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last vote, but it is understood that the majority of them | portant section of the volume deals with education, and a are in favour of some alteration in the present state of I prominent place is given in this summary to university thing.

and technical education. It appears that the Government

endowments to the universities of Sydney, Melbourne, A VERRATIN report of the proceedings of the Welsh Adelaide, and Tasmania in 1903 were respectively 15,5331., national conference on the training of teachers and pupil 13.50ol., 661l., and 4000l. In addition to the annual enteachers, beld at Shrewsbury last November, has just dowment, the Adelaide University has received a perpetual been published. An account of the conference appeared endowment of 50,000 acres of land from the Government in NATURE of November 17 (p. 66).

of South Australia. The University of New Zealand THE council of the City and Guilds of London Institute which is an examining, and not a teaching, body-has a has conferred the fellowship of the institute on Mr. H. | statutory grant of 3oool, a year from Government, and of Ceril Booth in recognition of the engineering work done | the affiliated colleges Auckland University College is in by tim since he gained his diploma of Associate of the receipt of a statutory grant of 4000l. a year. The UniCity add Gulds Institute in 1892.

versity of Otago derives a sum of about 5500l, annually Ox Wednesday, June 7, Viscount Goschen, as Chan

from rents of reserves. The Australasian universities are cellor of Oxford University, will lay the foundation-stone

empowered to grant the same degrees as the British of the ner buildings of Reading University College, to be

universities, with the exception of degrees in theology. ereted, at a cost of about 80,oool., upon a site presented

Women are admitted to all the universities. As regards or Mr. Alfred Palmer.

technical education, the State expenditure upon it in five At the recent installation of Dr. Edwin A. Alderman as

of the Commonwealth provinces and New Zealand is as

follows :--New South Wales, 26,500l. ; Victoria, 16,400l.; president of the University of Virginia, it was announced,

Queensland, 72001. ; Western Australia, 5710l. ; Tasmania, says Science, that in addition to the conditional gift of

2500l. ; and New Zealand, 21,000l. In addition to ordinary 100.000 from Mr. Carnegie, Mr. Rockefeller had given

technical classes throughout New Zealand, there are schools 30,00l.. Mr. Jefferson Coolidge 10,000l., and alumni and

of mines in the chief mining districts, and the Government friends 10,000l, towards the endowment fund.

makes an annual grant of gool, towards the endowment MR. CARNEGIE has added another handsome donation to of the chair of mining and metallurgy at the Otago Unihis many princely gifts to higher education. This time he versity. Facts such as these show that administrators in has given 2,000,000l. to provide annuities for college pro Australia and New Zealand are alive to the part which fessors prevented by old age or other physical disability higher education should take in the life of the State, and from continuing to earn salaries. The gift is to be for are willing to supply funds from the public treasury to rtie benefit of the United States, Canada, and Newfound assist the work of their colleges and universities. land, and applies to all universities, colleges, and technical

A LETTER from Prof. W. Ridgeway in the Times of vrhools without regard to race, colour, or creed, but excluding State or colonial institutes, and excluding also

April 27 contains a number of wise suggestions for the

improvement of the education given to boys in secondary purely sectarian institutions. The fund is to be vested in

schools. Referring to the recent vote on the Greek questrustees, among them Presidents Hadley, of Yale UniYersity ; Eliot, of Harvard University ; Harper, of the

tion, he says, careful inquiries give reason to believe that University of Chicago; Butler, of Columbia University;

many voted to make Greek optional simply because they Schurman, of Cornell University; and Wilson, of Prince

believe that the system of education at present in vogue in

public schools is bad, that too much time is given up to ton University, all of whom have accepted. Mr. Carnegie

Latin and Greek, that, as a rule, science is not taught at hopes that by this endowment the best men available will

all, that the universities are in a large measure responsible be attracted to professorial work, since in view of the

for the existing state of things, and that something must retiring pension, which will now be secured, present day salaries will not appear very inadequate in comparison

be done to improve matters; and accordingly, as somebody

must be thrown overboard, Greek was the proper Jonah. with those of other professional men.

