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matter to answer their reasonable claims | cured by assisting the active benevolence on his affection and friendship; nay, he of an institution deserving your support. is in sad disgrace in many quarters for his In the former case, you confer a passing apparent want of attention. How, then, temporal pleasure on one human being; without neglecting his obvious duties, can in the latter, you may haply be the means he find the time to reply, in addition to of bestowing an abiding spiritual benefit the just claims upon him, to all his on many. The course I recommend may indulgent correspondents ?
involve somewhat of a sacrifice, but you Let me put this affair in a clear point will think none the worse of yourselves of view. If letters are addressed by fifty for having made it. Come, come, fall into people to one person, every one of the my way of thinking, and you will have fifty, thinking the writing of a letter to be no reason to regret taking my advice. It no great object, will expect an answer.
is kind you to think of the earthly Thus it is with them: but how stands the comforts of any one; it will be kinder affair with the party addressed ? It might still to think of the eternal welfare of be an easy thing for him to write one your fellow-beings, and to help some of letter, but a hard thing to write fifty. It them on their way to heaven. might be possible to do what is requested Again I say, that I estimate highly the by one, yet altogether impossible to ac- least expression of goodwill. A common complish what is required by all. That it pen wiper, that would cost but a penny, may not be thought that I am supposing or a gillyflower from the broken jug in an imaginary case, let me here observe, that the almshouse window, given in the spirit I have now more than fifty papers on of kindness, would be thankfully received hand, on subjects no inconsiderable part by me ; for kindly feelings are costly of which have been proposed to me by things in my estimation : but I have not others. I feel sure that, knowing this, the time at my disposal to follow out as I you will be considerate enough to enter would in letter writing, such private feelinto my difficulties, and forbearing enough ings and affections. to listen to the few additional observa- I hope that I have written intelligibly, tions about to follow.
and that you fully understand me. Though To such of my correspondents as feel I have not leisure to reply to the many disposed to offer me useful suggestions, who address me, and to gratify myself cheering encouragement, candid criticism, in acknowledging personal favours, yet, or solitary reproof, let me say that I shall should you be disposed to show your goodat all times be thankful for your com- will towards me by an offering, great or munications, regretting that I cannot small, to the Society,* let me have an undertake to give you a reply.
address that will reach you, and I pledge To such as may be anxious to obtain myself in every such case that the same from me a contribution in furtherance of shall be acknowledged in the handwriting any worthy and benevolent object, or by of Old Humphrey. way of remembrance, I offer my best ac- We cannot always do as we would; we knowledgments for the compliment im- cannot always choose the most pleasant plied in the request; but candour requires pathway through the world; for were we me to state, that already are my energies to do this, we should be often found in such full requisition, that necessity, loitering by the running stream, and and not disinclination, compels me to plucking fruit and flowers, instead of decline.
walking in the less attractive road of And now a word to those whose kindly duty. If we would, as followers of Him natures prompt them to send me little whose kindness and love were unboundarticles of their own workmanship. Bear ed, really serve others, we must learn to with me, and let me speak plainly. I deny ourselves not only in these little value your gifts, but there is a way in things, but also in much greater matters, which your kindness would be more ac- taking heed to his words, “If any man ceptable me. It would please me ich will come after me, let him deny himself, could I persuade you to become, if you and take up his cross daily, and follow are not already, donors or subscribers to me,” Luke ix. 23. the Religious Tract Society.
Though the object in what I have said Think for a moment of the difference has been simply to show my inability to between the sum of good likely to be effected by bestowing a little present on a
* If a Post Office order, to be made payable to private individual, and the advantage se
Mr. John Davis.-ED,
A TRINITARIAN FAITH.
reply individually to all who address me, first principle of the gospel, had received yet as there are exceptions to most rules, the almost unanimous homage of the there may
be especial cases wherein my church throughout the world, and was remarks will not apply; but I do hope applauded, on all sides, as the highest that the suggestions contained in this style of Christian piety. general notice, will so far recommend What moral influence was orthodoxy themselves to the judgment of my corres- likely to exert, when it fell into the hands pondents, as to be kindly received and of those who had overlooked, or who virgenerally adopted.
