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But fondly overcome with female charm.
To counterfeit man's voice; true in our fall, Earth trembled from her entrails, as again
False in our promis'd rising ; since our eyes In pangs; and Nature gave a second groan; Open'd we find indeed, and find we know Sky lour'd; and, muttering thunder, some sad drops Both good and evil ; good lost, and evil got; Wept at completing of the mortal sin
Bad fruit of knowledge; if this be to know ; Original: while Adam took no thought,
Which leaves us naked thus, of honor void, Eating his fill: nor Eve to iterate
of innocence, of faith, of purity, Her former trespass fear'd, the more to soothe Our wonted ornaments now soil'd and stain'd. Him with her lov'd society; that now,
And in our faces evident the signs Ås with new wine intoxicated both,
Of foul concupiscence: whence evil store They swim in mirth, and fancy that they feel Even shame, the last of evils ; of the first Divinity within them breeding wings,
Be sure then.-How shall I behold the face Wherewith to scorn the earth: but that false fruit Henceforth of God or angel, erst with joy. Far other operation first display'd,
And rapture so oft beheld ? Those heavenly shapes Carnal desire inflaming: he on Eve
Will dazzle now this earthly with their blaze Began to cast lascivious eyes; she him
Insufferably bright. O! might I here
In solitude live savage; in some glade
Eve, now I see thou art exact of taste, To star or sun-light, spread their umbrage broad
And brown as evening : cover me, ye pines !
Ye cedars, with innumerable boughs
Hide me, where I may never see them more!
To shame obnoxious, and unseemliest seen ;
And girded on our loins, may cover round
There sit not, and reproach us as unclean.”
So counsellid he, and both together went
Into the thickest wood; there soon they chose
But such as at this day, to Indians known,
So said he, and forbore not glance or toy Branching so broad and long, that in the ground
The bended twigs take root, and daughters grow
At loop-holes cut through thickest shade: those
To gird their waist; vain covering, if to hide
To that first naked glory! Such of late
Columbus found the American, so girt
Began to rise, high passions, anger, hate,
And full of peace, now tost and turbulent:
Heard not her lore; both in subjection now
To Sensual Appetite, who from beneath
Usurping over sovran Reason claim'd
Adam, estrang’d in look and alter'd style,
“O Eve, in evil hour thou didst give car Desire of wandering, this unhappy morn,
Remain'd still happy ; not, as now, despoil'd
committed, resolve to sit no longer confined Of all our good; sham’d, naked, miserable!
in Hell, but to follow Satan their sire up to the Let none henceforth seek needless cause to approve place of Man: to make the way easier from The faith they owe; when earnestly they seek Hell to this world to and fro, they pave a broad Such proof, conclude, they then begin to fail." highway or bridge over Chaos, according to the To whom, soon mov'd with touch of blame, thus track that Satan first made; then, preparing for Eve.
Earth, they meet him, proud of his success, re" What words have pass'd thy lips, Adam severe ! turning to Hell; their mutual gratulation. Satan Imput'st thou that to my default, or will
arrives at Pandemonium, in full assembly relates Of wandering, as thou call'st it, which who knows with boasting his success against Man; instead But might as ill have happen'd thou being by, of applause is entertained with a general hiss by Or to thyself perhaps ? Hadst thou been there, all his audience, transformed with himself also Or here the attempt, thou couldst not have discern'd suddenly into serpents according to his doom Fraud in the serpent, speaking as he spake;
given in Paradise; then, deluded with a show of No ground of enmity between us known,
the forbidden tree springing up before them, thoy, Why he should mean me ill, or seek to harm. greedily reaching to take of the fruit, chew dust Was I to have never parted from thy side?
and bitter ashes. The proceedings of Sin and As good have grown there still a lifeless rib.
Death ; God foretells the final victory of his Son Being as I am, why didst not thou, the head,
over them, and the renewing of all things; but Command me absolutely not to go,
for the present, commands his angels to make Going into such danger, as thou saidst ?
several alterations in the Heavens and elements. Too facile then, thou didst not much gainsay ; Adam, more and more perceiving his fallen con. Nay, didst permit, approve, and fair dismiss.
