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Published by the Bibar and Orissa Renarch Society. :


Printed by the Superintendent, Government Printing, Bihar and Orissa

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of the


For the year 1922,

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His Excellency the Governor, ex-officio.

The Hon'ble Sir William Henry Hoare Vincent, Kt.,

The Hon'ble Maharajadhiraj Bahadur Sir Rameshwar

Singh, G.C.I.E., K.B.E., Darbhanga.
Maharaja Bahadur Sir Raveneshwar Prasad Singh,

K.C.I.E., of Gidhour.
His Highness Maharaja Bahadur Sir

Bir Mitrodaya
Singh Deo, K.C.I.E , of Sonepur State.
The Hon'ble Sir Thomas Fredrick Dawson Miller, Kt., K.C.
Sir Edward Gait, K.C.S.I., C.I.E., Ph.D., I.C.S.

The Hon'ble Sir Havilland Le Mesurier, K.C.I.E., C.S.I.

The Hon'ble Sir B, K. Mullick, Kt., I.C.S.

General Secretary.
Dr. Hari Chand Shastri, D.Litt., I.E.S.

Joint Secretary.
Professor G. S. Bhaté, M.A., I.E.S,

Professor J. N. Samaddar, B.A.

Journal Committee.
History - Professor G. 8. Bhaté, M.A., I.E.S. (Secretary).

2, Professor J. N. Sarkar, M.A., I.E.S. (Member).

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Journal of Francis Buchanan (Patna and Gaya Districts): Edited, with notes and introduction, by

V. H. Jackson, M.A.

1.- Introduction.

The Buchanan Journal and Maps.

PRACTICALLY the whole of the information which is now available concerning the life and work of the author of this Journal, including an account of the circumstances under which his great statistical Survey of Bengal was undertaken, and the subsequent history of the manuscripts connected therewith, is to be found in Sir David Prain's adrnirable Memoir published in Calcutta in 1905, entitled “A Sketch of the life of Francis Hamilton (once Buchanan) sometime Superintendent of the Honourable Company's Botanic Garden, Calcutta”. It is therefore unnecessary to attempt a summary here, particularly as Sir D. Prain himself has been good enough to promise a contribution to the Journal of the Bihar and Orissa Research Society on the subject.

The Journal, which is now published for the first time, forms only a small part of the manuscripts relating to the Survey, on which Dr. Buchanan--as he may still be called for present purposes since he did not 1

2 Per 1,

assume the name of Hamilton until three years after his retirement from India-was employed between the years 1807 and 1815. It is the official daily Journal which he kept during his tour of the districts of Patna and Gaya in the cold-weather months of 1811-12, i.e., the fifth season of his work on the Survey. The original manuscript is in his own handwriting and extends over 224 pages, bound up with other papers in the last of those three volumes of the Buchanan Manuscripts in the Library of the India Office which are concerned with Patna and Gaya. As regards other districts of Bihar included in the Survey, similar Journals kept during the cold-weather tours of Bhagalpur, etc., in 1810-11 and Shahabad in 1812--13 are also in existence in the Library, and occupy 250 and 175 pages respectively in the corresponding volumes of the series, but the Journal of the tour in Purnea undertaken in the season 1809-10 cannot now be traced, and apparently has never been in the Library's possession. There also appear to be no Journals in existence relating to the Bengal Districts of Dinajpur and Rangpur, and the United Provinces District of Gorakhpur.

The three Journals which still remain are quite distinct from Buchanan's Reports on the corresponding districts, and are only to be regarded as supplementary to the latter. It is necessary to lay emphasis on this difference in order to avoid any possibility of misunderstanding, especially because on page xxxviii of his Memoir Sir D. Prain refers to the Reports themselves as “a journal of the utmost value, which has never been completely published or properly edited”, while in later pages when describing the attempts which have been made to publish the Reports, he continues to refer to them as a journal”. It seems possible that when he wrote he was under the impression that Buchanan had drawn up his Reports in the Bengal Survey in the same form as that adopted in his “ Journey from Madras, through the countries of

* I am indebted to Mr. C. E. A. W. Oldham, 1.c.8., retired, for this pformation.


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