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The GOVERNORS of the WOOLWICH

POLYTECHNIC invite applications for the following appointments,

which will date from next September :1. Five Teachers for Mathematics and Physics at commencing salaries

ranging from 6130 to £160 per annum. Two of these appointments are confined to Teachers (men and women) who have had experience

in Secondary Schools. 2. Six Teachers for the Day Secondary School (mixed) at commencing

salaries ranging from 6100 to £140 per annum. The appointments, which are open to men or women, will be divided, (a) two Teachers for English, History and Latin ; (6) two Teachers for French and German; (c) two Teachers for general form work in the Lower

School. 3. One Teacher (woman) for Chemistry and Botany at a commencing

salary, of £140 per annum. Experience in Secondary Schools

essential. 4 One Teacher in the School of Domestic Economy at a commencing salary of 600 per annum.

The best cure for weak, thin s. One Teacher for Engineering subjects at a commencing salary of £150 per annum.

or fat negatives. Intensifies 6. One Teacher (evening classes only) for Building Construction, Builders' Quantities, &c.

the shadow details as well as 7. Two Art Pupil Teachers, each at a commencing salary of £30 per annum.

the denser deposits in one 8. One Teacher to take Evening Classes in English, French and Latin preparatory for the London University Matriculation Examination.

operation. No risk of stain. Further particulars of the appointments inay be obtained by sending to the Principal a stamped addressed foolscap envelope. The last day for

Economical, portable and keeps. receiving applications is Friday, July 14. A. J. NAYLOR, Clerk to the Governors.

Sold in tubes by all chemists.
BEDFORD COLLEGE FOR WOMEN.

LEAFLETS GRATIS.
(UNIVERSITY OF LONDON.)
YORK PLACE, BAKER STREET, W.

BURROUGHS WELLCOME & Co.
The College provides instruction for Students preparing for the Uni.
versity of London Degrees in Arts, Science, and Preliminary Medicine,

LONDON, SYDNEY AND CAPE Town.
also instruction in subjects of General Education
There is a Training Department for Teachers, a Hygiene Department,

Chief Offices-Snow Hill Buildings, London,
and an Art School.
Students can reside in the College.
DEPARTMENT FOR PROFESSIONAL TRAINING IN

TEACHING.
(Recognised by the Cambridge Syndicate.)

OL
HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT—Miss Mary MORTON, M.A.

COYMORT)

PHO. 68 Students are admitted to the Training Course in October and in January.

The Course includes full preparation for the examinations for the Teaching Diplomas granted by the Universities of London and Cambridge, held

To SCIENCE and MATHL. MASTERS. annually in December.

A Course of Lectures for Teachers on School Hygiene is held on Saturday REQUIRED (1) Graduate for Science and Maths. Important School mornings.

near London. Salary, 6120 to $150 resident. (2) PRINCIPAL of Full particulars on application to the PRINCIPAL.

Technical Institute and Teacher of Electricity, 4200 to £250. (3)

Assistant Master for General Elementary Science. Degree not necesNORTHERN POLYTECHNIC

sary. 22 hours' work a week. Technical Institute in Kent. 6140 to

£160, non-res. (4) Two Masters required for Physics and Chemistry INSTITUTE.

under Dept. of Agriculture and Technical Instruction, 6100 each,

resident. Important Schools in Ireland. (5) Physics and Maths. HOLLOWAY, LONDON, N.

Technical Day School. €120 to £150, non-res. (6) Five Matbl. The Governors of the above Institute invite applications for the following

and Science Masters required for Public Institution near London. appointment

Salaries up to £160 each. (7) Graduate mainly for Practical Science, PART-TIME ASSISTANT in the CHEMICAL DEPARTMENT, 680 to £roo, resident. Grammar School. (8) Maths. to Scholarship day and evening work.

Stand. E120, resident. Preparatory School. (9) Mathematical Mas. Applications to be made on special forms, which must be returned not

ter for County School. £120, non-res. (10) Chemistry, Physics and later than July 17, to be obtained from

Maths. £120, non-res. County School. For particulars of the above W. M. MACBETH, Secretary.

and many other vacancies, address :-GRIFFITHS, SMITH, POWELL &

SMITH, Tutorial Agents (Estd. 1833), 34 Bedford St., Strand. UNIVERSITY OF NEW BRUNSWICK,

COUNTY BOROUGH OF CROYDON.
FREDERICTON, N.B., CANADA.

