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perfection when all are simultaneously In conclusion, therefore, we would prosperous.

press upon the consideration of our readGreat evil, however, often arises from ers the iniquity of that system, which the erroneous under-estimate of the value avows-as President Polk and Secretary of our internal commerce, the immensity Walker have avowed—that it is not in the of which can hardly be appreciated—but power of Congress to protect these great it is invidious and unjust to draw any interests ; for the denial of protection to distinctions. These three pursuits con- one is the abandonment of all; and the stitute the whole wealth of the nation, day that shall fix, as a settled principle of giving a vigor, an activity and intelli- the general government, that Congress gence to the body politic, without which have no power over the foreign comman would be but a physical animal, merce of the country in levying imposts dragging out a miserable existence in a upon the importation of the products of state of barbarism, if not in savage oiher nations, except for the purposes of wretchedness.

revenue, will seal the fate of the creation We forbear to introduce statistics into and accumulation of values to an extent view at this time, it being our purpose to that will blot out the United States from speak of principles rather than amounts. the family of independent nations.

FOREIGN MISCELLANY.

ALTHOUGH nothing of startling interest England and Russia, in the course they has occurred within the month, the affairs have adopted. Thus is likely again to be of Europe seem to wear an unpromising as- formed a coalition of European nations pect. The Spanish marriages still furnish against France; and although no one can material for general dissatisfaction, even suppose that the immediate result will be, where no more angry feelings are enter- on any side, an appeal to arms from this tained. No immediate rupture is anticipat cause alone, it cannot be denied that a temed in consequence of these events between per and tone of feeling have been induced, any of the European powers; but good un- far less favorable to continued peace than derstandings have been destroyed, mutual those which have hitherto existed. The distrust has been implanted, national pride entente cordiale between England and has been wounded, and the seeds have been France, which has formed the theme of sown which may hereafter produce har. so much boasting on the part of M. GUIZOT, vests of hatred and embroilment, to be and so much rejoicing throughout Europe, reaped in tears and in blood. It is under- is pretty evidently at an end. The two stood that Mr. Bulwer, the British minis- nations are no longer governed by a comter at Madrid, delivered to the Spanish mon spirit. Jealousy and resentment have government, in behalf of his own, a very taken the place of that unbounded mutual energetic protest against the marriage of confidence and regard, of which the profeg. the Infanta with the Duke of Montpensier; sions at least have heretofore been so plenti. and communications were also addressed ful and incessant. Louis Phillippe has evi. by the British Government to the principal dently acted for his own supposed interests, European powers, declaring that Great and in defiance and scorn of the feelings Britain would never recognize the issue of and interests of England. His breach of this marriage as having any right of suc- confidence may not be forcibly and at once cession to the Spanish throne. This in- resented, but it will scarcely be forgotten terference may seem uncalled for, and is or readily forgiven. denounced as insolent even by British Meantime events are occurring in Switzjournals ; but it is not likely to be without erland, which may precipitate some general some effect. England is unlikely to stand issue. The twenty-two Cantons of that alone in the position she has taken. The country are bound together by a federal Russian government, through its Charge compact, which expressly forbids the ford'Affaires at Paris, has informed M. Guizot mation of private leagues among the canthat it coincides fully in the views main- tons to the prejudice of the federal compact tained in the English protest, and will or the interest of the other cantons. In almaintain, according to the treaty of Utrecht, leged violation of this provision, a private the equilibrium of the European powers. alliance was recently formed by the seven

