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Obliged! it cannot be, that a Christian | has said, “Go ye into all the world, and can be lawfully obliged to spend the sab- preach the gospel to every creature." bath in works, except those of necessity Mark xvi. 15. And you love to sing in and mercy. The former cannot be fore- response, Fly abroad, thou mighty gosseen; the latter, if foreseen, may be pro- pel;" but what are you doing to send it? vided for, and so divided among the Perhaps you now and then, when closely several members of a family, as that no pressed, squeeze out a sovereign for a one shall be altogether deprived of the society or two, which must, for decency's privileges of the sanctuary. It was not, sake, bear your name on the lists of conhowever, a work of either of these de- tributors, or more likely only a shilling to scriptions, but the fulfilment of a large a collection. But you might, and ought, order of millinery, for which, as it was from the revenues placed at your diswanted by a certain day, early in the posal, to contribute liberally to every week, a large price was offered to those society that has for its object to make who had thoughtlessly expressed so known to men the unsearchable riches of much, when, it is to be feared, they felt Christ. Your Lord knows that you
could but little. How suitable are the injunc- educate, and send out and support mistions of our Lord, to “count the cost,' sionaries, and furnish Bibles and tracts before we, in any way, make a profession enough, under the promised blessing of of religion, and to try ourselves, as in the the Holy Spirit, to enlighten whole dissight of God, whether we indeed possess tricts with the light of saving truth : and such decision of heart, as will make us he knows that you do not this, solely willing and resolved, at any sacrifice, to because you had rather scrape together a deny ourselves, and take up our cross larger heap of riches, which you
- know daily, and follow Christ. For unless we not who shall gather,” Psa. xxxix. 6. do this, whatever our professions, we You are intent on adding house to house, cannot be his disciples, Matt. x. 38; xvi. and field to field, which shall be called 24 ; Luke ix. 23 ; xiv. 26–33.
by your name, Psa. xlix. 11, when your Yes; and among those who sang the spirit shall have gone to give an account words and seemed to enjoy them, and of your stewardship, Luke xvi. 2. The who, if appealed to, would have said that appeal is now addressed to you, they did enjoy them, there was a rich much owest thou unto my Lord ?” to old man, his one heart' shut up in his stimulate you, from day to day, to apply coffers, or hid in the earth over which he His property to the objects for which it proudly walks from mile to mile, and is committed to your trust. But how will calls it his own. And he says he would it be addressed to you then? Oh, let your give ten thousand hearts to Christ! Well, deeds confirm your words, or else lay then, old man, remember the text, “If aside the gross inconsistency, the loathye love me, keep my commandments,” | some hypocrisy, of saying you would John xiv. 15; and ask, Lord, what give ten thousand hearts to Christ, while wilt thou have me to do?” Acts ix. 6. you grudge to give him a thousandth Search the Scriptures, learn to consider part of your income. yourself not a proprietor, but a steward. And, no longer to dwell on instances You are endowed with this property, that so extreme, though, alas! too frequent, you may feed the hungry, clothe the who is there among all who joined in naked, visit the sick and afflicted, and that profession of love to the Saviour, cause the widow's heart to sing for joy: that really devotes to his service and Do all this for the sake of Christ; and cause, as much property, time, concern, then humbly hope to receive a recom- sympathy, and prayer, as the sentiment pence, at the resurrection of the just, and would justify and claim? Who is there to hear the Saviour Judge say, “Inasmuch that has not, when called on to make as ye have done it unto one of the least of even a small sacrifice for the sake of these my brethren, ye liave done ituntome: Christ, been ready to say, "I pray thee, -enterthou into the joy ofthy Lord,” Matt. / have me excused. xxv. 40. “But whoso hath this world's is this kind of insincerity confined good, and seeth his brother have need, to professions of ardent love to Christ. and shutteth up his bowels of compassion There are many who continually join in from him, how dwelleth the love of God the deepest confessions of sin, who say in him ?" 1 John iii. 17.
