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Lord Beau- Lord Beauchamp rose, and said, that at the present crisis clump. jt would be necessary, that the proceedings of that House stiould be considered with peculiar deliberation and temper, His Majesty's answer, when known, whether it was graciously consistent with the wishes of the House expressed iq the Address, or otherwise, would require consideration, He 'therefore should, consistent with a recent precedent, move, *« That the Yiouk at its rising do adjourn to Friday 't next."
Mr. Sheridan seconded the motion. Mr.Vyner and Mr. Strachey said each a few words; after which, the question being put, was carried unanimously. They then went up to St. James's with the Address.
The Speaker read from the Chair His Majesty's most; gracious Answer to the Address of the House, which was, as follows::
"I am deeply sensible how highly it concerns the honour of my Crown, and the welfare of my people, which is the object always nearest my heart, that the public affairs should be conducted by a firm, efficient, extended, united Administration, entitled to the confidence of the people, and such as may have a tendency to put an end to the unfortunate divisions and distractions of the country. Very recent endeavours have been employed, pn my part, to unite in the public service, on a fair and equal sooting, those whose joint efforts appear to me most capable of pro, ducing that happy effect: those endeavours have not Tiad the effect I wished. I shall be always desirous of taking every step most conducive to such an object; but I cannot see that it would in any degree be advanced by the disj mission of those at present in my service,
,c I observe, at the same time, that there is no'charge or .complaint suggested against my present Ministers, not is any one or more of them specifically objected to; and numbers of my subjects have expressed to me in the warmest manner their satisfaction of the late changes I have rnade in my Councils. Under these circumstances I trust my faithful Commons will jiot wish that the essential offices of executive government shall be vacated, until I see a prospect that such a plan of union as I have called for, and they pointed out, may be carried into effect."
Lord Beauchamp rose: he observed that some gentlemen Lord Beauhad censured him for the motion made by him on Wednesday champ, last, for the adjournment to this day; but after having maturely reflected on his conduct on that occasion, he found, nothing within him that told him it was censurable. From a kind of prescience he had had of the species of answer that would be given to the Address, he thought it would not have been proper to suffer gentlemen to proceed to business on Wednesday, after their return from St. James's, because they might possibly be too much heated at finding that the request pf the House of Commons had met with a refusal on the part • •' of His Majesty. He thought that it would be much more proper that an adjournment should take place, which should afford them time to grow cool, and recover their temper, before they proceeded to take the Answer into consideration. But this was not his only reason : from rumour he had learnt, that some kind of overtures had been made for a negoeiation that might lead to that union which all parties so anxiously wished for; and he was desirous to prevent any discussion in the House, that might have a tendency to interrupt a nego-' ciation, upon which the salvation of the country depended: .' • what was the success of the overtures he knew not j but he was of opinion, that he was serving his country, while he was endeavouring to suppress every thing that should have a tendency to defeat the wishes of the House, and the effortsof two most respectable and worthy gentlemen (Mr. Powys and Mr. Marsham) who had most laudably employed themselves in endeavouring to effect that',union which the House had declared to-be absolutely necessary. With these views, he held himself justified in what he had done.—The particular object he had in rising at present, was to move, that the consideration of His Majesty's answer should be put off till Monday. He thought that gentlemen ought to have time to turn it in their minds, before they should give any opinion upon it. When he should attempt to deliver his 'opinion, he would follow the established and wise parliamentary custom of treating the King's answer as the answer of the Ms* nister, who advised him to give it: whatever was gracious jn it, if any thing gracious could be discovered in it, he jvould of course attribute solely to His Majesty; but what* f yer was ungracious jn it? he would ascribe to his Ministers:
with this parliamentary distinction, he should be able to treat with freedom an answer, the only one of the kind that had ever been given by a Prince of the House of Brunswick to 4 House of Commons. He said that he intended, if his mo-> tion for taking the King's answer into consideration on Monday next should be carried, to follow it with another, «' That the House do now adjourn," because he thought that when Ministers advised the Crown to stick so closely to preroga-f ttve, the House would betray the rights and privileges of the people, if they did not take measures to defend those privileges, and to enter upon that, in preference to every other business. His Lordsliip concluded by moving, that His Majesty's answer be taken into consideration on Monday next.
Mr. Fox. Mr. Fox seconded the motion pro forma. Sir Robert Sir Robert Smyth opposed the motion.. He said, that to Smjth. adjourn now, would be to neglect the business of the nation, by putting off the consideration of the supply, and particularly of that part of it, which was to be voted for the navy, the estimates for which were this day to come before the House. The people would have reason to construe these different adjournments and delays, as amounting to a refusal of the supply.