The Allgemeine Zeitung announces that Catholic cantons of Lucerne, Ulri, Schwytz, Austria and Prussia will also join with Underwald, Zug, Fribourg, and Valois ; the object of this alliance was to secure the furious civil war is imminent in the very rights guarantied to these Catholic cantons, heart of Europe ; and in the existing state by the federal compact against the appre- of international feeling, such an event will hended violence of ihe radical Protestants. be almost certain to involve some of the It seems that the legality of this alliance was leading powers of Europe. called in question in the Grand Council ; To complicate still more the affairs of and in that Council, through the equal the Continent, another revolution bas ocdivision of the other cantons, Geneva held curred in Portugal. At Lisbon it was at the balance of power, and her Council first completely successful, and was brought voted in favor of the Catholic cantons, on about without bloodshed, by the admirable the ground that the course they had pur management of the Queen, by whom it was sued had been rendered necessary by the started. Afterwards, however, it met with refusal of the federal diet, to secure them warm hostility even in that city, and in against the violence of the radical cantons, some other parts of Portugal it encounterwhich had vented itself in actual force ed a short opposition. At Oporto, the upon Lucerne for having invited fourteen Duke of Terceira, who was sent thither by Jesuits into her midst, to take charge of the Queen as Lieutenant-General of the her schools. Geneva is a Protestant can- Northern Marines, was imprisoned on his ton, but stands above all the rest in intel. arrival, and a junto was immediately conligence and moral qualities, and she evi- vened, which declared the dethronement dently acted in this case from the purest of the Queen, and proclaimed her son, Don regard to the rights of the oppressed and Pedro, King of Portugal, with a Council wronged cantons, without regard to their Regency. This movement was generally religious predilections. As soon as the followed by the cities of the North ; and decision of the Council was known, a rabid Spain was marching troops to the frontier. French democrat, named James Fazy, who It is also thought that France, Spain, and left his own country soon after the revolu- even Belgium have had an agency in fotion of 1830, and has since been an editor menting these disturbances. in Geneva, convoked a mass meeting, and Immense and destructive floods have ocbrought forward a protest denouncing the curred in France along the course of the Council in the most violent manner, and Rhone and Loire. Many lives have been declaring its vote null and void. Counter lost, and property to an immense amount meetings were held, and the excitement has been swept away. It was the severest increased, until an appeal was taken to ever known in France, the great flood of arms. The mob under Fazy barricaded 1789 not excepted. the bridges of the Rhone. The government In Italy the Pope seems to be going for. on its side was not idle--and on the 7th of ward rapidly, and with great popular apOctober, the artillery was brought to bear plause, in the new career of improvement upon the barricades. The government and reform, which his councils and examprepared to negotiate, but Fazy rejected ple have opened to the people. He is enthe proposal, and after a sharp and severe couraging attempts to promote the cultivaengagement the government troops were tion of rice in the neighborhood of Rome, compelled to retreat, and the next day the and they are said to be completely successgovernment itself fled from the city. A ful. A company has been formed for the provincial government was immediately purpose of growing rice on the whole plain formed with Fazy at its head; and at the between Ostia and Porto d'Anzo, which is time of the latest accounts, his rule seemed forty miles long, and can easily be flooded to be firmly established. He was conduct- at will by the waters of the lakes Albano ing affairs with a good degree of moderation. and Nemi. It is said upon intelligent alThe example of Geneva, however, is thority, that the Pope is acting under the likely to prove contagious, and Basle-city advice of the Abbé GIÔBERTI in all his and Basle-Campagne are arming against schemes, and that the Abbé is desirous that each other. The probability is that radi. he should put himself at the head of every calism, which most unfortunately seems new movement, and so signalize himself by to be there identified with Protestantism, his zealous promotion of liberty in thought, will prevail, and will thus gain the ascen- speech, and action. The Abbé was bandency in the federal Diet, which will, of ished by the late Pope for his counsels to course, pronounce the dissolution of the the same effect. His plans, however, met league of the seven Catholic cantons. In a very warm reception from the Italian anticipation of this result, the cantons are people ; and the present Pope, then a carconsolidating their league and arming for dinal, was one of his warmest friends. He the emergency. France has already ad. was a man of liberal opinions, had visited vanced a military force to the Swiss fron- various parts of Europe, and was thus pretier, undoubtedly with the intention of in- pared to enter upon the duties of the Papaterfering when the proper time shall cy with far wider and more intelligent arrive; and similar measures are anticipate views than those which had influenced his ed on the sides of Austria and Sardinia. A predecessor. The measures he has already taken have alarmed the jealousy of Austria who first directed his telescope to the new -the watch-dog of despotisın in Europe; planet, following the 'directions of M. and it is by no means improbable that he Leverrier. may come to an open rupture with that The literary and general intelligence of court.

