Page images
PDF
EPUB
[graphic]

A WEEKLY ILLUSTRATED JOURNAL OF SCIENCE.

To the solid ground
Of Nature trusts the mind which builds for aye."—WORDSWORTH.

No. 1201, VOL. 47.]

THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 1892.

[PRICE SIXPENCE.

Registered as a Newspaper at the General Post Office.]

(All Rights are Reserved.

OUR NEW CATALOGUE

ELECTRICAL TESTING

AND

| SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS

NEW POLARISCOPE OBJECTS. NALDER BROS. & CO.,
These are all mounted between circular glasses to fit the standard 13-inch
rotating frames
Natural Twin Crystals of Selenite, 5s. each.

16 RED LION STREET,
Triple crossed Natural Twin Crystals, 425. each.
(These are very fine and scarce )

CLERKENWELL, LONDON, E.C.
Whole-plates of Selenite and Mica combined, 125. 6d. each.
Three overlapping Selenite Circles on a Mica Disc, 148. each.

Crossed Selenite Triangles, 6s. each.
Crossed Selenice Triangles on a Mica Plate, 8s, 6d. each.
Five-pointed Selenite Stars, ros. each ; Macle of Selenite, 4s. 6d. each.
(These are all excellently mounted, and are very brilliant.)
SOLE AGENTS-

OF
NEWTON & CO.,
SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENT MAKERS TO THE ROYAL INSTITUTION OP

GREAT BRITAIN,

3 FLEET STREET, LONDON.
PROJECTING POLARISCOPES.
New Pattern, complete with square end Iceland Spar Polarizer, 2 inches
diameter, and square end Spar Analyzer, mounted on 30-inch triangular bar,
with deep convergent systems, &c., as now making for the McGill

University, £80. .
PROJECTING POLARISCOPES of highest quality, with Sleeman.
Delezenne Polarizers, complete, 645. Cheap form, £15.

IS NOW READY.
PROJECTING MICRO-POLARISCOPES.
For Lime Light, £25; for Electric Light, £50.

Forwarded on Application.
NEWTON & CO.'S
OPTICAL LANTERNS AND SLIDES.

HIGHEST QUALITY ONLY.
Detailed Catalogues of Lanterns and Slides, and Special Apparatus for NALDER BROS. & Co.

Scientific Projection, 4d.
Wimhurst Influence Machines

THE SEA-LEVEL ANEROID

(WHITESIDE-COOK'S PATENT). Of Superior Construction and Workmanship.

BALL
SCHOOL FORM, as shown in figure,

1 500 1000 15.00 2000 2500 26
with Contact Studs-
12-inch Plates & 2 Leyden Jars, £1/15/-
16-inch ditto d itto, £2/10/-
BEST FORM, for Colleges, &c. -
8-inch Plates & 2 Leyden Jars, £2/-/-
2-inch ditto, ditto, £3/10/-

With this Aneroid, no sort of calculation or technical knowledge is required. 16-inch ditto, ditto, £4/10/ It meets a long-recognized want. Every one is aware that the altitude

affects the readings of the Barometer, but many people do not know exactly LECTURE TABLE MACHINES

what correction to make.
with MULTIPLE PLATES, from Made only by
£6 10s, to £50.

NEGRETTI & ZAMBRA,
In the Press for Early Publication -GRIFFIN'S New CATALOGUE of SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENT MAKERS to THE QUEEN,
ELECTRICAL, MAGNETIC, and GALVANIC APPARATUS, much

38 HOLBORN VIADUCT. Enlarged and fully Illustrated. Send Name and Address for Copy.

BRANCHES : 45 CORNHILL; 122 REGENT ST., LONDON.

ILLUSTRATED DESCRIPTION Post FREF. JOHN J. GRIFFIN & SONS, L. NEGRETTI & ZAMBRA'S " Illustrated Catalogue," 600 Pages,

1200 Engravings, Price 59. 60. 22 GARRICK STREET, LONDON, W.C. Telephone No. 6583. Telegraphic Address : "NEGRETTI, London.'