that they are “miserable offenders,” and Yes; and he to whom you profess your that “there is no health in them;" that willingness to give ten thousand bearts, they are "tied and bound with the chain
sary to the
“ And if ye
of their sins;" that “the remembrance and custom? But what says the word of of their sins is grievous to them, and the God to such empty professions? “Whereburden intolerable;” that profess to re- fore the Lord said, Forasmuch as this nounce all dependance on their own people draw near me with their mouth, righteousness, and to come to God, trust- and with their lips do honour me, but ing only, “in his manifold and great have removed their heart far from me, mercies," and in the merits and mediation and their fear toward me is taught by the of his beloved Son, who yet would be precept of men: therefore, behold, I will bitterly offended with a minister, who proceed to do a marvellous work among should preach to them as to guilty, pe- this people, even a marvellous work and rishing sinners, and tell them that there a wonder, Isa. xxix. 13, 14. is no hope for them, but in mercy as so- Do we mean what we say? or are the vereign, free, and abundant as is neces- professions of our lips the utterance of
very chief of sinners. Should insincerity? Have we forgotten that “God it be asked them, on what they build is a Spirit, and they that worship him their hope of heaven, they would talk of must worship him in spirit and in truth ?” their own merits and righteousness, their John iv. 24. Dare we profess that we harmless ves, their good works, their love him, while our hearts are no with charities, their prayers; while they would him ? to give him the whole, and keep scarcely mention the one foundation, back a part; and thus incur the guilt and 1 Cor. iii. 11, the only name under condemnation of lying unto God, and not heaven given among men, whereby we unto men? Acts v. 4, 9. must be saved, Acts iv. 12.
offer the blind for sacrifice, is it not evil? It is one of the characteristics of a and if ye offer the lame and sick, is good man, that he “speaketh the truth it not evil? offer it now unto thy goin his heart,” Psa. xv. 2; and if this sim- vernor; will he be pleased with thee, or plicity and godly sincerity be required in accept thy person? saith the Lord of the commonest transactions of life, how hosts.—But cursed be the deceiver, which much more in the utterance of any reli- hath in his flock a male, and voweth, and gious sentiment or profession, wherein, sacrificeth unto the Lord a corrupt thing: in a peculiar sense, we open our mouth for I am a great King, saith the Lord of unto the Lord, Judges xi. 35. It is a hosts, and my name is dreadful among serious thing thus to speak, and should the heathen,” Mal. i. 8. 14. “Shall not never be engaged in lightly and inadver- God search this out? for he knoweth the tently, or without consideration. What- secrets of the heart,” Psa. xliv. 21. ever, especially, we speak in a religious Do we mean what we say? or are our way, God hears, and knows what we professions uninfluential ? like those of the
This is a solemn thought, and son in the Gospel, who said, “ I go, sir : should always be present to our minds, in and went not,”* Matt. xxi. 30. the exercises of religion, and lead us to How vain ! how useless! to confess ask ourselves, whether we mean what we sins of which we do not feel the burden, say, or whether we are daring enough and which we do not desire to forsake;
to implore blessings, of which we do not “ To mock him with a solemn sound,
feel the need, or which we do not value; Upon a thoughtless tongue?”.
to profess faith in a Saviour, to whom we How weighty and appropriate are the do not commit our guilty souls to be parcautions of Scripture." Keep thy foot doned, renewed, and saved; or love to when thou goest to the house of God, Him, whom we do not follow, taking up and be more ready to hear, than to give the cross ! Such professions, however the sacrifice of fools: for they consider well expressed, can neither be acceptable not that they do evil,” Eccles. v. 1, 2; to God, nor beneficial to ourselves. and how well does it become us, to seek And if, with all our imperfections, we “the preparations of the heart,” and “the do feel conscious of sincerity; still, we answer of the tongue" from the Lord; have abundant reason to lament, with and to implore the Holy Spirit's teach- deep humility, that our consecration and ing, without which "we cannot order our activity in the service of our Lord, fall speech by reason of darkness,” Prov. so very short of the obligations under xvi. 1; Job xxxvii. 19.
