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FIG. 16. along the air wave it is alternately dark outside and light ' moved inwards to rarefy it so that the wave length of the outside. These indicate the successive positions in which ripple may thus be found, and finally it is seen that where
the waves are waves of compression on one side of the plate they are waves to rarefaction on the other, indicating that it was a transverse and not a mere longitudinal disturbance that ran along the plate from the centre outwards and back again after reflection from the edge. In addition to this the fact that the reflected wave is still on its inward course proves that up to this time the plate is whole, as a wave cannot be propagated in a broken plate. Fig. 16 illustrates the state of affairs when the bullet has travelled about five inches beyond the plate. It has not yet emerged from the cloud of glass dust. The new head wave is very conspicuous. In the original negative, about half way between the bullet and the plate, the inclined waves due to the tremor in the glass plate may be detected, but they are too delicate to be reproduced by the printing process. They supply the information as to how long the plate remained whole or rather if the bullet had been caught a little sooner before these faint waves had lost so much of their distinctness they would supply this information with great exactness. Meanwhile the figure shows that the plate is now broken up completely. It is true it is still standing, and the stern air wave is seen reflected from the upper part of it, but this is because the different parts have not yet had time to get away ; their grinding edges, however, have cast out from the surface little particles, and these are seen over the whole extent of the plate. After about fifteen inches the bullet is quite clear of the cloud of dust (Fig. 17); one piece only of the glass, no doubt the piece that was immediately struck, has been punched out and is travelling along above the bullet at a speed practically equal to its own. I am also able to show the plate itself in this and a still later stage, when at last the separate pieces
have begun to be visibly moved out of their position and F16. 17.
in some cases slightly turned round.
I have merely given this evening an account of a few the glass first moved outwards to compress the air or first experiments which in themselves perhaps are of little interest, but they at any rate show the capability of this numerous manipulations involved in bacteriologica method for the examination of subjects which would in the vestigations; all the minutiæ are described with ordinary way be considered beyond the reach of experi utmost care, and what is usually left for the studer. ment. It is hardly necessary to say that the examples learn in “ profiting by his experience” is here care given by no means reach the limit of what may be done, anticipated, and if he tumbles into any pitfalls, i I have examined the explosions produced by fifteen-grain because he has been without warning fulminate of mercury detonators and of heaps of iodide of With such a big task as Dr. Günther has set biz nitrogen, a material which is rather unmanageable, as if a it is not surprising to find some parts less ample de fly even walks over it it violently explodes. In these cases with than they would seem to deserve. Thus we the explosive flash was used to make the B gap of Fig. 4 | but a very meagre supply of culture media given, *33 conducting, for which it answered perfectly. One might is no mention of the preparation of milk, or of in the same way examine the form of the outrush of special solutions employed by Pasteur, Naegeli, z powder gases past the bullet, and so find at once their others, neither is there any account of Kühne's go velocity with respect to the velocity of the bullet, and I see jelly, which since our knowledge of the fact that cara no great difficulty in tracing, if this should be desired, the organisms will only flourish in media devoid of whole course of a single bullet for perhaps as much as organic matter, ought surely to have been included 100 yards by means of photographs taken every few On the other hand a minute description is gives inches on its way. Though it may not be evident that gelatine-plate, dish and tube cultures, as well as of these or similar experiments are of any practical im- most modern methods for the anaërobic cultivation portance, there can be no doubt that inforination may be bacteria, &c. In connection with the abstractice readily obtained by the aid of the spark photograph, as certain colonies from gelatine-plates, mention map in fact has been shown by Prof. Mach, Lord Rayleigh, made of a piece of apparatus (the description of se Mr. F. J. Smith, and others, which without its aid can was only published after Dr. Günther's book appeared only be surmised, and that if, as in other subjects, the first originally devised by Fodor, and called “Baktera wish of the experimentalist is to see what he is doing, then Fischer," which has been, under the name of "32 in these cases surely, where in general people would not terienharpune," more recently modified and corsord think of attempting to look with their natural eyes, it may ably cheapened by Unna. Every one has experior be worth while to take advantage of this electro the difficulty of fishing out a particular colony i photographic eye.
crowded plate, how it is almost impossible to lo I wish in conclusion to express my obligation to the through the microscope and fix upon the centre 103 gentlemen to whom I have already referred, to Messrs. abstracted, and at the same time keep the needle sex Chapman and Colebrook for their assistance, and to and ensure touching only the one colony which ist Messrs. Moore and Grey for having supplied me with quired. By using the above contrivance, which ca weapons and ammunition.
attached to the microscope, the fishing out of centres is greatly facilitated.