EDUCATION COMMITTEE.
Applications are invited until August 15 for the position of DEAN of the
School of Civil Engineering and Surveying in connection with the Univer.

The Committee require the services of a TEACHER OF CHEMISsity. Salary commencing October 1, £240, with suite of rooms in College, | TRY at the Central Polytechnic, Scarbrook Road, Croydon, for Session suitable for a married man, and heated at the expense of the College.

1905-6. Required also at the same time, a PROFESSOR of ENGLISH and

The person appointed will be required to teach on two evenings per FRENCH who has some knowledge of German. Salary, £200, with

week at a fee of 2os. per evening. rooms in College for single man. Duties begin October 1.

Further particulars may be obtained from the undersigned, to whom Applications and testimonials should be sent to the REGISTRAR of the applications, stating age, qualifications, &c., accoin panied by copies of University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, N.B., Canada.

testimonials, must be sent not later than Wednesday, July 12, 1905.

JAMES SMYTH, Clerk. CITY AND GUILDS OF LONDON

Education Office, Katharine Street, Croydon,

July 4, 1905.
RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS IN CHEMISTRY.

MUNICIPAL TECHNICAL SCHOOLS, The Research Fellowships founded by the Salters' and the Leathersellers

LIMERICK. Companies for the encouragement of Higher Research in Chemistry in its A PRINCIPAL is required for the abyve Schools who would also relation to Manufactures, tenable at the City and Guilds Central Technical undertake to teach Electricity in the evenings. College, being now vacant, the Executive Committee of the Institute are Salary, $200 to £250, according to qualifications and experience of prepared to receive applications from candidates. The grants made by each organising work. Company to the Institute for this purpose are £150 a year. Copies of the Application to be sent before July 31 to THE SECRETARY, 69 George scbemes under which the Fellowships are awarded may be had from the Street, Limerick. HONORARY SECRETARY OF THE INSTITUTE, Gresham College, Basinghall Street, EC.

UNIVERSITY COLLEGE, BRISTOL. Partnership offered in a Commercial Re The COUNCIL invite applications for the post of ASSISTANT LEC. search Firm. Applicant must have first-class experimental training

| TURER IN MATHEMATICS. and about £3,000 capital. Send full particulars as to experience and Full particulars may be obtained on application, qualifications to Box No. 1862, c/o NATURE Office.

JAMES RAFTER, Registrar.

INSTITUTE

MACMILLAN & CO'S NEW BOOKS.

A TREATISE ON CHEMISTRY.

NEW AND REVISED EDITION, NOW READY.

By SIR H. E. ROSCOE, F.R.S., and C. SCHORLEMMER, F.R.S. Vol. I.—The Non-Metallic Elements. New Edition, completely revised by Sir H. E. Roscoe, assisted by Dr. H. G. COLMAN

and Dr. A. HARDEN. With 217 Illustrations. Svo. 215. net.

SIXTH EDITION, REVISED AND ENLARGED.
THE ADVANCED PART OF A TREATISE ON THE
DYNAMICS OF A SYSTEM OF RIGID BODIES.

Being Part II. of a Treatise on the Whole Subject. With numerous Examples.
By EDWARD JOHN ROUTH, Sc.D., LL.D., F.R.S., &c. 8vo. 145.

JULY NUMBER NOW READY.
T HE SCHOOL W ORL D.

A MONTHLY MAGAZINE OF EDUCATIONAL WORK AND PROGRESS.

PRICE SIXPENCE MONTHLY.

PRINCIPAL CONTENTS FOR JULY.
The Alternative to Greek at School. By F. W. Headley, M.A.-A School Holiday in France. By G. F.
Burness, B.A. -The School Journey. By Ernest Stenhouse, B.Sc.(Lond.). (Illustrated.)-The Scholastic Career in
Sweden. By Gustaf Aae, Fil. Kand.(Lund), and C. S. Fearenside, M.A. (Oxon.). -Selection by Interview. By C. M.
Stuart, M.A.-School Cadet Corps. II. By Edward C. Goldberg, M.A. - Studies in School Management. V. The supply of
Text-books to Secondary Schools. II. By É. Sharwood Smith, M.A.- A School Fire Brigade. II. Organisation. By C. c.
Carter, M.A. (Illustrated.)—The Cost of Building, Equipment and Maintenance of Secondary Schools. The Education
of Pupil Teachers in Secondary Schools. By Caroline E. Rigg.-Correspondence : The Use of Graphs. By Prof.
G. H. Bryan, F.R.S.-A State Department of Education for Ireland. By the Rev. Father Andrew Murphy and Our Irish
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MACMILLAN AND CO., LIMITED, LONDON.
THE EN TOMOLOGIST:
AN ILLUSTRATED JOURNAL OF GENERAL ENTOMOLOGY.

