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to do any thing that must prove distressing tP the country. Why then were the House of Commons so circumstanced. by the obstinacy of His Majesty's Ministers, or the advisers of His Majesty, as that they could not preserve their own rights, the rights of thie constitution, or the rights ojf 1the people, without such an assertion of their prerogative as mult be attended with the most serious and. affecting mis» chief? Who were to blame. for all this, but thpse whp-desied a majority of Parliament, and set up their own sagacity in opposition to. the collected wisdom of the House? He was sincerely sorry any individual should so far forget his consequence, however respectable, as to think it beneath him to submit not to any personal etiquette, but to the honour of the House, to that voice whuh has always prevailed in the purest times in this country, to that decision which no Minister till now had ever the hardiness to contest, to that constitution which it had always been the greatest glory of the greatest men to venerate and obey. What then was the principle on which we beheld at this momenta Ministry without the considence of the House of Commons? An e&.ecutive government in which the House placed no degree of trust whatever. How should a phenomenon in:the constitution be accounted for on those great and liberal principles which had ever been its proudest distinction? He was .unwilling to adopt any language that might be capable of -misconstruction; but it was fair and manly to fay, that .the design of ruling this country without the .voice.of the people was now obvious. He would readily .absolve the right honourable gentleman from any imputation of this fort, but he would not so readily absolve those who had. secretly advised His Majesty to appoint a set of men to the executive government of this country in opposition to a majority of the House of Commons. These persons, whoever they were, had adopted a system of politics totally inconsistent with the functions of this House, hostile indeed. to the spirit and character of a free government. It was their evident intention to render the House of Commons the mere tool and organ of despotism. He hoped the spirit of a brave and a free people would defeat the base design; but the design would not appear the less dark.and disingenuous that it was not permitted to succeed. He had long observed the machinations, hatched and:harboured by a combination of persons, against the liberty of this country, whose political principles were too well understood to need Any farVol. XIII. U: ther ther-illustration. These persons had long endeavoured to have the voice of the people on their fide, have long struggled to make the people parties in their own ruin, have long endeavoured to make them at enmity with their best friends, and to persuade them that those only who run every rifle, and sacrifice every thing desirable on their account, are most hostile to their interest, and least inclined, as well as least able, to do them any real service. This is one of theii most capital manœuvres, which they are playing off in the face of a country which bleeds at every pore, and under circumstances which render us the derision and contempt of all the world. But how is it meant to demolish the consequence and utility of this House? Have they not resisted every idea of delicacy which ought to have operated in favour of that majority which opposes the Ministers they have put in, and continue" to support? Have they not trifled with the voice and inclinations of the House, so forcibly and explicitly announced by the several resolutions in the Journals? Have they not procrastinated that issue which the business of the -public and the withes of the House have so long and repeatedly urged, till the patience os the House is nearly exhausted? He hoped that virtue would prove superior to the temptations it had now to encounter, though, as all delicacy was over with one branch of the Legislature, some -might think it ought also to be at an find with another. He was of a different opinion, and held it their duty to continue in the fame prudent, and respectful temper in which they had begun. Notwithstanding the plan laid to precipitate them into an immediate refusal of such supplies as were necessary for carrying on the public business, he was not without hopes that the House would act such a part as would justify them to their constituents. Whether they should go immediately into a decision which should finally ^settle the dispute between the privileges of Parliament and the prerogatives of the Crown, or whether some anterior step might not be deemed more eligible? What this would be, whether two or two hundred expedients might be most adviseable, were, in the present state of his mind, questions to which he dared not hazard any answer whatever. He : would only say, in general, that whatever had the most Idistant promise of answering any pacific purpose, he, for one, would be anxious to adopt, and, if possible, by every expedient which human sagacity could suggest, t'o avoid al-togethtr a discussion so hostile to public tranquillity. He wondered by what principle the honourable gentleman could reconcile his present situation to the feelings of his own mind. He was satissied he could not be where he was from choice. Was every one, then, who saw and admired the display os his great and splendid abilities, more sensible of their present improper application than he was? He certainly meant no personal disrespect, and he persuaded himself the right honourable gentleman would not take it in . that light, when he suspected he was the dupe of those who were enemies to the constitutional importance of this House. They presumed on his youth, the popularity which attended the family to which he belonged, and the illustrious name which he bore; and were he to use the same freedom in this House which one friend might use to another, and in a room with the right honourable gentleman alone, he would address him on the present contest in . these words — «« You are contending in the House of Com- > mons not foi the prerogatives of the Crown or the constitution, connected with the exercise of these prerogatives, but for a set of men, who are only making you the instru.-, ment of their ambition, and that object gained, they will, make you nobody. It is their intention to make you only. an accessary to their own plans, and whenever their schemes are fulsilled, they will destroy your utility for ever. They make you exert your utmost endeavours to pull down this asylum of liberty, but you unadvisedly involve yourself in its ruins."— If therefore Ministers are determined to brave the power of Parliament, and oppose their own personal feelings to the honour of the House and the welfare of the people, they must abide by the consequence. The princi- . pie on which they act is an everlasting bar to any prospect of unanimity in this house. He was alarmed more by this than any other circumstance whatever. It ever had bore to . his mind a menacing aspect to the liberties, not of the House only but of the country. It affected that great vital. and active principle in the constitution on which all the privileges of Englishmen hung; and while that impediment remained, no coalescence could be expected. It placed an ocean between them, which it was impossible to pass, and put every wish of agreement or connection altogether out of the question. These were a few of the circumstances which at present pressed on his mind the absolute necessity of a solemn pause. This question itself was a question of the last importance, when stated in an abstract and general

