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in this deep tranquillity,
in England for tanning leather, and, When e'en the thistle's down is still, Trembles yon towering aspen tree,
being very thick and light, by the fisherLike one, whose by-gone deeds of ill men in some districts as floats for their At hush of night before him sweep,
nets. The buds of this tree, like those To scare his dreams and murder sleep.
TWAMLEY. of the balsam poplar, are covered with “The wood of these trees, especially of
a gummy balsam, which forms the basis, the abele, is very good to lay for floors,
as Gerarde tells us, “of that profitable ointwhere it will last for many years, and ment, unguentum populeum, which is used for its exceeding whiteness is by many
as a soothing remedy against nervous dispersons preferred to oak: it is also very substance which encloses the seed, has
eases and hemorrhoides.” The cotton-like proper for wainscotting of rooms, being been manufactured on the continent into less subject to shrink or swell than most wadding, hats, paper, and cloth; but is other sorts of wood : but, for turnery found not to be worth the expense inware, there is no wood equal to this for its exceeding whiteness ; so that trays, bowls, and many other household uten
The poplar was a favourite tree with sils, are made of it; and the bellows the ancients, and is often alluded to in makers prefer it for their use; as do also the black, the white, and that of Libya;
their writings. Pliny mentions three sorts, the shoemakers, not only for heels, but also for the soles of shoes. It is also very
that they were cultivated as props
to the vines, and that their wood was pegood to make light carts; the poles are very proper to support vines, hops, etc.; and so soft as to receive a blow without
culiarly suitable for bucklers, being light, and the loppings will afford good fuel. Such is the testimony of “The Gardener's cracking or splitting. According to the Dictionary,” one of our best authorities
tales of mythology, the tree was conseon the subject of which it treats. The crated to Hercules, who is said to have principal purpose to which poplar wood conquered one of his foes in a cavern is now applied is that above alluded to,
near Mons Aventinus, which was overfor the boards of floors. For these, it is grown with poplars, and in token of his far superior to deal, the more general ma
victory, to have enwreathed his head with
a branch of the tree. terial, not only from its colour, and the facility with which it can be scoured, but
The shade afforded by the foliage of all from the difficulty with which it takes
the poplars, and especially by the aspen, fire, and the slowness with which it is of any other tree. It thrives in the centre
is considered more wholesome than that consumed. The boards and rollers on which mercers roll or fold their silks are
of towns, even among coal smoke; and, generally of abele wood, as light and not from the rapidity of its growth, is often materially increasing the weight of the planted as a screen for concealing any package, and for herring casks, milk unsightly objects. This last observation pails, packing cases, butchers' trays, pack applies peculiarly to the Lombardy popsaddles, etc., the same quality commends lar, which is admirably adapted for it. From the ease with which it is
planting in streets, and among houses, in
propagated, the rapidity of its growth, and the towns and villages, from the little space facility with which it may be worked, it occupied by its branches, which are commight prove in many districts, and for pressed about the trunk, so as not to internumerous purposes, an economical and fere with the walls, nor to obstruct the useful timber. If preserved from the ef
access of light to the windows.” Many
of the broad streets in American towns fects of damp, and not exposed to the air, it proves durable, and hence the old
are thus planted, forming avenues which adage, said to have been inscribed on a
refresh the passenger with their shade, plank of poplar :
while they shelter and protect singing
birds. The abele, too, has been much Though heart of oak be e'er so stout, Keep me dry, and I'll see him out.
cultivated in Europe as a road-side tree.
