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generation, was entombed, have attracted most frequently presents this remarkable no slight share of public attention. The appearance, because it generally grows tree is not indigenous to St. Helena, but on steep slopes of loose soil, particularly was introduced about the year 1810, with among the fragments of schistus, that are many other European shrubs and trees, easily penetrated by the melting snow by governor Beatson. Few of these sur- and rain." vived the attacks of the numerous goats Owing to the peculiarity of their which abound on the island, but among growth, and the soil and situation which those which survived was a weeping they require, and their rarely blending willow, planted, with some others, beside well with other trees, it has been recoma spring of water, near Longwood. To mended to plant willows intended for this spot, named Slade's valley, Napoleon ornamental or picturesque effect, dewas much attached; he caused a seat to tached from other plantations. Several be placed under the tree, and frequently such Salictums have been formed in resorted thither. So partial was he to England and on the continent, especially the place, that he was heard to say, that, in Germany. Dr. Host, the late director if he must be buried in St. Helena, he of the Vienna botanic garden, had colshould wish to be laid there. In com- lected upwards of three hundred sorts ; pliance with this desire, he was there in- and at Erlangen, under the direction of terred, although his favourite tree had professor Koch, is an extensive and valubeen completely shattered in a violent able collection. This gentleman has destorm which is said to have devastated voted much time and care to the examinthe island on the night in which he died. ation of the species, and has done more, Madame Bertrand, one of his suite, from personal observation and attentive caused several cuttings of the tree to be discrimination, to clear up the difficulties planted on the spot. These took root, of the subject than any other author. and from them many slips and plants Such a plantation would form an interesthave been procured, and sent to different ing scene in any aquatic situation, and countries. One of the first brought to prove as crnamental as novel. S. alba, England is in the garden of the Roebuck Gilpin thought "worthy to appear in any tavern, at Richmond; they are now very scene," and many of the less conspicucommon,


may be easily obtained. ous species, from the varied and brilliant Linneus observes, of the S. herbacea, colours of their stamens and young “ This willow is the least of all trees." shoots, would embellish any spot. The This is a native of the Welsh and Highland branches of S. helix and vitellina are mountains, as well as of those of Scandi- of a bright yellow colour, and often navia. Dr. Clarke says of it, in his planted among evergreens by way of travels in Norway, “ Hálf-a-dozen trees, contrast. Those of S. purpurea are of a with all their branches, leaves, flowers, rich shining purple, and the anthers and roots, might be compressed within of the catkin, before expanding, red. two pages of a lady's pocket book, with- S. pentandria, though late in blooming, out coming into contact with each other. is remarkably ornamental; it forms an The author, in collecting them for his upright tree, eighteen or twenty feet high, herbary, has frequently compressed twenty with smooth shining branches, and large, of these trees between two of the pages of bright, and deep green leaves, which, as a duodecimo volume.” More recent bo- well as the flowers, when bruised, emit a tanists have considered these as rather fragrant smell, like that of the sweet the shoots from a procumbent stem, than bay tree. The branches and shoots of S. individual plants. " In Switzerland," says acutifolia are dark violet colour, and those M. de Candolle, “some species of willow of $. daphnoides, or præcox, dark grey, (S. retusa, herbacea, and reticulata,) both covered with a whitish powder, like spread over the uneven surface of the the bloom on a plum. The young twigs soil, and as their branches are often of S. decipiens are red or crimson, but covered with the earth which the heavy those of former years are clay coloured, rains wash over them, they present the and shine as if varnished. The branches singular appearance of trees more or less of S. viminalis and rosemarinifolia are subterranean. The extremities of these covered with silky hairs, and the under branches form, sometimes, a kind of turf, part of the leaves of S. glauca arenaria and the astonished traveller finds himself, and incana, thickly covered with snowas we may say, walking on the top of a white, cotton-like down. tree. The s. herbacea is the species that distinguished by the general name of

The species sallows, are known by their round, pale humble scene; some romantic footpath green leaves, and thick, yellow, silky bridge, which it half conceals, or some catkins. “The withy, (S. fragilis,)” says glassy pond, over which it hangs its Gilpin, "is of little value in landscape, and streaming foliage.” Such a scene Cowper, yet there is something beautiful in its our pre-eminently English poet, has imsilver-coated catkins, which open, as the mortalized : year advances, into elegant hanging tufts; and when the tree is large and in

“We pass a gulf, in which the willows dip

Their pendant boughs, stooping as if to drink.” full bloom, make a beautiful variety

O'er the swift waters of the running stream, among the early productions of the

The willow waves its light and graceful form ; spring."

