« PreviousContinue »
III. (Page 36.)
Radiating Thermometer, observed by John Davy, Esq., M.D., F.R.S., new St. Anne's Garrison in Barbados.
7. 6 A.M.
8. 6 A.M.
5. 6 A.M.
6. 6 A.M. 72
11 P.M. 73
10 P.M. 76 23. 6 A.M.
12 P.M. 24. 6 A.M.
25. 6 A.M.
26. 6 A.M.
27. 6 A.M.
28. 6 A.M. 67 111 P.M. 70 29. 6 A.M. Feb. 1. 103 P.M. 2. 6 A.M. 73 101 P.M.
IV. (Page 38.)
A Chronological List of Hurricanes and severe Gales in the West Indies, from their discovery to the year 1846.
1494, June 16. A violent hurricane from the south-west felt in Hispaniola. Peter Martyr; Herrera.
1502, July 1. Tremendous hurricane in Hispaniola, twenty sail with all on board perished. Herrera.
1508, August 3. A violent hurricane in St. Domingo; it blew first from the north, and then shifted suddenly to the south; every house in Buenaventure blown down, and twenty vessels destroyed. Herrera.
1509, July 29. Another hurricane in St. Domingo, which, although it did not commit so much damage in the town, did much injury in the country. Oviedo.
1526, October. A hurricane with severe rain, causing a flood. Herrera. 1527. Hurricane in Cuba. The expedition under Narvaez was partly destroyed this year by a hurricane.
1530. A severe hurricane in Porto Rico. Herrera.
1623, September 19. Hurricane in St. Christopher's; it destroyed the crops of tobacco of the first settlers.
1642. There were three hurricanes in the course of this year in the West Indies; the second lasted twenty-four hours, during which the houses were all blown down in St. Christopher's, and twenty-three fully-laden vessels were destroyed upon the coast. A hurricane in Martinique. Du Tertre.
1651. 1652. A hurricane in the West Indies, from which the fleet under Prince Rupert greatly suffered. Prince Maurice his brother was lost in this hurricane.
1656. Two hurricanes in the West Indies. In Guadaloupe, most of the houses were destroyed; every vessel at anchor in the roads was wrecked, and most of their crews drowned. Du Tertre.
1657. Another severe hurricane in Guadaloupe, after which an enormous quantity of caterpillars showed themselves, which destroyed the vegetation which the gale had spared. Du Tertre.
1664, October 22 and 23. A severe gale and heavy rains destroyed the vegetation in Guadaloupe, and caused almost a famine.
1666, August 4 and 5. A severe hurricane in Guadaloupe which lasted twenty-four hours. It blew down the houses and killed several persons. This hurricane destroyed Lord Willoughby's armament, and he himself lost his life in it. It was likewise felt in Martinique and St. Christopher's, but with less violence.
1667, August 19. A hurricane in Barbados. (See ante, p. 45.) 1667, September 1. A tremendous hurricane desolated the island of St. Christopher's; not a house or sugar-work remained standing. It began at nine o'clock in the morning with a strong gale from the north, which
lasted until five o'clock in the afternoon; at six it shifted to the south,
1670, October 7. A hurricane in Jamaica which drove the English fleet ashore, except Morgan's vessel.
1675, August 31. 1681. The island 1694, August 13. 1694, October.
1674, August 10. A severe gale in Barbados. (See ante, p. 45.)
1707. A severe hurricane in Nevis.
1712, August 28. A dreadful hurricane in Jamaica. Bryan Edwards. 1713. A hurricane in Guadaloupe. Warden.
1714, August 13 and 14. Another hurricane in Guadaloupe. Warden. 1714, August 29. Jamaica suffered from a severe gale, and several men-ofwar were driven ashore. Warden.
1722, August 28. A tremendous hurricane in Jamaica which shook the island to its foundation. Bryan Edwards.
1726, October 22. A severe hurricane in Jamaica; several houses and about fifty vessels were destroyed in the different ports.
1728, August 19. Hurricane at Antigua.
1731. A severe storm in Barbados. (See ante, p. 46.) 1734. A hurricane did great damage in Jamaica.
1737, September 9. The town of St. Louis in St. Domingo was entirely destroyed by a hurricane. All the ships at anchor were thrown upon the coast. Gentleman's Magazine.
1738. Grande-Terre in Guadaloupe suffered severely from a hurricane.
1740. A hurricane devastated the southern coast of the island of Porto Rico. Warden.
1744, October 20. A hurricane demolished the Mosquito fort in Jamaica; eight men-of-war and ninety-six merchant vessels were stranded, It lasted twenty-four hours, and the wind was
wrecked, or foundered.
all that time due south.
1747, September 21 and October 24. Two hurricanes committed great
1754, September. St. Domingo was greatly injured by a hurricane; twelve
1762, December 9. A storm from the southward in Carthagena accompanied by an earthquake; two Spanish men-of-war driven ashore, and the castle of Santa Maria was entirely destroyed.
