The Life and Death of King Richard II

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Classic Books Company, 2001 - 500 pages
 

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Contents

TEXT TEXTUAL NOTES AND COMMENTARY
1
APPENDIX
353
The Text
355
B Description
356
D Variants in Copies
357
E Origin and State of the Text
359
The Second Quarto 1598
362
C Copies
363
B Comments on Shakespeares Use of Hall
452
Froissart
453
B Comments on Shakespeares Use of Froissart
460
Créton
462
B Comments on Shakespeares Use of Créton
466
B Comments on Shakespeares Use of Traison Le Beau
471
Woodstock
473
Daniel
477

E Origin and State of the Text
364
F Comment
365
B Description
366
The Fourth Quarto 1608
368
C Copies
369
E Origin and State of the Text
370
F Comment
371
The Fifth Quarto 1615
376
D Variants in Copies
377
B Origin and State of the Text
378
C Comment
385
The Sixth Quarto 1634
391
C Copies
392
The Date of Composition
393
The Authenticity of the Text
396
Dramatic Time
401
II Double Time
402
The Sources
405
I Holinshed
407
B Comments on Shakespeares Use of Holinshed
445
Hall
448
B Comments on Shakespeares Use of Daniel
499
The Old Play
501
B Comments on Shakespeares Possible Use of an Old Play
502
Criticisms
506
B The Play as a Whole
508
C The Chief Influences on the Play
518
D Ideas and Significance
524
E Style and Imagery
533
The Characters
541
B York
550
C Gaunt
553
E Aumerle
558
F Mowbray
559
G Northumberland
560
J The Gardener
561
M The Duchesses of York and Gloucester
563
Stage History
564
Elizabeth Essex and Richard II
576
LIST OF WORKS CONSULTED
588
INDEX
617

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Page xxii - Family Shakspeare : In which nothing is added to the Original Text ; but those words and expressions are omitted which cannot with propriety be read aloud.

About the author (2001)

William Shakespeare, 1564 - 1616 Although there are many myths and mysteries surrounding William Shakespeare, a great deal is actually known about his life. He was born in Stratford-Upon-Avon, son of John Shakespeare, a prosperous merchant and local politician and Mary Arden, who had the wealth to send their oldest son to Stratford Grammar School. At 18, Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway, the 27-year-old daughter of a local farmer, and they had their first daughter six months later. He probably developed an interest in theatre by watching plays performed by traveling players in Stratford while still in his youth. Some time before 1592, he left his family to take up residence in London, where he began acting and writing plays and poetry. By 1594 Shakespeare had become a member and part owner of an acting company called The Lord Chamberlain's Men, where he soon became the company's principal playwright. His plays enjoyed great popularity and high critical acclaim in the newly built Globe Theatre. It was through his popularity that the troupe gained the attention of the new king, James I, who appointed them the King's Players in 1603. Before retiring to Stratford in 1613, after the Globe burned down, he wrote more than three dozen plays (that we are sure of) and more than 150 sonnets. He was celebrated by Ben Jonson, one of the leading playwrights of the day, as a writer who would be "not for an age, but for all time," a prediction that has proved to be true. Today, Shakespeare towers over all other English writers and has few rivals in any language. His genius and creativity continue to astound scholars, and his plays continue to delight audiences. Many have served as the basis for operas, ballets, musical compositions, and films. While Jonson and other writers labored over their plays, Shakespeare seems to have had the ability to turn out work of exceptionally high caliber at an amazing speed. At the height of his career, he wrote an average of two plays a year as well as dozens of poems, songs, and possibly even verses for tombstones and heraldic shields, all while he continued to act in the plays performed by the Lord Chamberlain's Men. This staggering output is even more impressive when one considers its variety. Except for the English history plays, he never wrote the same kind of play twice. He seems to have had a good deal of fun in trying his hand at every kind of play. Shakespeare wrote 154 sonnets, all published on 1609, most of which were dedicated to his patron Henry Wriothsley, The Earl of Southhampton. He also wrote 13 comedies, 13 histories, 6 tragedies, and 4 tragecomedies. He died at Stratford-upon-Avon April 23, 1616, and was buried two days later on the grounds of Holy Trinity Church in Stratford. His cause of death was unknown, but it is surmised that he knew he was dying.

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