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pWrft of view!' He was, however, happy to find that th* particular sptecies of supply now moved was not immediately' indispensable, and that no material disadvantage could poflibly happen, at least for the very short space to which MVished the House to adjourn. He shuddered to debate a proposition- of such magnitude. "Tempus inane petospatium requiemque furor'i." He wished only for such 3 pause as Would allow gentlemen time to re-consider all the steps which had yet 'be'eri taken, or might be farther necessary to ptft a proper period to the contest which had unhappily so loH{r interrupted the business of the public. He concluded with shortly moving for the adjournment. Mr. Powys, •'gArrPoitys -i&id' thai the motion of the right honourable gentleman. was the* only proper course to be pursued in the present-circum-stances of the country. It was the moderate course; for he confessed that he dreaded to come to the de-> cssipn on the question of supplies. If the House must be called to that question, if they were yet to come to issue onthe poirit, he trusted he should have constancy of mind to rrreefit; but he still persevered in imploring gentlemen to withhold from the alarming extremity, yet to moderate their temper, and to consider that while this dreadful pause existed the affairs -of their country were running into waste. He must, he said, give his concurrence to the motion which had been made, as the only means of yet giving us a breathe-r ing time, in the prospect that a compromise might yet be brought about; and he confessed that he thought a com* promise might yet take place. It was true that the answer which they had received from the Crown put the House into a very delicate situation. That House must support their resolutions.' 'They must not, for the fake of any set of men, thefrMinisters of the day, sacrifice their character, tfr&r duty, their office in the constitution. But they might take a gentle course in pursuing the means which were necessary to theii"preservation; the answer of the Crown could

not pass without a notice [Mr. Powys was given to un

derffdhd, by signs and in whispers, that the House had not received any direct answer from the Crown.] — He said that tri'eyhad unquestionably received an intimation of the will of the Grown on the subject of their resolutions. The Ministers were not changed, nor had they resigned. Wad this ah answer that either did or could satisfy the House? Must not the House take some farther step on the occasion?' He knew it was the sense of the House that they should do


<b, and he wished to propose a moderate course. It was,, that they should either present an address, or pass a resolution, declaring that they had the confidence that His Majesty would yet take measures which should give effect totheir resolutions. By this proposition, which, if he found that it met the fense of the House, he said he should move, he trusted the end which they had' in view would be answered. His Majesty would have opportunity to re-consider the resolutions, and they would not come so readily to the alarming question, which must be the result if no other answer was given. In the mean time he said the right honourable gentleman had great merit in his moderation. He had proposed an adjournment, by which Ministers were yet enabled to shew that they were actuated by better motives than the mere lust of power. Of Mr. Pitt he still profesied he had the highest notion, and he confided in his patriotism, and in the integrity which he had always sliewn, that he would yet deliberately consider the merits of his situation, and yield to the pressing calls of his country. It was the saying of a distinguished writer, that there were some men whose abilities were born with them; some men who achiev* ed abililies; and a third set, upon whom abilities were thrust. These, the writer said, were the three orders of able men; and all these three distinctions of ability niet and were Combined in Mr. Pitt. He had the highest opinion of him, and, in taking the part which'he did on the present occasion, he by no means intended opposition personally to him. He had confidence in Mr. Fox and his friends, that they had fair and honourable designs in the proposition which had been submitted to both parties of an union. In desiring him to resign before they could negociate, he might be assured that they did not mean to trick him. The whole country would be pledges to him of his security, for the country would not bear to see a Ministry formed without him. His Majesty's answer undoubtedly did not satisfy their wishes; but so far as it went it merited their thanks: but the only real answer that they yet had to their resolutions, was the seeing the right honourable gentleman in his feat on the Treasury Bench. He trusted he would be able to give a better account of the matter than that he retained his office against the collective wisdom of the House, and that he" acted in a capacity prescribed by the resolutions of the House. So far as- these resolutions were injurious totheir country, let the majority who put them upon the


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