The examination of air for micro-organisms is el MICRO-ORGANISMS AND THEIR
very slightly touched upon, as is also the bacteriolod INVESTIGATION.1
investigation of water. It is a little rash to assert AS the field of bacteriological investigation becomes
"pathogenic micro-organisms can live for a long tin extended, we have of necessity constant additions
sterilised water," considering that it has been show to the various methods rendering possible the pursuit of
some cases that their immersion only is sufficient researches in these novel directions. We have only to
destroy them. Again, no mention is made of Hans look at the first edition of Hueppe's “ Methoden der
special methods for the examination of particular water Bakterien-Forschung," published in 1885, consisting of
although they are opposed to the Koch school, thay 174 pages, and compare it with the bulky volume of
ought not to preclude a reference to what has 488 pages which forms the fifth edition, to see at a glance
proved by a large number of investigations to be the advance which has been made in the matter of
some cases, of great practical utility. methods alone. In Flügge's “Die Mikro-organismen”
The second part opens with a short introduction, we have another type of book, dealing exclusively with
which the nature of pathogenic organisms in genere
described, and an account given of the rigid proof a micro-organisms theinselves, and the information which has been gathered together concerning them, whilst all
is required before a particular organism may be sa: details of bacteriological practice are purposely omitted.
be the cause of a particular disease. Protective iDot Dr. Günther has attempted a welding together of these
tion and immunity are briefly referred to, and Meisda two types of book, special attention being given to micro
koff's brilliant theories of phagocytosis summary acopical technique with which his name is indeed more
missed, and declared incapable of standing the to
the "careful experimental criticism to which they particularly associated. The first part is devoted to a survey of our knowledge
been submitted by Flügge, Baumgarten, and the autor concerning bacteria in general, commencing with the
own pupils.” earliest observations of Leeuwenhoek in 1683. In this
As many as twenty-seven different varieties of me review we find an account of their morphology, the prin
organisms are described in the section on the most 2 ciples upon which their classification is attempted, &c.,
portant pathogenic bacteria. Amongst these we fact together with a detailed account of the most recent
micro-organisms associated with anthrax, tuberculos methods for their cultivation and subsequent study,
diphtheria, cholera, pneumonia, tetanus, typhoid fere including careful directions for the use of the microscope,
and chicken-cholera, more especially dealt with, 1 and a most elaborate description of the available means
ceedingly useful and comprehensive summary bear for staining bacteria.
given in each case of what is known concerning
together with numerous references to original pre The second part is confined to a consideration of the best-known pathogenic and non-pathogenic micro
published on the subject. That Dr. Günther is an 31 organisms.
disciple of Koch's will at once be admitted, when * There could not be a more admirable account of the
the terms in which he speaks of the Tuberculinum.
“Eine neue Aera begann nicht allein für die T:32 1 "Einführung in das Studium der Bakteriologie." By Dr. Carl culoselehre, sondern für die gesammte Medicin, L. Günther. Second Edition. (Leipzig : Georg Thieme.) ** Technique Bactériologique." " By Dr. R. Wurtz. Encyclopédie Scien.
grossen Entdeckung Koch’s der Heilung der lux tifique des Aide-Méinoire. (Paris : Gauthier-Villars et fils, 1892.)
Imongst the non-pathogenic forms we find an account Duncan A. Johnston, R. E., as secretary. The matters the Micrococcus agilis, which was found by Ali-Cohen referred to then were :drinking water. This was not the first motile coccus 1. What steps should be taken to expedite the comnd, as is stated by Günther, for previous to this, | pletion and publication of the new or revised one-inch indoza isolated and described a motile form which he map (with or without hill-shading) of the British Isles ? led Micrococcus tetragenus mobilis ventriculi. The 2. What permanent arrangements should be made for crococcus agilis was the second variety found ; whilst the continuous revision and speedy publication of the er, in 1890, Loeffler also discovered and described a maps-1 in 500 (towns), 25 in., 6 in., and 1 in. scales ? tile coccus. It is surprising, therefore, to read that 1 3. Whether the maps as at present issued satisfy the Cohen's variety is the only motile micrococcus reasonable requirements of the public in regard to the ywn. The list has further been quite recently (1892) style of execution, form, information conveyed, and price, iched by the discovery by Maurea of a motile sarcina, and whether any improvement can be made in the cataich he has designated Sarcina mobilis.