tually denied the truths, which alone can bring it home to the heart? The Saviour, forgotten, as " the end of the law for righteousness to every one that believeth,”
was soon forgotten also as the " If it were asked, Is a trinitarian Mediator between God and men.” Most faith of much importance to practical instructive is the fact, that, at the very piety?" we should be content to say, moment when trinitarian doctrine was Trace the history, either of individuals, or the most hotly contended for, and puncof churches that have renounced it, and tiliously professed, mediators many, and you will find an answer. A trinitarian gods many, and goddesses many, were faith, clear of every evasion, and exclud- receiving, under the auspices, and by the ing even the disposition to look for eva- encouragement of the great preachers, sions, we hold to be the basis of all Chris- theologians, and bishops of the time, the
fervent devotions of the multitude! It But now, with a due ingenuousness, was to these potent intercessors that sinlet us look to the other side of this ar
cere petitions were addressed, while to gument. Orthodoxy alone, is not, we the Ï'rinity was offered a doxology! say, Christianity; for it has consisted with Whenever men were in real trouble, the widest departures from its purport. and when they needed and heartily deMore than a little constancy of faith and sired help from above, they sought it, strength of mind are demanded, in tra- where they believed they should the velling over the road of the trinitarian soonest find it, at the shrines of the marcontroversy, from the early years of the tyrs, or of the Virgin. No fact of church third century onward, toward modern history carries a heavier lesson than that
and if our belief have not previ- which we gather when, listening to the ously been firmly grounded upon the perorations of the great preachers of the proper biblical evidence, it is probable age of orthodoxy, we hear them first that the perusal of this history will breed invoking, with animation and highdoubt, disgust, suspicion, and will end in sounding phrases a saint in the heavens, a heterodox conclusion.
while the finger pointed to his glittering The Greek mind, which had relin- shrine, and then ascribing “honour and quished none of the faults of a better age, glory" to the Trinity ! and which retained few of its admirable Orthodoxy, by itself does not touch the qualities, and which had been schooled conscience, does not quicken the affecin nugatory disputation by a degenerate | tions; it does not connect itself, in any philosophy, a sophisticated logic, and a manner, with the moral faculties.
It is spurious rhetoric, found its field in the not a religion, but a theory; and inastrinitarian argument. Ponderous tomes much as it awakens no spiritual feelings, have brought this argument down to our it consists easily with either the grossest times; but how much of the warm apos- absurdities, or with the grossest corruptolic feeling do these books present to tions. our view ? something, indeed, but not Orthodoxy, powerless when alone, bemore in proportion to the mass, than comes even efficient for evil, at the mothere are grains of the precious metal to ment when it combines itself with acebe gathered from a mud bank, in the ticism, superstition, and hierarchical amofling of a gold coast.
bition. What is the religious history of Orthodoxy very early severed from Europe, through a long course of time, evangelical truth, showed at once what but a narrative of the horrors and the was its quality when so divorced. Some immoralities that have sprung from this time before the breaking out of the tri- very combination ? nitarian controversy, a discipline and Heterodoxy, which has long been the course of life directly contravening the temptation of the continental Protestant
churches, has at length wrought their “ To sit on rocks, to muse o'er flood and fell; ruin; or, at the best, has left them in an
To slowly trace the forest's shady scene,
Where things that own not man's dominion dwell, expiring condition. But, in perfect equity, And mortal foot hath ne'er or rarely been ;
To climb the trackless mountain, all unseen, must it not be acknowledged that ortho
With the wild lock that never needs a fold; doxy, severed from evangelical truth, has Alone o'er steeps and foaming falls to lean, been the temptation of England; and
This is not solitude ; 'tis but to hold that, at this moment, by reviving its an
Converse with nature's charms, and view her
stores unrolled." cient connexion with superstition, it gives just alarm to the sons of the reformers ? What is it that makes the heart throb, Those great men, the lights of the six- and the pulse beat with a freer action ? teenth century, whom we do not wor- that calls forth grateful, and high, and ship, but whose steps we would follow, | holy outpourings of spirit to the Giver of were orthodox, and yet they were no all good? Oh, the mountain air is pure monks; they were Trinitarians, but they and purifying! the mountain scenery were not idolaters; they had studied the proclaims its almighty Maker. The enfathers, but they bowed to the Scriptures; raptured heart, the excited soul acknowand from the Scriptures they recovered ledges the presence of the high and Holy evangelical truth; inestimable treasure, One. God is on the mountains in the which so many around us now plenitude of his power and goodness. He ready to exchange for the “vainly-in- is seen in the heaven-piled altitudes; he vented” superstitions of antiquity !- is heard in the mountain blast; he is felt
Isaac Taylor. in the consciousness of his presence, and
in the high and heavenly aspirations his glorious creation inspires. God is on the
