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nated by a great number of torches made of Splinters cut from the
pine or birch tree, which the Indians held in their hands.

. In a few minutes the prieft entered; when an amazing large
elk's kin being spread on the ground, just at my feet, he laid him-
felf down upon it, after having stript himself of every garment ex-
cept that which he wore clofe about his middle. Being now pro.
ftrate on his back, he first laid hold of one side of the kin, and
folded it over him, and then the other ; leaving only his head una
covered. This was no sooner done, than two of the young men
who stood by took about forty yards of strong cord, made alfo of an
elk's hide, and rolled it tight round his body, so that he was com-
pletely fwathed within the skin. Being thus' bound up like an
Egyptian mummy, one took him by the heels, and the other by the
head, and lifted him over the pales into the inclosure. I could now
also discern him as plain as I had hitherto done, and I took care
not to turn my eyes a moment from the object before me, that I
might the more readily detect the artifice, for such I doubted not but
that it would turn out to be.

« The priest had not lain in this situation more than a few seconds, when he began to mutter. This he continued to do for some cime, and then by degrees grew louder and louder, till at length he spoke articulately; however, what he oftered was in such a mixed jargon of the Chipéway, Ottawaw, and Killikinoe languages, that I could understand bat very little of it. Having continued in chis tone for a considerable while, he at last exerced his voice to its utmost pitch, sometimes raving and sometimes praying, till he had worked himself into such an agitation, that he foamed at his mouth.

After having remained near three-quarters of an hour in the place, and continued his vociferation with unabated 'vigour, he feemed to be quite exhausted, and remained fpeechless. But in an instant he sprung upon his feet, notwithftanding at the time he was put in, it appeared imposible for him to move either his legs or arms, and shaking off his covering, as quick as if the bands with which it had been bound were burned alunder, he began to address those who food around in a firm and audible voice : “My Brothers,"? faid he, “the Great Spirit has deigned to hold a Talk with his ser vant at my earnest request. He has not, indeed, told me when the persons we expect will be here, but to-morrow, soon after the sun has reached his highest point in the heavens, a canoe will arrive, and the people in that will inform us when the traders will come. Having faid this, he stepped out of the inclosure, and after he had put on his robes, dismissed the assembly. I own I was greatly aftonished at what I had seen, but as I observed that every eye in the company was fixed on me with a view to discover' my sentiments, I carefully concealed every emocion.

• The next day the fun shone bright, and long before noon all the Indians were gathered together on the eminence that overlooked the Lake. The old king came to me and asked me, whether I had so much confidence in what the priest had forètold, as to join his people, on the hill, and wait for the completion of it? I told him that I was at a loss what opinion to form of the predi&tion, but that I would readily attend himn. On this we walked together to the place where


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the others were assembled. Every eye was again fixed by turns on me and on the Lake; when just as the fun had reached his zenith, agreeable to what the priest had foretold, a canoe came round a point of land about a league distanţ. The Indians no fuoner beheld ir than they fent up an universal fout, and by their looks seemed to triumph in the interest their prielt thus evidently

, had with the Great Spirit,

• In less than an hour the canoe reached the more, when I attended the king and chiefs to receive those who were on board, As foon as the men were landed, we walked all together to the king's tent, where, according to their invariable cullom, we began to smoke; and this we did, notwithstanding our impatience to know the tidings they brought, without asking any questions ; for the Indians are the most deliberare people in the world. However, after some trivial conversation, the king inquired of them whether they had seen any thing of the traders? The men replied, that they had parted from

hem a few days before, and that they proposed being here the fe; cond day from the present. They accordingly arrived at that time, greatly to our satisfaction, but more particularly fo to that of the In: dians, who found by this event the importance both of their prie and of their nation, greatly augmented in the light of a ftranger.

• This story, I acknowledge, appears to carry with it marks of great credulity in the relator, Buc no one is less tinctured with that weakness than myself. The circumstances of it, I own, are of a very extraordinary nature; however, as I can vouch for their being free from either exaggeration or misrepresentation, being myself a cool and dispassionate observer of them all, I thought it necessary to give them to the Public. And this I do without wishing to mislead The judgment of my Readers, or to make any fuperftitious impres

. fions on their minds, buţ leaving them tu draw from it whai conclu. fions they please.'

This is, indeed, a curious narrative; concerning which, in imitation of our Author, we shall leave our Readers to their own remarks and conclusions; and proceed to mention his account of the manners and customs of the Indians, in their ancient purity. This, Mr. Carver Aatters himself, he has been enabled to do, with more justice than former writers, having made his observations on thirty Indian nations. He is, accordingly, very diffuse in his account of these people, who seem to be a race as totally distinct from the rest of mankind, as the negroes are from the whites. He describes, and illustrates by fome good engravings, their persons, dress, arms, habitations, cookery, temper and dispofitions, method of computing time, government, feasts, dances, games, hunting, methods of making war and peace, language, marriage ceremonies, religion, diseases, and the treatment of their dead. Under all these distinct heads we have a great variety of information, and many very entertaining descriptions and details : in which the fair fex (if it be proper fo to style the Indian women) come in for a due share of notice.He closes with a general character of the Indians ;