[graphic]
[graphic]

RECENT SHELLS.

THE VICTORIA UNIVERSITY. ! SCIENCE SCHOLARSHIPS.

THE EXTERNAL EXAMINERS OF THE UNIVERSITY. Special facilities are afforded by the extensive Laboratories of JAMES ADAM, M.A., Fellow and Tutor of Emmanuel College, Cam PENYWERN HOUSE MILITARY AND ENGINEERING COLLEGE

bridge. Examiner in Greek. ARCHIBALD BARR, B.Sc., Professor of Engineering in the University

2 PENYWERN ROAD, EARL'S COURT, S.W. of Glasgow, Examiner in Engineering.

Principal, #MARCUS BECK, M.D., F.R.C.S., Professor of Surgery in University

G. W. DE TUNZELMANN, B.Sc. (Lond. Univ.), M.I.E.E. College, London, Examiner in Surgery. CLOVIS BEVENOT, M.A., Professor of French in Mason College,

Telegrams—“Tunzelmann, London." Birmingham, Examiner in French Language and Literature.

Students are regularly sent to the College by Leading Educational KARL BREUL, Ph.D., M.A., University Lecturer in German, Cam Authorities, whose Names are given on the Prospectus.

bridge, Examiner in German Language and Literature. D. J. CUNNINGHAM, M.D., Professor of Comparative Anatomy in the | UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF WALES, University of Dublin, Examiner in Anatomy.

ABERYSTWYTH. + Sir DYCE DUCKWORTH, M.D.(Edin.), F R.C.P., Lecturer on Clinical Medicine in St. Bartholomew's Hospital, London, Examiner in Medicine,

AGRICULTURAL DEPARTMENT. R. T. GLAZEBROOK. M.A.E.R.S. Demonstrator in the Cay

The Council are prepared to appoint an additional LECTURER in Physical Laboratory, Cambridge, Examiner in Physics.

AGRICULTURE at a stipend of 6 200 per annum.

Applications, together with Testimonials, should be sent in on or before A. H. GREEN, M.A., F.R.S , Professor of Geology in the University of

NOVEMBER 8. to the REGISTRAR, at the College, from whom surther Oxford, Examiner in Geology and Palæontology,

particulars may be obtained. ALEXANDER HENRY, M.A., LL.B., Professor of Jurisprudence in University College, London, Examiner in Law.

ASSISTANT ASTRONOMER.—The Post C. H. HERFORD, Litt. D., Professor of English Literature in University

of ASSISTAVT ASTRONOMER at the Dunsink Observatory is College, Aberystwith, Exa niner in English Language and Literatur

now VACANT. Salary, $200, with a Residence in the Observatory W. M. HICKS, MA., Professor of Mathematics in Firth College, Sheffield, Grounds. Candidates for the appointment should send in their appli. Examiner in Mathematics.

cations, with Copies of Testimonials, &c., on or before November 19. G. B. HOWES, F.Z. S., Assistant Professor of Biology, Royal College of to Prof. ARTHUR A. RAMBAUT, Dunsink Observatory, Co. Dublin.

Scie ice, London, Examiner in Zoology. ROBERT MAGUIRE. M.D., F.R.C.P., Lecturer on Pathology, St. WANTED, Assistant Chemist to work Mary's Hospital, London, Examiner in Pathology.

nnder «upervision. must be accustomed to QUICK and ACCURATE and GEORGE R. M MURRAY, F.L.S., Senior Assistant, Dep ırtment of Steel Works Analyses. State Experience, Age, and Salary required Natural History, British Museum, Examiner in Botany.

to Messrs. STEEL. PEECH, and Tozer, Limited, Ickles, near Sheffield. Rev. T. L. PAPILLON, M.A., late Fellow and Tutor of New College Oxford, Examiner in Latin.