Edited by RICHARD SOUTH, F.E.S.,

With the Assistance of ROBERT ADKIN, F.E.S.

DR. D. SHARP, F.R.S., F.E.S., 57 EDGWARE ROAD, LONDON, W W. LUCAS DISTANT, F.E.S., &c. G. H. VERRALL, F.E.S. EDWARD A. Fitch, F.L.S., F.E.S. W. F. KIRBY, F.E.S. F. W. FROHAWK, F.E.S. G. W. KIRKALDY, F.E.S.

has always on hand a large and varied stock of MARTIN JACOBY, F.E.S.

W. J. LUCAS, B.A., F.E.S. Founded by the late Edward Newman in 1840, this Journal bas been the popular organ of British Entomologists since 1864. Its contents deal

h the home fauna, but there are frequent articles and notes on matters of interest pertaining to the Entomology of various parts of the world.

ELECTRICAL
Published on the first of each month. Price 6d. Subscription, 6s. per AND PYYSICAL
annum post free to any country.
London : WEST, NEWMAN, & CO., 54 Hatton Garden, E.C.

BY STANDARD MAKERS, IN PERFECT WORKING ORDER, AT
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MAGAZINE.
Price Sixpence, Monthly.

As supplied to the National Physical Laboratory ; Aberdeen, Aberystwyth, Edited by G. C. CHAMPION, F.z.s., J. W. DOUGLAS, W. W. FOWLER,

Birmingbam, Nottingham and Glasgow Universities; Bedford, Bradford. M.A., F.L.S., R. McLachlan, F.R.S., E. SAUNDERS, F.L.S., and Clifton, Heriot Watt and Yorkshire Colleges; and twenty other Scientific LORD WalSINGHAM, M.A., LL.D., F.R.S.

Institutions, Polytechnics, &c. Magazine, commenced in 1864, contains standard articles and notes on all subjects connected with Entomology, and especially on the Insects of

D NATURE says: "Teachers requiring efficient apparatus at a low the British Isles.

cost for lecture or laboratory purposes, might consult the list witb Subscription-Six Shillings per Annum, post free.

advantage." London : GURNEY & JACKSON (Mr. Van Voorst's Successors),

List on application by montioning NATURE. 1 Paternoster Row.

G. BOWRON,

SECOND-HAND
ELECTRICAL APPARATUS

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EXTREMELY MODERATE PRICRS.

HARVEY

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(BY APPOINTMENT TO THE ROYAL INSTITUTION

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WAVE MOTION.

Makers of the new Apparatus illustrating Wave Motion,

designed and used by Dr. J. A. FLEMING in the . Christmas Lectures at the Royal Institution.

READING MICROSCOPES, RESISTANCE COILS, &c. 56 CHARING CROSS ROAD, LONDON, W.C.

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NOW READY. Nos. 1-15. 1s. Per Number. BACTERIA.

(THE SCIENTIFIC ROLL.) Subscription for Vol. II. and for each subsequent Vol., 10/- ; for the

entire work, 50/-, if paid before Dec. 31, 1905. The most rapid, most exhaustive, and most economical

reference work for over 30,000 pages of literature.

No. 16, completing Vol. I., will be issued shortly. Contents of Vol. I. (price 161. after August 31): Introductory (p. 1); General Bibliography (2-111): General Notes (112-124): Descriptive Notes (125-167); Essay on Specific Descriptions (168-359, with two Charts); List of Diseases associated with Bacteria (370-373); Affinity Notes (375-385); Characters, Notes (386-460); Essay on the Value of Characters (461-466); Classification, Notes (467 to about 484); Organic Grade Lists (No. 16).

