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gentleman who was passing by, “ I will give yon five hundred pounds :---and now what will you do with it?” “Oh," says the porter, “I will soon tell you what I will do with it; First, I will have a pint of ale, and a toast and nat. meg, every morning for my breakfast.” “Well, and what time will you get up ?” “Oh, I have been used to be up at five or six o'clock, so I will now.” “ Well, what will you do after breakfast ?” “ Why I will fetch a walk till dinner.”
“ And what will you have for dinner?" " Why, I will have a good dinner; I will have good roast and boiled beef, and some carrots and greens--and I will have a full pot every day.--and then I will smoak a pipe." " Well and then, perhaps you will take a nap?” “May be I may-- no I will not take a nap ; I will fetch another walk till supper.” “Well, and what will you have for supper?" ("I do not know--I will have more beef, if I am hungry ; or else I will have a Welch rabbit, and another tull pot of beer." “ Well, and then ?"...“ Why then I will go to bed, to be sure.” “ Pray, how much now may you earn a week by your business ?” “ Why, master, I can make you eighteen shillings a week.” " Will not you be tired now, do you think, after a little while, in doing nothing every day?" “1 do not know, master; I have been thinking so.”
« Well then, let me propose a scheme to you.” “ Witla all my heart, master." “ Cannot you do all this every day, as you are and employ your time into the bargain ?” “ Why, really, so I can, master, I think; and so take your five kundred pounds again, and thank you."
JULIUS CÆSAR DEFENDED.
THE following sketch will enable the reader to form his own idea of this illustrious Roman; it is short, but drawn with ability and judg.
“ AN English philosopher has accused Julius Cæsar of being so wholly absorbed in the consideration of his sole and immediate interest, that, “ he established nothing for the future; he founded no sumptuous buildings; he procured the enactment of no wholesome laws." But these assertions are not strictly true; for it appears that he erected many splendid struc. tures, that he promulgated judicious laws, and established various regulations, calculated for permanent utility. It may be allowed, how. ever, that his love of fame, and his attention to public benefit, were subordinate to his thirst of power and dominion.
As oratory, which is so efficacious in a repub. lic, was eagerly cultivated by the Romans, Cæsar did not neglect the study of it; and he soon acquired a high rank among the luminaries of the forum. He spoke with ease and fluency, with spirit and dignity, with elegance and accuracy. In general literature he also excelled. As an author, be was greatly ap. plauded by his countrymen; and modern cri. tics have done equal justice to his merit. A treatise on the subject of analogy, two satires upon Cato, a poem descriptive of a journey, and other small pieces which he wrote, have not reached our times. But his military narra. tives are still extant. They exhibit an air of modest veracity, a strain of graceful and ner.
vous simplicity, and great propriety of remark.
A modern Frenchman (Ophellot), who styles himself a philosopher, speaks with contempt of those writers who consider Cæsar as a great man. But unmerited contempt recoils on the assailant, and falls harmless on the object of it, like the feeble javelin of Priam, tinkling on the shield of Pyrrhus. If extent of genius, invincible fortitude and vigor of mind, heroie conrage, unusual moderation and clemency, a capacity or the greatest enterprises, and a happy union of the talents of the statesman, the orator, and the warrior, entitle the possessor to the appellation of a great man, it may justly be attached to the name of Julius. That he added the purity of virtue to the brilliancy of greatness, cannot be affirmed with truth.
STUDYING THE WORKS OF CREATION CONDUCES both to our pleasure and improve. ment. Hence great and good men have taken a delight in this employ; and of the gratification to be derived from this exercise of the fa. culties, the great and small vulgar have no adequate conception.
“ CONTRAST the study of the works of cre. ation with the fashionable amusements of the age. The latter produces that hurry of the spi. rits and that agitation of the passions which are not always favorable to true enjoyment; the former calls into exercise admiration, gra. titude, and benevolence, dispositions which are both pleasing and salutary. Those are pur. sued at times and in places which often render
them injurious to the bodily constitution, this in places and at times most conducive to health, After the former the spirits are depressed and the mind feels a languor which renders the votaries of pleasure more the objects of pity than of envy; the other leaves the mind in a tranquil state, satisfied with itself, with surrounding objects, and with its Creator. When weary and disgusted with those scenes of con. fusion and devastation which the disorderly passions of men produce in the creation of God, I have often had recourse to employment in my garden. My breast has been soothed and my spirits enlivened by that salutary exercise,
and by indulging such reflections as these. Man • cannot withhold the genial beams of the sun, nor the refreshing rain of heaven. Still the shrubs and trees put forth their leaves and blossoms to delight us with their beauty and fragrance, and produce their fruit to gratify our taste. All is harmony in the works of God : and if his offspring were as kind to each other as their heavenly Father is good to all of them, what a delightful world would this be!"
Is a subject of frequent conversation among the vulgar: it, however, proves to be a small insect, perfectly harmless, and therefore the cause of groundless alarm.
" AMONG the popular superstitions which the almost general illumination of modern times has not been able to obliterate, the dread of the death-watch may well be considered as one of the most predominant, and still conti.
nues to disturb the habitations of rural tran. quillity with groundless fears, and absurd apprehensions. It is not indeed to be imagined that they who are engaged in the more impor. tant cares of providing the immediate necessaries of life should have either leisure or incli. nation to investigate with philosophical exactness the causes of a particular sound; yet it must be allowed to be a very singular circumstance that an animal so common should not be more universally known, and the peculiar noise which it occasionally makes be more universally understood. It is chiefly in the advanced state of spring that this alarming little animal commences ils sound, which is no other than the call or signal by which the male and female are led to each other, and which may be considered as analogous to the call of birds, though not owing to the voice of the insect, but to its beating on any hard substance with the shield, or fore part of its head! The prevailing number of the distinct strokes which it beats is from seven to nine, or eleven, which very cir. cumstance may perhaps still add, in some degree, to the ominous character which it bears, among the vulgar. These sounds, or beats, are given in pretty quick succession, and are re. peated at uncertain intervals; and in old houses, where the insects are numerous, may be heard at almost every hour of the day, es. pecially if the weather be warm. The sound exactly resembles that which may be made by beating moderately hard with the nail on a ta. ble. The insect is of a colour so nearly resemibling that of decayed wood, viz. an obscure greyish brown, that it may, for a considerable time elude the search of the enquirer. It is about a quarter of an inch in length, and is