the month has but little interest. A young A very heated and intemperate discus- astronomer of Rome, M. Alberi, has discovsion has been started between the French ered a MS. of Galileo, concerning the saand English journals, concerning the dis- tellites of Jupiter, which was supposed to covery of the new planet. It is not de- be lost; it was found in a private library. nied, we believe, in any quarter, that M. Mr. Richardson, the celebrated traveler, Leverrier is entitled to the transcendent has returned to London, after a journey of honor of having accurately demonstrated three months directly through the heart of its existence and calcluated its position, the Sahara desert. He is about to publish before any similar calculations had been the results of his inquiries, which have published. But it is claimed by the Eng. mainly related to the slave trade. The lish that Mr. Adams, of the Greenwich Ob. Leipsic catalogue announces that 5,283 servatory, had also calculated the place of books have been published in Germany the planet, and furnished to Mr. Challis since the Easter fair of the present year. the means of securing two observa. In various parts of France, a disease has tions of the planet, before any announce- manifested itself in the beet root, similar to ment was made by M. Leverrier. To that which has proved so generally de. prove that the object observed was a pla- Structive to the potatoe. The corner stone net, the observations of different days of a monuinent to Columbus was laid at should have been compared. This essen- Genoa on the 28th of September. An im. tial point, however, Mr. Challis neglected; mense concourse was present, and the cerand without laying any claim to the dis. emonies of the occasion were highly imcovery, he simply says, that “the planet posing. The Congress of Italian savans was virtually secured, and its place deter- have decided to hold their meeting of 1848 mined, six weeks previously to any record- at Bologna. This is the first time such an ed observation of it elsewhere." These event has ever occurred within the limits allegations are supported by the testimony of the Papal States; and it is feared that of Sir John Herschel, and will be, it is the Pope, with all his liberality, will regard said, substantiated by the records of the the step as premature. The Germanic observatory. The claim, however, has ex- Diet has awarded the sum of 100,000 forins cited the anger of the French, and even in to Prof. Schonbein, on condition that his the debates of the National Academy, the newly discovered gun-cotton shall be most violent language has been applied to proved able advantageously to supercede the English savans who have in any way the use of gunpowder. The Sardinian given their countenance to it. The King government has opened negotiations with of Prussia, meantime, anxious to signalize Spain for the recovery of the remains of the slight connection of his own country Columbus, which are now at Havana. A with this astronomical event, has conferred weekly journal called the Contemporaneo, the cross of the Red Eagle of the fourth is announced as about to appear at Rome, class upon M. Galle, the Berlin astronomer, under the auspices of the Pope.

CRITICAL NOTICES.

SIVORI, THE VIOLINIST.-This is a pro- Although much of the apparent enthusigressive era; ours is a progressive nation ; asm now so widely fashionable, upon the the city of Gotham-wherein we more im- subject of music, is probably neither deep mediately exist—is a progressive city; and, nor genuine ; though too many of those undoubtedly, our readers are progressive who crowd the concert-room are probably characters, or ought to be such, only taking attracted thither by motives somewhat excellent care that they are “right before foreign to music and the love of it; yet we they start.” Amid the perpetual motion think it cannot be denied that a truer appreof our unquiet time, Art, Science, and ciation and a warmer love of this beautiTaste, it must also be presumed, are mov. ful art is really spreading among the coming onward; and in no department of munity. That this is the case is evidenced these is there more evidence of movement, by the cordial welcome which has greeted and of movement too in the right direction, the few great musicians of the Old World than in what relates to the “divine who have already visited us; by the imscience” of Music.

proved character of, and sustained attendance upon our public concerts, and by the quarter. Lectures, when presented by an increase of facilities within reach of stu- orator-in other words, public orations on dents of the art. Among the distinguished noble subjects by an eloquent man—are of artists to whom we have alluded, and whose great value in a community, where large genius has done so much toward raising portions of the people have so little time our perceptions of the possible in musical to read and study books. art-Ole Bull, Vieuxtemps, and De Meyer have stood pre-emineni--but to these names must now be added that of Sivori, The Sacred Mountains: By J. T. HEADthe pupil and friend of Paganini, and upon

LEY, New York, BAKER & SCRIBNER. whom the mantle of the “ weird Master" may almost be said to have fallen.