dition, heavily bewails, rejects the condolement Hadst thou been firm and fix'd in thy dissent, of Eve; she persisis, and at length appeases him : Neither had I transgress'd, nor thou with me." then, to evade the curse likely to fall on their off
To whom, then first incens’d, Adam replied. spring, proposes to Adam violent ways, which “ Is this the love, is this the recompense
he approves not; but, conceiving beiter hope, Of mine to thee, ingrateful Eve! Express'd
puts her in mind of the late promise made them, Immutable, when thou wert lost, not I;
that her seed should be revenged on the serpent; Who might have liv’d, and joy'd immortal bliss, and exhorts her with him to seek peace of the Yet willingly chose rather death with thee? offended Deity, by repentance and supplication. And am I now upbraided as the cause Of thy transgressing? Not enough severe, MEANWHILE the heinous and despiteful act It seems, in thy restraint: what could I more? Of Satan done in Paradise ; and how I warn’d thee, I admonish'd thee, foretold
He, in the serpent, had perverted Eve, The danger, and the lurking enemy
Her husband she, to taste the fatal fruit, That lay in wait; beyond this had been force ; Was known in Heaven; for what can 'scape the eye And force upon free-will hath here no place. Of God all-seeing, or deceive his heart But confidence then bore thee on; secure
Omniscient? who, in all things wise and just, Either to meet no danger, or to find
Hinder'd not Satan to attempt the mind Matter of glorious trial; and perhaps
Of Man, with strength entire, and free-will, arm'd; I also err'd, in over-much admiring
Complete to have discover'd and repuls'd What seem'd in thee so perfect, that I thought Whatever wiles of foe or seeming friend. No evil durst attempt thee; but I rue
For still they knew, and ought to have still reThat error now, which is become my crime,
And, manifold in sin, deserv'd to fall.
The angelic guards ascend, mute, and sad, The fruitless hours, but neither self-condemning, For Man; for of his state by this they knew, And of their vain contést appear’d no end. Much wondering how the subtle fiend had stol'n
Entrance unseen. Soon as the unwelcome news
From Earth arrived at Heaven-gate, displeas'd BOOK X.
All were who heard ; dim sadness did not spare
That time celestial visages, yet, mix'd
With pity, violated not their bliss.
About the new-arrived, in multitudes Man's transgression known ; the guardian-angels The ethereal people ran, to hear and know
forsake Paradise, and return up to Heaven to How all befell; they towards the throne supreme approve their vigilance, and are approved ; God Accountable, made haste, to make appear declaring that the entrance of Satan could With righteous plea their utmost vigilance, not be by them prevented. He sends his Son And easily approv'd; when the Most High to judge the transgressors, who descends and Eternal Father, from his secret cloud gives sentence accordingly; then in pity clothes Amidst, in thunder utter'd thus his voice. them both, and reascends. Sin and Death, “ Assembled angels, and ye powers reiurn'd sitting till then at the gates of Hell, by won. From unsuccessful charge, be not dismay'd, drous sympathy feeling the success of Satan Nor tronbled at these tidings from the Earth, in this new world, and the Sin by Man there which your sincerest care could not prevent,
Foretold so lately what would come to pass, Or come I less conspicuous, or what change
[fint On his bad errand; Man should be seduc'd,
He came; and with him Eve, more loth, though And Natter'd out of all, believing lies
To offend ; discountenanc'd both, and discompos d; Against his Maker ; no decree of mine
Love was not in their looks, either to God,
Or to each other; but apparent guilt,
Anger, and obstinacy, and hate, and guile.
* My voice thou oft hast heard, and hast not fear'ı
So dreadful to thee? That thou art naked, who
Hath told thee? Hast thou eaten of the tree,
To whom thus Adam sore beset replied.
Before my judge; either to undergo Mercy colleague with justice, sending thee Myself the total crime, or to accuse Man's friend, his Mediator, his design'd
My other self, the partner
of Both ransom and Redeemer voluntary,
Whose failing, while her faith to me remains. And destin'd Man himself to judge Man fall'n.” I should conceal, and not expose to blame
So spake the Father; and, unfolding bright By my complaint : but strict necessity Toward the right hand his glory, on the Son Subdues me, and calamitous constraint; Blaz'd forth unclouded deity: he full
Lest on my head both sin and punishment, Resplendent all his Father manifest
However insupportable, be all
Wouldst easily detect what I conceal.-
Her doing seem'd to justify the deed ;
To whom the Sovran Presence thus replied.
“ Was she thy God, that her thou didst obey
Superior, or but equal, that to her
Hers in all real dignity ? Adorn'd
She was indeed, and lovely, to attract
l'nseemly to bear rule; which was thy part
So having said, he thus to Eve in few.