Prof. Ridgeway goes on to argue that the mere abolition Ox his way to Simla for the summer months, Lord of compulsory Greek would not have effected any improveCurzon visited Pusa and laid the foundation-stone of the ment in the method of teaching the older subjects in the agricultural college there. The Pusa estate comprises some schools or have done anything to make the teaching of 1280 acres of soil on which almost any crop may be science general. Moreover, he rightly remarks, there can grown. The Government proposes to concentrate there all be no reform worthy of the name which does not ensure the agricultural skill, scientific, practical, and educational. that boys whose tastes are literary should learn the methods to be procured. The buildings will cost 163 lakhs of of science, whilst boys whose bent is to science should get rupees, of which amount the laboratory and its fittings | a literary training to give them the power of expressing will absorb 7) lakhs. Pusa will provide for agricultural their ideas with lucidity and to imbue them with a taste students research in the laboratory, experiment in the field, 1 for culture. The faulty teaching of the schools, he conand instruction in the class-room. After laying the stone tinues, is due in the main to the specialisation which is Lord Curzon, we learn from the Times, referred to the required by the open scholarship system, and to the sacrifice circumstances in which he received from Mr. Henry of the average boys to those who show greater promise Phipps, the American millionaire, the munificent bequest and are likely to win scholarships. The universities are which was the origin of the institute. The college, Lord largely responsible for this state of things, for they deCurzon continued, will form a centre of the application of liberately encourage premature specialisation in boys of science to Indian agriculture, and it is hoped that each promise by their system of open scholarships, and permit province of India will in time possess its own staff, its own the interests of the average boys to be sacrificed by allowinstitute for research and experiment, in fact, a properly | ing boys to matriculate before they have passed any exorganised agricultural department. The Government has amination to show that they have acquired a sufficient no desire to monopolise the field, and will lend every | modicum of liberal education to serve as a basis for a possible advice to grcat land holders conducting their own university training. experiments, improving their own seed and the breed of their own cattle. Earlier in the day Lord Curzon, replying to an address of welcome from the Behar planters,

SOCIETIES AND ACADEMIES. said that the problem confronting the indigo growers since

LONDON. the synthetic indigo of Germany was perfected some eight Royal Society, March 16.—“A Determination of the Jaars ago is so to combine scientific methods with cheapen

Amounts of Neon and Helium in Atmospheric Air.” By ing of the cost of production as to enable them to produce

Sir William Ramsay, K.C.B., F.R.S. a natural colour at a price permitting of competition with The author had already attempted to estimate the the artificial product.

amounts of krypton and xenon in air by the evaporation We have received from the Agent-General for New South of relatively large quantities of liquid air. No doubt much Wales a copy of a " Statistical Account of Australia and krypton and some xenon evaporated, hence the figures Yew Zealand, 1903-4," by Mr. T. A. Coghlan. An im- / given were necessarily minimum estimates. Dr. Travers and the author made a rough guess at the proportions of sequences an antecedent reflex would thus not only be neon and helium in air ; the amount of each gas obtained' the means of bringing about an ensuing stimulus for the was known, but the quantity from which they were derived next reflex,' but in such instances as the above will precould only be guessed at. The figures were :-of helium dispose the arc of the next reflex to react to the stimulus one or two parts per million, and of neon one or two parts that will arrive. per 100,000.