To Collectors and Buyers of Precious and WILLIAM RAMSAY, Ph.D, F.R.S., Professor of Chemistry in Uni Fancy Stones.-R. C. NOCKOLD, Diamond and Oriental Stone Merversity College, London, Examiner in Chemistry.

chant, 12 Frith Street, Sho, W., has a very large assortment of Spec. CHARLES S. SHERRINGTON, M.B., Lecturer on Physiology in St.

men Stones, cut and uncut. Inspection invited. Thomas's Hospital, London, Examiner in Physiology. A. R. SIMPSON, M D., F.R.C.P., Professor of Midwifery in the University

of Edinburgh, Examiner in Obstetrics and Diseases of Women. ARTHUR L. SMITH, M.A., Fellow of Balliol College, Oxford, Examiner

in History. THOMAS STEVENSON, M.D., F.R.C.P., Lecturer on Chemical and

Medical Jurisprudence, Guy's Hospital, London, Examiner in Forensic

Medicine and Public Health. +RALPH STOCKMA V, M.D.. Examiner in Materia Medica and Pharmacy

and in Pharmacology and Therapeutics. (Eligible for re-election.) JAMES WARD, M.A., Sc.D., Lecturer on Philosophy in Trinity College

Cambridge, Examiner in Philosophy and Political Economy.
The Examiners against whose names a dagger(t) is placed retire at

Helix FULTONI, Godwin-Ansten. the end of November. Applications are invited for the posts they now fill, Latest additions to stock. which should be sent in on or before NOVEMBER 29. and may be New species of Diplommatina and Opisthostoma from Borneo, including accompanied by Testimonials (Copies only) or References, at the Candidate's a most lovely little hell, Opisthostoma mirabile. discretion. The appointments will be for Three Years. Examiners who A splendid consignment of Philippine land shells. have served a full term are not eligible for re-election.

GLASS-TOPPED BOXES, CARD TRAYS, &c. For further Particulars, apply to

A. T. BENTLEY, M.A., Registrar. Manchester, October 1892.

HUGH FULTON (Conchologist),

216 KING'S ROAD, LONDON, S.W. BALLIOL COLLEGE, CHRISTCHURCH

BIOLOGY
AND

Specimens for Dissection.
TRINITY COLLEGE, OXFORD. Finely-preserved Specimens of all the Types required for Science Courses

- especially the London B.Sc. NATURAL SCIENCE SCHOLARSHIPS AND EXHIBITIONS. SPECIAL AT PRESENT:- Aurelia, Calcareous sponge, Holothuriass.

Echinus, Uraster, Ascaris, Distomum, Nereis, Astacus, Apus, Loras, A combined Examination for Natural Science Scholarships and Exhibi. Haliotis, Sepia, Amphiorus, Seyllium, and fully 300 other forms for distions will be held by the above Colleges, beginning on TUESDAY, section. Also Chara, Vaucheria, Spirogyra, Fucus, Peziza, &c. NOVEMBER 15, 1892. Three Scholarships and Two Exhibitions will be offered, the Scholarships

MICRCSCOPICAL SLIDES. being worth 680 a year.

Recent mounts include some very lovely expanded Zoophytes (Perraria The : ubjects for examination will be Physics, Chemistry, and Biology, but Endendrium, Obelia, Alcyonium, &c.); inieresting Larval forms (c.g. Candidates will not be expected to offer themselves in more than two of

Lobster, Purcellain Crab, Ascidian, Squid, Goby, Comatula, &c.', the rare these.

Pelagic Worms (Syllis, &c.). Also many specially New and Beautie: Particulars may be obtained by application to A. VERNON HARCOURT, Slides, such as Fruits of Selaginella and Chara, and Sections of Flose Christ Church, Oxford.

and Fruit Buds, &c.

Price Lists free on Application. GLASGOW BOTANIC GARDENS.

