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who was thereby restored to life, and lived fifteen years afterwards.-- In the present loose and degenerate age, many may réckon this relation fabulous; but, if it be considered, that the Old and New Testaments furnith us with many surprizing and miraculous things, done by the power of God and Chrift, there can be no dispute at least as to the possibility of it.'

Whether we are obliged to Mr. Elstob for this reflection on the possibility of St. Winifred's recovering her loft head, or to the person who drew up the paper from which he has abAtracted these particulars, is to us a matter of some uncertainty ; and therefore we fall only remark upon it, that to good Catholics, the miracle of St. Winefrede, and every other pious miracle in the martyrology, is, to be sure, very possible; and that if they reap any benefit from their belief in such miracles, no liberal minded Protestant, we suppose, would wish to dispute them out of it. But to return to the well.

These waters it is added, “ seem to be of a singular nature, and not to be excelled; for, from the original rise of this spring to this day, the water, by bathing therein, performs wonderful cures :-It heals those troubled with the leprosy, and many other diseases; restores the lame to the use of their limbs, as well as the blind to their fight, and ftrengthens such as are recovered of the small-pox. The phyficians are of opinion the water is of that excellent nature as not to be equalled in the universe ; which has caused fo great a resort, that, from a few houses, Holywell is encreased to a large market-town of fine buildings, fufficient to entertain the greatest number of people, and the bathing is every way rendered as agrecable as at any other wells or baths.

Here it may not be improper to take notice of what to some people may seem incredible, but the truth of what is offered will at any time be demonstrated to the curious; that is, that by the

gauge, the bason and well hold about two hundred and forty tons of water, which, when let out, fill again in less than two minutes. The experiment was tried for a wager, on Tuesday the twelfth of July, 1731; Mr. Price, the Rector of Holywell, Mr. Williams, Mr. Wynne, Dr. Taylor, and many other gentlemen of Holywell, as well as strangers, and the Writer of this relation, being present; when, to the surprise of the company, the well and baron filled in less than two minutes; which plainly shews that this spring raises more than one hundred tons of water every minute. And although the water in the bason is more than four feet deep, it is so transparent that a small piece of

money, or a pin, may be seen at the bottom. The water rises

up in the well as if it were in a Brewer's boiler and violently agitated by heat.


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The account of this miraculous well,, of which a few more particulars are given in the book, closes Mr. Elftob's performance, and shall likewise put a period to the present short Article :-an Article which we have limited in proportion to the fize, merit, and importance of the publication to which it re. låtes. . ,

ART. IV. Six' Eliy's or. Discourses on the following. Subjeis: The

Balance of Altrea, or upright Administration of Justice; Ambi. tion in Sovereions; the Love of our Country, and National Pre. judice or Prepositfiion; the Sembiance of Virtue, or Virtöe in Appearance's the Virtue or Superior Excellence of Nobility, with fome Remarks on the Power or Influence of high blood, the Ma.chjavelianism of the Ancients. Translated from the Spanit of

Feyjoo. · By a Gentleman. 8vo. 4.8. sewed. Becket. 1779. THE original cast of thinking which this Spaniard discovers,

and especially the liberal spirit and maniy superiority to vulgar preposseflions, which appear in his writings, entitle him to the attention of the public. His Translator has already introduced severai of his Efsays to the notice of the Enghth reader;: of which we have expressed our 'approbation in general terms. He has now added a third volume, which treats of several in teresting topics, the particulars of which are enumerated in the Title. Froin them we shall select as a specimen, the following remarks on the character of Sir Thomas More, from the Eflay on the Semblance of Virtue.

"I have iaken notice of a thing which is very remarkable, and that is, that great virtues are less perceptible than Small ones. This i is derived from the exercise of them not being so frequent, and the value of them not being generally understood. The going regularly. to church, exterior modeit deporiment, taciturnity and falling, are virtues, which strike the eyes of every one, because they are daily practifed, and every body knows them. There are other virtues, that are more substantial, and which spring from more noble roots, that the vulgar are unacquainted with, because they are carried about by those who are maiters of them, like ladies who go abroad incog. without the oftentatious parade and show of equipage. There are men (would to God there were more of them !), who with an open carriage, and the free correspondence and intercourse of an ordinary life, and who do not seem the least sensible or affected with myfte. rious niceties, that nourish within their breasts, a robust virtue and folid piety, impenetrable to the most furious batteries of the three enemies of the soul. Let Sir Thomas More, that just, wise, and prudent Englishman, whom I have always regarded with profound respect, and a tenderness approaching to devotion ; I say let this man ferve as an example to all. men, and stand as a pattern to future ages, of all the virtues and excellencies I have been describing.