The ingenious method devised by Sir James Dewar “Further Experiments and Histological Investigations of cooling a dense form of charcoal with liquid air, and on Intumescences, with some Observations on Nuclear using it as an absorbent for gases, made it easy to obtain Division in Pathological Tissues.” By Miss Elizabeth Dale. a nearly correct estimate of the amounts of the more Communicated by Prof. H. Marshall Ward, F.R.S. volatile constituents. After oxygen, nitrogen, and argon (1) This paper is the third of a series on intumescences, had been absorbed from about 16,800 c.c. of air by ex and deals chiefly with two plants, Solanum tuberosum and posure to 100 grams of charcoal cooled with liquid air, Populus tremula. On the potato plant intumescences were the neon and helium were removed with the pump. They obtained experimentally in about twenty-four hours, either were freed from traces of heavier gases by a similar on the uninjured plants or on small fragments of leaves. method, and a partial, but fairly complete, separation of The effect of nutritive solutions on the formation of inthe two was effected in the same way. The total quanti | tumescences was investigated. ties were measured by a form of burette, in which the (2) Additional anatomical observations were made, and level of the mercury was set to a point, and the differences | a classification of various types of intumescences has been of pressure read.

drawn up. The cell contents were examined and compared. The results are :

(3) The occurrence of acids and salts was investigated.

(4) The experiments show that the internal causes of In air In crude argon

Percentage
I vol. in I vol. in By weight

intumescences are extremely local, and quite independent i

By volume Neon ... 80,790 ... 757 ... 0'000086 ... 0'0000123

of root pressure. The osmotically active substance is probHelium.. 245, 300 ... 2300 ... 0'00000056 ... 0'0000040

ably oxalic acid. Together 61,000 ... 571 ...

The present experiments show the importance of

irritability and active powers of assimilation, as well as of It was not possible to detect the free hydrogen in this moist air, heat, light, and, generally, oxygen. quantity of air; after the crude mixture of neon and helium (5) Finally, the nuclear phenomena were investigated and had been mixed with a trace of oxygen and sparked for a compared, and were found to be in every respect identical few minutes, no contraction was observed; the volume of in various intumescences and in wound-callus. Pathothe gases was the same before and after sparking.

logical tissues in certain plants and animals are also April 6.-“ On Reciprocal Innervation of Antagonistic

compared, and a strong resemblance is seen to exist Muscles.-Seventh Note." By Prof. C. S. Sherrington,

between certain rapidly formed outgrowths in plants and F.R.S.

animals, caused not by any parasitic organism, but simply If the crossed extension reflex of the limb be examined

by the influence of some stimulus, probably always exbefore and after a prolonged flexion reflex an alteration

ternal, acting upon a plant or animal in such a condition is evident in it. When a carefully adjusted electrical

of irritability that it is able to respond. A similar restimulus is at regular intervals applied to the afferent

semblance occurs between regenerative wound tissues in path of one limb and the resultant extensor reflex of the

certain plants and animals, the formation of which is in crossed limb is noted, it is found that if in one of the

all cases accompanied exclusively by the more rapid form intervals a flexion reflex of the latter limb is induced and

of nuclear division known as amitotic or direct. maintained for twenty seconds or more, the extensor reflex

Zoological Societv, April 18.-Mr. H. Druce, vice. becomes altered in consequence. For a period immediately

president, in the chair.-The horn-core (with sheath following the flexion reflex the extension reflex in

is creased. The intensity of the reflex is heightened, its

attached) of an Urus (Bos primigenius): J. G. Millais. duration is prolonged, and its latent time is reduced. If

The specimen was believed to be the only British example

of the actual horn of the Urus in existence. The curious the testing stimulus be subliminal the threshold value of the stimulus required by the reflex is found to be lowered.

corrugations on the surface of the lower end were similar In short, the activity of the flexion arcs directly or in

to those found on the American and European bison, and directly induces in the extension arcs a super-excitability

incidentally supported the view that the white cattle of

Chillingham, Chartley, and Cadzow were not descended as tested by crossed extension just as when tested by the

from this animal.-Photograph of the horns of a Roberts's extensor thrust. But although this after-effect of the activity of the

gazelle (Gazella grantii robertsi) obtained by Mr. C. L.

Chevalier : 0. Thomas.-The discovery of the skeleton of flexion arcs upon the antagonistic arcs, both direct and crossed, is one of increase of activity, the primary effect

Diplodocus carnegii, Hatcher : Dr. W. J. Holland. Dr.