It is recommended in preference to the The leaves, young shoots, and buds of all elm or oak for such a purpose, as being the species, are given as fodder to cattle clear of branches on the lower part of and sheep; they are extremely fond of the trunk, and therefore admitting light those of the aspen, especially when green, and air more freely. The rapidity of its and even eat then when dry. The bark growth, also, eminently adapts it for of the black poplar is used in Russia for thickening or filling up vacancies in the same purpose as provender for sheep; already-formed avenues or plantations. Most of the public walks in Spain are The last stanza was substituted at a planted with this tree, the name given to later period by the author for a somethem in that language, alameda, being what similar one, in the original copy. derived from alamo, the name of the tree. How forcibly does it illustrate the brevity Some writers have considered the Latin of life, and corroborate the inspired docname of the species as traceable to a trine, " All is vanity.” Even the purest similar cause, from populus, the people; and simplest pleasures of which the being planted in the public places to human mind can taste on earth, those which the citizens resorted. Others, derived from the contemplation of the again, have considered it as originating wondrous and beautiful fabrics around in the same way, but applied as a com- him, which trace their origin to the hand parison of the variable and easily agitated of his Creator, even by them the solemn nature of the popular feeling. In Eng- warning is annually sounded in man's ear, land, such plantations and avenues are and he traces in their withering and deless common than upon the continent; cay the type of his own fleeting existas here, our rich and verdant hedgerows ence. But, mournful though the lesson supply both shelter and refreshment may seem, the bitter drop is mingled to the eye of the traveller, while the with the unalloyed cup of sweets he ever-varying surface of the ground, and would otherwise drink of in the works the long-defined and well-kept public of nature, by the hand of One whose roads supersede such enclosure and bound thoughts toward the children of men are aries. Yet one such spot has been im- of peace, and not of evil. If all around mortalized by the pen of our poet, seems to say, “This is not your rest: it Cowper, as having afforded to himself a is polluted,” the world passeth away, and pleasant and beloved walk, and sug- all that is therein perisheth; the voice of gested by its fall a monody replete with inspiration whispers to us of a world feeling and beauty: “ There was, some above, where sorrow and decay are untime since," says he, in a letter to lady known, and urges us to arise and depart Hesketh, “in a neighbouring parish thither “in heart and in mind,” knowing called Lavendon, a field, one side of that there the reality of bliss will far surwhich formed a terrace, and the other pass the most enlarged conceptions we was planted with poplars, at whose foot can form of spiritual things through the ran the Ouse, that I used to account a medium of temporal, for “
eye hath not little paradise ; but the poplars have been seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered felled, and the scene has suffered so much into the heart of man, the things which by the loss, though still in point of pros- God hath prepared for them that love pect beautiful, it has not charms sufficient him," 1 Cor. ii. 9. to attract me.
P. fastigiota, (the Lombardy poplar,)
though but recently naturalized among The poplars are felled! adieu to the shade, And the whispering sound of the cool colonnade;
us, is probably more generally known The winds play no longer and sing in the leaves, than any other species of this tree. It Nor Ouse on his bosom their image receives.
appears to be a native of the east, and is
not mentioned as planted in Europe till welve years have elapsed, since I last
the middle of the last century. The first of my favourite field, and the bank where they plantation of this tree of which we have an And now in the grass behold they are laid,
account is the avenue between Milan and And the tree is my seat that once lent me a Pavia, and that between Carlsruhe and
Durlach was the earliest made in Ger
many. It was brought to England, in Where the hazels afford him a screen from the 1758, by the earl of Rochford, and plantheat,
ed, by him at St. Osyth, in Essex. None And the scene where his melody charmed me before,
of our British trees can equal this in Resounds with his sweet-flowing ditty no more. height, its average being from one hun
dred or one hundred and twenty to one My fugitive years are all hastening away,
hundred and fifty feet. The wood is inAnd I must, ere long, lie as lowly as they, With a tuft on my breast, and a stone at my head, | ferior to that of the less lofty species, Ere another such grove can arise in its stead.
though, being abundant, it is used in The change both my heart and my fans omploys
, ourselves, it is generally planted for va
Italy for many domestic purposes. Among Short-lived as we are, yet our pleasures we see, riety and ornament, and although someHave a much shorter date, and die sooner than
wliat “fatiguing to the eye when it lines
The blackbird has fled to another retreat,
THE ASPEN LEAF.
the road for miles, as it does very gener- that would quiver in the lightest possible ally in France, and frequently in Italy, agitation of the air, it could not have been it is often a very beautiful and natural more clearly solved. An engraving* will accompaniment to buildings." It is a at once illustrate the difference between well-known rule in landscape compo- the leaf of the aspen and that of the elm, sition, that horizontal lines should be and render intelligible the trembling of counterbalanced by perpendicular ones. the one and waving of the other. Yet Hence in the neighbourhood of bridges, light and fragile as the aspen leaf may aqueducts, walls, roofs, etc., or even seem, the sport of every breath that blows, lengthened masses of building, the Lom- and quivering beneath the slightest touch, bardy poplar, introduced with taste and does it not convey a lesson to thoughtless judgment, produces a good and pictur- man of such great, such pre-eminent imesque effect. Among round-headed trees, portance, that we may well conceive it as too, or architectural scenes, it varies the trembling beneath the weight of its mismonotony of the outline, and gives a sion. Hear it, as translated by one skilled character to the scene, while its elegant in the mute language of nature, who now spiry form, quivering in every breath of sleeps beneath an untimely grave in a far air like a flame of molten silver, embel- distant land, and may the God of nature lishes the landscape in no ordinary degree. apply to every heart the “still small Gilpin thus speaks of this tree, which in voice" which in gentle, yet solemn his days was but a stranger in our island: energy suggests by it truths the weight “One beauty the Italian poplar possesses, of which eternity alone can rightly balwhich is almost peculiar to itself; and that is, the waving. line it forms when agitated by the wind. Most trees in
I would not be, I would not be this circumstance are partially agitated ; A leaf on yonder aspen tree; one side is at rest, while the other is in
In every fickle breeze to play
Wildly, weakly, idly gay; motion ; but the Italian poplar waves in So feebly framed, so lightly hung, one simple sweep from the top to the By the wing of an insect stirred and swung; bottom, like an ostrich feather on a lady's
Thrilling even to a redbreast's note,
Drooping if only a light mist float; head. All the branches coincide in the Brightened and dimmed, like a varying glass motion, and the least blast makes an im
As shadow or sunbeam chance to pass.