Vol. II. will be on Vital Chemistry ; Vols. III. to end on Organic Systems, Habits, Physiological Effects on Hosts, Medial Influence, Biological Influence, Geological and Geographical Distribution, Bibliography and Notes for each Genus and Species, and Index to all the volumes (between six and twelve in number). Separate pages are obtainable at the rate of 4 for id.

The rate of publication depends on the number of paid subscriptions. At present there are 74 subscribers for Vol. I., and the rate of issue is one number per quarter ; with 200 subscribers it will be one number per month ; with 1000 subscribers 4 vols. per year.

Bacteria, be it remembered, are essential agents in connection with life, health, disease, and many industries. Ignorance of them means loss and disadvantage to all individually and collectively.

Including Romano-British Discoveries, and a Description of the Ancient Entrenchments on a Section of the Yorkshire Wolds.

BY J. R. MORTIMER (FOUNDER OF THE MORTIMER MUSEUM AT DRIFFIELD). With over 1000 Illustrations from Drawings by

AGNES MORTIMER. 800 pages, 12 x 8, bound in a Seal Back, Cloth Sides, Gilt Top,

50s. net. There are few parts in the British Isles that have yielded so many interesting relics of pre-historic times as has East Yorkshire, and few districts have been so thoroughly explored. For over forty years Mr. J. R. Mortimer has been investigating the various barrows and other early monuments of the Riding. The results of his labours are now given to the world in the form of a volume, and, unquestionably, the work is one of the most valuable contributions to archæology that has been issued for some time. Mr. Mortimer's museum at Driffield, in which his geological and archæological collections are arranged, has long been a place of reference alike to professors and students. A detailed prospectus will be posted free to any address on application.

For fuller particulars apply to A . RAMSAY, 4 Cowper Road, Acton, London, W.

DAVID NUTT, 57-59 Long Acre, London, W.C.

Importer of Foreign Literature and Publisher. AU FOREIGN WORKS reviewed in NATURE are on sale or can be procured at shortest notice from DAVID NUTT, at Continental Prices. - SUBSCRIPTIONS can be effected through DAVID NUTT to all FOREIGN PERIODICALS.

RARE and OUT OF PRINT FOREIGN WORKS sought for with. out charge, and supplied at the most moderate prices. SECONDHAND FOREIGN CATALOGUES supplied regularly on demand, and orders executed therefrom.

London: A. BROWN & SONS, Ltd., 5 Farringdon Avenue, E.C.

And at Hull and York.

NOW READY.

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A List of this Series of Steel and
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the Publishers.

NOTICE. Proof Copies of the Photogravure Portrait of PROF. SUESS which appeared in “Nature” of May 4 can be obtained from the Publishers at 5s. each

ST. MARTIN'S STREET, LONDON, W.C.

THOMAS PRINCE, SCIENTIFIC BOOKSELLER.

All books advertised and reviewed in NATURE are supplied

at lowest cash prices. Orders by post promptly dispatched. 85 PRAED STREET, LONDON, W.

REYNOLDS & BRANSON, L

THE NEW “STUDENT'S” STANDARD BAROMETER.

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The construction is on that of the well-known "Fortin" principle. The level of the cistern mercury is reducible to zero, in exactly the same manner as in the more expensive forms.

The diameter of the mercurial column is .25 inch, and affords a bold, well-defined reading. The scales, by means of the double vernier, are capable of being read to 'or inch and 'I millimetre. It is mounted on a wellpolished, solid mahogany board, with plates for attachment to wall, opal glass reflectors for reading off, and screws for vertical adjustment.

The metal portions are all well bronzed and lacquered, and the scales are silvered brass.

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I NATURE says :-—"Provides an accurate instro. ment at a moderate cost."

FULL SIZE STANDARD BAROMETER of same design, bore oʻs" diameter, inches and millimeter scales, verniers reading to o'co2 inch and o'r m/m, on polished mahogany board with brackets and opal glass reflectors, £7 10 0 Sole Manufacturers and Proprietors of he

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Sole Depôt :
JOHN J. GRIFFIN & SONS,

LIMITED
SARDINIA STREET,

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Telegram and Cable Address:

“GRAMME, LONDON."

Oxford :-“ It is generally acknowledged that both THURSDAY, JULY 6, 1903.

