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them and are relieved of their sufferings. But, in the Muslim folk-tale, the hero communicates the remedies which he had learnt from his Luck to the several suffering persons and animal. The latter (with the exception of the animal) agree to a-lopt the remedies but, at the same time, propose to reward him suitably. But the hero refuses to accept the proferred rewards and, thereby, proves himself to be

the greatest fool. (9) that, in the three Hindu folk-tales, the hero returns

home loaded with rewards given by the several persons and animals whom he had benefitted, and lives happily ever

ever afterwards. But, in the Muslim folk-tale, the hero's fate is a tragic one, for the suffering beast, instead of rewarding him, gobbles

him up;

(h) that the only curious incident which occurs in the

Muhammadan version is the fact of the hero's falling in with a king who is really a woman in disguise and whose subjects, therefore, do n. t obey him. It has an analogue, in the folk-tale from North Bihar, in the incident of the Rājá whose bridge topples down in the evening because his daughter has not

been given away in marriage. We thus see that the Muhammadan folk-tale does not fit into the aforementioned story-radical which we have fixed for the Hindu stories of "the Hero and the Deity Type." We will have, therefore, to fix the following modified story-radical so that the foregoing Muslim version may fit into it :1. A hero goes to a deity to beg of him a boon, or to a

supernatural being to wake him up. 2. On the way, the hero meets with several suffering persons

and animals, and a tree, all of whom importune him to inquire from the deity or supernatural being the causes of, and the remedies for, their respective troubles.

3. The hero obtains his own boon or effects his own purpose,

and learns from the deity or supernatural being the causes of, and the remedies for, their respective

troubles. 4. The hero communicates the same to them, all of whom

adopt the remedies and are, at once, relieved of their

troubles. 5. The hero is suitably rewarded by the benefitted persons

and animals, and lives happily thereafter. But, in one case, the hero refuses to accept the rewards offered by the benefitted persons and is, in the end, eaten up by the suffering beast,

Notes of the Quarter.

I.--Proceedings of the Council Meeting

of the Bihar and Orissa Research Society, held on 9th November 1918, at 3 p.m. at the Society's Office.


The Hon'ble Mr. E. H. C. Walsh, C.S.I., 1.0.8., Vice. President, in the chair.

V. H. Jackson, Esq., MA.
Professor J. N. Samaddar, B.A., P.R.E.S., F.H.S.
K. P. Jayaswal, Esq., M.A., Honorary Secretary,

1. The proceedings of the last meeting were read and confirmed.

With reference to the purchase of a typewriter the VicePresident said that Mr. Jayaswal's typewriter had been valued by the Local Agent of the Remington Typewriter Company at Rs. 150 and had been purchased for that amount. 2. The following new menubers were elected :

(1) K. P. Mody, Esq., Ahmedabad.
(2) The Hon'ble Mr. Keane, Secretary to the Govern-

ment of United Provinces, Allahabad.
(3) Nar. Bohidar, Esq., Deputy Inspector, Kalahandi

State. (4) Babu Ramanand Singh, B. L., P, O. Parsa, District

Saran. (5) Babu Sambhu Saran Varma, M. A., B. I., Vakil,

High Court, Patna. (6) Babu Girija pati Sahay, m. A., B. 1, Near Dean's

Tank, Arrah. (7) Babu Padamraj Jain Raniwalı, 7-9, Jugomohan

Mullick's Lane, Calcutta,

(8) Babu Govinda Das, Benares.
(9) Babu Jainath Pati, Nawada, Gaya.
(10) Babu Shiva Prosad Gupta, Nandan Sahu Street,

Benares City.
(11) Dr. Hari Chand, LITT D., Superintendent of Sans-

krit Studies, Bibar and Orissa, Patna. (12) Babu Manoranjan Ghosh, 1. A., Curator, Patna

Museum. 3. The note dated 10th August, 1918, of the Hon'ble VicePresident regarding withdrawal of Rs. 500 granted by Government for Babu Sarat Chandra Roy's office establishment and to deposit the sum in the Chota Nagpur Bank at Ranchi, was read and confirmed.

4. Read letter, dated 25th May 1918, from Messrs. Luzac & Co., offering to accept the agency for the sale of the Society's publications on the terms mentioned therein, Resolved that the offer be accepted and also that Messrs. John Grant, Edinburgh, Messrs. Edwards, London, and Messrs. Blackwell, Oxford, be asked for their terms and that agents be also approved in America and Paris.

5. Read letter from Mahamahopadhya Hara Prasad Shastri to His Honour the President, dated 18th June 1918, recommending the appointment of an Assistant on Rs. 25 to the Orissa Pandit.

Mr. Jayaswal said that he had seen the Pandit when at Puri recently, who had shown him Pandit Jagarnath Hot Kabyathirta, the assistant whom he wished to have, who is well qualified in Sanskrit and knows English and who is willing to accept Rs. 20.

Resolved that Pandit Jagarnath Hota Kabyathirta be appointed Assistant to the Orissa Pandit on Rs. 20 per mensem.

. 6. Read a letter, dated 7th November 1918, from Pandit Bisvanath Rath, Kabyathirta, who is engaged in cataloguing manuscript in Orissa, addressed to the Director of Public Instruction,

Resolved that the letter be forwarded to the Director of Public Instruction with recommendation.

7. Read letter No. 1877-E., dated 2nd November 1918, from Under-Secretary to the Goveroment of Bihar and Orissa, Education Department, sanctioning the extra grant of Rs. 400 in connection with the catalogue of Sanskrit manuscript in Bihar districts. Resolved that the thanks of the Council be submitted to Government.

8. The list of books purchased for the Library since the last meeting, amounting to Rs. 379-2-6, was sanctioned.

9. Read an application from the clerk for an increase of his pay (Rs. 35) on account of the present high prices. Resolved that an allowance of Rs. 5 per mensem be given so long as abnormally high prices continued.

10. Read a lett ar from Dr. Spooner, dated 9th November 1918, resigning his membership of the Council as he has been recently transferred from Bankipur. Resolved that the resignation be accepted with regret that Dr. Spooner can no longer continue a member.

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