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should attend prudence and diligence; and, as all men are not equal in the faculties of either body or mind, by which riches and respect are acquired, a necessity of superiority and subordination springs from the very nature which God has given us.
All this I am sen. sible is so well understood by you, that I would not have mentioned the matter had there not been present other auditors, who may not have fully considered the origin, relations, and dependencies of civil society.
• " Are the French coming hither to enrich the nation ? Will they pay attention to the poor of this country, when they have so many thousands of infinitely poorer persons in their own? Will they reward their seditious adherents amongst us? Yes, they will reward them, as all history informs us such traitors ever have been rewarded--they will reward them with contempt, pillage, beggary, slavery, and death. The nation will be ruined by exorbitant impo. sitions, our naval power will be destroyed, our commerce transferred to France,.--Our lands will be divided (not amongst those who wickedly covet their neighbour's goods), but amongst French soldiers, who will be every where stationed, as the Roman soldiers were of old, to awe the people, and collect the taxes, the fower of our youth will be compelled to serve in foreign countries, to promote the wicked projects of French ambition,-- Great Britain will be made an appendage to conti. nental despotism.
“ I would say to the most violent democrat in the kingdom, --suppose the business done ; after seas of blood have been shed, millions of lives lost, towns plundered, villages burned, the Royal family exterminated, and unuttera
ble calamity had been endured by persons of all ranks; after all this has been done, what advantages will you have obtained beyond what you now possess? Will your property be better protected? Will your personal liberty be more respected ? Will our code of juris. prudence be improved ? Will our laws be more impartially administered ? Quite the con. trary of all this now takes place in France. I do not say that when things are settled there, the present wretched condition of its inhabi. tants will be continued, and I hope it will not; but I am sincerely of opinion that few of us will live to see such a system established in France, as will procure to its inhabitants half the blessings which our ancestors have enjoyed, which we do enjoy, and which it is our interest to take care that our posterity shall enjoy, un. der the constitution of Great Britain."...Dr. Watson.
JERUSALEM Is so celebrated a city in Sacred History, that a recent description of it will be accceptable. The author visited the spot in 1797, and his account is worthy attention.
“I must confess the aspect of Jerusalem did not gratify my expectation. On ascending an hill, distant about three miles, this celebrated city rose to view, seated on an eminence, but surrounded by others of a greater height, and its walls, which remain tolerably perfect, form the chief object in the approach. They are constructed of a reddish stone. As the day was extremely cold, and snow began to fall, the prospect was not so interesting as it might have proved at a more favourable season.
“ Mendicants perfectly swarm in the place, allured by the hope of alms from the piety of the pilgrims. The religious of the Terra Santa retain great power; and there is one manu: facture that fourishes in the utmost vigour, namely, that of reliques, crucifixes inlaid with mother-of-pearl, chaplets, and the like. Yet the church of the Holy Sepulchre is so much neglected, that the snow fell into the middle ; the heams, said to be cedar, are falling, and the whole roof is in ruinous state. The Armenian Convent is elegant, and so extensive, as to present accommodation for no less than a thousand pilgrims.
" During twelve or thirteen days, a very deep snow lay upon the ground. The Catholic convent has a large subterraneous cistern, into which the snow melting from the roof, and other parts, is conveyed, and supplies the monks with water for a great portion of the year.
“ The best view of Jerusalem is from the Mount of Olives, on the east of the city. In front is the chief mosque, which contains, according to the tradition of the Mahomedans, the body of Solomon. From the same Mount may be discovered, in a clear day, the Dead Sea, nearly south-east, reflecting a whitish gleam. The intervening region appears very rocky.
« The Tombs of the Kings, so denominated, are worthy of remark, being of Grecian 'sculp ture, and on a hard rock. There are several ornaments on the sarcophagi, of foliage and flowers, and each apartment is secured with a massive pannelled door of stone. Great ravages have heen made here in search of treasure. These tombs have, probably, been constructed
in the time of Herod and his successors, kings of Judea.
“ We may safely estimate the present, popu. lation of Jerusalen, at from eighteen to twenty thousand. It is governed by an Aga, appointed by the Pasha of Damascus; but he is allowed so tew troops, that all Palestine may be regarded as in the power of the Arabs. The Christian women, who abound in Jerusalem, wear white veils as a distinction from the Mahomedan, who wear other colours.' Arabic is the general language, except among the Armenians and Greeks.--. Brown.
DUTIES OF SCHOOL BOYS OUGHT to be enumerated ; brought forward and pressed on the youthful attention ; they, are thus clearly stated, and happily described.
“ QUINTILIAN includes almost all the duty of scholars in this one piece of advice, which he gives them : To love those who teach them as they love the sciences which they learn of their instructors; and to look upon their teachers as fathers, from whom they derive not the life of the body, but that instruction which is in a manner the life of the soul. If they pos. sess this sentinient of affection and respect, it suffices to make them apt to learn during the time of their studies, and full of gratitude all the rest of their lives.
“ Docility, which consists in submitting to the directions given them, in readily receiving the instructions of their masters, and in reduc. ing them to practice, is properly tlie virtue of scholars, as that of masters is to teach well. The one can do nothing without the other : and
as it is not sufficient for a labourer to sow the seed, unless the earth, after having opened her bosom to receive it, encourage its growth by warmth and moisture ; so the whole fruit of instruction depends upon a good correspond. ence between the master and the scholar.
" Gratitude for those who have laboured in our education is the characteristic of an honest man, and the tribute of a good heart. Who is there among us, says Cicero, that has been in. structed with any care, that is not highly de. lighted with the sight, or even the bare remeni. brance of his preceptors, masters, and the place where he was taught and brought up ? Seneca exhorts young men to preserve always a great respect for their masters ; to whose care they are indebted for the amendment of their faults, and for having imbibed sentiments of honour and probity.
“ The exactness and severity of our teachers may displease sometimes at an age when we are not in a condition to judge of the obligations we owe them ; but when years have ripened our understanding and judgment, we discern that their admonitions, and a severe exactness in restraining the passions of an imprudent and inconsiderate age, are the very things which should make us esteem and love them. Thus Marcus Aurelius, one of the wisest and illustrious emperors that Rome ever had, thanked heaven for two things especially.--for his having had excellent tutors himself, and that he had found the like for his children.
The duties of schoolboys consist in docility and obedience; the respect for their masters, zeal for study, and a thirst after the sciences, joined to an abhorrence of vice and irregularity, together with a sincere and fervent de