logue and indexes? fine set of seventy-six photographs, mostly taken After the appointment of the committee Mr. T. Ellis, m original preparations, together with a very exhaust M.P., asked in the House of Commons a question which
index, completes the volume. Amongst the photo showed that there was dissatisfaction with regard to the phic figures the series of twelve representing anthrax | inaccuracy and incompleteness of the names of places every stage of development from the individual bac in the map of Wales ; and this question was also referred ia to their appearance as colonies on gelatine-plates, to the committee. I growing in test-tube cultivations, are particularly The report of the committee has just been issued, and utiful; the surface colonies photographed after forty- | includes the following recommendations :ht hours' growth are especially characteristic and
1. That the i in. map be produced in the following forms :cessful.
(a) An engraved outline map, with contours in black. n the handy little volume “ Technique Bactério
(6) A black engraved map, with hill-shading either in black ique," of Dr. Wurtz, chief of the laboratory for or in colour. erimental pathology in the Faculty of Medicine in (c) A coloured map on thin paper, adapted to military puris, we have an entirely different stamp of book. We poses, but also on sale to the public. d in his preface : "On ne trouvera, dans ce précis de (d) A cheap map by transfer to zinc or stone. :hnique bactériologique, ni l'historique, ni l'exposé
2. That the character of the roads on the i in. map be aillé des nombreuses méthodes techniques qui ont préconisées jusqu'à ce jour en microbiologie. Con
3. That parish boundaries be omitted from the i in. map.
4. That the contours of the sea bottom round the coast line nément au programme tracé par la Direction de
and the depths of inland waters be shown. ncyclopédie Scientifique des Aide-Mémoire, nous nous
5. That experiments be made in the practical application of imes efforcés d'exposer, aussi clairement que possible,
heliogravure, and that, if results not inferior to an Austrian notions qu'un débutant doit posséder à fond avant
specimen map which we have seen he produced, that process be border l'étude proprement dite des microbes."
substituted for the existing method of engraving hills, and 'roceeding on these lines Dr. Wurtz gives us a very for so much of the country as is then uncompleted in its hill ir and precise account of all the various important engraving. jes passed through in bacteriological manipulations, 6. That special arrangements be made to revise the i in. map imencing with a chapter on the principles of within the next four years independently of the maps on the ilisation.
larger scales, and that subsequently this map be constantly lut a novel feature in this volume is the description of
revised within periods of fifteen years. various methods of conducting experiments on animals
7. That the cadastral maps be revised and brought up to date bacteriological purposes. This is carefully recorded
in the next ten years, and that subsequently they be kept revised
within periods of fifteen years. supplemented by woodcuts, and would appear to be a
8. That the publication of these revised maps be carried out it useful addition, for although the possibilities of
by contract, if necessary. rying out such experiments in this country are very 9. That detail, such as single trees, footpaths in gardens, &c., ted, yet in those cases where they are permitted such be omitted. accurate description of the methods to be adopted 10. That the skeleton and coloured forms of the 25 in. and uld prove very helpful, more especially as in very few town maps be abandoned, and the uses of both be combined in he German and English bacteriological text-books is one edition having the houses cross-hatched.
account to be found for the information of those II. That the reference numbers to parcels of land on the iring to undertake such investigations. A chapter is
25'344 in. plans be abandoned on revision. devoted to the enumeration of the substances, in as
12. That to a limited extent additional contour lines be added as they have been investigated, which are elaborated
to the 6 in. map. micro-organisms and a description of the most
13. That on the 6 in. map the contours be always in black.
14. That certain of the engraved plates of the 6 in. map venient methods for their successful extraction.
which are not now filled up beyond the county boundary be as The crisp and concise language which characterises soon as possible filled up io the margin of the plate with the book, together with the judgment displayed in its detail of the adjoining county. pilation, show that the author possesses, not only a 15. That the cost of the engraved sheets of the 6 in. map grasp of his subject, but is also highly skilled in the and that of the quarter-sheets of the photo-zincographed 6 in. of communicating it to others.
map be equalised by a change of their respective selling prices. GRACE C. FRANKLAND.