Holland discussed the osteology of Diplodocus, briefly is, as shown previously, one of depression. In these

pointing out some of the more interesting structural instances there supervenes on the spinal inhibition a rebound effect of augmentation."

features of the skeleton, and in this connection animThe “ spinal induction " is obviously qualified to play a

adverted upon certain so-called “restorations " made part in linking reflexes together in a coordinate sequence

public in popular magazines. Dr. Holland concluded his of successive combination. If a reflex arc A during its

account by exhibiting in rapid succession pictures of a few

of the more remarkable skeletons which had been recovered own activity not only temporarily checks the dischargeaction of an opposed reflex arc B, but also as a subsequent

by the palæontological staff of the Carnegie Museum from result induces in arc B a phase of greater excitability and

various localities in the region of the Rocky Mountains. capacity for discharge, it predisposes the spinal organ for

-A unique specimen of Cetiosaurus leedsi, a sauropodous a second reflex opposite in character to its own in

dinosaur from the Oxford Clay of Peterborough: Dr.

Smith Woodward. The author described the fore and i immediate succession to itself. Much of the reflex action of the limb that can be studied

hind limbs and the tail, and confirmed the observation of 1 in the "spinal ” dog bears the character of adaptation to

the late Prof. 0. C. Marsh, that Cetiosaurus was one of the locomotion. “Spinal induction " obviously tends to con

more generalised Sauropoda.-On a young female Nigerian nect this “extensor thrust” as an after-effect with pre

giraffe : Dr. P. C. Mitchell. On the evidence afforded current flexion of the limb. In the stepping forward of

by a young female giraffe, obtained by Captain Phillips in the limb the flexion that raises the foot and carries it

the district of Gummel, about 300 miles due west of Lake forward clear of the ground, though temporarily checking

Chad, and now deposited in the Society's Gardens, the the reflex discharge of the antagonistic arcs of extension,

author was inclined to believe in the distinctness of the is, as it continues, so to say, sensitising them to respond I Loeb's “ Ketten.reflexe," discusses in his “Vergleichende Gehirnlater in their turn by the supporting and propulsive ex- | physiologie u Vergleichenle Pyrhologie, Leipzig, 1809 P06. and are tension of the limb necessary to progression. In reflex

compare also Exner. "Fntwurf einer physiologischen Erklärung psychis i Sherrington, Scbäfer's "Text-book of Physiology," vol. ii., p. 841, 1900.

cher Erscheinungen." Vienna, 1894, p. 102, and seq., under "Successive

Bewegungscombinationen.'

Nigerian girafe (Giraffa camelopardalis peralta of Thomas), Royal Microscopical Society, April 19.-Dr. Dukinwhich, however, was closely allied to the Nubian form field H. Scott, F.R.S., president, in the chair.-A slide (G. . typica).—The ento-parasites obtained from the Zoo of Bacillus ty phosus and the method adopted in staining logical Gardens, London, and elsewhere : A. E. Shipley. | and mounting, also photomicrographs of the slide X 2500 Thirteen species were enumerated, one of which was de- and 5000 diameters with flagella well displayed : W. J. scribed as new.-The muscular and visceral anatomy of Dibdin.-On the application of the undulatory theory to a leathery turtle (Dermatochelys coriacea): R. H. Burne. optical problems : A. E. Conrady. The animal was a young female about 4 feet long, and was thus considerably larger than the few examples of this

DUBLIN. rare chelonian that had previously been dissected. It Royal Irish Academy, April 10.–Mr. F. Elrington Ball, came from Japan. The muscles of the neck, trunk, and

vice-president, in the chair.-On the growth of crystals in limbs were described in detail, and notes were made of

the contact-zone of granite and amphibolite : Prof. Grennumerous hitherto unrecorded or imperfectly described

ville A. J. Cole. Attention is directed to the growth of features of the alimentary and other internal organs.

crystals in amphibolites when these come under the A third collection of mammals made by Mr. C. H. B.