mountains ! GOD IS ON TIIE MOUNTAINS. I have climbed the rugged side of the call to mind the glorious revelation of the
While I gaze on his goodly creation, I huge mountain beneath my feet. I am
Almighty. I feel that “the Lord is a great standing on the proud height that over
God, and a great King above all gods. tops the surrounding eminences. Woods
In his hand are the deep places of the and waters, barren heaths, and fertile vales,
earth : the strength of the hills is his are distantly spread on either hand, and also," Psa. xcv. 3, 4. At this moment. I far, far beyond, are the dim-descried spires
could "sing unto the Lord,” and “make of many towns and cities, while the sun
a joyful noise to the rock of our salvalit and coloured clouds above me, gladden
“Lord, thou hast been our dwellmy spirit, and almost entrance me with ing place in all generations. Before the delight. "God is on the mountains ! and mountains were brought forth, or ever I, an unworthy reveller in his glowing thou hadst formed the earth and the creation, am thirstily drinking in the
world, even from everlasting to everlaststreams of his goodness,
ing, thou art God," Psa. xc. 1, 2. God is on the mountains! He has
But see, to the south-west a gloom is clothed the high hill, the craggy rock, and the spiry peak with sublimity and gathering in the sky. I have lingered beauty! In tlie morning they are wreathed is now shrouded by the big, black thunder
long upon this lofty height, and the sun with snowy vapours, at noon they are lit
cloud: yet God is still upon the mounup with glittering sunbeams, and at
tains. The gathering vapours have thickeven-tide they are spread over with azure,
ened in the murky vault above, and the and purple, and gold. How boldly their
burdened heavens seem ready to rest, for awful forms rise up towards heaven! How aspiringly their lofty tops mingle The sheep and cattle in the distant vales,
a season, their load on the lofty hills. with the clouds! There is silence and
are huddled together, waiting in fear the solemnity, beauty, glory, and sublimity,
coming storm. What a dreadful crash ! in the impressive scene. God is on the
It shook the very mountains. Again mountains.
the thunder roars; the tempest is abroad Can there be solitude amid the ever
in its rage. I have escaped the drownlasting hills if God be there? How my
ing deluge, having taken refuge in a spirit yearns for communion with angels shepherd's shealing. The rushing winds and glorified saints, while gazing on the
are howling around; the lightnings are kindling clouds, lit up and intensely flashing fearfully to and fro; in loud bright, with beams from the throne of the Eternal! This is not solitude.
* A shed used by shepherds in the north.
THE SHARK AND THE PILOT FISH.
succession the thunder clap reverberates The reputation this fish has obtained, from hill to hill, and a flood is pouring of being the shark's pilot, or provider, from the skies. God is indeed on the (and which has sanctioned its trivial mountains !
name,) would appear to be groundless, The tempest has exhausted its rage, were we guided only by the want of the storm has passed by; what a helpless similar precedents in the animal kingdom. atom is man in the war of elements ! A fact, however, which came under my yet here am I preserved. As a bubble on notice, during a voyage from India, in the face of the mighty ocean, as a grain the year 1832, led me to believe, that of sand in the wide-spread desert, so am there is some just foundation for this I; a speck, a point in the creation ; yet the popular opinion. While we were beFather of mercies has regarded me. God calmed in the Atlantic Ocean, a shark is on the mountains, and his almighty was seen close to the ship, and attended hand has protected me. He who said, by two pilot fish, which generally swam “Let there be light," and there was light, one above and the other below him, and hath also said, "The mountains shall de- occasionally went off to some distance, part, and the hills be removed; but
as if to explore the surrounding sea; kindness shall not depart from thee, nei- although it was seldom long before they ther shall the covenant of my peace be returned, and resumed their former removed, saith the Lord that hath mercy positions; the shark, in the meantime, on thee,” Isa. liv, 10.
by its unwieldy form, slow movements, and lethargic aspect, offering a strong contrast to the sprightliness and activity of his scouts. A baited hook was lowered
from the bow of the ship; but the The average length of the pilot fish is shark, when alone, passed it several times about six inches; though we took one without notice, and apparently without example, in the Pacific, which measured seeing it. One of the foraging pilot one foot two inches. The body is some- fish then approached the bait, and immewhat cylindrical, and neatly formed. The diately swam off to where the shark was colour of the head and back is steel blue; headed in a contrary direction ; when the abdomen silvery; sides marked with five monster instantly turned and followed broad black bands ; fins mottled black his informant, which now swam a-head and white, and mostly tipped with white ; of him, in a direct line towards the susinner circle of the iris, hazle; outer, gold pended bait. He did not then hesitate a yellow. A single row of teeth in each moment, but seized it, and was captured. jaw. Three short spines in front of the While the shark was being hauled on dorsal fin, and two in front of the anal. board, the pilot fish expressed the greatLateral line is oblique, and terminates est concern, almost leaping out of the posteriorly in a semi-cartilaginous ridge, water, in their endeavours to follow him, projecting from either side of the tail. and swimming near the surface, with The female is oviparous.
