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will often tell the torturing monitions of of persuasion from those whom we love, this interior judge, and will reveal even and admire, and esteem. those thoughts of the heart which are It is evident, from all this, that conscarcely acknowledged by the individual science must attach to spiritual existence, to himself.
and, consequently, must form a proof of A still stronger proof of the power of the immateriality of mind; and its perconscience is to be found in the fact, that versions, its want of regularity, its appathe very idea of being thought wrong, rent assumption for sinister purposes, are or having one's actions misconstrued, or all so many proofs of some perverting even the recollection of those embarrass- agency having passed upon this originally ing circumstances which have previously, good principle. Thus the conscience bethough unjustly, produced “confusion of comes hardened by a long course of infaces,” will renew that confusion, and attention to its strivings with man; it is will throw over the countenance the ap- unenlightened in those who willingly are pearance of inexplicable blushing. ignorant of the moral code laid down for
This fact shows the great injustice their guidance; it is stifled by others, which may be done to the most innocent, who, persisting in a course of evil, in opand the care which should be taken not position to their better judgments, must to judge from appearances, than which silence its uneasy warnings, in order to nothing can be more deceptive, though save themselves from the constant gnawthey strongly illustrate the power of the ing of bitter reflection; it is scrupulous faculty.
in those who, attending more to the apConscience is possessed in various de- pearance of conduct before man, than to grees by different individuals: thus, there the reality of the principles from which it may be a tender conscience in one, a springs, are everywhere afraid to act, lest hardened conscience in another, an un- others should think them wrong, and thus enlightened conscience in a third, a stifled too generally lose the opportunities for conscience in a fourth, a scrupulous con- action, while they are debating the fruitscience in a fifth, a capricious conscience less question of what others think of them; in a sixth, and a fitful conscience in a it is capricious in those who having no seventh. And these differences are mainly settled principles of action, will act, or dependent on the kind of education the abstain from actio under very similar individual has received, and the degree circumstances, and without having a good in which the voice of conscience has been reason to give for either course of confostered or opposed, the frequency with duct; it is fitful in those who will be which it has been listened to or disre- very conscientious to-day, and relax their garded, and the influence of habit in principles to-morrow, according to some rendering more obtuse or acute its sensi- change in their circumstances or associability.
tions; and it is often counterfeited by That conscience will be the soundest those who know that reason, and prinwhich exists in a mind strong by nature, ciple, and goodness, will be the best
passone which has been enlarged by study, port to certain advantages, and who really which has been imbued with just princi- assume the appearance of this invaluable ples of moral and religious action, which possession, in order that they may pass has been accustomed to review its own in the rank of friendship with those others decisions, and to weigh them in the ba- who sincerely wish to do their duty to lance of good, as connected with the God and their neighbour. wants of society and the laws of God; Now, where will there be found any and which has habitually referred every approach to the existence and influence portion of conduct, not to the feeling and of such faculty except in man, in whom inclination of the moment, but to the im- is superadded the spiritual principle which mutable principles of truth. Thus will is destined to survive the wreck of his conscience be uniform in its awards ; it organization? It may be safely answered, will be tender without being irritable; it Nowhere. But if so, it follows that man will be firm without sternness; unyield possesses an unique principle superadded ing without obstinacy; and consistent in to his other common and ordinary mental every society, amidst the approving smile manifestations—distinct from them, and of friends or the frowns of enemies,- belonging to him only, because he is a proof against the shafts of ridicule, and moral creature, and an heir of immortathe still more difficultly-resistible weapon lity.--Newnham.
A SKETCH FROM LIFE.
Then, if ordained to so severe a doom,
not what it once was, nor what it ought to be. Man, and all things therein, were
made perfect; but he, having "sought The languid lady next appears in state, Who was not born to carry her own weight; out many inventions,” has defaced not She lolls, reels, staggers, till some foreign aid only his own godlike form, but that semTo her own stature lists the feeble maid,
blance of paradise, the world. Observest She, by just stages, journeys round the room : thou yonder rank thistle, and yonder But knowing her own weakness, she despairs To scale the Alps--that is, ascend the stairs.
piercing thorn? They are sown, and My fan! let others say who laugh at toil;
planted, and watered, and nourished, by Fan! band ! glove! scarf! is her laconic style. man's transgression. And that is spoke with such a dying fall,
“ But what reference," say you, "has That Betty rather sees, than hears the call : The motion of her lips, and meaning eye
this to Novella?" It proves the possibiPiece out the idea her faint words deny.