If we view the exterior part of the life of Sir Thomas More, ne only see an able politician, simple in his manners, engaged in a de. partment of the ttate, and attentive to the affairs of the king and


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hich als kingdom, always suffering himself to be wafted by the gale of for

tune, without foliciting honours, and without refusing to accept of

them; in private life, open, courteous, gentle, cheerful, and even oporte

fond of a convivial song, frequently partaking, in the halls of mirth,

of the jovial relaxations of the mind, and in the circulation of wit co whiti and pleasantry, always innocent, but never shewing the last fymptom

of austerity. His application in literature was directed, indifferently

and alternately, to the ftudy of sacred and profane learning, and he Subjih. made great advances in both the one and the other.

His great aputic; & plication to, and proficiency in the living languages of Europe, reNarod! present him as a genius desirous of accommodating himself to the vor Vis world at farge. His works, except such as he composed in prison

during the latt year of his life, feemed more to favour of politics than ond; religion. I speak of the fabject of them, not of the motive with

which he wrote them. In his description of Utopia, which was truly ingenious, delicate, and entertaining, he lets his pen run fo much on the interefts of the fate, as makes it seem as if he was in. different about the concerns of religion.

• Who in this image or description of Sir Thomas More, would

recognize that glorious martyr of Christ, and that generous hero, alreads whose constancy to the obligations of his religion could not be bent

or warped, neither by the threats or promises : of Henry VIII. nor a hard imprisonment of fourteen months, nor the persuasions and entreaties of his wife, nor by the fad prospect of seeing his family and

children reduced to misery and beggary, nor by the privation of all OOK

human comfort, in' taking from him all his books, nor finally by the terrors of a scaffold placed before his eyes ? So certain is it, that the qualities of great souls are not to be discovered, but by the touchfone of great occafions and hard trials, and may be compared to large flints, which only manifeft their smooth or shining surfaces by the execution of hard blows.

Sir Thomas More was the same while he was a prisoner of state, as when he was High Chancellor of England; the same in adverse, as in prosperous fortune; the fame ill treated, as in high favour; the fame in the prison, as feated at the head of the Caurt of Chancery ; but adversity manifested and made visible his whole heart, of which the greatest and best part had before laid hid. This great man used to give to his own virtues an air of humanity and condescension, which in the eyes of the vulgar abated their splendour ; but in proportion as it obscured the lustre of them to their view, it augmented it in the light of all men of discernment and penetration, happened when he was High Chancellor, chat a gentleman, who had a fuit depending before him, made him a present of two-filver bottles: It was inconsistent with his dignity or integrity to accept the present; and how did Sir Thomas conduct himself. Did he fall into a paflion against the fuitor for having offered an affront to his repotation ? Did he punish the criminal audacity of the man, for attempting to corrupt and make venal the functions of his duty? Did he manifest before his domestics any disinterested delicacy, or appeai scandalized at the temptation ? No; he did none of all chis, because nothing of this fort was correspondent to the nobleness or generous turn of his mind. He received the bottles with-aigood grace, and


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immediately gave orders to one of his servants to fill them with the best wine he had in his cellar, and carry them back to the gentleman, together with this courteous message, That it gave him great pleafure to have an opportunity of obliging him, and that any fort of wine he bad in his house was much at his service. Expreling, by this prudent seeming insensibiliiy or want of apprehenfion, that he supposed that was the purpose for which the gentleman sent the bottles. In this manner he joined integrity to gentleness of reproof, and correction with courteous bchaviour; and, by so much the less parade he made of his own purity, by so much the more was the confusion of the gentleman diminished.