16. That the Welsh names be gone over and corrected before the first revision of that map.
17. That the cadastral maps on the town scales be no longer
entirely made or revised at the cost of the State, but that i he THE ORDNANCE SURVEY.
town authorities be required by statute to maintain these maps. DEPARTMENTAL committee was appointed by
18. That around towns and in tourist districts the existing the Board of Agriculture in April, 1842, to inquire
sheets of the Ordnance Survey on the 6 in. and i in, scales the condition of the Ordnance Survey.
be united so as to form special maps of such districts, and that
The comee consisted of Sir John E. Dorington, M.P. (chair
advantage be taken of these maps to introduce any novelties in
cartography that may be thought desirable, as these maps are 0), Sir Archibald Geikie, F.R.S., Mr. Henry W.
not required to be joined to the general maps of the United nrose, Mr. William Mather, M.P., Mr. H. J. Roby, Kingdom. '., and Mr. Charles Fortescue Brickdale, with Major, 19. That certain authorities be placed under statutable
obligation to supply information to the Ordnance Survey THE students of the Royal College of Science proper Department in order to enable current revision to be better hold a conversazione in the South Keosington Museum om carried on.
evening of March 23 next. In the course of the evening 20. That in future the term “revision " should be confined to the bringing up to date on its existing scale of a map already
Boys, F.R.S., will deliver a lecture on soap babbles. published, and that the term "resurvey” be applied to the trated by his own interesting experiments. The evenng van operations necessary for the production of maps on a scale larger further enlivened by various pablic singers, and a selection. than that on which they were originally published.
music will be played by the band of the Grenadier Guaris 21. That the Ordnance Survey Department be allowed to control its own supply of paper and printing material.
IN reply to a question put by Sir Henry Roscoe in the Home 22. That the map on the scale of four miles to an inch be of Commons on Friday last with regard to the proposed 2 revised as soon as the i in. map is out of hand, and be com
buildings for the Royal College of Science, Mr. Shax Leberpleted with hill-shading. 23. That great freedom be allowed to private publishers
said :-“ The accommodation at the Royal College of Sac desirous of bringing out other classes of maps than those
is now undoubtedly inadequate, and in my opinion ner brand specially published by the Survey Department, and that trans. ings must be undertaken at some early opportunity to fers of the maps on the i in, and smaller scales be supplied to plans were drawn up in 1891 by the professors of the Rorpublishers at cost price, a small sum being paid as an acknow
College of Science, showing a suggested appropriation of ledgment, and that all other reproduction of Ordnance Survey
land on the south side of the Imperial Institute Road, for the maps be prohibited.
24. That certain recommendations as to indices and catalogue purposes both of the Royal College of Science and of the Scene be carried out.
Museum, and these plans were submitted to the Office of Works 25. That a book or pamphlet of information as to the Ord. but that Department pointed out that it would be premature * nance Survey be published, general in its main features and
them to consider the plans until the Science and Art Depe special for each county, containing the county indices or diagrams (on a reduced scale) and the information formerly contained in
ment had obtained the sanction of the Treasury to an orgir the parish area books, and also the table of parish areas now
tion of their teaching and exhibition establishments on the scal printed on the index of the 6 in, map, which table should in contemplated in the plans. I understand that the Science ** fature be omitted from that map, and that copies of the small Art Department are now in communication with the Treason indices in this pamphlet be freely distributed for public infor:
in this sense." Sir H. Roscoe having asked when the repor: mation.
from the Science and Art Department would be issued, Kr Shaw Lefevre said it was not in the nature of a report that cous
be issued to Parliament, but he should be happy to shot 1! : NOTES.
the hon, member. Owing to the large demand for tickets for the Croonian Lecture, LAST week a meeting, convened by the Duke of Westminst which is to be delivered by Prof. Virchow before the Royal as president of the Royal Agricultural Society, was held at 12. Society and their friends next Thursday, it has been decided to Hanover Square, to consider the best means of commemoratin hold the meeting in the theatre of the London University, which the completion of the first half-century of the agricultural expon has been lent for the occasion by the kind permission of the
ments which have been continuously carried on by Sir Tona Senate.