which he has laid us, and the engageDo we mean what we say? or are all ments into which we have entered; we do our confessions and petitions, and pro- what we say, and deeply lafessions, the mere expressions of form ment our short-comings, “ If our heart
condemn us, God is greater than our heart, fect: but this one thing we do, forgetting and knoweth all things;" but“ if our heart those things which are behind, and reachcondemn us not, then have we confid- ing forth unto those things which are beence toward God," 1 John iii. 20, 21. fore, we press toward the mark for the We do not love in word only, but in deed prize of the high calling of God in Christ and in truth; we dare approach our om- Jesus, Phil. iii. 12–14; “ for none of us niscient and compassionate Saviour with liveth to himself, and no man dieth to the humble, yet firm appeal, “Lord, himself. For whether we live, we live thou knowest all things; thou knowest unto the Lord; and whether we die, we that I love thee,” John xxi. 17. I am not die unto the Lord : whether we live therewhat I ought to be; I am not what I fore, or die, we are the Lord's,” Rom. desire to be; I am not what I expect to xiv. 7, 8. be; but, “by the grace of God I am what I am,” 1 Cor. xv. 10. We do mean what we say; grace has inspired the re
MANAGEMENT OF BEES IN KASHMIR. solution, and grace will enable us to perform it. We have opened our mouth
Every farmer in the district of Sar, unto the Lord, and we cannot, we would and I have since found the practice genot go back. “When thou saidst, Seek neral throughout the whole country, in ye my face; my heart said unto thee, Thy the eastern part of Kashmir
, has several face, Lord, will I seek," Psa. xxvii. 8. hives in his house; and in some houses I “ I cried unto thee, O Lord : I said, Thou have counted as many as ten. art my refuge and my portion in the A provision for hives is made in buildland of the living,” Psa. cxlii. 5. “The ing. the house, by leaving appropriate Lord is my portion, saith my soul there- cavities in the walls. These somewhat fore will I hope in him," Lam. ïïi. 24. differ in size, but agree in their general “ And now, Lord, what wait I for? my form, each being cylindrical, and extendhope is in thee,” Psa. xxxix. 7. Oh, to ing quite through the wall. This tube is mean all this, and act upon it! how it lined by a plastering of clay mortar about would tend to steady and support the
an inch in thickness, and the mortar is soul amidst all the tossings of this tem
worked up with the chaff or husk of rice, pestuous life! “Thou wilt keep him in
or with the down of thistles ; which latter perfect peace, whose mind is stayed on also employed for clay mortar in gethee: because he trusteth in thee,” Isa. neral, being the first application of this xxvi. 3.
substance to the use of man I have yet And there is holiness as well as com
witnessed. fort in the decision, “ Thou art my por
The dimensions of a hive are, on an tion, O Lord: I have said that I would average, about fourteen inches in diakeep thy words.—I have sworn, and I will meter; and when closed at both ends, perform it, that I will keep thy righteous about twenty or twenty-two inches in judgments,” Psa. cxix. 57. 106.