I would not be, I would not be pression on it when other trees are at
A leaf on yonder aspen tree :
Would change my merry guise and cheer,-
Sunlight would gladden, or dewdrop gem,
That I with my fellows must fall to the earth That, like a feather, waves from head to foot.
Forgotten, our beauty and breezy mirth,
Or else on the bough where all had grown,
Must linger on, and linger alone:
And I be for ever green and gay,
I would not be, I would not be,
A leaf on yonder aspen tree.
Proudly spoken, heart of mine,
Yet weakness and change perchance are thine,
Than befall the leaves of yonder tree.
What if they fiutter ? their life is a dance; have just alluded to, as so peculiarly Or toy with the sunbeam ? they live in his glance; distinguishing the leaves of the aspen, is,
To bird, breeze, or insect, rustle and thrill,
Ever the same, never mute, never still? though in a less degree, partaken of by Emblems of all that is fickle and gay, all the other species of poplar, and is in But leaves in their birth, but leaves in decay.
Chide them not, heed them not, spirit, away! every case to be attributed to the peculiar
In to thyself, to thine own hidden shrine, conformation of the petiole, or footstalk. What there dost thou worship? What deem'st This is not only large in proportion to the size of the leaf, and compressed in the
Thy hopes, are they steadfast and holy and high?
Are they built on a rock? are they raised to the upper part, but takes a different direction sky? to that of the plane, or surface of the leaf.
Thy deep secret yearnings-0 whither point
they? And herein, as in all the works of the
To the triumphs of earth ? to the toys of a day! Deity, we discern the simplicity and ease Thy friendships and feelings-doth impulse with which cause and effect are combined.
prevail Had it been proposed as a problem to find what should be the nature of a leaf used in the Visitor for 1835, page 6.
* See engraving of an elm and an aspen leaf,
It is not because the autumn sere
thou divine ?
DELIGHTS OF THE SONS OF MEN.
To make them and mar them, as wind swells the lected for their beauty, were performing
sail ? Thy life's ruling passion, thy being's first aim,
a variety of movements in cadence to the What are they? and yield they contentment or song which they were singing, either in
shame? Spirit ! proud spirit! ponder thy state;
responsive parts or in full chorus. If thine the leaf's lightness, not thine the leaf's
The entertainment last mentioned was fate :
the peculiar delight of ancient princes in It may flutter, and glisten, and wither, and die, And heed not our pity, and ask not our sigh;
China, especially when much addicted to But for thee, the immortal, no winter may throw voluptuousness and pastime. The name Thou must live, and live ever
, inglory he locar has respect to a wilderness, a labyrinth of
for this, in the language of that country, tomb.
trees, where the unpractised traveller is Look to thyself then, ere past is hope's reign, And looking and longing alike are in vain;
sure to lose himself. The resemblance Lest thou deem it a bliss to have been or to be between this entertainment and a wilderBut a fluttering leaf on the aspen tree.
ness, lay in the mazy windings of both, M. J. JEWSBURY.
in one produced by trees and shrubs ;
and, in the other, by young men and SCRIPTURE ILLUSTRATIONS FROM
women, who crossed each other's tracts, CHINESE CUSTOMS AND LITERATURE.
and changed from side to side in an endNo. II.
less variety of evolution. Now, the
word rendered “musical instrument” in “I got me men singers and women the verse we have quoted, is from a root, singers, and the delights of the sons of denoting a wilderness, and hence we have men, as musical instruments, and that of presumptive reason for supposing that all sorts,” Eccles. ii. 8.
