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sire of pleasing God, and referring all their ac. tions to Him. -. Rollin.
SINGULAR SUPERSTITION. WHEN we give up the exercise of reason in matters of religion ; we must not wonder at the absurd consequences with which such a mea. sure is attended ; our faith and practice become in such a case ridiculous beyond expression.
“ I CANNOT refrain from mentioning an instance of what appeared to me one of the most debasing acts of superstition I had ever wit. nessed. One morning in a church in the great square, I noticed a well-dressed man come in, and who crossed himself with more than usual devotion. Soon afterwards he threw himself down on his knees before a crucifix and actu. ally licked the pavement with his tongue! Af. ter he had done this some time in one direction he repeated it cross ways, and having thus licked the shape of a crucifix rudely upon the pavement, he rose, well assured that he had done a most meritorious action. I cannot ex. press my feelings of mingled disgust and pity at the sight of this abject wretch, who thus thought to honour God by debasing his image! my first emotions were to spurn him as he lay, and in order to check these emotions I was obliged hastily to quit a temple where the bi. gotry of the votaries was so sadly in unison with the mummeries of the priest."---Semple.
a most singular people; they have been justly considered as a standing miracle; and
therefore an irrefragable proof of the divinity of that religion which has for its object the sale vation of mankind.
" THE Egyptians, the Assyrians, the Macedonians, the Romans, who successively oppressed, subdued, or enslaved the Jews have long since closed their career of greatness and have no more a name among the nations. These mighty empires which rose on the ruins of one another have vanished from the eart in like the scenes of theatrical pomp on the visi. ons of a morning dream! The descendants of the individuals which composed them are lost, and blended among the common mass of man. kind. But the Jews, though they have been dispersed among all nations, have never been confounded with any. Notwithstanding the destruction of Jerusalem, and their extermina. tion from Judea, they still preserve their ancient character, their national peculiarities, and are a distinct race among men. They have remained unmixed with all the people among whom they have been scattered; they can trace their pedigree to the remotest antiquity and their descent from the blood of the Patri. archs. Of the truth and divinity of that reli. gion which was revealed to their father, they in their present calamitous and dispersed situ. ation, are witnesses to all the world !”
OFTEN greatly deceives us ; its operation respecting the dead is singular, bul the follow. ing illustration of this subject is entitled to attention,
“ THE melancholy appearance of a lifeless body--the mansion provided for it to inhabit dark, cold, close and solitary, are shocking to the imagination, but it is to the imagination only--not to the understanding, for whoever consults this last faculty will see at once that there is nothing dismal in all these cireumstances. If the corpse were kept wrapt up in a warm bed, with a large fire in the room, it would feel no comfortable warmth from thence --were store of tapers lighted up as soon as the day shuts in, it would not be gratified at the sight--were it left at large it would have no li. berty nor though surrounded by company would it be cheered. Neither areihe distorted ghastly features expressions of pain, uneasiness or distress. This every one knows and will readily acknowledge, yet still cannot hehold nor even cast a thought upon those objects without shuddering ; for knowing that a living person must suffer grievously under those circumstances they become habitually formidable to the mind, and strike a mechanical horror which is increas. ed by the customs of the world around us !"
THE INVENTION OF PRINTING WAS pregnant with the first of blessings to man. kind ; it diffuses knowledge civil and religious to the ends of the earth with a telegraphic rapidity.
« WHILST the munificence of the rich, and the industry of the learned, were thus employ. ed throughout Italy in preserving the remains of ancient authors, some obscure individuals, in a corner of Germany, had conceived, and
were silently bringing to perfection, an inven. tion which, by means equally effectual and un. expected, secured to the world the result of their labours. This was the Art of Printing with moveablc types; a discovery of which the beneficial effects have been increasing to the present day, and are yet advancing with acce. lerated progress. The coincidence of this dise covery, with the spirit of the times in which it had birth, was highly fortunate. Had it been made known at a much earlier period, it would have been disregarded or forgotten, from the mere want of materials on which to exercise it; and had it been further postponed, it is pro. bable that, notwithstanding the generosity of the rich, and the diligence of the learned, many works would have been totally lost, which are now justly regarded as the noblest monuments of the human intellect.-Roscoe.
Is of that refined and delicate nature that it raises, multiplies, and extends all the comforts of life ; its fascinating influence is better conceived than described. She may be supposed thus to address the human race.
" YE children of men ! Ye abound in the gifts of Providence, and many are the favours heaven has bestowed upon you.
The earth teems with bounty, pouring forth the necessaries of life, and the refinements of luxury. The sea refreshes you with its breezes, and carries you to distant shores upon its bosom ; it links nation to nation in the bonds of mutual advantage, and transfers to every climate the blessings of all. To the sun you are indebted for the
splendor of the day, and the grateful return of season; it is he who guides you as you wander through the trackless wilderness of space, lights up the beauties of nature around you, and makes her break forth into fruitfulness and joy. But know that these, though delightful, are not the pleasures of the heart. They will not heal the wounds of fortune, they will not enchant solitude, or suspend the feeling of pain. Know, that I only am mistress of the soul. To me it belongs to impart agony and rapture. Hope and despair, terror and delight, walk in my my train. My power extends
time itself, as well as over all sublunary beings. It can turn ages into moments, and moments into ages. Lament not the dispensations of Provi. dence, amongst which the bestowment of my influence is one. He who feels it may not be happy, but he who is a stranger to it must be miserable !"...Hall.
THE CAPTURE OF CONSTANTINOPLE In the year 1453, proved the means of diffusing literature throughout Europe; it threw open all the treasares of antiquity.
“ NEARLY the same period of time that gave the world the important discovery of printing, saw the destruction of the Roman empire in the east. In the year 1453, the city of Constantinople was captured by the Turks, under the command of Mahomet II. after a vigorous de. fence of fifty.three days. The encouragement which had been shewn to the Greek professors at Florence, and the character of Cosmo de Medici as a promoter of letters, induced many learned Greeks to seek a shelter in that city,