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Schroder's Obserxxitions on the rihcly-discovered Planets. 18 S

•ion and declination, hare been inserted by Mr. Harding in their proper places. The observations themselves, Mr. Schroeter defends, against eve^ry possible objection, especially against the measurements of Dr. Herscbel, which are in strong opposition to them, and finally deduces from then* . some general results which ih various respects are important and interesting.

Ceres, as well as the other two new Planets, were observed by the author chiefly with his 13 foot telescope, only tinder a magnifying power of 135 and 288 times. The observations go from the llth January to the 3d April, 1802, and to these some later ones made in December 1804; are added.

Pallas was first observed by the author on the 30th of March 1802, as a star of the 7th magnitude, of a dull and cloudy light, but somewhat Better circumscribed than Ceres. The first view of Pallas suggested the idea of her being a sister of Certs, and both seemed twin stars that had » planet for their father and a comet for their mother.

Juno, which Mr. Schroeter here terms Juno Georgica, (in honour of King George III.) was discovered by Mr. Charles Lewis Harding (now Professor of Gottingen, formerly Inspector of the Observatory at Lilfenthal, and assistant to Mr. Schroeter;) its discovery was not accidental, but the result of observations made expressly for the purpose. When in September 1800, during the stay of Messrs. Von Lach, Von Inde, and Olbers, at Lilienthal, the Astronomical Society of Lilienthal, of which Mr. Schroeter is President, was first established, and each Member had his particu. lar department in the Zodiac assigned him, which he was accurately to investigate, especially with a view to discover such unknown planets as it might still comprize, Mr. Harding had already sketched very accurate celestial charts of his department; while he was completing them, two members of the society, Piazzi and Olbers, the first in 1801, and the second in 1802, had each of them discovered a new planet; upon which he' endeavoured to bring these charts to the greatest possible perfection, particularly for that region in which the orbits of Ceres and of Pallas intersect, each other, and in which it appeared probable to Olbers that ether new planets were still to be discovered. •

With indefatigable attention, he therefore inserted in his charts even the. smallest stars, and his exertions were rewarded on the 1st of September 180i, by the discovery of Juno.

This planet was observed by Mr. Schroeter on the 6th of September 1804. Its appearance was sensibly different from that of Pallas and of Ceres; its light was mild and white, its disk circumscribed like those of planets, not resembling that of a comet. On the 9th of September its light was somewhat duller than on the 6th and 7th, yet without a nubecula; and consequently it also indicated an atmospheric change of light". On the 10th of September, its light was again a® dear and white as on the 6th and 7th; but three hours later, in the same evening, its light, according to Mr. Harding, was much duller. Mr. Schroeter has also repeatedly observed similar variations in Juno's light.

The inferences and general observations which the author deduces from his observations, refer partly to the true magnitude of these new planets, ;md partly to their atmospheric singularities and their relations to the Qther , jjanets of the system,. . • ."* .':.,. .' .. >

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*$* Gentlemen and Publishers who have works In the press, will oblige the' Conductors of the Eclectic Review, By sending information (post paid) of the subject, extent, and probable price of such works; which, they may depend on being communicated to the public, if consistent with its plan.


THE new edition of Mr. Pmkerfon's Modem GeouTaphy, in three vulmnes quarto, will shortly appear. The extension of this work intothfee large volumes has enabled the author to give to its several parts a juster proportion and greater harmony thaji in the former edition; and in consequence of the foreign editions having excited the attention of statesmen as well as inen of letters, he hiis received so much valuable assistance, that scarcity a country can be named on which new information ha3 not been given, derived,frpm some distinguished native or scientific traveller. During the author's laic residence at Paris, be procured many scarce works, (he want of which he had. before regretted, and the most recent Spanish materials concerning their colonies in North and South America. Hence the account of New Spain, of the three vice-royalties in South America, of Chili, and the government of Caracas, will be found to contain much new, authentic, and important information. The description of the United States has also been greatly improved and enlarged from the most authentic materials; and that of the West Indies extended, as their importance to thjs country required. Five new maps of the various subdivisions of South America are added. Mr. Aikin has carefully revised the botanical part throughout.—Dr. Shaw has added zoological remarks at the end of the volume, and every exertion has been used to render the work as complete as possible.

The Rev. Mr. Cobbotd.of Woolpit, Suffolk, intends shortly presenting the public, with a Chart of-English History, on the same plan as his Chart of Scripture History, recentlypublished. ■'

Dr. John Gillies is engaged in a History of the World from the Keign of-Alexander to that of Augustus, comprehending the latter ages of Greece, and the history of the Greek kingdoms in Asia and Africa, from their foundation to their destruction: with a preliminary survey of Alexander's •astern <onque«U, sad an estimate; of bis

plans for their consolidation atld improvement.