Confessing soon, yet not before her judge
Which when the Lord God heard, without delay
As vitiated in nature : more to know
Nor alter'd his offence; yet God at last
Above all cattle, each beast of the field;
Beyond this deep: whatever draws me on, Upon thy belly grovelling thou shalt go,
Or sympathy, or some connatural force, And dust shalt eat all the days of thy life. Powerful at greatest distance to unite, Between thee and the woman I will put
With secret amity, things of like kind,
By secretest conveyance. Thou, my shade
For Death from Sin no power can separate.
But, lest the difficulty of passing back Saw Satan fall, like lightning, down from Heaven, Stay his return perhaps over this gulf Prince of the air; then, rising from his grave, Impassable, impervious ; let us try Spoild principalities and powers, triumph'd Adventurous work, yet to thy power and mino In open show; and, with ascension bright, Not unagreeable, to found a path Captivity led captive throngh the air,
Over this main from Hell to that new world,
Where Satan now prevails; a monument
Nor can I miss the way, so strongly drawn
Whom thus the meagre shadow answer'd soon Thine shall submit; he over thee shall rule." “Go whither Fate, and inclination strong,
On Adam last thus judgment he pronounc'd. Leads thee; I shall not lag behind, nor err " Because thou hast hearken'd to the voice of thy wife, The way, thou leading; such a scent I draw And eaten of the tree, concerning which Of carnage, prey innumerable, and taste I charg'd thee, saying, Thou shalt not eat thereof:' The savor of death from all things there that live: Cursid is the ground for thy sake; thou in sorrow Nor shall I to the work thou enterprisest Shalt eat thereof, all the days of thy life;
Be wanting, but afford thee equal aid.”. Thorns also and thistles it shall bring thee forth So saying, with delight he snuff’d the smell Unbid; and thou shalt eat the herb of the field; Of mortal change on Earth. As when a flock In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, Of ravenous fowl, though many a league remote, Till thou return unto the ground; for thou Against the day of battle, to a field, Out of the ground wast taken, know thy birth, Where armies lie encamp’d, come flying, lur'd For dust thou art, and shalt to dust return." With scent of living carcasses design'd
So judgd he Man, both judge and savior sent; For death, the following day, in bloody fight : And the instant stroke of death, denounc'd that day, So scented the grim feature, and upturn'd Remov'd far off; then, pitying how they siood His nostril wide into the murky air; Before him naked to the air, that now
Sagacious of his quarry from so far. Must suffer change, disdain'd not to begin
Then both from out Hell-gates, into the waste Thenceforth the form of servant to assume; Wide anarchy of Chaos, damp and dark, As when he wash'd his servants' feet; so now, Flew diverse; and with power (their power was great) As father of his family, he clad
Hovering upon the waters, what they met Their nakedness with skins of beasts, or slain, Solid or slimy, as in raging sea Or as the snake with youthful coat repaid; Tost up and down, together crowded drove, And thought not much to clothe his enemies : From each side shoaling towards the mouth of Hell. Nor he their outward only with the skins
As when two polar winds, blowing adverse Of beasts, but inward nakedness, much more Upon the Cronian sea, together drive Opprobrious, with his robe of righteousness Mountains of ice, that stop the imagin'd way Arraying, cover'd from his Father's sight.
Beyond Petsora eastward, to the rich To him with swift ascent he up return'd,
Cathaian coast. The aggregated soil Into his blissful bosom reassum'd
Death with his mace petrific, cold and dry, In glory, as of old; to him appeas'd,
As with a trident smote, and fix'd as firm All, though all-knowing, what had pass'd with Man As Delos, floating once; the rest his look Recounted, mixing intercession sweet.
Bound with Gorgonian rigor not to move ; Meanwhile, ere thus was sinn'd and judg'don Earth, And with Asphaltic slime, broad as the gate, Within the gates of Hell sat Sin and Death, Deep to the roots of Hell the gather'd beach In counterview within the gates, that now They fasten'd, and the mole immense wrought on Stood open wide, belching outrageous flame Over the foaming deep high-arch'd, a bridge Far into Chaos, since the fiend pass'd through, Of length prodigious, joining to the wall Sin opening; who thus now to Death began. Immovable of this now fenceless world,
“O son, why sit we here each other viewing Forfeit to Death ; from hence a passage broau, Idly, while Satan, our great author, thrives Sniooth, easy, inoffensive, down to Hell. In other worlds, and happier seat provides So, if great things to small may be compar’d, For us, his offspring dear? It cannot be
Xerxes, the liberty of Greece to yoke, But that success attends him; if mishap,
From Susa, his Memnonian palace high, Ere this he had return’d, with fury driven Came to the sea; and, over Hellespont By his avengers ; since no place like this
Bridging his way, Europe with Asia join'd, Can fit his punishment, or their revenge.