J. SINEL, Biological Laboratory, JERSEY CURATORSHIP. The Town Council of Glasgow are prepared to receive Applications for the situation of CURATOR of the GLASGOW BOTANIC GARDENS, The Salary will be at the rate of £200 per Annum, with Free House in the Gardens and Coal and Gas.

Volvox globator, Vorticella, Hydra viridis, Stephanoceros Eichost. Applications marked “Botanic Gardens-Curatorship,” stating Appli

Lophopus crystallinus, and other beautiful Specimens of Pond Life: ab cant's Age and Qualifications, and accompanied by Copies of Testimonials,

Amceba, Protococcus, and other types for the Student of Biology. Species

Tube, is. Post-free. must be lodged with the Subscriber on or before oth proximo. J. D. MARWICK, Town Clerk.

T. E. BOLTON, City Chambers, Glasgow, October 24, 1892.

FARLEY ROAD, MALVERN LINK.

LIVING SPECIMENS FOR THE

MICROSCOPE.

Sale by Auction.

THROAT AND COUG

TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 8. THE VALUABLE COLLECTIONS OF BRITISH AND EXOTIC Soreness and Dryness, Tickling and Irritation, inducing Cough, and affectLEPIDOPTERA AND COLEOPTERA, &C.

ing the Voice. For these symptoms use MR. J. C. STEVENS will sell by Auction

EPPS'S GLYCERINE JUJUBES. at his Great Rooms. 38 King Street, Covent Garden, on TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 8, at half-pait 12 precisely, several valuable Collections of

In contact with the glands at the moment they are excited by the act of British and Exotic Lepidoptera and Coleoptera,containing many varieties.

sucking, the Glycerine in these agreeable Confections becomes actively Exotic Lepidoptera in papers. received direct. British and Foreign

healing Birds' Skins and Eggs, Animal Skins, Shells, Minerals, &c. Insect and

Sold only in Boxes, 7 d., and Tins, is. ijd., Labelled. other Cabinets. On View the Day prior, from 10 till 4. and Morning of Sale, and

JAMES EPPS & CO., Homeopathic Chemists, LONDON. Catalogues had. ALBERT EDWARD JAMRACH

THIS (Late CHARLES JAMRACH),

MEDICINE NATURALIST,

Is unequalled in the Cure of all Disorders of the LIVER, 180 ST. GEORGE STREET EAST.

STOMACH, KIDNEYS AND BOWELS. A Great PURI. Implements of Savage Warfare. Idols, Sacred Masks, Peruvian Pottery, Netsukis, China, Lacquer, Gongs, Shells, and other Curios.

FIER of the BLOOD; a Powerful Invigorator of the

System, if suffering from WEAKNESS AND DEBILITY, MINERALOGY.

and is unequalled in Complaints incidental to Fowalon. SAMUEL HENSON,

THE ENTOMOLOGIST'S MONTHLY 97 REGENT STREET, LONDON, W. ESTABLISHED 1840

MAGAZINE.
Late 277 STRAND.
Choice Mineral Specimens, Gem Stones, Carved Opals, Polished Agates,

Price Sixpence, Monthly.
Rock Crystal Balls, Fossils, Rocks, and Rock Sections.

Edited by C. G. Barrett, J. W. Douglas, W. W. Fowler, M.A., F.L.S. LATEST ARRIVALS.

R. McLACHLAN, F.R.S., E. SAUNDERS, F.L.S., and Ruby and other Varieties of Cassiterite on Quartz, Australia, Beautiful

H. T. STAINTON, F.R.S. Blue and White Calamine, Adamite, Laurium, Crystallized Brucite, Melano. This Magazine, commenced in 1864, contains standard articles and notes phlogite, Roscoclite with Gold. Apophyllite, Mexico, very Beautiful Doubly

, very Beautiful Doubly | on all subjects connected with Entomology, and especially on the Insects of

on all subjects connected with En Terminated Vanadinite, Arizona, Phenacite on Quartz, Colorado. Large the British Isles. Crystal_of Pyroxene, Pink Grossular, Ruby on Matrix, Burma, Diatom | Subscription-Six Shillings per Annum, post free. aceous Earth, Hakodari Japan.