The following Law Books are preparing for publication:

Reports of the Proceedings in Committees of the House of Commons, upon Cases of Controverted Elections, during the present Parliament, by R. H. Peckwcll, Esq', of Lincoln's Inn, Barrister at Law. VoL II.

The Present Practice of the High Court of Chancery.*

An .Epitome df the Practice of the) Courts of King's1 Bench and Common Pleas,

The Law of Contracts and Agreements, as settled by the determinations of the; courts of common Ian- in the action of assumpsit,: by S. Comyn, Esq. of the MiddJs Temple, Barrister at Law.

A Treatise on the Law of Tithes, by Wt F. Boteler, Esq. of Lincoln's Inn, Barrister1 at Law.

A new work on Conveyancing; to eon^ sist of a collection of modem precedents, with notes and illustrations, ynd a practi-3 cal introduction on the language anil structure of conveyances, by John Turner, Esq. of the Middle Temple, Barrister at Law.

A Treatise on the Law of Ejectment, by John Sympson Jessopp, Esq. of Lincoln's Inn, Barrister at Law.

A new edition of Pott's Poor Laws, con* tinued to the present time.

A new edition, corrected and enlarged, df a Treatise of the Law of Partnershipj by William Watson, Esq. Barrister at Law.

A new edition, with additions, of Bui* ler's Introduction to the Law relating to? Nisi Prius.

A new edition, continued to the present time, of A Digest of the Reports in the King's Bench and Common Pleas, by T.Ej Toinlins, Esq. Barrister at Law.

A new edition, continued to the present time, of A Digest of the Modern Chancery Reports.

A new edition, corrected and enlarged*, of a General Catalogue of Law Books, art ranged under the different Branches of the Law, by J. Butterworth.

A new edition, with great additions, of Mr. Impey's Practice of the Court of King's Benoh.

A new edition, with additions, of Jacob's Law Dictionary, by Mr. Tomlins.

A new edition of Mr. Gwillim's edition of Bacon's Abridgement.

An Appendix to the Attorney and Agent's Table of Costs, by John Palmer, Gent.

Volume the Sixth of the Supplement to Viner's Abridgement

Vernon's Reports in Chancery, Vol. II. with Notes avid References, by John Raithby, Esq. Barrister at Law.

Speedily will be published, in royal octavo, A Practical Treatise on Pleading, with an Appendix of Precedents, by J. Chitty, Esq. -of the Middle Temple. The work will consist of about nineteen chapters. The Appendix, which will be printed in one separate volume, is intended principally to elucidate the other parts of the work, and may be found useful as a circuit companion, and will contain those precedents which are at all likely to occur , in practice, with notes referring to the law connected with the precedents.

Francis Donaldson, Esq. Barrister at Law, is preparing for.the press a Treatise on Commercial Law.

Dr. Maltby has undertaken to superintend a new edition of Morell's Thesaurus Grsecas Poeseos, which has been long wanted.

A new edition of Palmerin of England, corrected from the original Portuguese, by Mr. Southey, is in the press, and will shortly be published.

Mr. Southey has also in the press a translation of the Chronicle of the Cid, from the Spanish.

Mr. Landseerhas nearly ready for publication, h'S course of Lectures, as delivered before the members of the Royal Institution.

In the press, and speedily will be published, by Dr. Kinglake, Strictures on Mr. Parkinson's Observations on the Nature and Cure of Gout, recently published, in opposition to the theory that proposes the cooling treatment of that disease.

Preparing for the press, and intended to be published in the course of the ensuing month, by the same author,

I, Additional Cases of Gout, in farther proof of the salutary efficacy of the cooling treatment of that afflicting disease, with illustrative annotations, written authorities Jn its support, controversial discussions, Vol. HI. P

and a view of the present state and future prospects of the practice.

2. Reviewers Reviewed, containing general observations on legitimate and licentious criticism, and a particular examination of the several comments published in The Literary Journal, The Medical and Chirurgical Review, The Edinburgh Medical and Surgical Journal, in Mr. Hunt's Salutary Cautions, and in Mr. Arthur Aiken's Annual Review, on the Theory of Gout, and its cooling Treatment, as proposed in Dr. Kinglake's Dissertation on those subjects; to which are added, concluding observations, retrospective and prospective, on the criticism of the practice.

The publication of a Hebrew Bible, printed with a literal and interlinear English translation, will commence this month in numbers at one shil'ing each. That part of the Hebrew nation which reside in England have long been convinced of the necessity of an undertaking of this kind, more particularly asTionducive to the edu» , cation of their youth.