stimulus of an invading mass of granite. Garnet and hornGrant for Mr. C. D. Rudd's exploration of South Africa,

blende may thus appear upon a larger scale than that and presented to the National Museum: O. Thomas and

adopted by them in the original amphibolite. Hornblende H. Schwann. The present series was obtained in Zulu

especially grows in large prismatic forms in the composite land, and consisted of 222 specimens, belonging to 49

rocks produced along such junction-surfaces, and serves as species, of which several were described as new, besides

evidence in these cases that contact-alteration has taken a number of local subspecies.-Description of a new species

place rather than dynamic metamorphism. Under dynamic of newt from Yunnan: G. A. Boulenger.--Hybrid hares

influences, the secondary hornblende is of the granular between Lepus timidus, Linn., and L. europaeus, Pall., in

type common in epidiorites. The instances quoted are from southern Sweden : Dr. E. Lönnberg. The hybrids had

both sides of the Gweebarra estuary in Co. Donegal. become comparatively common in this part of Sweden owing to the introduction of the latter species for hunt

Paris. ing purposes.--Description of the giant eland of the Bahr

Academy of Sciences, April 25.-M. Poincaré in the el-Ghazal : A. L. Butler. M. Butler was of opinion that

chair.-Two observations relating to the undergrowth in this eland was more nearly allied to the West African

woods : P. Fliche. Certain forms of plants requiring form than to that of South Africa, and proposed to distinguish it as Taurotragus derbianus gigas. It differed

plenty of light for their proper development appear to die

out when the undergrowth reaches a certain height. After from the typical T. derbianus in its much lighter body

clearing, however, these plants again re-appear at the colour (a pale café-au-lait fawn instead of a rich ruddy brown), in the greyish white of the black-maned dewlap,

same spots, and as an example of the great persistence of

such plants the author instances groups of E. lathyris, and in carrying grander horns.

probably planted by the Romans, which are found near Chemical Society, April 19.-Prof. R. Meldola, F.R.S., | Gallo-Roman remains.-On a new clutch : le Duc de president, in the chair.-Complex nitrites of bismuth : Guiche and Henri Gilardoni.-On the light emitted by 1. C. Ball. A series of double salts of bismuth nitrite crystals of arsenious anhydride : D. Gernez. The author with alkali and ammonium nitrites and nitrates were de- has made a careful study of the luminous phenomena proscribed. These salts, though unstable, appear to be per- duced during the crystallisation of arsenic trioxide, and fastly definite substances.--Experiments on the synthesis finds that, contrary to the statements of Rose, the light of the terpenes, part ii., synthesis of a'-p-menthenol (8), is not produced at the moment each minute crystal is deA**.-renthadiene, p-menthanol (8), 8(9)-p-menthene, posited on the sides of the flask, nor during its growth, und A-menthane : W. H. Perkin, jun., and S. S. but that the least contact between a hard body and a Pickles.- Part iii., synthesis of aliphatic compounds recently formed crystal, or between two crystals, causes a similar in constitution to terpineol and dipentene : W. H. brilliant evolution of light. It is a case of the developPerkin, jun., and S. S. Pickles.--Part iv., synthesis of ment of light by the fracture of crystals, many examples A normenthenol (8), A3:8(9)-normenthadiene, normenthanol of which are known in the field of organic chemistry. (81, and A49)-normenthene : K. Matsubara and W. H. This property of arsenic trioxide crystals is not a fugitive Perkin, jun. These three papers described the preparation one, but is exhibited after a long interval of time. -On of terpenes and related substances. The results showed the application of the methods of interferential spectrothat the lemon-like odour of certain terpenes is associated scopy to the solar spectrum : Ch. Fabry. A description with the simultaneous occurrence of two ethylenic linkages, of a modification of an arrangement given in an earlier rce in the ring and the other in the side chain, and that paper. It possesses the advantage of allowing a larger by the disappearance of the ethylenic linkage in the ring number of lines to be studied, and may be of use in deterterpenes having a peppermint odour are produced. The mining very small displacements of lines.-On the vari