lity that I am right in my notions, and
that Novella and her tribe, rather than Had the subject of this sketch sat to myself, are open to the charge of doting the satirist who supplies it with a motto, upon novelty. Ay, there it is. Novella, he could not have drawn a picture more to having all her time at her own disposal, the life. Whilst perusing it, I imagine I conceived that she could not better emhave the living original now before me. ploy it, than in the search for novelties,
There is something morally obnoxious among which novels themselves naturally in these selfish creatures, who, because occupied a commanding and attractive an all-bountiful Providence has allowed place. In this conjecture she was far them a provision for life, not subject to from being wrong. Novels are the strange the general condition of obtaining it by productions of that strange creature man. labour, fancy that their feet were not In them we may see his perverted intelformed for walking, nor their hands for | lect casting forth its sparks of wit, as a working, and that they may loll upon madman doth his firebrands. And what that invention of luxury, "the accom- effect they have upon the ignitible feelplished sofa,” at ease, and with impunity. ings of the softer sex, daily experience Those who are thus favoured, are of all teaches us. Taught by these works, they persons in the world most imperatively learn to look upon vice as virtue, to called upon to be active; active for the view truth through a distorted medium, sake of their own health and comfort; and to convert fiction into reality, and active for the sake of justifying the good- realities into the dreams of a distempered ness of God to themselves; active for the fancy. sake of suffering humanity, whose mise- Novella was once asked, “What is ries they have been blest with the means life?” and she replied, "A vision." of alleviating. The head of the sick man This answer was near enough the truth, lies languishing on the bed of pain, but it was uttered at random; for when asking relief at their hands; the widow she was further interrogated, " What is weeps a copious shower of tears for them death ?" she made the same reply. The to dry; the orphan looks up to them for imagination of Novella was ludicrously that tender care which may imperfectly lively and comprehensive, and was by no supply that of the departed; every where means confined to excursions in the rethe poor are waiting to hear the sound gions of heroism and romance. If it was of their feet upon the threshold, that they her province to degrade the nobles, she may rise up and meet them with bless- knew, also, how to pursue a different ings on their tongues; and children are Thus, she called her spaniel looking for them from the doors of every “her little man,” and made it lie by her cottage, to come and assist them to plume side on a miniature sofa : and once, when their wings, to take a long flight, even to it was sick, she caused it to be attended heaven. These are some of the duties by her physician, “like”. as she exof the rich; and they have others, call- pressed it, “another Christian !" The ing upon them with a trumpet-tone, for same feeling was carried by Novella into zealous exertions in their performance; all the relations of life. Her servants namely, those of a social, relative, and appeared, in her sight, as fairies who religious description.
were to obey her bidding by enchantThese, however, the race of Novellas ment. Well pleased was she to see them consider as new-fangled ideas, which lightly flitting about the house, intent on merely serve to show, that I am fond of the fulfilment of her orders. All this new things. The world, gentle reader, is must be lamentable in the sight of a
FUNERAL OF HIS SON.
sober-thinking, and non-novel-reading | the mind and the heart, though the conmind. But worse remains to be recorded. tact be but accidental and temporary; Her habitual reading, and indulgence of unless, indeed, by the blessing of God, wild fancies had impaired the intellect the evil be perceived, and its deformity of Novella. Our good old rector was in startle the gazer into timely flight. Once, her sight "a great magician," who could, in by-gone days, was the writer of this by his potent wand, dismiss souls from paper induced to take up one of the most earth to heaven; and the ordinances baneful of these works, tempted, partly which he administered were looked upon by the desire to mark its effects upon his by her as so many scenes in a drama. It own passions, and thus to test the influwas a play, however, in which she be- ence it must have on those of others. A lieved that no unimportant part was cast few pages did their work, but happily it to her. She considered herself as one of was the work of warning, not of temptaits leading personages. Adorned with tion. He was enabled calmly to congaudy plumes, she took her seat on the sign the volume to the flames.-F. sabbath in one of the finest pews in our old Saxon edifice, in which were the pil- A GREENLANDER'S LAMENT AT THE low and ottoman, inviting sloth; and the very glance of her eye proclaimed The following extract from the funeral the fearfully perverted mind.
