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lending of any money, or in any money transaction whatsoever, or in the farming of any lands or revenues, or in the buying or selling of any goods or commodities whatsoever, or in any other transaction of commerce or business whatlbver, with any such protected or other native Prince or State; and all such transactions, and all contracts and engagements of or relating to the fame, arc hereby declared aud any person or persons guilty of
any such offence, and thereof convicted in the manner herein before last mentioned, (hall be
And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That it shall not be lawful for the said protected native Princes or States to remove or dispossess any Zemindar, or other native Prince, or landholder, nor to increase his rent or tribute beyond that which was paid by such Zemindar or native Prince in the year nor to farm any land at any higher or greater rent or tri
bute than the same was farmed at or for in the said year nor to re
sume any Jaghire granted at any time before the year
And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That all Zemindars, and native Princes and States, who shall have been, dispossessed of their lands and territories by at any time since shall be re
stored to the pofleffion and enjoyment of the same.
And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That the Nabob of Arcot, the Rajah of Tanjore, or any other protected, native Prince in India, thall not assign, mortgage, or pledge any territory, or land whatsoever, or the produce or revenue thereof, to any British subject whatsoever; neither lhall it be lawful for any British subject whatsoever to take or receive any such assignment, mortgage, or pledge; and the same are hereby declared
and all payments or deliveries of produce or revenue, under any such assignment, lhall and may be recovered back by such native Prince paying or delivering the same, from the person or persons receiving the fame, or his or their representatives. >
And be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, That it shall not be lawful for any British subject whatsoever to have, receive, or take any payment of money, produce, revenue, goods, commodities, or effects whatsoever, of or from any such native protected Prince, or any agent or servant thereof, for or on account of any debt now due, or claimed to be due, from such protected native Prince, except such debt9 as. were consolitated in the year and allowed by the Court of Directors, and hy them ordered to be recovered, without proof first made,, to the satisfaction of the said Commissioners^ or such person or persons as they sliall appoint, that such debt was fairly and bona fide contracted for money lent, or goods sold and delivered, or in some open and avowed course of trade and commerce, and not as, or for, a reward for any service done or performed, or intended to be done or performed, by any such British subject, to or for any such protected native Prince, or for any other matter forbidden or prohibited to be made or done by any law or laws now in force, or hereafter to be in force, or by any order or orders of the said United Company, or any order or orders to be made by the said Commissioners appointed to manage the affairs thereof; and an entry, with the nature and particulars of the claim, and of the evidence in support thereof, shall be made in the journal of the said Commissioners, or in the minutes of such person'or persons as they shall for those purposes appoint, with the opinion of the said Commissioners, or such person or persons, thereon..
And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That all disputes and differences whatsoever, now actually subsisting between the Nabob pf Arcot
and the Rajah of Tanjore, shall be examined and considered, as soon as' may be, by the said Commissioners appointed to manage the affairs of the said United Company; who fliall, and they are hereby required, as soon as they shall have sufficiently examined and considered the same, to send and transmit such orders as fliall appear to them best calculated for the quiet and sinal adjustment and termination of such disputes and differences, according to the principles of, and the terms and stipulations contained in, the treaty of or.e thousand seven hundred and sixty-two, between the said Nabob os Arcot and the Rajah of Tanjore, and to the orders and instructions of the Court of Directors given to George Lord Pigot, late Governor of Fort Saint George, and to the arrangements made relative to such dispute and differences by the said George Lord Pigot.
And be it further enacted, That the said Commissioners shall, and they are hereby directed and required to fend and transmit to the Governor General and Council of Bengal, or the President and Council of Fort Saint George, or to or by such other person or persons as they sJiall for that purpose specially nominate and appoint, full and explicit orders and directions, not only to settle and terminate the said differences and disputes, but also to take into consideration and examine the present slate of the affairs, revenues, aud debts of the said Nabob of Arcot, and of the Rajah of Tanjore; and to enquire into and ascertain the origin, nature, and amount, of all claims whatsoever on them by Britisli subjects; and immediately to make a full report thereupon to the said Commissioners; and to adopt, propose, or suggest such ways or means for the liquidation and settlement of such debts as shall appear to be well founded and contracted bona fide (and not by any illicit dealing, or in consequence of any breach or disobedience of the said United Company's orders) and for the payment and discharge thereof, by such installments, and at such times, and in such manner, as shall be consistent with justice to the creditors of the said Nabob and Rajah, and to the service of the said United Company, and as shall occasion the least difficulty and inconvenience to the faid Nabob and Rajah; and, as speedily as may be, to make a full report of all their proceedings touching the said matters to the said Commissioners.