*ting fact was also observed that when the two ations of lustre given by a Crookes's tube : S. Turchini. phylenic linkages occupy the so-called Tiemann position The brightness of the fluorescent screen, when acted upon with regard to each other only one of them becomes by a given Crookes's tube, was measured photometrically, saturated by the addition of halogens, and that conse each of the constants of the circuit being varied in turn. quently the property of forming a tetrabromide is not dis The luminosity of the screen increased with the equivalent tinctive of a particular class of terpenes possessing only one spark up to a spark length of 10 cm. to 12 cm., after Cable bond, as has frequently been supposed.-C-Phenyl-s which it remained constant. Measurements were also triazole: G. Young. This compound and certain of its made of the effect of the frequency of the contact breaker, drivativrs were described.—The resolution of inactive of coils differing in size, and of variations in the self

luoric acid by fermentation and by brucine : P. F. | induction of the coil.--The application of the microscope Frankland and E. Done. In view of Neuberg and to the examination of india-rubber : Pierre Breuil. It was Silbermann's observations (Ber., 1904, xxxvii., 339), the found that the progress of the vulcanisation of rubber authors have re-examined the barium salts of fermentation could be followed under the microscope, the absorption of glyceric acid and of the synthetic acid deracemised by the sulphur being accompanied by changes in the crystalmeans of brucine, and have confirmed the results obtained line structure. The floral diagram of the Cruciferæ : M. be Frankland and Frew and Frankland and Appleyard, Gerber. The floral formula of the Cruciferæ is given as

hich are at variance with those recorded by the German wirkers, Estimation of potassium permanganate

S(2, + 2.). P(44). E(2, + 4d).C(218+2ms).

in puresence of potassium persulphate : J. A. N. Friend. -The experimental production of the ascospore apparatus Small quantities of potassium permanganate may be esti of Morchella esculenta: Marin Molliard. From the exnated iodornetrically in presence of potassium persulphate periments described the best conditions are worked out for provided that the solution is dilute, only faintly acid, and | the cultivation of this mushroom.-Chlorophyll assimilthat the iodide is added only in slight excess of the amountation in young shoots of plants ; applications to the vine : required to reduce the permanganate.

Ed. Gritton. Boussingault, in 1807, studied the question

of Sewag sickness and Trypared with T. gambiemreatment of Trypanos

as to whether young shoots, almost colourless, possessed

Walker - The Effect of Plant Growth and of Manures upon the Soil : the

retention of Bases by the Soil: A. D. Hall and N. H. J. Miller. the power of decomposing carbonic acid, his experiments

A Study of the Process of Nitrification with Reference to the Purification leading to a positive result. The method used was in

of Sewage : Miss H. Chick.- Pathological Report on the Histology of direct, the assimilation being proved by the evolution of Sleeping Sickness and Trypanosomiasis; with a Comparison of the

Changes found in Animals infected with T. gambiense and other Trypanooxygen. The author has taken up this question again,

somata : Dr. A. Breinl.-(1) The Experimental Treatment of Trypano using the method of gaseous exchanges in a confined atmo

somiasis in Animals (2) Remarks on Mr. Plimmer's Note on the Effects sphere containing from 5 per cent. to. 10 per cent. of produced in Rats by the Trypanosomata of Gambian Fever and Sleeping

Sickness: Dr. H. Wolferstan Thomas. carbon dioxide. In the cases studied the assimilation was

ROYAL INSTITUTION, at 5.- Flame : Sir James Dewar, F.R.S. extremely small, and was easily masked by the respiration.

SOCIETY OF ARTS, at 4.30.-The Manufactures of Greater Britain. III.

India: H. J. Tozer.
Calcutta.

