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Roman sentinels, 400
Kenilworth Castle, 401
Friends and acquaintance, 371, 423
Visiting acquaintance, 442
Satan's empire, 152
Reformed church in France, a glance at the
population, 133, 193
Scoffers, the, 314
Scripture illustrations from Chinese customs
Oblation of first fruits, 13
Delights of the sons of men, 71
The ant, 113
The sower, 233
The balance, 317
The garner, 329
The pipe, 396
The reapers, 433
the properties of, 35
undesigned coincidences of, 105, 163,
Sea, appearance of the, 314
Self-righteousness, folly of, 416
Selfish motives in religion, 175
Serpent, the, 309
Shark and the pilot fish, 358
Shawls, Cashmere, 461
Sickness, advice on recovery from, 153
Silk worm, the, 337
Singular conversion, 432
Sir John Soane's museum, 127
past and present state of the, 236
natural and revealed, 240
on selfish motives in, 175
Resolution, a good, 440
Rhone, the valley of the, 360
St. Michel, Mout, 202
Undesigned coincidences of Scripture, 105,
Vacant place, a, 315
eagle, the, 200
UNCOMFORTABLE traveller, the, 387
Yoke of Christ is
LIST OF ENGRAVINGS.
Page Monument of James Watt 1 The Kasr
57 Sponges and zoophytes-42 engravings, Female ornaments in the east ... 97
6, 52, 53, 54, 117, 118, 120, 148, 149, Egyptian bieroglypbics 111, 112, 247 150, 151, 186, 187, 188
The birch ......
130 Oblation of first-fruits
13 Remarkable bower-building birds of English history
136 Great hall of a nobleman's house in
The spotted bower bird
........ 161 the time of James i. ...
41 | The railroad Bramsbill, Hants 81 Netley Abbey
210 Preaching at Paul's Cross 121 The balt of an eastern caravan
257 The Cross in Cheapside .......... 177 | The willow
258 Custom House in the time of
281 Charles 1.
217 Serpent worship-two engravings 309 The Star Chamber 241 | The silk worm and its changes
297 Curious nest of an African bird..... 377 Old Somerset House.. 321 The water melon
384 General view of Whitehall 361 Persian king..
401 Nottingham Castle
417 | Icebergs... The poplar 35 | Coal mine,
..... 441 THE
FOR 1 8 4 2.
From Chantrey's Monument of Watt in Westminster Abbey.
traverse the stormy bosom of the ocean, THERE are three great discoveries more safely perhaps, and certainly with which must always have a peculiar pro- more punctuality, than the caravan perminence in the past history of the world. forms its journey across the desert. Next The polarity of the needle, first observed in utility to the mariner's compass, must by one whose name and birth-place are be placed the art of printing, the introalike unknown, gave man the power to 1 duction of which, into England, is due to
William Caxton, who was born, according | mother took him to Glasgow, and left him to his own statement, in the Weald of on a visit to a friend. On returning to Kent. With these discoveries, may pro- that city, some weeks after, this individual perly be associated the power of steam, said, “You must take your son James the full developement of which is traced home again; I can no longer bear the to the genius of James Watt, of whom a excitement in which he keeps me. slight sketch will now be given.
worn out with want of sleep. Every This remarkable man was born at evening, before our usual hour of retiring Greenock in Scotland, in the early part for rest, he adroitly contrives to engage of 1736. His father taught him writing me in conversation; then begins some and arithmetic, and his mother gave him striking tale, and whether it be humorous his first lessons of reading. When his or pathetic, the interest is so overpowerhealth permitted, he attended the gram- ing, that all the family listen to him with mar-school at Greenock, and when at breathless attention. Hour after hour home, he amused himself as he pleased. strikes unheeded, but the next morning That his parents did not act injudiciously I feel quite exhausted. You must really in allowing him to follow thus far his own take home your son.” inclinations, will appear from the follow- The activity of mind thus displayed, ing circumstances. One a gentle- continued to be manifested. Watt made man who had called on Mr. Watt, ob- progress wherever he went, and derived served his son, then six years old, stretched advantage from all circumstances. The on the floor, and drawing with a piece of banks of Loch Lomond developed his chalk various intersecting lines.” “Why,” taste for the beauties of scenery, and the he said, “ do you allow this child to idle delightful pursuits of botany. As he away his time in this manner ? send him rambled over lofty mountains, he did not away to the public school.” Mr. Watt fail to observe the inert crust of the replied, “You may find, sir, that you are earth, and became, in consequence, a mistaken: before
me, examine mineralogist. Entering the cottages of attentively what my son is about.” The the poor, he studied their characters, and visitor did so, and saw that he was trying acquired familiarity with their superstito solve a problem in geometry; and in tions and traditions. When confined by putting various questions, was surprised illness to his father's house, he chiefly at the intelligence and simplicity of his occupied himself with chemical experiWell might he say,
" This is ments. His acquaintance with general no common child."
physics was in this interval derived from Young Watt early showed a talent for Gravesande’s Elements of Natural Phimechanical art. He first made children's losophy; and like many invalids, he toys, and constructed a small electrical greedily devoured all the books on medimachine; even steam was a matter of his cine and surgery he could procure. And yet early experiments. Sitting one evening he did not intend to devote himself to any at the tea-table with his aunt, Mrs. Muir- one of these departments of study; his head, she thus addressed him: “ James object was to increase the stores of a mind Watt! I never saw such an idle boy! take habitually intent on the acquisition of a book, or employ yourself usefully: for valuable knowledge, the last hour you have not spoken one
When about nineteen years of age, word, but taken off the lid of that kettle, Watt went to London, to place himself and put it on again ; holding now a cup, with a mathematical and nautical instruand now a silver spoon over the steam; ment maker, in Finch Lane, Cornhill, and watching how it rises from the spout, and while there, constructed with his own catching and connecting the drops it falls hands, those small and delicate, but beauinto. Are you not ashamed of spending tiful reflecting sextants, to which the art your time in this way?” Little did the of navigation owes its advancement. anxious aunt imagine that her idle little After passing a year in this employment, relative was making experiments on the he returned to Glasgow, where his encondensation of steam, and that by similar deavour to set up a workshop encountered inquiries he would hereafter earn an ex- some opposition; but this was overcome tensive and well-deserved celebrity. by the intervention of the University,
At an early period, Watt appears to who gave him a small room in their own have had remarkable powers of expression buildings, and the title of their matheas well as of thought. To give only one matical instrument maker.
There are proof of this, it may be stated that his still some instruments, it is said, of ex