Mingling a transient shadow with the gleam Both in poetry and prose, and by of the bright sunshine, like a passing storm. ancient and modern writers, the willow has ever been associated with melancholy Still doth the golden willow bend, and sweep grief and despairing love.

The clear brown wave with every passing wind.


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Take off, take off, these bridal weeds,

In the continental cemeteries, the And crown my careful head with willow.

weeping willow has in many cases been BURNS.

substituted for the cypress, which the A willow garland thou didst send

ancients considered as the emblem of Perfumed, last day, to me ;

death, from its gloomy shade, and thick, Which did but only this portend, I was forsook by thee.

heavy mass of foliage.' And well does thé

change befit the professors of a brighter Since so it is, I'll tell thee what: To-morrow thou shalt see

faith, which discerns beyond the narrow Me wear the willow, after that

stream of death endless bliss and immorTo die upon the tree.-HERRICK.

tality. “Whosoever liveth and believeth

in me shall never die," John xi. 26: thus Willow! in thy breezy moan, I can hear a deeper tone ;

the Saviour comforted the bereaved sisters Through thy leaves come whispering low of Bethany, even while he wept with them, Sweet sounds of long ago,

and they who with faith receive this sayWillow, sighing willow.

ing, as they commit earth to earth and dust Many a mournful tale of old,

to dust, and watch the mortal remains Heart-sick love to thee hath told;

of the dearest and best beloved lowered Gathering from thy golden bough, Leaves to cool his burning brow,

into their clay-cold bed, are yet enWillow, sighing willow !

abled to check the struggling sob, and Many a swan-like song to thee

stay the falling tear, and raise the beHath been sung, thou gentle tree !

dimmed eye, for they have a “sure and Many a lute, its last lament, Down thy moonlight stream hath sent,

certain hope of the resurrection to eternal Willow, sighing willow ! life, through our Lord Jesus Christ.” The

drooping and dishevelled foliage of the Therefore, wave and murmur on ! Sigh for sweet affections gone,

willow, tossed by every gale, and in misty And for tuneful voices fled,

weather distilling tear-like drops of water And for love, whose heart hath bled, Ever willow, willow !

from the extremity of each pensile twig, MRS. HEMANS. portrays the weeping mourner, bending

over the last home of the cherished dead; This fanciful association would seem but far different to the gloomy, death-like particularly to apply to the weeping shade of the cypress, the willow is investwillow, and as some feelings, mournful ed with a mantle of soft, bright green, though they may be, yield a soothing which, annually renewed by the power of pleasure to those who experience them, God at the glad season of spring, will so does this embellish and increase the whisper of life and immortality brought effect of many a watery landscape. Yet to light by the gospel. Such tones of to produce such a result, care must be comfort might the willows that fringed taken that every surrounding object shall the shores of proud Euphrates, suggest harmonize with the expression thus given to the mournful exiles of Judah, in their to the scene. “The weeping willow," ob- death-like state of captivity; and while serves Gilpin, “is not adapted to sublime they supported the instruments of melody, subjects. We wish it not to screen the now distasteful to their possessors, might, broken buttresses and Gothic windows of to the eye and heart of faith, confirm the an abbey, or to overshadow the battle word of promised deliverance, and show, ments of a ruined castle. It seeks an by their annual changes, the wonder

on the willow


working power and fidelity of the God of “The present chief of the Crows, who nature, and of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. is called " Long-hair,” and has received

his name as well as his office, from the In ages past, where Babel's mighty waters Rolled darkly onward, sat a weeping band,

circumstance of having the longest hair Poor remnant of proud Judah's sons and daughters, of any man in the nation, I have not Captives and exiles from their father's land.

yet seen; but I hope I yet may, ere I And while their tears they mingled with the billow, leave this part of the country. This ex

And while their foes the bitter taunt still flung, traordinary man is known to several gen“ Sing us the songs of Zion,”Their silent harps with mournful meaning hung. particularly to Messrs. Sublette and Camp

tlemen with whom I am acquainted, and And e'er since then, that tree so sadly waving bell, who told me they had lived in his

By the still gliding stream, or plashy spring, Whether suns brighten, or dark storms are råving, hospitable lodge with him for months to

Seems linked to sorrow like a holy thing! gether; and assured me that they had And still it offers to the broken hearted,

measured his hair by a correct means, The friendly covert of its drooping bough:

and found it to be ten feet and seven Oh, well it were, meek tree, when joys are parted, inches in length; closely inspecting every If man, like thee, could bend him to the blow.


part of it at the same time, and satisfying themselves that it was the natural growth.