This volume was laid upon our table at Those whose hearts have thrilled to the

so late a date that we are unable to give wild melody, the deep pathos, and the im- any extended notice of its qualities. In passioned fervor of the

poetic Northman, mechanical execution no more beautiful have never withdrawn from their remem- book has been issued this season. As a brances of him the meed of affectionate ad. gist book it has a high recommendation in miration which they had accorded to him;

its subject. The idea of making the “ Sawhile the admirers of Vieuxtemps, his cred Mountains of the Bible a series of high artistic skill, his great science, and solemn and majestic pictures, as the old the finished carrectness of his play, still Italian Painters chose their touching and recall his performances with delight.' But impressive subjects from the various charthe young artist who has won the suffrage acters of Scripture, was a happy one, and, of all Europe, is now by his rich and diver

we believe, original. Of each Mountain sified imagination, and an almost super.

and its surrounding scenery there is an human mastery over his instrument, hold- engraving on steel. They are mostly veing in suspension the judgment of the ry beautiful ; we notice, however, a sincritics, as to whether he may not be enti- gular mistake in the first-Mount Ararat. tled to take precedence of all our former A rainbow is represented as bending over favorites.

the plain in front of the Mountain, while We have not space to enter into a mi. the trees still more in front of the rain. nute account of the varied beauties of Si. bow have shadows on the near side. Now vori's play, of the profusion of exquisite to make a rainbow at all the sun must be and admirable effects which he draws from behind the looker.on, in which case, of his instrument, until one becomes almost

course, there could be no shadows on the sceptical as to the catgut and horsehair,

near side of the trees. But the picture is or of the ease with which he overcomes

beautiful, notwithstanding. As to the the greatest difficulties, performing on a

sketches by Mr. Headley, they are princi. single chord the wonders of four

pally groupings of the incidents that took “ With wanton heed and giddy cunning,

place upon and around them. They have The

melting sound through mazes running, many of the characteristics of the author's Untwisting all the strings that tie

style, placing the scenes distinctly before The hidden soul of harmony."

the mind. But quite too many passages We have only space to express our cor

are loosely written, with false imagery and dial hope that this truly classic Artist may however, to the imaginative, and the lov.

strained language. As an interesting gist be the means of awaking in all parts of our country which he may visit during his stay

ers of Scripture scenes, we would suggest

“ the Sacred Mountains." among us, a deeper and purer love for this noble art, to which he is consecrated.

Moore's Poetical Works, complete in one LECTURES OF MR. HENRY GILES, volume. Ilustrated with ten Engrad We are glad to be able to speak of the Lit- ings. G. APPLETON & Co. N. Y. 1846. erary Discourses of this gentleman, in view of their being soon delivered in this city. A splendid edition of the poems of this Mr. Giles has, in different places and for most melodious of versifiers, with Engrarseveral years, delivered lectures on various ings of admirable elegance, and appropri. subjects of high interest in literature and ateness_one a very excellent and spirited social life. His style, in those which we likeness of the poet, in the style of Sir T. have heard, is earnest and impassioned- Lawrence's heads. Among the Engrav. two of the chief elements in oratory--and the ings the most remarkable are a Psyche fullness of his mind, by the aid especially of opening a casket,-a composition of landa fine analytical power and a fervid fancy, scape and figures of Landseer,-a Peri, by supplies his audience at all times with ma- K. Meadows, (which is a Peri,)-all in the ny desirable treasures of thought, feel- richest style of modern soft engraving, ing and excellent language. We sincerely suitable to the elegance of the volume and trust that he may not lack hearers in any the mellifluous smoothness of its contents.