The more wealthy of that nation have subscribed liberally to this extensive undertaking.

The Rev. J, Joyce, author of the Scientific Dialogues, will publish early in the present month, two volumes on Chemistry, the same size, and on the same plan, with plates by Porter.

Dr. J. E. Smith proposes shortly to publish an Introduction to Botany, in one volume octavo, with a few plates,, intendedfor the use of female as well as male students of that delightful- science, and divested of every thing that nyght be deemed exceptionable. "■>

The Rev. Richard Lyqe, author of the Latin Primer, will publish speedily a new work, entitled, Festuca Gsammatica, ar Child's First Guide to the Rudiments of Latin Grammar, in four parts.

An Essay on the Functions of Money and the Principles of Commerce, by John Wheatly, Esq. will soon appear.

The Literary History of the eighteenth century is about to receive a farther very valuable illustration from the pen of Lord Woodhouselee>, in his Life of the late Lord Kaimes, which will be published very shortly.

The prospectus of a new periodical work, to be continued monthly, has just beei\ issued; it is entitled, The Historic Gallery of Portraits and Paintings, or Biographical Review i containing a brief account of the lives of the most celebrated men in every age and country, and graphic imU

rations of the finest specimens of the arts, aucientand modern, with remark •- critical and explanatory. Its moid is professedly that of the admired works which are now publishing in Pari*, by Landon, under the litle of dalerie Hisluriyie itrs llommet Celebrex, and Annulet d't Musee. The several articles will, consequently, not appear in chronological order, but will be so printed as to admit of such an arrangement. And as it is surmised, from the masterly syle in which the etchings are executed, that many gentlemen may be disposed to purchase them to illustrate the writings of eminent historians, it will be printed in quarto and octavo, being the general size of such publications,

Mr. Janson, an English gentleman, who has lately returned after a residence of fourteen years from America, has brought with him many interesting materials towards furnishing a complete survey of the state of society and manners in the only republic now existing on the face of the globe. These materials, the result of actual observation, he is now arranging for .the press, and they will speedily appear in one quarto volume, accompanied with a number of elegant engravings from drawings taken on the spot.

The volume of Poems by Mr. Thomas Noble, of Blackheath, will not be much longer delayed.' He has added a canto to the principal poem (entitled, " Blackheath; or, a Morning Walk in the Spring of 1804'.') since his prospectus announced Jiis intended publication. That poem, although restricted by its title to time and place, embraces a variety of subjects, among which commerce and agriculture form prominent features. The five cantos, of which the poem now consists, contain about two thousand tin* in blank verse. "A translation of the first hook of the Argonautica of C. Valerius Flaccus concludes the volume. The work is printinp very elegantly in quarto, and will be ornamented with views on and near BlackJieat'. by Mr. William Noble, and engraved by Mr. Samuel Noble, (both brothers of the author), and with wood cuts, as vignettes, by Austin. The price of the volume, which is publishing by subscription, will be 24s. The prospectus forms a handsome specimen of the type and engraving.

A collection of such English poems as have obtained prizes in the University of Oxford has been made, and will very speedily appear.

The Bishop of Dromore will soon publish the edition of Surrey's Poems, which has so leng been printed, with a Glossary.

About Midsummer next Mr. Sothcby will publish a poem on the subject of Saul, in eitrht bonks: it is in blank verse.

Mr. H-my Smithers proposes to publish, in a loyal octavo volume, a didactic poem, in blank verse, entitled Affection, with some other poems.

Miss Owensoii, author of The AVild Irish Girl, will shortly publish a volume of original poety, under the title of The Lay of an Irish Harp.

Mr. Cumberland and Sir James Bland Burgess have, in conjunct.on, wrrltcn a poem, of which report speaks highly, entitled The Exodiad, embracing the history of Moses from the period of his leading the Israelites out of Eaypt to his death upon Mount Hoieb. The work will appear shortly.

An octavo edition of Captain Williamson's Wild Sports of India is expected shortly.

The prospectus of a new periodical work has lately appeared, of which the first number will be published March 1, entitled the Cabinet, or Monthly Report of Polite Literature; including a Revew of Books, and accompanied by a cabinet edition (upon an entirely new plan) of the most popular English Plays, with anecdotes and annotations, biographical, critical, and dramatic, with engravings.

In a few Months the Views of Gloucester Cathedral are expected to be published by the Society of Antiquaries.

The Topography of the Lake of Killarney, by Mr. Weld, illustrated with exquisite engravings, is nearly ready.

Mr. S. Woodburne has in a state of forwardness a hundred Views of Churches in the neighbourhood of London, with descriptions drawn from tbe best authorities. The first volume is expected to appear in Match.