London : GURNEY & JACKSON (Mr. Van Voorst's Successors).

Paternoster Row. F. H. BUTLER. M.A. Oxon., Assoc.R.S. Mines.

| N.B.-A Second Series was commenced with the Number for January 1890. NATURAL 'HISTORY AGENCY, 158 BROMPTON ROAD, LONDON. Dealer iu Rocks, Minerals, Fossils, and other objects

THE ZOOLOGIST: of Scientific Interest.

A MONTHLY MAGAZINE OF NATURAL HISTORY. Now on View:- A large and varied assortment of Rock-specimens re. Toud Series. Edited by J. E. HARTING, F.L.S., F.Z.S., member of the dently obtained from West Shropshire and North Wales, including numerous Diabases, variegated Volcanic Ash, Aggloinerate, and Breccia, Quartzite

British Ornithologists' Union; contains rom the Stiper Stones, Spoited Schists, and Granitite; also, a Collection of Original Articles by well-known naturalists in every branch of zoology. exceptionally fine polished examples of Labradorite, Green Aventurine habits of animals; arrival and departure of migratory birds; occurrence of Quartz, Agate, Jasper, and other Ornamental Stones: Pyrite after Pyrrho. rare birds, distribution and migration of British fresh-water fish; new or ite from Cornwall: Chalk Polyza from Kent; and a Consignment of rure marine fish: local aquaria; British reptiles ; British land and fresh. strich Eggs.

water mollusca, with remarks on the haunts and habits of the species; and other matters of general interest to those who delight in gatural history Reports of the Linnean, Zoological, and Entomological Societies. Reviews of natural history books. Occasional translations from foreign zoological

urnals of important and interesting articles in various branches of zooloer For the Use of Students, Science Teachers, Prospectors, &c., and to There are occasional woodcuts. illustrate the leading Text-books, in Boxes, with Trays.

SIMPKIN, MARSHALL, & CO., Stationers' Hall Couri. 50 Spocimens, 10s. 60.; 100 do., 21s.; 200 do., 485. lew Price List of Minerals, Rocks, and Stratigraphical Series of Fossils Post Free.

NOTICE.- Advertisements and business letters for OCK SECTIONS for the MICROSCOPE from is.6d.each, Post Free

NATURE shoulit be addressed to the Publishers; CATALOGUES GRATIS.

Editorial communications to the Editor. The tele. ABINETS, GLASS-CAPPED BOXES. TRAYS, HAMMERS, &c. always in Stock.

graphic adiress oj NATURE is “ PHUSIS, LONDON." r4OMAS D. RUSSELL, SUBSCRIPTIONS TO “NATURE." 78 NEWGATE STREET, LONDON. E.C.

Yearly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 8 0
JAMES R. GREGORY,

Hall-yearly... ......... 014 6

Quarterly .............0 3 6 MINERALOGIST AND GEOLOGIST. To all PLACES A BROAD :

. .. . ( 10 6

Ilall-yearly. ........ ... 015 6
SPECIAL AND TYPICAL COLLECTIONS
FOR STUDENTS, LECTURERS, MUSEUMS, &c.,

Quarterly .:.:.:.:.:.:: 0 8 0
As supplied to the Science and Art Department, South Kensington.
EVERY REQUISITE FOR PRACTICAL WORK, | CHARGES FOR ADVERTISEMENTS.
Also, Museum Fittings, Cases, and all Materials for Display,&c..

Three Lines in Column ... ... 0 2 6 of Specimens.