And scourg'd with many a stroke the indignant waves. Methinks I feel new strength within me rise, Now had they brought the work by wondrous art Wings growing, and dominion given me large, Pontifical, a ridge of pendent rock
Over the vex'd abyss, following the track
Fair daughter, and thou son and grand-child both, or Satan to the self-same place where he. High proof ye now have given to be the race First lighted from his wing, and landed safe Of Satan, (for I glory in the name, From out of Chaos, to the outside bare
Antagonist of Heaven's Almighty King,) Of this round world: with pins of adamant Amply have merited of me, of all And chains they made all fast, too fast they made The infernal empire, that so near Heaven's door And durable! And now in little space
Triumphal with triumphal act have met, The confines met of empyréan Heaven,
Mine, with this glorious work; and made one realm, And of this world; and, on the left hand, Hell Hell and this world, one realm, one continent With long reach interpos'd ; three several ways Of easy thoroughfare. Therefore, while 1 In sight, to each of these three places led. Descend through darkness, on your road with ease. And now their way to Earth they had descried, To my associate powers, them to acquaint To Paradise first tending; when, behold!
With these successes, and with them rejoice ; Satan, in likeness of an angel bright,
You two this way, among these numerous orbs, Betwixt the Centaur and the Scorpion steering All yours, right down to Paradise descend; His zenith, while the Sun in Aries rose :
There dwell, and reign in bliss; thence on the Earth Disguis'd he came; but those his children dear Dominion exercise and in the air, Their parent soon discern'd, though in disguise. Chiefly on Man, sole lord of all declar'd; He, after Eve seduc'd, unminded slunk
Him first make sure your thrall, and lastly kill. Into the wood fast by; and, changing shape, My substitutes I send ye, and create To observe the sequel, saw his guileful act Plenipotent on Earth, of matchless might By Eve, though all unweeting, seconded
Issuing from me: on your joint vigor now Upon her husband ; saw their shar that sought My hold of this new kingdom all depends, Vain covertures; but when he saw descend Through Sin to Death expos'd by my exploit. The Son of God to judge them, terrified
If your joint power prevail, the affairs of Hell He fied ; not hoping to escape, but shun
No detriment need fear; go, and be strong!" The present; fearing, guilty, what his wrath So saying, he dismiss'd them; they with speed Might suddenly inflict; that past, return'd Their course through thickest constellations held, By night, and listening where the hapless pair Spreading their bane; the blasted stars look'd wan Sat in their sad discourse, and various plaint, And planets, planet-struck, real eclipse Thence gather'd his own doom; which understood Then suffer'd. The other way Satan went down Not instant, but of future time, with joy
The causey to Hell-gate: on either side And tidings fraught, to Hell he now return'd; Disparted Chaos over-built exclaim'd, And at the brink of Chaos, near the foot
And with rebounding surge the bars assaild, of this new wondrous pontifice, unhop'd
That scorn'd his indignation : through the gate, Met, who to meet him came, his offspring dear. Wide open and unguarded, Satan pass'd, Great joy was at their meeting, and at sight And all about found desolate ; for those, Of that stupendous bridge his joy increas d. Appointed to sit there, had left their charge, Long he admiring stood, till Sin, his fair
Flown to the upper world; the rest were all Enchanting daughter, thus the silence broke. Far to the inland retir'd, about the walls
“ O parent, these are thy magnific deeds, Of Pandemonium; city and proud seat
There kept their watch the legions, while the grand My heart, which by a secret harmony
In council sat, solicitous what chance
As when the Tartar from his Russian foe,
Retires; or Bactrian Sophi, from the horns
Of Turkish crescent, leaves all waste beyond Hell could no longer hold us in our bounds, The realm of Aladule, in his retreat Nor this unvoyageable gulf obscure
To Tauris or Casbeen: so these, the late Detain from following thy illustrious track : Heaven-banish'd host, left desert utmost Hell Thou hast achiev'd our liberty, confin'd
Many a dark league, reduc'd in careful watch Within Hell-gates till now; thou us empower'd Round their metropolis ; and now expecting To fortify thus far, and overlay,
Each hour their great adventurer, from the search
He sat, and round about him saw, unseen:
At last, as from a cloud, his fulgent head
And shape star-bright appear'd, or brighter; clad Or try thee now more dangerous to his throne."
With what permissive glory since his fall Whom thus the prince of darkness answer'd glad. At that so sudden blaze, the Siygian throng
Was left him, or false glitter : all amaz'd