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1807, July 25. A severe gale in St. Christopher's and Montserrat; nine vessels were lost.

1809, July 27 and August 1.. Two gales in the West Indies, but more severely in Dominica and Guadaloupe. The Jamaica fleet was dispersed by this gale on the 27th of July.

Severe gale in Guadaloupe.

1809, September 2.
1809, October 13. A gale in Martinique.

1809, October 18.

Trinidad suffered from a gale attended with dreadful lightning and deluging rains. Some small vessels were driven ashore. 1810, August 12. Trinidad was visited by a severe gale, which committed

much injury, chiefly in Toco, where scarcely a house was left standing. Similar were the effects in the quarter of Diego Martin. It was felt in Barbados, and the schooner Laura was driven ashore.

1812, October 12. A severe gale in Jamaica.

1812, October 14. The same hurricane destroyed 500 houses in the city of Trinidad in Cuba, and many vessels were sunk or wrecked in the harbour of Casilda.

1813, July 22. A severe gale in Barbados. (See ante, p. 51.)

1813, July 22 and 23. Dominica, Martinique, and St. Christopher's were seriously damaged by this hurricane. The barracks at Morne Bruce were leveled with the ground, and numbers of persons were killed and wounded, or blown over the cliffs into the sea. All the shipping were driven ashore in St. Christopher's. Bryan Edwards.

1813, July 26. The consequences of this severe hurricane in Bermuda were of the most lamentable kind. In the harbour of St. George more than sixty sail of ships were stranded. Bryan Edwards.

1813, July 31. A hurricane blew with great violence in Jamaica. A number of vessels sunk or were stranded in Port Royal. During the storm a severe shock of an earthquake was felt. Bryan Edwards.

1813, August 25. Another hurricane occurred in Dominica, which was attended by deluges of rain. Bryan Edwards.

1815, September 18. A great gale commenced on the 18th of September at St. Bartholomew's; it reached Turk's island on the 20th, and extended to Rhode island, where it blew on the 23rd with great force from the south-east.

1815, September 29. A gale did some injury to the shipping in Barbados. 1815, October 18 and 19. A severe storm in Jamaica, which proved particularly destructive to the county of Surrey. Several vessels were stranded and some lives lost. Annals of Jamaica.

1816, September 15, A severe gale in Barbados. (See ante, p. 51.) 1816, October 16 and 17. A severe gale in Dominica, Martinique, &c. During the height of the storm in Dominica on the 17th, some shocks of an earthquake were felt which shook the stone buildings to their foundations. The shock was likewise felt in Barbados at a quarter-past ten on the 17th.

1817, September 15. A severe gale in Dominica.

1817, October 21. A tremendous hurricane, which exercised its fury over the

islands of St. Vincent, Dominica, St. Lucia, Martinique, &c. General Seymour, the Governor of St. Lucia, with many others perished by the fall of the Government House. The shipping in Barbados suffered severely.

1818, August 28. A violent gale in Bermuda.

1818, September 27. A severe gale in Barbados. (See ante, p. 51.) It extended to Dominica, Martinique, &c.

1819, September 21 and 22. A most destructive hurricane caused the greatest damage and serious loss of life in the Virgin Islands. It extended to Porto Rico; it was likewise felt in St. Martin's, St. Christopher's, St. Bartholomew's, Antigua, and as far south as St. Lucia. 1819, October 13 and 15. A severe gale accompanied by floods of rain in

Barbados. (See ante, p. 51.)

1821, September 1. A severe gale accompanied by a shock of an earthquake was felt in Guadaloupe; upwards of 200 lives were lost, and eightyeight houses were destroyed in Basse-Terre. Warden.

1821, September 1. A severe hurricane was experienced the same day in Turk's Island; it extended on the 2nd to the Bahamas, and was felt

on the 3rd along the coast of North America from Carolina to Long Island. Redfield.

1821, September 9. A severe gale in Antigua, St. Bartholomew's. 1822, March 11. A severe gale at Montego Bay in Jamaica.

1822, December 18 and 19. A severe gale did great injury in Barbados. (See ante, p. 52.) It was felt in Dominica, Martinique, and Guadaloupe. In the latter island sixteen French and ten American vessels besides coasters were stranded.

1825, July 26. A terrific hurricane in Dominica, Martinique, Guadaloupe, and Porto Rico. Numerous lives were lost in Basse-Terre; in Guadaloupe, among others, was the Abbé Graffé, Bishop of the French in the West Indies. Six villages were destroyed in Porto Rico.

1825, October 1. A severe gale in Cuba, which destroyed a large number of buildings. Warden.

1827, August 18 and 21.

Violent hurricanes in Antigua, St. Christopher's, the Virgin Islands, Hayti, Jamaica, &c. It extended to Turk's Island on the 20th, and to the Bahamas on the 21st. It passed over Barbados without much injury. Redfield.