dirge of a father over his son, may serve To return, however, to Novella's dwell- as a specimen of natural eloquence: ing, the fairy land of which she was the “Woe is me that I see thy empty seat! delirious denizen, and the ideal person- Thy mother has toiled in vain to dry thy ages with whom she there walked hand- garments. Behold, my joy is gone into in-hand. Who, in this coarse rude world darkness ! it has crept into the cavern of of grovelling realities and hourly cares, the mountains. Once I went out at evencould compare with the characters she tide, and was glad of heart : with strainconversed with in novels? As Eudoxia, ing eyes I watched, waiting for thy rewho slew her lord, and then walked calmly turn. Thou camest; thou camest maninto the chapel belonging to her mansion, fully, rowing, or emulously vying in the and wedded another? Who possessed race with old and young; never didst such attractive grace, such matchless thou return empty from the sea; thy excellence as Fulvia, albeit to vulgar kayak was always laden with seals and eyes her guilt is written in every page of sea fowl. Thy mother kindled a fire, her fancied history? These, in Novella's and with snow water she seethed them. estimation, were perfect examples to fol- Thy mother spread the feast of thy winlow, exquisite and faultless models to ning before the guests, and I took my porcopy, and it was her delight to dream tion among them. Thou descriedst the away the day, in re-producing the situ- red streamer of thy shallop from afarations, and enacting the deeds recorded There comes Lars!' was the cry. Thou by the romancist.
didst run with speed to the shore, and “Society, friendship, and love,"
thy arm fastened thy boat to her moorwhich were so thirsted after by Alexan- ings. Then were th seals produced, der Selkirk in his desert isle, were, to
and thy mother cut out the blubber : in Novella, all compressed in a new ro
exchange for this, the merchant brought mance. Engrossed by this, she would linen and iron barbs. But thus it shall forego every duty; and as for those of be no more; my bowels yearn when I a domestic kind, they were beneath her think on thee. Ah, my friends, could I notice. She left them to the reluctant weep, as ye weep, it would be some socare of her lord, and the uncertain charge
lace to my woe.
What have I left to of servants. Why were matters so mean
wish for?' Death alone seems desirable and sordid to interfere with her day to me! But how shall my wife and dreams, to be brought into competition children be sustained ? I will yet live for with her air-drawn felicities?
a season; but my joy shall henceforth be And this not over-drawn picture of a placed in the rejection of all that once perverted mind, whence was the origin was dear to me. -Crantz. of its delusion, but in constant and indiscriminate novel reading? The majority of such works exhibit vice in so attractive TRUTII not unfrequently forms the a shape, that youth fall in love with it, middle point between two extremes. and irrevocable injury is often done to Pascal.
A FEW LINES TO OLD HUMPHREY.
night in which I wrestled with the Angel Mr. Editor, I am not personally of the covenant, and prevailed; when I acquainted with your friend Old Hum- obtained the blessing of Jehovah. It rephrey : what little knowledge I have of minds me of the day in which I was dehim, has been acquired through the me- livered out of the hands of my brother dium of the Visitor, which I entertain Esau.” monthly.
I find frequent reference made to the In Old Humphrey's “ Homely Chap- lame in the sacred volume. When God ter," I find the following passage : “A brought his people, the Jews, out of capyoung man with a short leg, lengthened tivity, he brought the lame with them, out with a kind of patten, and a taller Jer. xxxi. 8. Jesus healed the lame, Matt. figure, with an empty sleeve pinned xi. 5. The apostles did the same, Acts iii. across his breast, came in sight nearly to- Among this class of believers, some can gether. I felt grateful for my hands and trace their conversion to the afflictions feet.'
God has laid upon them.
For this have Mr. Editor, I now turn from you to they not reason to be thankful? Yea, Old Humphrey. Kind friend, you say, verily. So that when my friend Humphrey you are grateful for hands and feet. Here- shall see a cripple walking the street, he in you have complied with the injunction, may say, feel grateful for my hands and “Be ye thankful.” May you and I be feet : adding, perhaps that individual has
Some Christians are greatly abundant cause to bless God for thus afflicted, bodily afflicted; some with dis- afflicting him. I know an instance of ease; some with the loss of an eye, a this kind. hand, or a leg. For this affliction have
A young man, when a child, met with they not reason to be thankful? Have a fall, which has rendered him a cripple they not abundant cause to say with the for life. This circumstance was accordpsalmist," It is good for me that I have ing to the will of Him, without whose been afficted ?" Psa, cxix. 71.