“On ordinary occasions it is wound with a broad leather strap, from his head to its

extreme end, and then folded up into a In Catlin's letters and notes on the man- budget or block, of some ten or twelve mers, customs, and condition of the North inches in length, and of some pounds' American Indians, is the following ex- weight; which, when he walks, is carried traordinary account:

under his arm, or placed in his bosom, “ I have just been painting a number within the folds of his robe ; but on any of the Crows-fine-looking, and noble great parade or similar occasion, his pride gentlemen. They are really a handsome is to unfold it, oil it with bear's grease, and well-formed set of men as can be and let it drag behind him; some three seen in any part of the world. There is or four feet of it spread out upon the a sort of ease and grace added to their grass, and black and shining as a raven's dignity of manners, which gives them the wing.” air of dignity at once. I observed the other day, that most of them were over six feet high, and very many of these UNDESIGNED COINCIDENCES OF have cultivated their natural hair to such

SCRIPTURE.-No. XI. an almost incredible length, that it sweeps “He [Felix] hoped that money should the ground as they walk : there are fre- have been given him of Paul, that he quent instances of this kind amongst might loose him: wherefore he sent for them, and in some cases, a foot or more him the oftener, and communed with of it will drag on the grass as they walk, him,” Acts xxiv. 26. It is observed by giving exceeding grace and beauty to Lardner, vol. i. p. 27, 8vo. edition, that their movements. They usually oil their Felix, it might be thought, could have hair with a profusion of bear's grease small hopes of receiving money from every morning, which is, no doubt, one such a prisoner as Paul, had he not recolcause of the unusual length to which lected his telling him, on a former intertheir hair extends, though it cannot be view, that after many years he came to the sole cause of it ; for the other tribes bring alms to his nation, and offerings, throughout this country use the bear's ver. 11. Hence he probably supposed, that grease in equal profusion without pro- the alms might not yet be all distributed, ducing the same results.

or if they were, that a public benefactor “ This extraordinary length of hair would soon find friends to release him. amongst the Crows is confined to the men The observation is curious, and in conalone; for the women, though all of them firmation of its truth, I will add, that the with glossy and beautiful hair, and a great personal appearance of Paul, when he profusion of it, are unable to cultivate it was brought before Felix, was certainly to so great a length; or else they are not not such as would give the governor reaallowed to compete with their lords in a son to believe that he had wherewithal to fashion so ornamental, and on which the purchase his own freedom, but quite the men so highly pride themselves, and are contrary. For a passage in the Acts, chap. obliged to cut it short off,

xxii. 28, certainly conveys very satisfac

tory, though indirect evidence that the, in the manner it deserves. In my opinion apostle wore poverty in his looks, at the it is very satisfactory, and when comvery period in question. When Lysias, bined with a paragraph on the same subthe chief captain at Jerusalem, had been ject, in the next section, (No. xviii.) apprized that he was a Roman, he could establishes the fact of St. Paul's voyage scarcely give credit to the fact; and, beyond all reasonable doubt. being further assured of it by Paul him- The ship into which the centurion self, he said, " With a great sum obtained removed Paul, and the other prisoners at I this freedom,” manifestly implying a Myra, was a ship of Alexandria that was suspicion of Paul's veracity, whose ap- sailing into Italy. It was evidently a pearance bespoke no such means of pro- merchant vessel, for mention is made of curing citizenship. The cupidity, there- its lading. The nature of the lading, fore, of Felix was no doubt excited, as however, is not directly stated. It was cahas been said, by recollecting the errand pable of receiving Julius and his company, on which his prisoner had come so lately and was bound right for them. This was to Jerusalem.

enough, and this was all that St. Luke And this, moreover, furnishes the true cares to tell. Yet in verse 38, we find, explanation of the orders which Felix, by the merest chance, of what its cargo (very far from a merciful or indulgent consisted. The furniture of the ship, or officer,) gave to the keeper of Paul, “to its “tackling,” as it is called, was thrown let him have liberty,” and to "forbid none overboard in the early part of the storm; of his acquaintance to minister or come but the freight was naturally enough unto him," a free admission of his friends kept till it could be kept no longer, and being necessary, in order that they might then we discover, for the first time, that furnish him with the ransom.

it was wheat; “the wheat” was cast into It is true that there is no coincidence the sea. here between independent writers, but Now it is a notorious fact, that Rome surely every unprejudiced mind must was in a great measure supplied with corn admit, that there is an extremely nice, from Alexandria ; that in times of scarcity minute, and undesigned harmony be the vessels coming from that port were tween the speech of Paul and the sub- watched with intense anxiety as they sequent conduct of Felix. Though the approached the coast of Italy; see Sueton. cause and effect are so far from being Nero, $ 45; that they were of a size not traced by the writer of the Acts, that inferior to our line of battle ships; see it may be doubted whether he saw Wetstein, Acts xxvii. 6; a thing by no any connexion subsisting between them. means usual in the vessels of that day; Surely, I repeat, such a harmony must and accordingly, that such an one might convince us that it is no fictitious or well accommodate the centurion and his forged narrative that we are reading, but numerous party, in addition to its own a true and very accurate detail of an crew and lading. actual occurrence.