INSTITUTION OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERS, at 8.-Telephone Traffic : Asiatic Society of Bengal, April 3.–The colouring H. L. Webb. principle of the flowers of Nyctanthas arbor tristis : E. G. SocioLOGICAL Society, at 8.15.-Some Guiding Principles in the

Philosophy of History: Dr. J. H. Bridges. Hill. The author describes the uses of the flowers of the

MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY. at 5.30.- On the Intersections of two Conic “Narsinghar” plant in dyeing, and gives an account of Sections. J. A. H. Johnston.-On a System of Conics yielding the separation and properties of the crystalline yellow Operators which Annihilate a Cubic and its Bearing on the Reduction of

the Cubic to the Sum of four Cubes : H. G. Dawson. colouring matter. A sweet principle, recognised as mannitol, and wax were also extracted from the flowers.

FRIDAY, MAY 12. -On some forms of the Kris hilt, with special reference

ROVAL INSTITUTION, at 9.-The Pressure due to Radiation : Prof. E. F. to the Kris Tădjöng of the Siamese Malay States : N. Nichols. Annandale. The Kris is the most characteristic weapon PHYSICAL SOCIETY, at 8.- A Simple Method of Determining the Radiation

Constant : suitable for a Laboratory Experiment : Dr. A. D. Denning. of the Malays, but its origin is probably not very ancient.

A Bolometer for the Absolute Measurement of Radiation : Prof. H. L The hilt takes various forms, all of which, however, have

Callendar, F.R.S.-The Resistance of a Conductor the Measure of the much in common, and can be reduced to one general Current flowing through it: W. A. Price. type. Examination of a series of specimens shows that

MALACOLOGICAL SOCIETY, at 8.-Note on Helix pellita, Fér., and other

Shells from the Pleistocene Cave-deposits of East Crete: Rev. R. Ashingthis type was originally Hindu.-On the occurrence of

ton Bullen.-Notes un Recent Spanish Shells from Granada and Carmona : the fresh-water worm Chætogaster in India, with a Rev. R. Ashington Bullen.-Description of a new Species of Vitrea from diagnosis of a species from Calcutta and notes on its Greece: E. A. Smith. -Descriptios of new Forms of Marginellidæ and

Pleurotomidæ : E. R. Sykes. bionomics: N. Annandale. The genus Chætogaster does

Royai. ASTRONOMICAL Society, at 5. not appear to have been recorded hitherto from India. A species (Chaetogaster bengalensis, sp. nov.) common in the

SATURDAY, MAY 13. Calcutta tanks lives in close association with water-snails,

| Roval INSTITUTION, at 3.-Moulds and Mouldiness : Prof. Marsball but is not parasitic upon them, feeding on small Crustacea. Ward, F.R.S. It progresses by the aid of an anterior and a posterior sucker, and uses its setæ in insinuating itself between the snail and its shell.

CONTENTS.

PAGE
Scientific Worihies. XXXV.- Eduard Suess. By

Sir Arch. Geikie, F.R S. ...
DIARY OF SOCIETIES.
The Rudiments of Behaviour. By J. A. T.

. THURSDAY, MAY 4.

Mechanism. By E. G. C. ........ . RoyaL INSTITUTION, at 5.-Flame: Sir James Dewar, F.R.S.

Practical Electrochemistry ............ CHRMICAL SocirTV, at 8.--The Synthesis of Substances Allied 10 Our Book Sbelf ;Adrenaline : H. D Dakin.--Methylation of p-Aminobenzoic Acid by

Hahn: “ Das Alter der wirtschaftlichen Kultur der Means of Methyl Sulpbate: J. John-ton.---Some Notes on Sodium Alum: J. N. Wadınore.-Camphoryl-v.semicarbazide : M. O. Forster and

Menschheit, ein Rückblick und ein Ausblick.-" H. E. Fierz

N. W. T.'. RÖNTGEN SOCIETY, at 5, (1) to Medical Members only. Forty-two Cases of

McCleary: “Infantile Mortality and Infants' Milk Ureteral Calculus Diagnosis by X-Rays proved by Operation in the

Depôts” Passage of the Calculi; (2) at 8.15 p.m., to the General Meeting,

Depois . . . . . . . . . . Measurement and Technique in Therapeutic Dosage : Dr. C. Lester Maiden: "A Critical Revision of the Genus EucaLeonard, Philadelphia.

lyptus"... LINNEAN SOCIETY, at 8. - (Ecology: its Present Psition and Probable

Schulz: "Hymenopteren Studien " Development : A. G. Tansley. -The Flora of Gough Island: R. N. R.

