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Woden became universal. At the time when the monk St. Augustine arrived in this country for the pious purpose of converting its usurpers A. D. 596, it has been supposed that there was not a book to be found through the whole ex. tent of the island. From this time, howeyer'; there was a period of comparative illumination. The Saxons had poetry, and the missionaries from Rome brought with them such literature as Europe then had to boast. We had our Bede, our Alcuin, and our Alfred. This infancy of improvement was nearly crushed by the Danes, the inveterate foes of monasteries and learning, who were, in the tenth century, what the Saxons had already been in the sixth. England presents little to sooth the eye of the lover of civi. lization, from the retreat of the Romans to the epoch of the Norman conquest, when a race of warriors, educated in a happier scene, and a succession of kings, nearly all of distinguished ability, brought back to us the abode of the muses and the arts of cultivated life.

During this interval, London, the heart of of England, had experienced a common fate with the rest of its members. The walls, in deed, in considerahlė part remained, but the houses tumbled into ruin, and the tall grass wa. ved in the streets : not that it was ever wholly unpeopled, but that it was an inconsiderable place, in comparison of the dimensions which the Romans had inarked out for it. A short time, however, previously to the conquest, it had a bridge of wood erected over the Thames, a work which'would not have been constructed in those rude times, if it had not even then been & flourishing city.”... Godwin.

MYSTERY AND REVELATION

ARE not incompatible with each other ; at the saine time it is proper that each should be judiciously explained.

ALL is mystery, and all is revelation and discovery, from the insect, too small for sight, swimming in a drop of water, up to yonder flaming orb, which revolves at an immeasur. able distance over our heads. Is not man a great mystery to himself ? But is he to re. nounce his being because he is unable to explain it!--Is he to call the union of matter with mind an absurdity, because their mutual influence escapes his penetration ? How many combinations actually exist of which we have no per, ception, and which we would pronounce to be impossible! In all the ways and works of the Most High there is a wonderfal mixture of lu. minousness ayd obscurity, of minuteness and magnitude, of complexness and simplicity..."

Dr. Henry Hunter,

ADDRESS TO CHRISTIAN MOTHERS,

" What is the lot of a female without the consolations of Religion ? And how is a young wo. man to learn religion, if not from her own mother? Let me remind you of what you once thought, felt, and resolved ? You carried that child with uneasiness and anxiety in your womb---you formed a thousand fond wishes. you put up a thousand prayersw.you came under à thousand engagements. You employed, not perhaps the very words of Hannah, but un. doubtedly you entered entirely into her views,

and the fruit ot the womb was to be holiness to the Lord. Well...God has been gracious to thee and remembered thee. Thou hast survived the danger, and been delivered from the pangs of child-birth! You have enjoyed the satisfaction of training the beloved of your soul through the dangers, difficulties, and solicitudes of infancy and childhood. God has graciously done his part, and you have so far performed yours. But did your engagements cease when the infant was weaned ? Did you rear that tender plant with so much anxiety, tenderness, and care, only to poison and corrupt it after it has began to take root and bud? Know you not that the inconsiderations and fully of a day may destroy the pains and labour of many years, and the eyes of children are much quicker and more retentive than their ears?

Happy that daughter who is betimes formed to habits of discretion, of purity, of regularity, of piety, by the tender guardian and guide of her early days! Happy that mother whose attention is bent on infusing betimes in her fe. male offspring at least, the principles of wisdom, virtue, and true godliness --who is honoured ta exenuplify what she teaches, and is blessed with a docile, affectionate and improving dis. ciple !” -Dr. Hunter,

THE FOLLY OF ATHEISM.

« WHERESOEVER a deity has been once known ; where his existence and his attributes have been explored by philosophical researches into causes and effects; where his will has been collected, however imperfectly, from the moral constitution of the world, or announced authoriratively by his sacred word ; where the

vorship of him has been recognised, by traditions, customs, and laws ; where his name hath been pronounced with reverence ; where his altars have been adorned with the free will offerings of a grateful and an humble spirit; where his temples have resounded with hymns of praise ; where his wrath hath been depre. çated, his favour implored, his agency felt, as it were, in prosperity or adversity; among such a people there never has been a complete universal instantaneous bound from habitual belief and habitual piety, into unbelief and ims piety upon principle, nor among such a people, will there ever be an unlimited range of action, and a continued succession of triumphs, to the dark and chilling subtieties of scepticism, or to the wild and daring dogmas of Atheism ! Why then should we be dismayed? Mighty are the waves of the sea, and they rage horribly. But in heaven above, and in the earth beneath, and in the water under the earth, a voice there is..far mightier."---Dr. Parr. UNREASONABLENESS OF INFIDELITY.

“ TO reject the Gospel because bad men pervert it, and weak men deforin it, and angry. men quarrel about it, and bigotted men look sour on others, and curse them, because they do not agree in every tittle with themselves, displays the same folly as if a person should cut down a tree, bearing abundance of delicious fruit, and furnishing a refreshing shade, because cater. pillars disfigured the leaves, and spiders made their webs among the branches !”-.Boguc.

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CHRISTIAN ZEAL.

“ IS there such a thing as Christian zeal ? And if there be, how shall we distinguish it, that we may not, like the true disciples, mistake our motive, and imagine ourselves zealous when we are only proud and vindictive? There is such a thing as Christian zeal, and it is easily distiuguished. Being the offspring of knowledge, and nourished by lode, its great object is inward purity. To distinctions merely exterior it pay's jittle regard. There is in it an arđour for truth, not that men may be either allured or terrified into a verbal profession of what they do not in their hearts believe (the grossest insult that can be offered to truth) but that they may attain a rational conviction. The interests of truth it. self it desires to promote for a still further end, that by means of it love may be kindled both to God and Man; that by means of it tempė. rance and justice, and piety and peace, may Aourish on the earth! A man thus minded will not 'sacrifice the end to the means, nor do à false, unjust, or cruel action, even for the sakė of truth itself. The persecutor (supposing all worldly motives totally excladed) is at the best in the eye of true zeal one who for the sake of the form of godliness would extirpate its power, and trample upon all that is most sacred and valuable among men !"--Dr. Campbell.

RELIGIOUS RÉFORMATION.

" WHEN shall the happy time arrive, when all prejudice and bigotry shall die away; when party spirit, discord, and animosity, shall be heard of no more among christians; when

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