1827, August 28. A gale of greater violence than that of the 17th of August raged in St. Thomas's and the other Virgin Islands.

1830, August 11, 12 and 14. A severe gale at Dominica and Antigua; it extended to St. Thomas's. It reached Turk's Island on the 13th, and the Bahamas on the 14th of August. Redfield.

1830, August 22 and 23. A severe gale in Turk's Island and the Bahamas.

Redfield.

1830, September 29. A severe gale in the Caribbee Islands. Redfield. 1831, June 23 and 24. An awful gale in Trinidad, where it caused great injury. It was felt very severely in Tobago and Grenada, and extended to the coast of Yucatan.

1831, August 10 and 11. A terrific hurricane in Barbados. (See ante, p. 53.) It produced great damage in St. Vincent and St. Lucia, and slightly touched Martinique. On the 12th it arrived at Porto Rico; the town of Aux Cayes in Hayti was nearly destroyed by its force, and St. Jago de Cuba much injured. On the 14th it was at the Havannah, on the 16th and 17th on the northern shores of the Mexican sea. It blew a dreadful gale in New Orleans on the 17th, accompanied with torrents of rain. Almost all the shipping in the river were driven ashore. The back part of the city of New Orleans was completely inundated. It was simultaneously felt at Pensacola and Mobile, and extended to Natchez 300 miles up the river. Its duration was six days from the time it commenced in Barbados and its course cycloidal; the distance passed over by the storm from Barbados to New Orleans is 2100 nautical miles, and the average rate of its progress fourteen miles an hour. Purdy.

1832, June 6. A hurricane in the Bahamas, which was felt in Bermuda on

the following day.

1834, October 20 and 21. 1835, August 12 and 13.

Severe gale in Martinique. Warden.

A severe hurricane in Antigua, Nevis, St. Christopher's, Virgin Island, Porto Rico, passing over Cuba.

1835, September 3. A severe gale in Barbados. (See ante, p. 61.) 1837, July 9 and 10. A gale in Barbados. (See ante, p. 61.) 1837, July 26. Another gale in Barbados. (See ante, p. 62.) It passed over Martinique, St. Crux, and extended to the straits of Florida. Reid.

1837, August 2 and 4. A severe hurricane in Antigua, the Virgin islands, Porto Rico, and raged on the 6th on the coast of Florida. Reid. 1837, August 14 and 15. A severe gale at Turk's Island and Cayos. 1844, October 5. A severe hurricane at the Havannah. 1846, September 12. A gale in Barbados. (See ante, p. 62.) 1846, October 10 and 11. A severe hurricane at the Havannah. A destruc

tive swell of the sea was felt at the east end of Jamaica on the 10th, at the west end on the 11th, and an overwhelming flood on the intermediate islands of the Caymanas.

From the year 1494 to 1846, or in a period of 352 years, I have found recorded 127 hurricanes and severe gales which committed more or less injury in the West Indies. Of this number occurred in the month of March, 1; June, 4; July, 11; August, 40; September, 28; October, 28; December, 2; and of 13 I have not succeeded in finding the month recorded.

V. (Page 440.)

Recapitulation of the number of persons killed, wounded, those who have died of wounds, and those missing, in consequence of the hurricane of

August 1831.

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Parish of
St. Michael.

Total killed in each parish. . 373 135 156|

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Christ Church.

6122

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29

243 105 117

3 13

St. Philip.

26

15

345

4

1

41

St. John.

46

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12 5

St. George.

41

14

St. Thomas.

11

4

57 129 112 105

4

5

St. James.

22

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22

16 1620

62 143 127 125 105 123 32 96 1477

1

2

2

St. Peter.

24

St. Lucy.

St. Andrew.

St. Joseph.

3

3

14 247 8 65 89 102 32 74 1165)

1

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7

7 2 8 114

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67 192

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460 150 214 67 143 154 154 106 133 34 1721787,

Remarks. The above is the number of killed, wounded, &c., according to the official returns from each parish; but it is obvious, and also generally known, that many persons have refused or neglected to report the losses they have sustained, and many individuals are killed who left no friend to lament their death, or give information of it to the proper quarter. The number killed, and who have since died of injury, may be estimated at about 2500.

The number of killed and wounded in the several military departments is as follows:

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Summary of the estimated value of public, private, and slave property, destroyed by the hurricane of August 1831. The value of principal losses of shipping are not

government

property and the

included.

6

30

:

1

1:12

124

52

7

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110

1

2

242

[graphic]

17,010

7,490

8,540

3,990

9,030

8,140

7,490

6,230

7,630

2,240

5,460

80,000

2,040,429

83,250 80,000 2,311,729

Reduced to army sterling at 4s. 4d. the dollar, £1,602,798 15s. 54d.; or in dollars,

$7,397,532 and ths.

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