NH4) HO and shake for some time. Filter (preferably by the Bunsen pump). Wash
the precipitate with cold RESIDUE.
NiS and Cos.
Test for Co by borax bead. Dissolve the black
METHOD 1. Cris ABSENT. residue in HCI and
K CI 03. Boil down with a little KCI O3 till it smells of Cl. Add Boil down just
pure NaHO till strongly alkaline. Filter.
Divide into cess, then a drop add (NH4)HO, and filter.
two parts. of acetic acid,
FILTRATE. 1. Add H2S boil for a few
or (NH4 3. A minutes, add Fe, (HO)
white preci tate NaClO in excess, Dissolve in Boil down and
indicates Zinc. and boil again. HC. Test with ignite, to expel Confirm by A black preci- K Fe(CN)6. Blue salts of ammo- flame-reaction. pitate indicates precipitate indi- nium. Fuse
Add HCI Nickel. The cates Iron. To with NaHO and
till acid, then filtrate from this ascertainwhether | KNO3. A green (NH4)HO till alprecipitate may the iron is pre
residue indicates kaline. A white be tested for Co
sent as ferrous or Manganese. precipitate indiby evaporating ferric salt, the Traces of.Ni and
cates Alumi. to dryness, and original solution Co found
nium. Confirm fusing in a borax
must be tested along with the by flame bead. Blue cowith K4Fe(CN)6, Mn.
action. lour indicates and K3Fe(CN) Cobalt.
Cobalt, Aluminium, Zinc, Manganese, and Chromium. (till alkaline) + NH4Cl + (NH4)2S. Warm the mixture gently in a small flask well with H,O, containing (NH4)2S, and finally once with H O alone. Treat dilute HCl, and filter.
Cr, Al, Fe, Zn, and Mn. (Green or violet if Cr be present. Boil down a portion and test for Cr by
borax bead. Adopt Method I. if absent, Method II. if present.)
METHOD II. Cr is PRESENT. Boil down with a little KClO3 till it smells of Cl. Add Na2CO3 or NaHO till just neutral or slightly acid; allow to become perfectly cold. Add excess of BaCO3, place in a flask, cork up and shake well, allow to stand till clear. Filter. RESIDUE.
1 Pez(HO), Cr, (H0)6, Al2(H0). (also excess of BaCO3). Zn, Mn.
Wash well, boil with pure NaHO, and filter ; add Precipitate the HCl to the filtrate, and then (NH4) HO till alkaline. A Ba present with white precipitate indicates Aluminium. Confirm by H2SO4 in the hot flame-reaction. Fuse the residue insoluble in NaHO with a solution. Boil mixture of Na,CO3 and KNO3, extract with water, and filter. well, and filter ; RESIDUE
add NaHO. Pre
cipitate indicates Pez(HO)
Manganese. Dissolve in HCl, and test Yellow in colour. Acidify Confirm by fuswith K4Fe(CN)6. A blue pre- with acetic acid ; add leading with Na2CO3 cipitate indicates Iron. acetate. A bright yellow pre- and KNO3 on cipitate indicates Chro
platinum foil. To mium.
the filtrate from the
Mn (HO), add (NH4)2S. A white precipitate indicates Zinc. Confirm by flame-reaction.
Reactions of the Metals of the Barium Group. 85. Metals whose carbonates are insoluble in water, and whose solutions are precipitated on the addition of (NH4)2C0z: as, however, the carbonates are soluble in acids, the solution, if acid, must be neutralized by addition of (NH4)HO.
Barium, Strontium, Calcium. BARIUM. Ba, C.W. 137.
1. (NH4)2CO3 produces a white precipitate of BaCO3, soluble in acids, and to a slight extent in NH4Cl.
2. K,CO, or Na,C0g produces also a precipitate of BaCO3, insoluble in excess of either reagent.
3. H2SO4 or any soluble sulphate produces, even in dilute solutions, a heavy white precipitate of BaSO4, insoluble in acids, alkalies, or salts of ammonium.
4. CaSO4 or SrS04 produces an immediate white precipitate of BaSO4
5. H SiFo produces a white precipitate of BaSiFe.
6. C2(NH4)204 produces a white precipitate of C BaO4, soluble in HCl and in HNO3.
7. K,CrO4 produces a yellow precipitate of BaCrO4, insoluble in C2H4O2, but soluble in HCl and HNO3.
8. Heated in the lamp flame a green coloration is produced, especially on moistening the salt with HCl.
86. STRONTIUM. Sr, c.w. 87.5.
1. (NH),CO, or K,CO, precipitates white SrCO3, soluble in acids, but less soluble in NH4Cl than BaCO3. 2. H2SO4 produces a white precipitate of SrS04, which is much less insoluble in H20 than BaSO4, and it therefore precipitates from dilute solutions only on standing or warming. Srso, is slightly soluble in HCI.
3. CaSO4 produces, after standing some time, a white precipitate of Srson
4. H SiFo does not precipitate strontium solutions.
5. C (NH),0produces a white precipitate of C Sr04, soluble in HCl and in HNO3, also to a slight extent in NH_CI, but very sparingly in C2H4O2.
6. K,CrO4 produces, only in concentrated solutions, a yellow precipitate of SrCroy, soluble in C,H,Og.
7. Heated in the lamp flame a crimson coloration is produced, especially on moistening the salt with HCI.
87. CALCIUM. Ca, c.w. 40.
1. (NH),CO, or K,C0g produces a white precipitate of CaCO3, which becomes crystalline on heating.
2. H2SO4 precipitates from strong solutions of calcium salts CaSO4, as a white precipitate, which dissolves in a large excess of water, and also in acids.
3. Caso, produces no precipitate. 4. H SiFo produces no precipitate.
5. C2(NH4)204 produces, even in dilute solutions, a white precipitate of C CaO,, soluble in HCl or HNO3, but insoluble in C,H,O, or in C,H,Oz.
6. Heated in the lamp flame, a dull red coloration is produced, especially on moistening the salt with HCI. This reaction is imperceptible in presence of Ba or Sr salts.
TABLE 88.-CALCIUM GROUP (IV.).
Separation of Barium, Heat filtrate from iron group, add to the hot solution NH4Cl and and add CaSO4 solution. An immediate precipitate indicates Barium; solution. (Test another portion with Sr SO4 for Ba.) To another portion of Neutralize filtrate with (NH4)HO, and add C2(NH4)204. An immediate
TO TEST FOR
II. Ba ABSENT.
I. Ba PRESENT. Ca ABSENT.
Crimson coloration in-