! It is clear, thar the heroic conitancy with which he supported his adherence to his religion, was not the effect of a trained violence on his nature, but proceeded from innate virtue, which acts in all things and on all occalions according to the habitual dispositions of the mind; for always, to the very crisis of his suffering, he preserved the native cheerfulness of his disposition. He did not appear less feftive, nor less tranquil in chains, ihan he had before appeared in the banquet room. During the time of his trial he was all composure, and when it was drawing near a conclufion, and those iniquitous judges, who had already, sacrificed their consciences to the will of their fovereign, were on the point, to please and flatter him, of delivering that innocent man, as a victim to his resentment, the barber came to shave him, and just as he was going to begin his work, Sir Thomas recollected himself, and said Hold, as the King and I at present are contending to whim this head belongs, in case it fould be adjudged to him, it would be wrong for me to rob him of the beard, so you must defift. Being about to ascend the scaffold, and finding himself feeble, he begged one who was near to aid him in getcing up the ladder, faying to him at the same time, Ajit me to get up, for be asured I shall not trouble you to help me down again. O eminent virtve! O spirit truly sublime, who mounted the scaffold with the fame festive cheerfulness, that he would fit down to a banquet! Let men of little minds and narrow. fouls contemplate this example, and learn to know, that true virtue does not consist in the observance of forms and scrupulous niceties.

"O how many antipodes in morality to Şir Thomas More are to be found in every ftare! for both in the east and the weit you will meet with many of those ridiculous fcare-crows, who lead a kind of here metic life, and are called fan&tified or holy men; but those of this day do not mortify themselves so much, and offend other people more,

than those of former times were used to do. With a displeasing gravity, and forbidding look, that amounts to four fternness; a conversation so opposite to the cheerful, that it borders on the ex: treme of clownish surliness; a zeal fo harsh and severe, that it degenerates into cruelty; a scrupulous observance of sites and ceremonies, that approaches to superstition; and by the mere want or absence of a few vices; I say, that with the help of these appearances, they, without more cost or trouble, set themselves up as patterns of images of ultimate perfection; and they are truly images in the itric fense of the word, for their whole value consists in their external thape and figure; and I besides call them images, because they are

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not endued or informed with a true, but with the tham, semblance
of a spirit. 1 repeat again that they are images, because they are as
hard as marble, and infensible and unfeeling as the trunks of trees.
In the morality that directs them, gentleness of manners, affability,
and pity, are blotted out of the catalogue of virtues. I have not
even yet, said enough. Those two fenfible characteristics of charity,
pointed out by St. Paul, that is to say, patience and benevolence,
are so foreign to their dispositions, that they are inclined to consider
them as signs of relaxation of discipline, or at least of lukewarmness.
They assume the figure of faints, without possessing more fanctity
than the stock or stone images of such, and would number themselves
among the blessed, wanting the requisites which the gospel expresses
to constitute them (deserving of being inserted in that catalogue),
which are meekness, compassion, and a conciliatory spirit. Beati
mites, beati misericordes, beati pacifici.'
: The last Effay, on the Machiavelianism of the Ancients, is
a curious attempt to prove that the principles of arbitrary power
were adopted, and the arts of despotism practised in the Greek
and Roman states, during the periods most celebrated for
freedom. But for the illustration of this point, we must refer
our Readers to the work, which is lively and ingenious, and
abounds with manly reflections.

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Art. V. Remarks in that kind of Pall of the lower Limbs which is
frequently found to accompany a Curvature of the Spine, and is fup-
pojed to be caused by it; together with its Method of Cure. To
which are added, Observations on the Neceílity and Propriety of
Amputation in certain Cases, and under certain Circumstances.
By Percival Pott, F. R. S. and Surgeon to St. Bartholomew's
Hospital. 8vo. 15. 6 d. Johnson. 1779.
HE' first of the two tracts which this

very valuable
Author has here presented to the public, relates to a dif-
ease little known to many of the faculty, which he describes in
the following manner: it consists in the total or partial aboli.
tion of motion in the lower limbs, in consequence, as is sup-
posed, of a curvature of some part of the spine. Both sexes,
and all ages, are equally liable to it. It is gradual, though not
very flow, in its progress. When a child is the subject, he
begins with complaining of being foon tired; is languid, lift-

, and unwilling to move much, or at all briskly. Not long after, he may be observed frequently to trip and stumble, though there be no impediment in his way; and whenever he attempts to move briskly, he finds that his legs involuntarily crofs each other, by which he is frequently thrown down; and on endeavouring to stand still, without support, for a few mia nutes, his knees give way, and bend forwards. When the distemper is farther advanced, he cannot, without much difficulty and deliberation, direct either of his feet precisely to any

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