1766, August 13 and 14. A tremendous hurricane ravaged Martinique so
that its effects were felt for twenty years after. It commenced on the 13th of August at ten o'clock at night, with a strong wind from the north-west, which was followed by an earthquake. About one hundred persons lost their lives, and upwards of thirty-five ships foundered or were stranded. Warden.
1766, September 13 and 15. A severe hurricane in St. Christopher's and Montserrat; half the town destroyed in the latter island, and many vessels lost. Annual Register.
1766, September 21. A violent hurricane in St. Eustatius and Tortuga.
1766, October 6. A severe gale in Dominica and Guadaloupe; five vessels driven ashore. Annual Register.
1766, October 22 and 23. A violent hurricane in the harbour of Pensacola.
Five Spanish vessels driven ashore in the Bay of St. Barnard. 1768, October 25. A tremendous hurricane at Havanna. Above 4100 houses were destroyed, and more than 1000 persons perished. nual Register.
1772, August 4 and 5. The southern part of St. Domingo was devastated by a hurricane which lasted five hours; many vessels were lost. Warden.
1772, August 28. A hurricane accompanied by an earthquake did great injury in Porto Rico.
1772, August 31. A most violent hurricane devastated the Leeward and Virgin Islands. It commenced from the north-east, and after a short calm shifted suddenly to the south-west by south. Numerous persons were killed, and the greater number of vessels in these islands destroyed.
1774, October 20. A hurricane in Jamaica. 1776, September 5 and 6. A hurricane destroyed twenty-two sail in Martinique, and committed great damage in Guadaloupe.
1780, October 3 and 4. A hurricane and earthquake laid waste Savannah-lamar in Jamaica, and destroyed a great portion of the county of Cornwall. The hurricane was felt on the 4th in Cuba. Annual Register; Bryan Edwards.
1780, October 10 and 11. Dreadful hurricane in Barbados (see ante, p. 46), St. Lucia, St. Vincent, Grenada, St. Christopher's, &c. The hurricane was accompanied by an earthquake in Martinique, where it committed the greatest ravages; 9000 persons were said to have perished, and the damage was estimated at 700,000 Louis-d'or. Annual Register. [Warden gives the 10th of November, no doubt erroneously, as the date of this awful occurrence.]
1781, August 1. Jamaica was again desolated by a hurricane; several men-ofwar and merchant vessels were lost. It extended to Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Annual Register.
1784, July 30. Another hurricane in Jamaica, accompanied by two shocks of an earthquake; numerous lives were lost, and every vessel in the harbour except four was foundered or stranded. Westminster Magazine.
1785, August 27.
1786, September 2. A violent hurricane in Barbados. (See ante, p. 50.) 1786, September 10. Guadaloupe suffered great damage from a hurri
Jamaica suffered from a hurricane. Bryan Edwards.
1786, October 20. A hurricane in Jamaica. Bryan Edwards.
1787, August 3, 23 and 29. Dominica was visited by three severe gales in this month, which destroyed all the vessels in the island, and blew down the barracks and buildings upon Morne Bruce. Annual Register.
1787, September 23. A violent hurricane and floods of rain at Belize. It began to blow from the north-north-west and shifted to the southwest; five hundred houses were thrown down and one hundred persons perished; eleven square-rigged vessels were lost.
1788, August 14. A hurricane committed great damage in Martinique.
1791, June 21. Heavy rains and severe winds caused a flood in Havannah, by which 257 of the inhabitants lost their lives, and 11,700 head of cattle are said to have perished in the flood. Annual Register.
1792, August 1. Severe hurricane in Antigua, St. Bartholemew's and the other Leeward Islands. Annual Register.
1793, August. Severe hurricane in St. Christopher's. Bryan Edwards. 1794, August 27 and 28. A great hurricane at the Havannah, which caused the loss of several vessels. Humboldt; Warden.
1795, August 18. Much injury was done to Antigua by a hurricane. Bryan Edwards.
1796, October 3. A hurricane raged at the Bahamas and committed much injury to the shipping and the country. Bryan Edwards.
1801, July 22. A terrible hurricane at Nassau ; 120 sail were lying as wrecks on shore. Bryan Edwards.
1804, September 3 and 6. A severe hurricane began to blow on the 3rd of September at Martinique, Guadaloupe, Porto Rico, the Virgin Islands, &c., extended through all the Leeward islands, and was felt on the 8th of September at the coast of Carolina at Charleston the loss was estimated at a million of dollars. The island of St. Christopher's suffered severely; 274 vessels were said to have been lost in the West Indies. Bryan Edwards.
1805, July 27. Hurricane in the latitude of Jamaica.
1806, August 30, September 13, October 5 and 27. The Bahamas were visited by four dreadful gales this year, which produced the greatest misery.
1806, September 9. A dreadful hurricane in Dominica; 457 persons were killed, and almost every house blown down. Every vessel in the harbour was sunk or driven ashore. Bryan Edwards.
1806, September 24. Another gale in Dominica.
1806, October 5. A gale in Barbados. (Sec ante, p. 51.)