the “delights of the sons of men, Solomon says, at the tenth verse, “I nearly identical with the entertainment withheld not my heart from any joy,” by | in such estimation among the ancient which it is intimated, that there were no
Chinese. amusements known in his days among Kimchi, one of the oldest of the Jewkings and great men, which he had not ish commentators, considers the word, tried in their turn. And that we might translated “musical instrument,” as refernot mistake his meaning, he says, at the ring to a symphonia or band of music, third verse, that he laid hold on folly, because in that “ equal and unequal that he might see what was good for the voices, like and unlike sounds, break sons of men. At length he found that it and waste each other by a pleasing mixwas all vanity and vexation of spirit, a ture and temperament, so that from discovery he purchased at a very high thence arise a harmony that is very price, losing his peace of mind, and pre- sweetly compounded of chords and disparing his heart for that sinful weakness / cords.” In the Chinese court enterwhich he betrayed in his old age. tainment, the harmony consisted not
But one object in citing the passage merely of voices, and the tones of musiwas, to offer a conjecture as to what these cal instruments, but in the movements of delights of the sons of men were, which the body; while the waste was not occathe English version explains by musical sioned by the conflict of sounds, but in instruments, and the Greek by male and the wildness of the changes in which the female cup bearers. In the courts of young men and women seemed to lose Chinese princes, every kind of amuse- themselves. ment was followed to delight the great The investigation of the original meanman, who sat and looked on with an un-ing of words, is sometimes a dry study; sated desire after something new. but it not unfrequently leads us to some
These amusements were exhibited in result which is instructive as well as inthe open air, while the king was seated teresting. Two words, in the example under a pavilion, surrounded by his fa- before us, are met with while consulting vourites and grandees. In one spot a the original of the Old Testament, about band of music was pouring forth its loud which commentators are not agreed. Yet and deafening strains ; in another a group while they differ as to the sense they bear of men were performing gymnastic feats in this passage, they coincide as to the with extraordinary agility ; in another meaning of the root from which they are some juggler was deluding the eye with derived; for one is merely the plural strange shifts and transformations; and, form of the other. They all say it means in a fourth, young men and maidens, se- a wilderness, a waste, etc. If again we
look at the Chinese word for the court | the trade to sell off the tainted stock that amusement we have been describing, we cannot be sold at home; or perhaps he is find it comes from a root, signifying a in league with a poacher, or even with a waste or wilderness. We know what the worse character." court amusement was among the Chinese Now what business had I to cast such from description, and, in a measure, from aspersions as these on any man's reputaobservation, as the writer saw specimens tion ; but I was in an ill temper, and so of it while in that country. By the help spake unadvisedly and unjustly. I would of this, and the aid of etymology, we not, at that moment, have given him sixdraw an inference as to the nature of an pence for the contents of his cart, or amusement in the court of Solomon, allowed a fowl of his to be placed on my while he was engaged in the unprofitable table; and as for his tainted turkeys and pursuit of happiness among the gratifica- filthy sausage meat, a day and a night tions of sense.
could I have fasted, rather than taste There is every reason to believe that them. The man was hastily dismissed.
one of the most fascinating After he was gone, I took myself to diversions ever invented by ingenious task for my hasty remarks, and felt some man, since it embraced at once all the compunction for having ill-used one who charms of music, the song, the dance, was striving to get an honest livelihood. and the drama. With the wit and the In what was I better than he! I held a resources of Solomon, it must have been conference with Betty, who told me that carried to the highest state of perfection, the man was very clean and very respecta perfection unrivalled in any other coun- ful, and never stopped a moment after an try; yet he has written this epitaph upon answer was given him, and that many of it, “ Vanity of vanities."--G. T. L. our neighbours dealt with him, and thought
well of him.
The next time he came, I went to the
door myself, and told him civilly that we ON PERSEVERANCE. The man has conquered me at last. He wanted nothing. He made a respectful stopped at the door with his cart well
apology for having troubled me, and supplied with hares, rabbits, turkeys, like the man: I liked his cleanliness and
again took his departure. I began to geese, fowls, wild ducks, and sausage his civility, and by degrees thought well meat; but I wanted neither one nor the other of these things, so I sent him
even of his perseverance.
There could be no harm in giving him away. In a few days after, again he made his I ventured on a wild duck'; it turned out
a trial. I bought a fowl; it was good. appearance, and during the week he called twice, but with no better success; it was capital! one of the best I had ever
excellent. He supplied me with a goose; I was quite set against him, and determined in my own mind that he should tasted. The man and I became better never have me for a customer, call as
acquainted; I found him honest as well
as industrious, and civil as well as peroften as he would. Twice or thrice every week he came
severing, and at this moment, a turkey, round, and never neglected to make his supplied by him, is hanging up by the accustomed call.
heels in my larder, while a dish of his I grew angry; what did the man mean? He had been told sausage meat is standing on the pantry
dresser. twenty times over that I never bought
Yes, he whom I took to be a rogue, such things at the door, yet still he came.
Now, my Whether it was his ignorance or his im- has conquered me at last ! pudence that made him so persevering, I
friends, be upright in your intentions, dicould not tell.
ligent in your calling, civil in your behaOne morning when he came, my tem- and, take my word for it, you will succeed
viour, and persevering in your endeavours; per had been a little ruffled. We are poor, infirm, and sinful creatures, and
as well as the persevering poulterer. very few of us have learned to control our temper. Looking through the win
PRAYER dow, I saw his cart. “ There is that fellow What God will give, he inclines the come again,” said I, peevishly; “I dare hearts of his praying people to ask; and say that he is employed by some one of for what he will do, he will be inquired of,