The Chan- . The Chancellor of the Exchequer said, that the noble Lord celliir of the jjjjjg one motion for adjourning the consideration of the 'King'? answer, and had mentioned another which he intended to make, for adjourning the House: they were to be considered as two very distinct questions; to the former he had no objection; he was ready at this moment to discuss it; he certainly was responsible for it, for he had advised it; but if the House wished not to take it into consideration before Monday, he was satisfied, and would give no opposition to the motion; but he certainly would oppose the adjournment of the House, and to that question he intended to speak, when the former should have been disposed of. Sir Adam Sir Adam Ferguson condemned the adjournment of Wed* Ferguson, ^jjesday last: he said, it was rather a curious circumstance, £bat gentlemen should have been allowed time from Wednesday to this day, to consider of an answer, which they 'did not hear till within a few minutes, when the Speaker read it from the chair.
sir Wmi . Sir William Dolben also condemned the adjourment; it was Ojlbeii, shameful, he said, thus to delay the publicbusiness, while some gentlemen were disputing about punctilios of honour, which they were endeavouring to conceal under an affected ., egard regard for the honour of the House. His Majesty's answer was every thing that his subjects could wifli; and therefore there was no ground for saying that it Was ungracious. The House had already advanced pretty far into the session, and the public business of the country had not yet been brought on. He wished, therefore, that these independent and respectable country gentlemen, who had never attached themselves to any party, would unite, in order to put an end to the divisions of the House, which had hitherto kept back the business of the nation.
Mr. Huffy said, he considered himself one of those inde-Mr. Husser. pendent country gentlemen, who had never attached themselves to any party, and wished as much as any for that union which the two very respectable members had been labouring to effect, and which he hoped they did not yet despair of. He entreated them to persevere in their patriotic undertaking; for they might be at least able to prevent those consequences, the very idea of which might well make an honest man's blood run cold. He said, he was not in the House when the motion was made by the noble Lord on Wednesday last, to adjourn to this day; but as soon as he heard what kind of an answer had been given to the address, he felt the propriety of the adjournment, for which the noble Lord had his hearty thanks,
Mr. Fox observed, that with respect to the answer, he Mr. Fox. would reserve himself for the day on which that matter should be regularly before the House: he would not compare it to any answer since the Revolution; for he believed such an answer, since that period, coulcj not be found in the Journals. An honourable Baronet had said, that some persons endeavoured to conceal punctilios of honour under the affectation of a regard for the honour of the House: this was a very singular way of speaking; for when men were actuated by punctilios of honour, they never could be ashamed to ayow them; and consequently could have-no reason to have recourse to any other covering to conceal,' what it were honourable to avow. But it was not very uncommon for some persons to conceal, under an affectation of punctilio of per-: sonal honour, what it would be disgraceful to them to mention under its own name. That the business of the nation had been long delayed, he was ready to admit; and he believed it did not require much penetration to discover with whom the blame rested.
Mr. Vyner said, that he did not second the motion for the Mr. Vyae* adjournment on Wednesday, but he approved and supported' a it*
it: for though there,were not many members in the House at first, yet a little before its rising, there were 150; and as he understood that no more intended to come down that day, he thought that too small a number to proceed upon business of importance after the Speaker should have returned from St. James's.
Mr. Drake. Mr. Drake declared, that he would uniformly oppose every
attempt to delay the public business of the nation. Lord Mai. Lord Mukafter did not hesitate to fay, that the adjourncaster. rnent on Wednesday was as pitiful, as low, and as indecent
a party trick, as ever he had been a witness to. Lord Beau- Lord Beaucbamp expressed his surprise at these harsh and champ. severe epithets used by the noble Lord. If he applied them to the measure itself, the censure fell upon the House,- who adopted it: if it was at him personally that these expressions were levelled, he was still more surprised, as not having the least personal acquaintance with the noble Lord; and consequently not having had any opportunity to provoke such an attack.
Lord Mul- Lord Mulcajler said he spoke not of the measure as adopted caster. Dy trie House, but as a pitiful trick into which the House was trepanned. That he could mean nothing personally disrespectful to the noble Lord, appeared very clearly from the reason stated by the noble Lord himself—that he had not the least personal acquaintance with him. Sir William Sir William Dolben stated, that a very particular reason Dulben, wnv t|je piouse 0Ught not to have adjourned over Thursday, was, that on that day a question was to have been brought on, affecting the feat of a noble Lord in that House (Lord George Lenox) and consequently the rights and privileges of the freeholders of the county of Sussex; and this being a question of privilege, ought to be brought forward without the least delay. The question was at length called for, and carried without a division. Lord Beao- Lord Beaucbamp then moved, "That this House do now champ. adjourn to Monday next."
The chan- The Chancellor of the Exchequer rose to oppose this motion.
«iiorof the But he said he wished not to provoke a debate; for a long xc ecjuer. je^ate W0uld, with respect to other business, operate as an adjournment; by taking up the attention of the House so long, that it would be too late to bring on any other business, though the question should at length be carried against an adjournment. He therefore wished that the sense of the House might be taken early. Against the motion, he said, he believed it was contrary to the usage of Parliament t«