Per Line after ........... 0 0 9
LLECTIONS OF MINERALS, FOSSILS, & ROCKS,

One Eighth Page, or Quarter Column. 018 6
To Illustrate all Elementary Works.

Quarter Page, or llall a Column ... 1 15 0
SPECIAL COLLECTIONS FOR EACH WORK.

Tlall a Page, or a Column ...... 3 5 0

Whole Page........... 6 6 0 NEW LISTS NOW READY, may be had Post free on application at the Repository and Museum,

Money Orders payable to MACMILLAN EN CO. 88 CHARLOTTE STREET, FITZROY SQUARE,

T OFFICE: 29 BEDFORD STREET, SIRAND, 1 C. LONDON

[graphic]

COLLECTIONS OF MINERALS,

ROCKS, OR FOSSILS,

[ocr errors]

PRACTICAL PHYSICS.

BY

BY

Just Published. Crown 8vo, 4s. 6d.

R. FRIEDLAENDER UND SOHN,

Berlin, N.W., Karlstrasse 11.

NATURAL HISTORY AND NATURAL SCIENCE BOOKSELLERS, An Introductory Handbook for the Physical Laboratory.

ESTABLISHED SINCE 1827.
In Three Parts.

Largest Stock of the whole Literature of Natural History and the

E.ract Sciences. W. F. BARRETT, F.R.S.E., M.R.I.A.,

Just Published, the following Three Catalogues:

ITINÉRA HISTORICO-NATURALIA. Professor of Experimental Physics, Royal College of Science, Ireland, &c.

Catalogue of Works containing Natural History Voyages. PART I.-Physical Processes and Measurements-The Properties of Matter. By W. F. BARRETT and W. BROWN.

38 Pages, 650 Titles of Books. CONTENTS :-Voyages round the World.--Arctic Voyages. -Antarctic

Voyages.-Voyages in Europe, in Asia, in the Indo-Malayan Archipelago, Just Published, Crown 8vo, 2s. 6d. net.

and Australia, in Africa, in North America, in Central America, in South

America. NAKED-EYE BOTANY.

BIRDS.

62 Pages, with 2200 Titles of Books and Papers. With Illustrations and Floral Probleins.

Most Complete Catalogue ever published of the Ornithological Literature,

containing all important Works on the Classification, Anatomy, Biology, F. E. KITCHENER, M.A.,

Embryology, Geographical Distribution of Recent and Fossil Birds. Formerly Head Master of Newcastle High School, Staffordshire.

BOTANY. Forming a Volume of “The Beginner's Text Books of Science."

Part I. SYSTEMATIC BOTANY. Miscellaneous Writings.

66 Pages, with 2213 Titles. London: PERCIVAL & Co., King Street, Covent Garden.

CONTENTS:-Botanical Periodicals.-Classification of Plants. - Elements of Botany.- Plantæ Novæ.- Botanic Gardens. --Icones Selectæ Plantanun. -Fossil Plants. Apply for our Catalogues (32-each one Special Department of Science),

which will be sent GRATIS AND POST-FREE. A MAGAZINE OF SCIENCE, SIMPLY WORDED, EXACTLY DESCRIBED.

ASTRONOMICAL OBSERVATIONS MADE Edited by A. COWPER RANYARD.

AT THE UNIVERSITY OBSERVATORY, OXFORD. The NOVEMBER NUMBER contains :THE DISASTER AT ST. GERVAIS. By the Rt. Hon. Sir EDWARD

Just PUBLISHED, ROYAL 8vo, Paper Covers, Price 4s. 6d. FRY, LL.D., F.R.S. CATERPILLARS. By E. A. BUTLER.

No. IV.
JOHN MICHELL, ASTRONOMER AND GEOLOGIST. By J. R.