And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That all Polygars, which shall or may have been dispossessed or driven out of their lands or territories at any time since the year shall be restored to the (possession of the same, and hold the same at and for the same, and no greater, rent or tribute as such Polygars paid, or were liable to pay, on or immediately before . \
And whereas it is enacted in and by the act of the thirteenth year of the reign of His present Majesty, That the said Governor General and Council, or the major part of them, fliall have power of superintending and controling the government and management of the Presidencies of Madras, Bombay, and Bencoolen, respectively, so far as that it fliall not be lawful for any President and Council of Madras, Bombay, or Bencoolen for the time being, to make any orders for commencing hostilities, or declaring or making war, against any Indian Princes or powers, or for negociating or concluding any treaty of peace, or other treaty, with any such Indian Princes orpovvers, without the consent and approbation of the said Governor General ana Council first had and obtained (except in the cases of imminent necessity, and of special orders from the said United Company) with power to the said Governor General and Council to suspend any President and Council offending in any of the cases aforesaid: Aud whereas great disputes have at different times arisen respecting the extent of
U U 3 the the said controling power given to the- said Governor General and Council, to the embarrassment and injury of the said United Company's service; For remedy whereof, be it enacted and declared, That the said power given to the Governor General and Council of Fort William, of superintending and controlirig the government and management of the Presidencies of Madras, Bombay, and Bencoolen, respectively, doth and (hall extend to all negociations and cales whatsoever, which, though they shall not' in themselves be the commencement, or orders for the commencement, of hostilities, or the declaring or making war against any Indian Princes or powers, shall nevertheless be of any unwarrantable nature or tendency against such Indian Princes or powers, or shall be of a nature and tendency to create dissatisfaction and alarm among any of them, and consequently provoke to bring on and occasion hostilities and war, without directly importing or leading to the fame: and in all such cases, the said Governor General and Council fliall have all the powers of suspending, given them in and by the said act of the thirteenth year of the reign of His present Majesty j and shall enter on their minutes of consultation at large, the whole nature of the case in which, and the reasons for which, they exercise the said powers, and shall transmit the same by the first opportunity, to the said Commissioners appointed for the management of the affairs of the said United Company: and if the case in which the said superintending, controling, and suspending powers, or any of them, are exercised, be such as creates a reasonable doubt whether the said powers apply to it, the Governments and Presidencies of Madras, Bombay, and Bencoolen, are nevertheless hereby required to submit and yield obedience to the acts of the said Governor General and Council, and to lay the case before the sard Commissioners, for the determination thereof.
And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That it shall and may be lawful to and for the Government and Presidency of Bombay, whenever and as often as any war against the said United Company, their possessions or dependencies, fliall be actually commenced, or the danger thereof is impending and imminent, in the North-west and Western coasts of India, or in the territories adjoining thereto, and in the neighbourhood thereof, or in any part of the territories of the States of the Marattas, to make and'conclude any treaty or terms of peace, truce, or ceflation of arms, with any of such Indian Princes or States actually at war, or about to make war, or for the amity, assistance, or alliance of any other Indian Prince or States, the better to defend the poflessions of the said United Company against such war commenced or impending: Provided always, That the said Government and Presidency of Bombay do and fliall insert, or cause to be inserted, in all and every such treaty herein before mentioned, a clause or provision that the same shall be null and void, unless it shall be approved andtatified (within a certain reasonable time therein to be named) by the Governor General and Council of Fort William; and the said Government and Presidency fliall, and they ate hereby required to enter on their minutes of consultation, at full length, the occasion of and necessity for such proceedings, with the reasons upon which they have acted, and the documents or vouchers (if any there shall be) for the facts alledged; and shall transmit the same from time to time, as they shall arise or happen, and all propositions relative to the fame, as they fliall be made, to the said Governor-General and Council of Fort William, and to the said Commissioners appointed to manarge the affaiis of the,said United Company, respectively; and shall obey
and and follow, under the pain of suspension, all such order? and directions thereupon as they shall receive from the. said Governor General of Fort William, .until the same.shall be altered or corrected by the said Commissioners.
And be it further -enacted by the authority aforesaid, That the Government and Presidency of Madras shall have the like powers and authorities, under the fame limitations and restrictions, <n ease of war against the said United Company, their pofleffions or dependencies, actually commenced, or the danger thereof impending and imminent, on the coast of Coromandel, from to on the coast of Malabar, or in the territories
adjoining thereto, and in the neighbourhood thereof.
