« PreviousContinue »
seeking fruit on this fig tree, and find none: cut it down: why — eth it the ground? — Bible.
3. Supply the missing vowel in each of the following, and pronounce: trav - ler ev – ning
f-ther harn - ss appar – tus
re - lly comp - ny
ten - ments bus – ness
TO THE TEACHER:
The parenthesis is discussed also on pp. 168, 169, 176, “Evenings with Grandpa,” Part II.
Phonic review, pp. 419–424.
(To be read to the class by the teacher, the pupils having their books open at this page, to follow her.)
What would you do in case of fire? If you were alone in the house and suddenly smelled smoke, or saw it creeping from under the carpet, what would you do? Rush to the telephone, perhaps, seek your valuables, or call in a neighbor. But what should you do? The question was taken recently to Chief Guerin of the Fire Prevention Bureau of New York City. If his answer could be so impressed upon our minds as to become “second nature,” the horror of uncertainty at such a time could be forever banished. This is his answer:
First of all, run out and send in an alarm. Don't ask Central to give you Fire Headquarters. Don't telephone, even if you know the number, for there are delays in the telephone service. Besides, if you get Headquarters, they have to send your message So go yourself to the nearest fire box or send a responsible person. Do not wait until you can don the proper attire. Before you rush off, shut the doors of the room that is afire. It takes a remarkably long time for a wooden door to burn through, but an open door allows the fire to cut off avenues of escape. Finally, as you go, shout “Fire!” and so get the place clear of people.
The temptation for the woman alone in the house is to stay and fight the fire, especially if it seems small. This is a great mistake. It is the duty of the Fire Department to put out any fire, no matter how small. Often a fire not thoroughly extinguished will break out in another place later. A trained fireman would have dug out the concealed spark.
In leaving the house or apartment, go down, not up, as a general rule. If the fire is severe downstairs, the chances are it will be as bad above. If it is necessary to escape by way of the roof, the best way in an apartment house is to go up by way of the fire escape.
If you are caught in a room that is afire and the exits are for any reason closed off, crawl along the floor, where the air is purest, keeping—if yo i can get it—a wet cloth to your face. But by all means
get to the window, where you will be seen; and lean out as far as you can with safety.
As you think over these “what you should do's," you see at once that they are dependent upon certain things you should have done before that critical moment. You must have the exact address of the nearest fire alarm written down — for memory is a traitor at critical moments — written down, and in a place known to all the family.
Then, too, before you can hope to fight a fire, if the time comes, you must know that on every floor there is a pail of water and a long-handled dipper. For without a receptacle to carry water in and hurl it from, all the running water in the house is unavailable. There are no complications about a pail of water, such as there may be about a patent extinguisher; and a pail of water, a dipper, and a cool head is the best extinguisher in the world.
These safeguards are necessary, and equally essential in the whole matter of fire prevention. After you have put out a fire in your house, perhaps in the most cool-headed and perfect manner possible, after the inevitable fright and distress, you constitute yourself a committee of one on investigation of causes, and, finding them, you institute Why wait for the fire? It is part of the housekeeper's business to prevent illness in her household by keeping things clean; is it not equally her work to prevent fire by — many things? A monthly inspection of the household should be made to include such activities as these:
1. Inspection of flues. The careful housekeeper knows if her flues smoke or need cleaning, and should act accordingly.
2. Inspection of electric wiring. The “handy man around the house”, perhaps in his zeal for a light over his bed, has put additional lights on the electric system and overloaded the circuit. If he has driven nails through the wire into a wooden molding, you have there a short circuit and a fire hazard. The remedy is the advice of a first class electrician.
3. Inspection of gas fixtures. If you find the gas jet, curtain, and draught combination, close up the jet or take down the curtain. If your portable gas stove has a worn out rubber tubing, replace it with an iron one.
4. Inspection of hot ash receivers, which should be metal cans, not wooden boxes; of oily cleaning rags, which should be kept in covered metal cans of some sort; of burned match receivers, which should be metal or clay.