Lawes at Rothamsted since the year 1843: The Prince
Wales presided. On taking the chair his Royal Highne The public dinner which is to be given in honour of Prof. stated the objects of the meeting. The Rothamsted experimedi Virchow will be held on March 16, after the delivery of the had from the commencement been entirely disconnected with asy Croonian lecture, at the Hôtel Métropole. Lord Kelvin will external organisation and had been maintained at the sole cos preside, and will be supported by the Presidents of the Royal of Sir John Lawes. For the continuance of the investigation Colleges of Physicians and Surgeons as vice-chairmen.
after his death Sir John had recently made the munificer
endowment of £100,coo, besides the famous laboratory 10! AT the Nottingham meeting of the British Association, over
certain areas of land, and had nominated some of the most diswhich Prof. Burdon Sanderson will preside, Lord Salisbury
tinguished men of science of the day to administer the trust. Io will be nominated president of the Association for the Oxford
view of all these facts, and the great national importance of the meeting in 1894. The following gentlemen have consented to
Rothamsted experiments, it was only fitting that some public act as presidents of sections at Nottingham :-Section A, Mathe
recognition should be made of the invaluable services renderei matical and Physical Science, Prof. Clifton, F.R.S. ; Section
to agriculture by Sir John Lawes and his distinguished colleague, B, Chemistry and Mineralogy, Prof. J. Emerson Reynolds,
Dr. Gilbert. The Duke of Westminster said they all hoped F.R.S. ; Section C, Geology, Mr. J. J. H. Teall, F.R.S.;
that Sir John might live for many years to continue to carry um Section D, Biology, the Rev. Canon Tristram, F.R.S. ; Section
these experiments for the benefit of agriculture. He had great E, Geography, Mr. Henry Seebohm, Sec. R.G.S. ; Section F,
pleasure in proposing the following resolation :-" That, having Economic Science and Statistics, Prof. J. S. Nicholson ; Section
regard to the great national importance of the series of esperi. G, Mechanical Science, Mr. Jeremiah Head ; and Section H,
ments which have been carried on at Rothamsted during the Anthropology, Dr. Robert Munro.
last fifty years, it is desirable that some public recognition should Ar the ordinary meeting of the Royal Meteorological Society,
be made of the invaluable services thus rendered to agriculture to be held at 25, Great George Street, Westminster, on
by Sir John Lawes, and also by Dr. Gilbert, who has been Wednesday, the 15th instant, at 7 p.m., a lecture will be given
associated with the experiments during the whole period. That, by Mr. Shelford Bidwell, F.R.S., on some meteorological
with this object, subscriptions, to be limited to two gaineas, be problems, which will be illustrated by experiments.
invited from all interested in agriculture, whether scientific or
practical.” Mr. Thiselton-Dyer, F.R.S., seconded the resolu Dr. R. THORNE Thorne, Medical Officer of the Local tion-not as an agriculturist, but as one officially and all his life Government Board, and Mr. H. Farnall, of the Foreign Office, deeply interested in everything that was concerned with botanical have gone to Dresden, the former as British delegate to the science. The extraordinary merit of the work carried on a International Sanitary Conference in that city, the latter as Rothamsted lay in the fact that those experiments had been conassistant delegate.
tinuously carried on under uniform conditions for so long a
d. He ventured to say, as a scientific man, that he knew that some able scientific men said that we consisted of nothing ng in the whole records of scientific research more honour. else, that we were not only a Republic, but were in a permanent to this country than those experiments which were being state of civil war—these bacilli were attracting more and more the ed on at Rothamsted with such self-denying skill. The attention of the scientific intellect in Europe. It was dangerous ution was then put by the chairman, and carried unani to prophesy, but he did not think that any one who had watched ly. Sir John Evans moved :-" That, in the opinion of this the course of science would doubt that for the generation to ing, the testimonial might advantageously take the form of come the investigation of these creatures, which had been re.
a granite memorial, with a suitable inscription, to be vealed by new methods of research and by singularly patient ed at the bead of the field where the experiments have labour, and upon which the lives of millions of human beings
place; (2) addresses to Sir John Lawes and Dr. Gilbert, depended, would figure more largely in the scientific field than ppanied (if funds permit) by a commemorative piece of any other study. This was the special domain and privilege of " This was also carried, and it was unanimously resolved medicine. He felt, therefore, that in commending this appeal the following should be requested to act as a committee for to their consideration he was doing more than preaching a ing the resolutions into effect :- The presidents of the charity sermon. He was asking them to help that which con1, Royal Agricultural, Linnean, and Chemical Societies, tained the most brilliant promise for the intellectnal. future of Carl of Clarendon, Viscount Emlyn, Sir John Lubbock, science in a University by which science ought to be cultiohn Evans (hon. treasurer), and Mr. Ernest Clarke (hon. vated and where science ought to reign. tary), with power to add to their number. The Duke of
AFTER Lord Salisbury's address various resolutions were tminster moved a vote of thanks to the chairman, and the
adopted, among which was one, moved by Prof. Dicey, to the ce of Wales said, in response, that nothing had given him
effect that the Radcliffe Infirmary, being the chief hospital for er pleasure and satisfaction than to take the chair on that
Oxford and a large surrounding district, should be brought into sion, and to testisy, as an agriculturist, his own sense of lude for what Sir John Lawes had done for agriculture.