It is clearly impossible for the art of en- man of a noble but somewhat timid and ex

а graving or the art of versifying to go any clusive nature, who carried the idea of farther than they have already gone in this taste and classic reserve from letters into direction. The production of soft effects the conduct of life, and who is marked, has been carried to its limit. Excessive like all great moralists, with the excess of elegance and sweetness in letters, has pre- the qualities which his writings have pared us to enjoy the rude periods and vio stamped upon the literature and manners lent contrasts of Carlyle and his imitators, of his nation. as the epicure is tempted to a coarse and bitter diet, after a surfeit of sweets. The Essays on the Progress of Nations in excessive and somewhat weak refinement Productive Industry, Civilization, Popat which this art of engraving has arrived, ulation, and Wealth,-illustrated by seems to promise already a revolution in Statistics of Mining, Agriculture, taste. We have seen some works, lately Manufacture, &c. : By Ezra C. SEA. executed in Paris, which show a wonder- MAN. Detroit, M. GIEGER & Co. ful purity of line, and a force of shadow New York, BAKER & SCRIBNER. not unworthy of the old masters in this art. Since Wordsworth and the German poets; great value of Mr. Seaman's book entitled,

We cheerfully express our opinion of the between whom there is a close though unacknowledged affinity, have possessed sides the amount of exceedingly valuable

“ Essays on the Progress of Nations." Beus with sentiments to the neglect of melo- statistical information which it contains, dy and passion, Moore and Byron with and which alone should ensure to it a most Rossini, who represents them in Music, extensive circulation, it has high merits have fallen not a little in estimation, though in a political and philosophical point of they are still extremely popular in despite view. The author evidently views the of moral criticism. Be it there is no deeper Tariff and kindred subjects from a position moral in a song of Moore, or a stanza of Childe Harold, than in one of Rossini's higher than that from which they are or. delicious and inexhaustible cavatinas, or in find on the examination of this work, thal

dinarily contemplated. The reader will a group of Bacchanals from Poussin, they these are not questions merely of tempo. are none the less excellent, nay, unapproachable in their kind, rich flowers of rary prices, or market fluctuations, but that genius, full of melody, and the most per- they have a permanent bearing on the highfect sensuous beauty. They must remain, demonstrates that the encouragement of a

est well-being of the nation. The author too, as the types of persection for the musical qualities of our tongues, and must is far more than a mere nominal matter of

national industry, in its various branches, continue to give pleasure long after the present fashion of sentimentalism has ceas

cheap buying, (although even here its ad. ed even from history.

vantages are in the end more clearly shown,)

but that it is more intimately connected Memoirs of the Life of Addison : By

with the moral welfare and highest pros. Miss AIKIN, complete in one volume.

perity of a country. CAREY & Hart, Philadelphia, 1846.

Destiny: a Poem : By E. DELAFIELD A life of Addison by one of the most ele

SMITH. gant of the female writers of England, com- of the twenty or thirty poetical addressposed in the subdued and classic manner es on public occasions, large and small, sent of that school of English prose, of which to us within the last eight months, this is a Addison himself, unless Cowley be prefer fair sample. It is legitimate, at such times, red to him, may be taken as the source and to deliver moderate verse, and the present the model. The memoir itself is not re. seems to be no infringement of the rule. markable for any marked or brilliant qual. The laying out of its subject is better than ities of wit or sentiment, but chiefly for the execution. The design is to show that the sweetness of its periods and the mild all nations, from the Hindoo and the Parenthusiasm with which it follows the illus- see to the Gipsies and Lord Byron, are imtrious moralist through all the progress of bued with a dark belief in Fate. This unhis dispassionate but not uneventful life. doubtedly laid the ground-work for some

The other remarkable characters of that swelling and powerful poetry; but the age, particularly Swift and Pope, are treat- piece, though with some good passages, is ed with much severity by the Biographer, very loosely written. Among other faults who ascribed to them a degree of inveter- the writer will have so short a thing in ate and ungenerous malice toward their ri. eight or ten kinds of metre-a ridiculous vals, which their admirers will disclaim, and fatal conceit, which we have condemn. The author discovers but little respect for ed half a dozen times already in similar those great names, and strikes the balance productions. A dozen lines, or so-a new against them by an excusable degree of ad. fancy comes up—and, presto, the measure miration for the accomplished Addison ; a is changed! Thus walking, limping, and

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