The admirers of the late Pr. Currie, of Liverpool, will be please*! to hear that an engraved portrait of that celebrated man, from a miniature picture in the possession of Mrs. Cairncross, Dr. Cnrric's sister, will be published early in the spring of the present year.

"The Rev. Mr. Abbott has a volume of Sermons in the press.

A Series of Lectures on the Four last Books of the Pentateuch, designed to shew the divine original of the Mosaic law, chiefly from its internal evidence, will soon be published; they were delivered in the Chapel of Trinity College, Dublin, by the Rev. Richard Graves, D. D. Fellow of Trinity College, Dublin, M.R.I. A. and Chaplain to His Excellency the Duke of BedKing George III. to the Conclusion of Peace in the Year 1783, is engaged on The Political State of the British Empire, containing a general view of the domestic and foreign possessions of the Crown, the. laws, commerce, revenues, offices, and other establishments, military as well as civil, in four volumes.

ford, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, two volumes octavo.

The beautiful moral aphorisms of Sir Philip Sydney, edited by Miss Porter, are nearly ready for publication.

Mr. John Howard Rice has in the pre s Collectanea Oratorica, or the Academic Orator.

Proposals have been circulated for printing by subscription, in one volume ocravo, on imperial paper, pr ce to subscribers fifteen shillings half bound, a complete set of Est mate Tables. This work will consist of three thousand six hundred tables, each consisting of three parts, viz. 1. Of principal sums; '2. Of proportional sums or parts; 3. Of rate? per sent. The use of these tables may be comprised under the two following heads of general description, viz. 1. On any given principal sum,to shew what rate per cent, any given or proportional sum or part is; 2. On any given principal sum, to shew what proportional sum or part any given rate per cent is. These tables arc capable of various useful applications. The work to be paid for on delivery.

Dr. Scott, the orientalist, is preparing a new edition, revised, and translated from the complete Arabic MS. copy brought over by Mr. Montague, of the Arabian Night's Entertainments, with notes illustrative of the customs and manners of the country. The additional tales, which have never been translated, are said to be as interesting and excellent as those with which we are acquainted. The translations from this captivating work which have been published in this country, have been done into English from the version of M. Galland, who, it is well known, trusted to an illiterate verbal translator, being himself wholly ignorant of the Arabic language.

There is in the press an Account of Dr. Gall's New Theory of Physiognomy, founded on the anatomy and physiology of the brain, and the form of the skull.

A new and improved edition of Mr. Newman's Spanish Dictionary is prating, and in a state of forwardness.

Capt. Williamson, from whose designs and notes The Wild Sports of India has been published, has undertaken a tour through Great Britain, for the purpose of making a complete Agricultural and Statistical Survey of the island, the result of which will be published in a Description of Great Britain, to be printed innuml)ers, with illustrative plate.c; the whole to make at- least 6 vols, in 8vo.

John Adolphus, F. S. A. author of The History of England, from the Accession of

Mr. Shurlock, of Farnham, intends publishing by subscription a voiume of Sermons and Letters of the late Rev. W. A. 6 una.

Part VII. of the Architectural Antiquities, just published, contains a descriptive account of Malmsbury Abbey Church, Wiltshire; an account of Colchester Casr tie, Essex; and some account of a curious door way to South Ockendon Church, Essex: the whole illustrated with seven engravings. With the next part, the author intends tocomplete the first volume of this work with a copious index, &c. with eight or nine engravings. On the wrapper of the present part he has given a Nomenclature of Ancient Architecture, which is certainly a desideratum in this brunch of literature.


Mr. N. G. Dutief, of Philadelphia, has published a work whiCh he entitles, Nature Displayed in her Mode of teaching Language to Man; or, a new and infallible Method of acquiring a Language in the shortest Time possible, deduced from the analysis of the human mind, and consequently suited to every capacity: it is adapted to the French language. M. D. adopts as a principle, that languages are most readily acquired by the ear, by memory, and practice, or, as is usually termed, by rote. Several instructors in/ different parts of the United States now teach the French lang uage on Mr. Dufief's principles.

The Rev. Abel Flint, pastor of a church in Hartford, has translated a volume of Sermons selected from Massillon and Bourdaloue: the work, also comprizes a Spiritual Paraphrase of some of the Psalms, in the form of devout meditations and prayers.

Mr. R. Munro has published at New York, a Description of the Genessee Country in that State: it notices its situation, extent, and divisions, soil, minerals, productions, lakes and rivers, curiosities, climate, navigation, trade and manufactures, population, and other interesting information relative to that country: an Appendix contains a description of the military land*.


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