length. The walls of farm-houses or cotThe matter has been well thought out, tages differ in respect to their materials, and the decision arrived at, that we but are commonly constructed of rough should present our bodies a living sacri- stones or bricks, and of clay or lime morfice, holy and acceptable unto God, as a
tar, along with a large admixture of reasonable service, Rom. xii. 1; for we wood, in the district just mentioned. are not our own, we are bought with a That end of the cylinder nearest to the price: therefore we will glorify God in apartment is closed by a round platter our bodies, and in our spirits, which are of red pottery-ware, a little convex in the his, 1 Cor. vi. 19, 20. “For the love of middle, but the edges are made flush Christ constraineth us; because we thus with the wall, by a luting of clay mortar, judge, that if one died for all, then were and the other extremity is shut by a all dead : and that he died for all, that similar dish, having a circular hole, about they which live should not henceforth a third of an inch in diameter, in its live unto themselves, but unto him which centre. died for them, and rose again,” 2 Cor. It does not appear that there is any v. 14, 15. Such is our determined pur- particular rule for the height of the hives pose, which in the strength of Divine from the ground, they sometimes being grace, we will pursue, whatever it may confined to the walls of the lower or
Not as though we had al- basement story, generally appropriated to ready attained, either were already per
cattle in the farm houses of Kashmir. At
others they are inserted into those of the , from smoke, without stinging a single first floor, but are frequently seen in both individual. The whole business was comsituations in the same houses, as well as pleted within ten minutes, and it was in the walls of its out-buildings. So little asserted that not above one-hundredth of difference exists between the practices part of the community is destroyed by ordinarily pursued in Kashmir and in this method. The farmers here are well Europe, in respect to hiving new swarms, acquainted with the existence of the as not to call for notice; but that adopted queen bee, but give themselves little in the former country, for preserving trouble about the internal economy of the old swarm when the honey is the hive. Accounts differed as to the taken, well deserves imitation by the bee weight of the annual yield of a hive, and farmer in the latter country.
pro- to the relative proportions of honey cess by which this is effected, as I wil- and of wax; and that now taken afforded nessed it, is the following. Having in no evidence on these points, as its combs readiness a wisp of dry rice straw, and a had been removed, in parts only, two small quantity of burning charcoal in an months before. Altogether, however, it earthen dish, the master of the house, seemed to me probable, that the produce with a few strokes of the point of a short was less than the ordinary yield of a sickle, disengages the inner platter of the good swarm in England, making allowtube, bringing into view the combs sus- ance, also, for the portion left for the pended from the roof of the hive, and winter support of the bees. The honey almost wholly covered with bees, none of was light-coloured, and of a taste as pure which, however, offered to resent the and as sweet as that of Narbonne. It aggression, or to enter the room. Hav- possessed less of the cloying quality geing placed the straw upon the charcoal, nerally attending this substance, than and holding the dish close to the mouth any other I recollect to have met with ; of the hive, he blew the smoke strongly and I could not learn that the farmers against the combs, and removed the had any suspicion of their honey ever straw the instant it took fire, to prevent being intoxicating or poisonous, as has it burning the bees, and quenched the been noticed as the case occasionally flame before he employed it again. with that made by the Bhoura of Gar
Almost stifled by the smoke, the bees wahl. I was directed more particularly hurried through the outer door with such to inquiry upon this subject, by having rapidity, that the hive was cleared of observed monk's-hood in flower in the its inhabitants within a few minutes, valley of Ranga, a few miles to the eastwhen the farmer introduced the sickle, ward of the bee district, and think it procut down the combs nearest to him, which bable that it extends to these mountains. were received into a dish previously slid-Perhaps, however, the range of the flight den underneath them, and left undis- of the domesticated bee, through the turbed about one-third, which were al- abundance of food, may be limited to most close to the outer door, he then re- the cultivated surface immediately in the placed the inner platter, and knocking vicinity of the house; whereas the Bhoura off a few bees which clung to the combs, is compelled to take a more extensive though apparently in a state of' stupefac- range, and in the scarcity of food, during tion, threw them out of the house. Ob- the short summer, to be less select in serving many other bees lying motionless regard to its quality. The peasantry of on the floor of the hive, I inquired whe- Kashmir are unacquainted with the emther they were dead, or only stupified, ployment of honey as the basis of a ferand was answered, that they would re- mented liquor, but eat it raw, or mixed cover : however, I was not wholly satis- | with various articles of common food ; fied that this recovery would take place; whilst the most wealthy substitute it for but the preparations for continuing my sugar, and in preserving fruits. It is journey at a very early hour on the fol- customary to take the hive every year ; lowing morning, unluckily prevented me and the end of September, or beginning from ascertaining the fact.