SATTON
BYE-PRODUCTS VERSUS WASTE-PRODUCTS. By VAUGHAN

CORNISH.
THE MOVEMENTS IN THE LINE OF SIGHT OF STARS AND

NEBULÆ. By Miss A. M. CLERKE.
THE OLDEST MAMMALS. By R. LYDDEKER.
THE NEW GEOLOGY. By H. N. HUTCHINSON.
FACE OF THE SKY. By HERBERT SADLER.

F.R.A.S.
PRICE SIXPENCE.

Savilian Professor of Astronomy in Oxford ; Fellow of New College,

Oxford ; Honorary Fellow of St. John's College, Cambridge. KNOWLEDGE OFFICE : 326 HIGH HOLBORN, W.C.

KNOWLEDGE:

RESEARCHES IN STELLAR PARALLAX

BY THE AID OF PHOTOGRAPHY, Part 2. By CHARLES PRITCHARD, D.D., F.R.S., F.G.S.

ON THE MODIFICATION OF ORGANISMS.

London : HENRY FROWDE, Clarendon Press Warehouse,

Amen Corner, E.C.
A CRITICISM ON DARWIN.

LATEST PUBLICATIONS OF THE ZOOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF

LONDON.
By DAVID SYME.

PROCEEDINGS OF THE ZOOLOGICAL Rot !- Dr. A. R. Wallace. “A shrewd critic."-Dr. Romanes. "A vigorous criticism."--The Times. "No earnest student can afford to

SOCIETY OF LONDON, 1892.
neglect so firm, and clear, and strong a criticism of Darwin."-Aberdeen
Free Press.

Part III.
Price 3s. 6d.

Containing the Papers read at the Scientific Meetings held in May and SIMPKIN, MARSHALL, & CO., LTD., London. June last, with 9 Plates, Price 12$.

"Transactions of the Zoological Society of London," Vol. xiii., Part 6 Fourth Edition, pp. 300, 55.

Price 6s. Containing a paper on “ A Skull of Trogontherium cuvieri," frog

the forest bed of East Runton, near Cromer. By E. T. Newton, F.G.S. PROTOPLASM: Physical Life and Law. F.Z.S., Geological Survey. By LIONEL BEALE, F.R.S.

“The Zoological Record for 1891; being volume the twenty-eighth of the

Record-of Zoological Literature." Edited by David Sharp, Esq., M.D. Facts and Arguments against Mechanical Views of Life as accepted F.R.S., F.Z.S. London, 1892. Price 30s. by Huxley, Herbert Spencer, Strauss, Tyndall, and many others.

These publications may be obtained at the Society's Office (3 Hanove
HARRISON & SONS, 59 Pall Mall.

Square, W.), or through any bookseller.
Just Published, Medium 8vo, Cloth, Price 10s. 6d. net, Postage 6d.

CA S T O R O L OG I A:
OR THE HISTORY AND TRADITIONS OF THE CANADIAN BEAVER.

By HORACE T. MARTIN, F.Z.s., &c.

An Exhaustive Monograph Popularly Written and Fully Illustrated. CONTENTS :-Chapter I. Mythology and Folk-lore. - Chapter II. Testimony of the Rocks.--Chapter III. Geographical Distribution of Castor Fibes -- Chapter IV. Traditions from Europe. - Chapter V. Geographical Distribution of Castor Canadensis.-Chapter VI. Concerning American Relatives Chapter VII Life History of the Canadian Beaver.- Chapter VIII. His Wonderful Engineering Accomplishments,-Chapter IX. Ethnological Consider Lions.-Chapter X. First Acquaintance with the “ Pale Face." - Chapter XI. Experiments in Domestication.-Chapter XII. Anatomy. Osteology. 12 dermy.--Chapter XIII. Chemico-Medical Properties.-Chapter XIV. Importance in Trade, Commerce, and Manufacture.-Chapter XV. The bearer : Heraldry.

London : EDWARD STANFORD, 26 and 27 Cockspur Street, Charing Cross, S.W.
ON THE ORIGIN OF ELEMENTARY SUBSTANCES
AND ON SOME NEW RELATIONS OF THEIR ATOMIC WEIGHTS.