There is a very singular air of truth

in all this. The several detached verses And when we had sailed over the at the head of this paper tell a sea of Cilicia and Pamphylia, we came tinuous story, but it is not perceived till to Myra, a city of Lycia. And there the they are brought together. The circumcenturion found a ship of Alexandria stances drop out one by one at intervals sailing into Italy. — Sirs, I perceive in the course of the narrative, unarranged, that this voyage will be with hurt and unpremeditated, thoroughly incidental; much damage, not only of the lading so that the chapter might be read twenty [Toð póprov] and ship, but also of our times, and their agreement with lives. — And when they had eaten another and with contemporary history enough, they lightened the ship, and be still overlooked. But if the account of cast out the wheat [Tòv oitov) into the the voyage, as far as relates to the change sea,” Acts xxvii. 5, 6. 10. 38.

of ship, the tempest, the disastrous conIt has been remarked, I think with sequences, etc. is found, on being tried by justice, that the circumstantial details a test which the writer of the Acts could contained in this chapter of the ship never have contemplated, to be an unwreck cannot be read without a con questionable fact, how can the rest, which viction of their truth. I have never seen, does not admit of the same scrutiny, be however, the following coincidence in set aside as unworthy of credit ?' For some of these particulars taken notice of instance, that Paul actually foretold the



danger : that again, in the midst of it, his name, were common throughout the he foretold the final escape, and that an East. The story of Bel and the dragon, angel had declared to him God's plea- though apocryphal, proves the idolatry sure, that, for his sake, not a soul should of the serpent in Babylon. perish? I see no alternative, but to re- It is observed by Bryant, that in most ceive all this, nothing doubting; unless countries the original military standard we consider St. Luke to have mixed up was descriptive of the deity they worfact and fiction in a manner the most shipped; and the ensign of the people artful and insidious. Yet who can read of Assyria is said to have been a dragon the Acts of the Apostles, and come to or serpent. The same symbol, there is such a conclusion ?

reason to believe, prevailed among the Persians. In the time of Marcus Aure

lius, each cohort was preceded by the THE SERPENT.

image of a dragon carried on a pole; There are some who would impugn and the same ensign is said to have been the inspired narrative of the fall, but it borne by the Parthians, Danes, Scythians, has been truly remarked by Grotius, Saxons, and Chinese. “ That the most ancient tradition among all nations, is agreeable to the relation of wings, and serpent, appears in various

The celebrated figure of the circle, Moses.” Without, however, adverting parts of upper Egypt. The Greeks are to other particulars, it is now proposed accused by Justin Martyr, of introducing to adduce some facts in reference to the the serpent into the mysteries of all their serpent, as the instrument of temptation. gods. "The ancients frequently regarded But a few must serve as a specimen of the serpent as symbolical of wisdom ; many: the whole would occupy a vo- hence he became the appropriate emblem lume.

of Minerva, and as Athens was conAccording to a fragment of Sanchoniathon, “ Taautus first consecrated the basilisk, and introduced the worship of the serpent tribe, in which he was followed by the Phænicians and Egyptians; for this animal was held by him to be the most inspirited of all the reptiles, and of a fiery nature, inasmuch as it exhibits an incredible celerity, moving by its spirit, without either hands or feet, or any of those external organs, by which other animals effect their motion ; and in its progress it assumes a variety of forms, moving in a spiral course, and at what degree of swiftness it pleases; and is very long lived, and has the quality, not only of putting off old age, and as- sidered to be under her immediate prosuming a second youth, but it receives tection, a live serpent was constantly a greater increase ; and when it has ful- in the Acropolis. The goddess, too, had filled the appointed measure of its exist- on her ægis a Gorgon or Medusa head, ence, it consumes itself: as Taautus has whose hair was intertwined with snakes, laid down in the sacred books, wherefore and the walls of Athens had sculptured this animal is introduced in the sacred upon them the same beautiful counterites and mysteries.”

nance, encircled by snakes, as in the above It appears from this statement of one engraving. If the face be removed from of the most ancient profane writers, this device, we have again the triune that, at the remotest period, the serpent was considered as possessing mysterious and sacred properties, and it was consequently held in religious veneration. To refer to other cases : The name of the national god of Chaldea, Bel, has been thought an abbreviation of Ob-el, the serpent god. Pillars, gradually tapering symbol; the circles, wings, and serpents, to a point, sacred to Obel, and bearing which the Greeks regarded as having a

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