a state of efficiency corresponding with the recent advances in
hospital management. Another resolution, moved by the Master criptions to the fund may be sent to any member of the
of University, expressed approval of the committee's scheme, nittee, to Sir John Evans, F.R.S., at Nash Mills, Hemel
consisting of the removal of the sick from the old building into pstead, or to Mr. Ernest Clarke, at 12, Hanover Square, W.
more modern wards and the renovation of the old building. RD SALISBURY presided over a meeting held at Oxford
On Saturday and Sunday last much damage was done in veek, in aid of the building sund of the Radcliffe Infirmary. elivered a most vigorous address, in the course of which he
Sandgate, near, Folkestone, by remarkable disturbances of
land. The first disturbance was felt on Saturday at 7.45 P.M., that at Oxford the difficulty connected with medical educa
when a rocking motion was noticed. This soon stopped, but was the reverse of that felt in London. In London the
later disturbances were so alarming that many people took their ical opportunities of exercising medicine were abundant,
furniture into the streets. According to a correspondent of the the only care, or the main care, which pressed upon : who had charge of education in that respect was
Times, houses "slipped away from each other, leaving gaping
sections,” while in other cases the walls bulged out, and great the more scientific basis of that practice should be
rifts appeared in the ground. In the area affected by the cted or receive inadequate attention. At Oxford, on
disturbances most, if not all, of the houses are out of line contrary, they had abundant means of teaching the
and show cracking. Many of the inhabitants have been > of sciences which were the equipment of the physi
| brought to great distress by the calamity, and appeals to But, necessarily, unless they made a great effort to
the public have been issued on their behalf. An inquiry end, they should not have the means of presenting those
into the cause of the disaster was held at Sandgate on rtunities of practical inquiry which were essential to the
Tuesday by Mr. Walton, Local Government Board Inspector. ition of the professional ideal, and which in large popula.
After hearing evidence the Inspector said that an official report necessarily occurred with so much greater frequency. This
would be sent to the Board. What he had seen led him to conment--for so he looked upon it-on the part of the rulers
clude that the catastrophe was due to the sudden release of im: University; to draw somewhat closer to the science of
pounded subsoil water, a thing which he believed was remediable ine, was only part of a larger movement which had been
by the institution of proper water drains. If that was attended on for some time, which, if he might use the scientific
to there was no reason to suppose that such a disaster would age of the day, was part of the evolution of education in
ever recur. The strata were full of water, which the recent abne. He begged to assure the assembly that he had no
normal rainfall had served to increase. That water being rous views with respect to the study of Greek. In fact he
released had formed kinds of caverns. The remedies were iclined to say that in recent controversies the advocates of
proper storm drains and intercepting drains, with free outlets assical languages had been unduly frightened, and that
under the road to the sea. was not the slightest danger that the study of them would lass from the education of youth or the culture of men of
The death of Ludwig Lindenschmit, the well-known German ict. The issue was not between science and languages,
archæologist, is announced. He died at Mainz on February 14 it or modern ; the issue rather was between the science
in his eighty-fourth year. He was the director and one of chief food was gathered from observation and the science
the founders of the fine Central Romano-German Museum at chief food was gathered from reflection. This older
Mainz, and one of the editors of the “ Archiv für Anthropoe was slowly, very slowly, but still quite evidently, giving
logie.” Among his works are “Die vaterländischen Alterthe sciences which relied upon observation. He always
tümer der fürstlichen Hohenzollernschen Sammlungen ” and ht that the science of medicine bad scarcely received among
his “ Altertümer unserer heidnischen Vorzeit." He began a the tribute which it ought to receive among sciences which
“ Handbuch der deutschen Altertumskunde," but completed son observation. It was a curious fact that the whole ten.
only the volume relating to the Merovingian period. Lindenof scientific thought appeared to be rapidly concentrating
schmit was an enthusiastic advocate of the theory that the ipon the fields in which medicine reigned supreme. Those
Aryan race is of European origin. ely minute beings which certainly for health or sickness The temperature during the past week has been generally 1 affected our existence, and which were so essential to us very high for the season, the daily maxima frequently exceeding