every demonstration of anxiety. These Pilot fish are almost invariably found faithful little fish were observed to attach in attendance upon the shark, though themselves to the ship, but attracted little the nature of their connexion with that attention until some weeks afterwards, ferocious fish is somewhat mysterious. when we spoke the Thomas Grenville, They will accompany ships for a consi- East Indiaman, and lowered a boat to derable time, after their patron shark has communicate with her. One of the fish been destroyed; but I am not aware that was then seen to accompany the boat they have ever been seen, like the Re- to and from the stranger ship; and so mora, attending upon other large fish, devotedly did it attend upon what it whales, or miscellaneous floating bodies. "might have believed to be its lost shark, as The structure of their mouth and the to lead the officers of the Thomas Grencontents of their stomach, which are ville to remark, that we had a pilot fish usually small fish, denote that they are painted on the rudder of the boat. accustomed to seek their food in a very Their attendance upon sharks is someindependent manner: we captured many what capricious. We have seen more of them, also, by hook and line, baited than five associated with one shark, while with flesh, nor did they refuse the bait, many others of the latter tribe, and aseven when they were in company with a sembled in the water at the same time, shark.
have not been accompanied by one of
JUSTIFICATION AND SANCTIFICATION.
these fishes. They have evidently no- Justification is by union to Christ, as thing to dread from the voracious com- the law Fulfiller; sanctification by union panions they select, but swim around, to him as the Purifier. and often a few inches a head of him, as Justification comes by uniting us to either their convenience or caprice may Christ as our legal Head; sanctification dictate.-F. B. Bennett.
by uniting us to him as our vital Head.
Justification is by faith only on part; sanctification is by many means, chiefly the word and prayer; but also by
ordinances and afflictions, under the inIt may serve to extricate some minds fluence of the Spirit. from confusion, if we give an axiomatic Justification is complete as soon as we statement of the nature and relation of believe ; sanctification then commences the two blessings in question.
amid great imperfections. Justification and sanctification agree in Justification may be referred to a the following points :
known definite time; sanctification is They are both essential to our salva- spread over the whole of life. tion from the state into which we are In justification there is no difference fallen, and from the dangers to which we among believers ; in sanctification there are exposed.
are great varieties. Both are sovereign favours, bestowed Justification comes first as the root; on us by the God of salvation.
sanctification follows as the fruit. Both come to us through the redemp- Justification, therefore, may be known tion that is in Christ.
by sanctification. In both, the operation of the Holy Justification pronouncing our title to Spirit applies the work of Christ.
the enjoyment of heaven, sanctification Both are designed to honour the law is given to fulfil the sentence. and government and grace of God.
Many more points of distinction might Both are, therefore, enjoyed by all be- be shown ; but these may suffice to assist lievers, and by believers only.
such as wish to pursue the subject to But the two blessings differ in various greater lengths.- Dr. Bennett. ways.
Justification is specially related to the rectitude of God's government; sanctification relates to the holiness of God's nature.
THE CONTRAST BETWEEN THE LAW Justification is an act; sanctification is a process.
The contrast between the law and the Justification is the sentence of the gospel evidently shows the superexcelFather as moral Governor on the throne | lency of the latter above the former. The of grace; sanctification is the work of the glory of the ceremonial law was typical ; Holy Spirit in the temple of the heart. but the glory of the gospel is the sub
Justification changes our state; sanc- stance. The glory of the moral law kills tification is a change of our nature, or the sinner; the glory of the gospel character.
quickens him: the former kills him with In justification we are pronounced terror, the latter sweetly and powerfully righteous; by sanctification we are made draws him by the cords of love to God, that holy.
he might enjoy his smile, which is life, and Justification is the acceptance of our be prepared for his more immediate prepersons into God's favour; sanctification sence in glory, where there is fulness of is the renewal of our hearts into God's joy, and pleasures for evermore.
All the image.
glory of the law can throw no light on the Justification, therefore, is a forensic gospel; but the gospel, like the sun in the term, expressive of God's jurisdiction firmament, shineth most brilliantly on over us; sanctification is catharistic, ex- the Divine character, the fall of man, and pressing God's moral influence over us. all over mount Sinai, and removes the
In justification the guilt of sin is re- thick veils that were between us and the mitted; in sanctification its defilement is eternal God. Christ Jesus is the sum cleansed.
and substance of the gospel, the foundaJustification gives a title to heaven; tion of our hope, the object of our faith, sanctification a fitness for it.
and the centre of our affections. We
AND THE GOSPEL.