of October, is found the best season for But neither the fate of these, nor of this operation; a little time still remainthose left senseless in the hive, excited ing for the bees to add to the portion any interest in the owner, as enough re- left for their support during five months. mained to carry on the business of the This amounts to about a third of the hive, into which the expelled bees re- whole produce, and would appear to sufturned, as soon as its cavity was freed fice; as swarms seldom die, and the
Kashmerians substitute no other mate- | cumstances render them accessible, have rial as food. It is stated, that an old a positive claim: our intercourse with swarm yields more honey than a young them is scarcely a matter of option. It one, and that families seldom die of old may be a high privilege, it may be a seage. I was informed, that it was no un- vere trial; at all events, it involves the common circumstance, to preserve the duty of endeavouring to render the intersame community for ten, or even fifteen course profitable, whether it be more or years; and some instances were quoted, less agreeable. Then, in the wider circle of a family having been retained for of acquaintance, where liberty of selection twenty years; but this was held to be of is allowed, it is the part of discretion to very rare occurrence.
decide on such characters as hold out the In
consequence of the bees being thus greatest probability of imparting or reliterally domiciliated, they acquire a mild-ceiving good, and to keep that object in ness of conduct far more decided than view throughout the whole intercourse.” those of Europe ; by which the lives of Such were the principles on which she many of these insects are saved annu- acted in the formation of her social circle, ally, and the confidence gained sub- and in the cultivation of her social interduing their natural irascibility, may ge- course; and she was blessed and made a nerate an increase of industry, or at least blessing. an increase of produce, in relation to Her own relatives were not numerous. number and the size of the individuals Nearest and dearest were her two sisters. of each community. And it is clear, The unsettled circumstances of my mother that the situation of the hive keeps many precluded much personal intercourse. She of the natural enemies of the bee at a could scarcely think of leaving her young distance. The bee of Kashmir is a little family to make a journey to visit my aunt; smaller than that of Europe, though a and her home was not exactly such as little larger than the domesticated bee would render it desirable for her to reof Kamaon and of Garwhal. Honey sells ceive a visit. But a regular and affectionat about threepence (British) a pound, but ate intercourse was kept up by the interwax is considerably dearer.-Moorcroft change of letters, and by the conferring and Trebeck.
and acknowledging of benefits. Oh, it must have been a stretch even of the tenderest sisterly affection, that could
induce my kind aunt to undertake the MY AUNT PRISCILLA.-No. VIII.
charge of children brought up under dis
advantages like ours, and to bear with us, My aunt Priscilla's society was much and bestow such unwearied care and pains courted. She might have had a very in the improvement of our characters, and large circle of acquaintance. She might yet so judiciously and successfully to guard have spent all her time in paying and re- against any interruption of family harceiving visits. She might have exercised mony which might have arisen from our all her powers (if she had not possessed introduction! Her kindness was duly a mind and taste superior to it) in the appreciated by my dear mother, and I Athenian pursuit of either hearing or trust the subjects of it have not proved telling some new thing, Acts xvii. 21. themselves ungrateful. But though she was of a sociable, com- I was about fourteen years of age, when panionable disposition, she was my two brothers were placed at school, in inclined to fritter away her time in un- the neighbourhood of London, under the profitable visits.
She observed selec- superintendence of my uncle and aunt, tion and regulation in her social inter- with whom they passed the school vaca
“We have,” she would say, tions. The eldest was afterwards taken “personal, domestic, and social duties to into my uncle's office, and resided in the perform. No one of them can be neglect- family. Two years later, my younger ed without blame and injury; but wisdom brother, on leaving school, was placed in is profitable to direct us in adjusting the the counting house of an East India merclaims of each, so that one shall not jostle chant, in which establishment he graduout another. A Christian should consci- ally rose by merit, and is now at the head entiously consider what portion of time of the firm. My aunt watched over them lawfully belongs to social intercourse; and both with maternal kindness, and both next, consider in what society it may be have ever acknowledged with gratitude best employed. Near relatives, if cir- the happy effects of her gentle influence