high permission a sparrow cannot fall The patriarch Jacob was lame. IIe to the ground. In early life he was left his father's house, and sojourned with berest of his parents; he was placed beLaban ; circumstances arose, compelling neath the care of a godly woman; she him to leave Laban, and return to his died; he grew up into life, forgot the inown place and country. On his way structions of his pious nurse, went great thither, he sends a message to Esau, ac- lengths in iniquity, would have gone quainting him with his prosperity. Esau greater lengths therein, had it not been sends him word that he is coming to meet for this affliction. It pleased God to call him with four hundred men. Jacob's him by his grace, overruling the instrucheart fails him. He is sore afraid of tions of his pious nurse, together with the Esau, and takes precautionary measures to dispensations of Providence, to the converprevent Esau’s bands falling upon his sub- sion of his soul. Had he not been lame, stance. The sacred historian tells us, in he would not have received those instrucGen. xxxii., that Jacob passed over the ford | tions; he would not have been prevented Jabbok, and wrestled with an angel ; when taking his fill of iniquity. I knew this the angel saw that he prevailed not, he person well. Well, friend Humphrey, touched the hollow of Jacob's thigh, and has he occasion to be thankful for this in an instant he was a cripple.
affliction? I know you will answer, Yes; he passed over Penuel the sun rose upon and join with him in praising the riches him, and he halted upon his thigh.” of Divine grace in dealing so mercifully
I think it more than probable, that the with him. strange people among whom Jacob dwelt A word or two to my thus afflicted would often point at, and advert to his brethren. The hour is coming when our halting. What feelings would this pro- afflicted bodies shall be laid in the cold duce in the mind of the patriarch? Would grave; but they will be raised again—in it not cause joy, peace, gratitude to over- what forin? Like unto the Saviour's flow his heart? And while they spake glorious body, incorruptible, perfect, comderidingly of his halting, would he not in- plete, wanting nothing. Ah, then we wardly, and exultingly exclaim, " Mock shall not need the assistance of science on, ye heathen, laugh at my affliction you to enable us to may, but in that affliction i behold a me
"Reach the heavenly fields, mento of the kind interposition of my
Or walk the golden streets." God; it recalls to my recollection the What a change! Oh glorious transi
" And as
BY A SORT OF
tion! Our bodies to be made like unto suppose if we had, that my life would be
my own handwriting; a fifth requests a
to appear; while a sixth kindly sends me
mark of respect, goodwill, or Christian OLD HUMPHREY'S GENERAL NOTICE TO affection. This very day I have received
four such communications as those I have It could hardly happen, I think, that described. Now it always gives me pain any author of kindly feelings and upright to neglect a correspondent; and had I the intentions, with a moderate share of time and ability, not only would I give a knowledge, experience, and ability, could helping hand to every good work in the address the public month after month, world, but also send a reply to every one and year after year, without exciting of my kind-hearted correspondents. A friendly emotions in the hearts of some little consideration, however, will show of his readers; at least, however, this has the utter impossibility of pursuing such a not occurred to me, for unequivocal course. proofs are not wanting that I have been We fall into strange mistakes when reestimated much beyond my deserts. garding man at a distance.
When we There can be but few things more look at a stranger with a cheerful mien, grateful to us than the good opinion and we know not with what he may have to respectful homage of our friends; for, as contend : a corn may be twitching his toe, I have often said, we all love to be liked a mote may be darkening his eye, or a and like to be loved, and yet, as it is my
care may be occupying his heart. present object to set forth, this agreeable We are almost always wide of the mark state of things is not altogether without when we judge of a man's appearance, its inconveniences.
temper, situation, and circumstances from Perhaps I am both naturally and ha- what has fallen from his pen. bitually disposed to set a more than ordi- imagine him to be tall and thin, when he nary value on the good opinion of my may be short and fat; we may give him unknown friends, and it may be owing to credit for kindness, when he may be a this that I feel, as I now do, so much re- churl; we may fancy him rich, when he luctance in addressing this general notice may be poor; we may suppose him to be to my correspondents.
humble, when he may be very proud. It One of the natural consequences of the is not for me to say how far, if you knew friendly feeling on the part of my readers me, I might in many things disappoint towards me is, that I am addressed by your expectations : I only wish to refer to many, who, influenced only by their good one particular point, and that is with reintentions and kindly sympathies, are spect to time. If you regard me as a man altogether unconscious that such a course of leisure, having little to do but to loiter can be attended with inconvenience. A about, sometimes putting down a single man, however, may be killed with kind remark, now and then writing a solitary
It was a custom among the Athe- letter, and never being time-pressed and nians on certain occasions to throw their
a hurry, you are . and one instance is recorded wherein the to occupy him in addition to his more garments thrown by them were so many, public avocation. He has, too, his circle that they smothered the object of their of relatives, friends, and acquaintances, approbation. We have no such custom like other people: and, though far from among us, nor am I egotist enough to being an idle man, he finds it no easy
garments on the man they approved
, in Old Humphrey has his private keares