........ Brown,

Letters to the Editor:-
CIVIL AND MECHANICAL ENGINEERS' Society, at 7.30.-Annual General The High-frequency Electrical Treatment.- Rev. F. J.
Meeting -At 8.-Card Indexing and Filing : J. C. Osborne.

JervisSmith, F.R.S.....
INSTITUTION OF ELECTRICAL ENGINERN, at 8.- Discussion on A. N.
Taylor's paper “Standby Charges and Motor Load Development."

The Critical Temperature and Pressure of Living Sub.
FRIDAY, MAY 5.

stances.-Dr. F. J. Allen . ROYAL INSTITUTION, at 9.- Problems underlying Nutrition : Prof. H. F.

Chalk Masses in the Cliffs near Cromer.-Prof. T. G. Armstrong, F.R.S.

Bonney, F.R.S.

R.S. . . . . . . . . . . . EPIDEMIOLOGICAL Sociery, at 8.30.- Discussion on Dr. Buchanan's paper The Rigidity of the Earth's Interior.-Rev. A. Irving on The Spread of Smallpox occasioned by Smallpox Hospitals during

Rival Parents.- Kennedy J. P. Orton ..., 1900-1904: Dr. Newsholme.

The Measurement of Mass. - Dr. W. Hampson.. GEOLOGists' AssociATION, at 8.--Explorations for Fossil Bones in West

ern North America, with Special Reference to the Skeleton of Diplodicus, Properties of Rotating Bodies. -E. W. Rowntree, . of which a Plaster Cast is now being Mounted in the British Museum Recent Spectroheliograph Results. (Illustrated.) By (Natural History): Dr. W. J. Holland.

Dr. William J. S. Lockyer .....
SATURDAY, MAY 6.

The Teaching Value of Menageries. (Tilustrated.) By ROYAL INSTITUTION, at 3.-Moulds and Mouldiness: Prof. Marshall

R. L. ..

. . . . . . . . . 13 Ward, F.R.S.

Science at the Royal Academy Banquet ..... 14 MONDAY, MAY 8.

Notes ...... ROYAL GEOGRAPHICAL SOCIETY, at 8 30.--'1 he Nile Provinces and West.

Our Astronomical Column :ern Uganda : Lieut .Col. C. Delmé-Radcliffe. TUESDAY, MAY 9.

Discovery of a Tenth Satellite to Saturn . ROYAL INSTITUTION, at 5.— The Study of Extinct Animals : Prof. L. C.

The Alleged Identity of Comets “ Brooks 1889 and Miall, F.R.S.

Lexeil , · ·:.
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Ancient Drawings of Celestial Phenomena ,
SOCIETY OF Arts, at 8.-The Native Races of the Unknown Heart of Mount Wilson Observatory .

. . . .

. . . . 10 Central Africa: The Viscount Mount murres.

Anomalous Dispersion and“ Flocculi".
GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY, at 8.-- The Geology of Dunedin (New Zealand):
P. Marshall - The Carboniferous Livestone of the Weston-super-Mare

Astronomical Society of America .....
District : F. Sibly.

Colour in Wasps of the Genus Polistes...
THURSDAY, MAY II.

The Cleavage of Slates. By A, H.......... ROYAL SOCIETY, at 4, Election of Fellows.--At 4.30, Protalle Papers : On University and Educational Intelligence, the Resemblance existing briween the Phimmer Bodies o! Malignant i Societies and Academies

,

. Growths and certain Normal Cnstituents of Reproductive Cails of

.

. . . . . Animals : Prof. J. B. Farmer, E.R.S., J. E. S. Moure, and C. F. Diary of Societies............. .

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