Oxford and the country at large suffer greatly from the absence of a body of learned men devoting their

lives to the cultivation of science, and to the direction THE EMPIRE AND UNITERSITY LIFE.

of academical education.” W E publish to-day a statement signed by more The commissioners of a quarter of a century later

VV than forty professors and heads of depart. did, indeed, largely increase the number of university ments of the University of Oxford setting forth a | professors, but it left them powerless--muzzled lions scheme for large increase in the facilities for chained by the leg. The whole power of influencing research and for teaching. We have no hesitation the passing generations of voung men it left in the in stating that these forty signatures include the hands of a score of independent corporations--nearly majority of Oxford workers with a reputation for all of them ancient, and with noble traditions of high learning which extends beyond the borders of that learning and profound research; but, in the intelancient university. They also represent, with singular lectual backwater of our time, each has strained to completeness, the varied lines of research which become a petty university and the successful rival of happily are pursued at Oxford; and it is an encourage- all the other petty universities--the successful rival, ment among the many unsatisfactory features in the that is, in the qualities developed by examination, and intellectual life of the nation that they are ready and in nothing higher. To this end each has freely spent willing to stand side by side, each sympathising with its endowment in entrance scholarships to compete the needs of other workers, each desiring to grant with others for the men who will do best in examinthe fullest opportunities for research on the broadest ations, and each has striven to secure, before and lines.

beyond all others, the most successful purveyor of They doubtless feel in Oxford, as we recognise in knowledge which will be useful in examinations. We London, and as Britain generally is beginning to say, intentionally and deliberately, that each college know, that the real conflict in this country is not has done these things, but are far from implying that between science and classics, between theology and all of them have no higher aims at the present time. philosophy, or between the true followers of any We are only too glad to recognise in recent years a branches of learning, but that the great educational change of spirit which has led to significant destruggle of our time and race is of an utterly different partures from the scheme of the last university comkind. On the one side are ranged those who hold | missioners. Magdalen, New College, and Brasenose that the much needed intellectual inspiration of our have been noble leaders in a noble cause--the return youth can only be received in an atmosphere of re- of Oxford to ideals of learning which have been supsearch, can only be given by men who are themselves | pressed, but not altogether killed, by a false and inresearchers; on the opposite side stand those who jurious educational system. We gladly recognise uphold the ancient Chinese and the modern British clear evidence of the same spirit in other societies, educational methods. We recognise to the full the and we are well aware that others, again, strongly Imperial importance of the subject. Young men in- desire to make provision for the highest learning, but structed by purveyors of second-hand word knowledge

are unable to do so while their whole available funds are not likely to develop the germs of imagination barely suffice to enable them to keep their place in and originality, and to deal effectively with the the unfortunate and wasteful inter-collegiate comproblems presented in the modern world which deals petition which dominates both our ancient universiwith things; and the time in which such development ties. There is, however, one college in which the is generally possible is all too brief. When once the necessity for such competition is reduced to a minicritical period of intellectual growth has been devoted mum, and it is precisely here that the last comsolely to the collection and re-collection of material for missioners inflicted the crowning injury upon the the examiner, any awakening of original power is intellectual life of Oxford—they set their seal on the rare indeed. We have merely created one Briton the existing constitution of All Souls. A college almost more incapable of using his birthright, out of sym without the responsibility and the care of underpathy with the movement which would help others to graduates is created, it would seem, to be the home gain what he has lost; and his want of sympathy of the highest learning and research. And what is may mean a great deal. He may become a journalist it? Well, apart from a distinguished professoriate, a and help to frame the opinion of the nation, he may generous assistance to the Bodleian, and a rare and enter Parliament and help to marshal the educational occasional election of men of learning to her fellowforces upon which our future existence most surely ships--for all of which we freely and gladly express depends, he may be a power in the Treasury and help our gratitude-All Souls merely exists in order to to determine the expenditure of the national income, encourage the worst features of an intellectual trainhe may become a schoolmaster or a college tutor and | ing which exists by and for examination alone. Only do unto others even as he has been done by.

recently the governing body rejected the moveIt cannot be disguised that things are in many ment, which happily existed among some of the respects worse than they were half a century ago. members, to ask for evidence of original power in The University Commissioners of 1850 said of the candidates who compete for the fellowships. Yet

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