By HENRY WILDE, F.R.S.
In English-French and in English-German. Quarto, Paper Covers, 4s.
London : KEGAN PAUL, TRENCH, TRUBNER & CO., LTD., Charing Cross Road.

[graphic][subsumed]

A WEEKLY ILLUSTRATED JOURNAL OF SCIENCE.

To the solid ground
Of Nature trusis the mind which builds for aye."—WORDSWORTH.

[ocr errors]

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 1892.

We may further hope that they will remember that although the new University should be able and willing to undertake all the multifarious duties which możern.

Universities have accepted as their own, the provision of THE UNIVERSITY COMMISSION.

the highest education and the doing all that in it lies for THE University Commission is sitting frequently and the advancement of learning must after all be the first

has heard witnesses representing nearly every and the highest duty of a University worthy of the name. interest and every shade of opinion which have a right As to the means which would best realize these ideals to be represented before it. We have no knowledge of there cannot be a doubt. The present educational chaos the effect which the evidence laid before them has pro- | must be reduced to order, the unwholesome rivalry duced upon the minds of the Commissioners ; but we between the London Colleges must be checked. are sure that it must largely depend on the view which On this point Prof. Rücker, in an address recently they have adopted as to the nature of their duties. They delivered at the Yorkshire College in Leeds, made some may regard themselves as entrusted with the task of remarks which we cannot do better than quote in full :finding the terms on which a heterogeneous crowd of colleges and mechanics' institutes may be huddled to “The great provincial colleges are grouping themgether, called a university, and allowed to confer degrees

selves into greater Universities. In the north Manchester,

Liverpool, and Leeds have concluded a formal alliance. on such conditions as the rivalries of competing institu

Negotiations are already in progress for the establishtions may permit when tempered by the moderating

ment of a similar confederation in Wales. The Midlands influence of Crown nominees, county councillors, repre will no doubt follow suit. But if these afford, if in sentatives of the School Board and of the learned socie particular the north of England affords in the Victoria ties, and any other assessors whom fancy may suggest.

University, one of the happiest illustrations of the advanSuch a solution might no doubt secure peace in the

tage of allowing free play to the tendencies which make

for union no less than to those which encourage separasense that, wearied out by long debate and hopeless of a

tion, we have, unfortunately, in London a striking instance satisfactory solution, those who are most nearly inter- of the harm which follows if the action of either the one ested in the question might at last be compelled to or other is artificially restrained. make the best of a bad job.

“ The northern colleges were indeed happy in that the This, however, must be urged against it: That almost

tendency to union was called into play while they were every teacher of eminence in London, together with a

still in a sufficiently early and plastic stage of their his

tory to yield easily to its influence. In London difficullarge number of those best qualified to represent the

ties, which seemed far more serious half a century ago educational views of the provinces, have declared a priori than they do to most of us now, have unfortunately that it would be unsatisfactory.

retarded all centralizing action, till the sentiment and The other view which the Commissioners may take is

traditions which accumulate round institutions that have that they are charged with the responsible task of de

long moved independently, have enormously increased

the inertia which tends to keep them in their separate fining the ideal system which would best provide for the

paths. supply of the higher education in London. That having “This is the more unfortunate, as if a new University defined this ideal they are then to proceed to show by of London is to be a really great teaching university, what means the closest approximation to it which pre the relations between the London colleges must ultimately sent circumstances will allow can be made, and so to

be closer than those which obtain between Manchester, fashion the constitution of the University as to ensure

Liverpool, and Leeds. The principle of recognizing as col

leges of the University institutions for the teaching and in the future a closer approximation still. That this is the

management of which the University is not responsible, has wider and more statesmanlike view is beyond question, worked and is working admirably in the north of England, and we sincerely hope that the Commission will adopt it. It does not follow that it would succeed in London. There

« PreviousContinue »