1 And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That no Governor General, Governor, of'President, member of council, or other officer, civil er military, in the service of the said United Company in India, (whether such person shall be actually in the execution of his office in India, or shall be absent therefrom in Great Britain, or in any other place) or any agent, in Great Britain or India, of any protected or other native Prince in India, shall be capable of being a member of, or of sitting and voting in the House of Commons: Provided, That every such person, actually a member of the House of Commons at the time of palling this act, shall and may sit and vote for and during the remainder of the present Parliament.
And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That ho person having been in the civil and military service of the said United Company, and who hath resigned or quitted the same, shall be capable of being elected into, or of sitting or voting in the House of Commons, at any time within
after he shall have been returned to and resident in Great Britain,' or whilst. any proceedings in Parliament, or any other public prosecution, shall be depending against him for any crimes or osfences alledged to hava been committed by him whilst he was in the said service : Provided always, That sueh proceedings or public prosecution shall have been commenced before the expiration of the said space of after the return of such
person, and shall be sinally determined within the space of aftef the
-. after the commencement thereof; otherwise the same fliall not operate to disable such person from being elected. into, or from sitting or voting in the House of Commons, unless the delay in such proceedings, or public prosecution, shall be^t the request, or through the default of, the party prosecuted. .
Aud be it further enacted, That all crimes and osfences against this act may be prosecuted in the Supreme Court at Calcutta, ot in the Mayor's Court in any other of the principal settlements in India, or in the Court of King's Bench, or any other Court in .this kingdom, which fhall be established for taking cognizance of crimes and osfences committed in India; an/d all the powers and authorities given to the said Court of King's Bench, in and by the said act of the thirteenth year of the reign of His present Majesty, and not herein otherwise provided for, are hereby_declared to be extended to all the crimes and offences committed against this act: And in all cafes where the punishment is not herein appointed, the Court in which the conviction fliall take place, shall appoint such fine or imprisonment, or both, as they fliall think proper, provided the sine fliall not exceed' nor the imprison
ment and may, in their discretion, superadd the incapacity of serv
ing the said United Company.
The following is a Copy of the Right Honourable William Pitt's East-india Bill.
A Bill for the better Government and Management of the Affairs of the East-india Company. <- .-'
FOR the better government and security of the territorial possessions of this kingdom in the East Indies, be it enacted by the King's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Comrrions, in this present Parliarnent assembled, and by the authority of the same, that it shall and may be lawful to and for the King's Majesty, his heirs, and successors, by any commission to be issued under the Great Seal of Great Britain, to nominate and appoint such persons as his Majesty shall think sit, being of his Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, of whom the Principal Secretary of State for the Home Department for the time being, and the Chancellor of the Exchequer for the time being shall be two, to be, and who shall accordingly be, Commissioners for the assairs of India.
And be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, that any number not less than of the said Commissioners, shall form a Board for executing the several powers which, by this or any other act, shall be vested in the Commissioners aforesaid.
And be it further enacted, That the said Secretary of-State, and in his absence, the said Chancellor of the Exchequer, and in the absence of both of them, the senior of the said other Commissioners, according to his
rank in seniority of appointment, as one of his Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, (hall preside at and be President of the said Board; and that the said Commissioners, or any of them, shall have, and they are
hereby invested with, the superintendance and control over all the British territorial possessions in the East Indies, and over the affairs of the United Company of Merchants trading thereto, in manner herein after directed.
And be it further enacted, That in cafe the Members present at the said Board shall at any time be equally divided in opinion, in respect to any matter depending before them, then, and in every such case, the then President of the said BoaVd shall have two voices, or the casting vote.
And be it further enacted, That it shall and may be lawful for the King's Majesty, his heirs and successors, from time to time, at his and their will and pleasure, to revoke and determine the commission aforesaid, and from time to time to cause any new commission or commissions to be sealed as aforesaid, for appointing any other person or persons, being of His Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, of whom the Secretary of State for the Home Department, and the Chancellor of the Exchequer for the time being, shall always be two, to be Commissioners and Members of the said Board, when, and.so often as his Majesty, his heirs or successors, shall think sit, so that the number of Commissioners therein to be named shall in no wife exceed the aforesaid number of .
Provided always, and be it further enacted, That the office or place of a Commissioner or Member of the said Board hereby erected, shall .not be deemed or taken to be a new office or place, within the intent and purvieu of an act of the sixth year of the reign of Queen' Anne, intitled, "An act
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