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in which he appears to have discriminated, with great propriety, between their good and bad qualities. He oblerves that they are of a cruel, revengeful, inexorable disposition; that they will watch whole days, unmindful of the calls of nature, and make their way through pathless and almost unbounded woods, fubfift. ing only on the scanty produce of them, to pursue and revenge themselves of an enemy; that they hear unmoved the piercing cries of such as unhappily fall into their hands, and receive a diabolical pleasure from the tortures they inflict on their prisoners : but, adds he, let us look on the reverse of this terrifying picture, and we shall find them temperate both in their diet and potations (it must be remembered, that I speak of those tribes who have little communication with Europeans), that they withstand, with unexampled patience, the tracks of hunger, or the inclemency of the seasons, and esteem the gratification of their appetites but as a secondary confideration,

• We shall likewise see them fociable and humane to those whom they consider as their friends, and even to their adopted enemies ; and ready to partake with them of the last morsel, or to risk their lives in their defence.

• In contradiction to the reports of many other travellers, all of which have been tinctured with prejudice, I can affert, that not-, withstanding the apparent indifference with which an Indian meets his wife and children after a long absence, an indifference proceeding rather from custom than insensibility, he is not unmindful of the claims either of connubial or parental tenderness; the little story I have introduced in the preceding chapter of the Naudoweslie woman Jamenting her child, and the immature death of the father, will elucidate this point, and enforce the affertion much better than the most studied arguments I can make use of.

Accuftomed from their youth to innumerable hardships, they soon become superior to a sense of danger, or the dread of deach ; and their fortitude, implanted by nature, and nurtured by example, by precept, and accident, never experiences a moment's allay.

Though lochful and ina&tive whilft their store of provision remains unexhausted, and their foes are at a distance, they are indefatigable and persevering in pursuit of their game, or in circumventing their enemies.

If they are artful and designing, and ready to take every ad. vantage, if they are cool and deliberate in their councils, and cau. tious in the extreme either of discovering their sentiments, or of revealing a secret, they might at the same time boaft of postelling qualifications of a more animated nature, of the sagacity of a hound, the penetrating fight of a lynx, the cunning of the fox, the agility of a bounding roe, and the unconquerable fierceness of the tyger.

• In their public characters, as forming part of a community, they possess an attachment for that band to which they belong, unknown to the inhabitants of any other country. They combines as if they were actuated only by one foul, againīt the enemies of their nation, and banish from their minds every consideration opposed to this.


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and Carver's Travels into North America. • They consult without unnecessary oppofition, or without giving way to the excitements of envy or ambition, on the measures necel. sary to be pursued for the destruction of those who have drawn on themselves their displeasure. No selfith views ever infuence their advice, or obftruct their consultations. Nor is it in the power of bribes or threats to diminish the love they bear their country.

• The honour of their tribe, and the welfare of their nation, is the frit and most predominant emotion of their hearts; and from hence proceed, in a great measure, all their virtues and their vices

, Acuated by this, they brave every danger, endure the most exquisite torments, and expire triumphing in their fortitude, not as a personal qualifcation, but as a national characteristic.

From thence also floy that insatiable revenge towards those with
whom they are at war, and all the consequent horrors that disgrace
their name, Their uncultivated minds being incapable of judging
of the propriety of an action, in opposition to their passions which
are totally insensible to the controul of reason or bumanity, they
know not how to keep their fury within any bounds, and consequently
that courage and resolution which would otherwise do them honour,
degenerates into a favage ferocity.

. Bur this thort differtation must fuffice; the limits of my work
will not permit me to treat the subject more copiously, or .to pursue
it with a logical regularity. The observations already made by my
readers on the preceding pages, will, I trust, render it unnecessary;
as by them they will be enabled to form a tolerably just idea of the
people I have been describing. Experience teaches, that anecdotes,
and relations of particular events, however trifling they might ap.
pear, enable us to form a truer judgment of the

of a people, and are much more declaratory
ftate, than the most studied and elaborate disquisition, without these



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The natural hiftary forms a confiderable part of this work, and is given under the distinct heads of beasts, birds, fishes, reptiles, insects, trees, fhrubs, roots, herbs, and flowers. The Author has likewise given a vocabulary of the Chipéway and Naudowessię languages; and he concludes with an Appendix, intended to evince the probability of the interior parts of North America becoming commercial colonies; pointing out the means by which this may be effected; with the tracks of land on which colonies may be established with the greatest advantage: he has also a differtation on the discovery of a north-west pallagę.

We shall conclude this Article with an extract from Capt. Car

's general view of his great design, in exploring these unknown regions ; with his reflections on the success of his undertaking; viz.

• In October, 1768, I arrived at Boston, having been absent from it on this expedition two years and five months, and during that ime travelled near feyen thousand miles. From thence, as soon as



I had properly digefted my journal and charts, I let oat for Ecgland, to communicate the discoveries I had made, and to render the be. neficial to the kingdom. Bor the proseco:jca cf sy plaes for reap. ing these advantages bas bitkerio been obstructed by the opbappy divisions that have been fomented between Great Britain and the Colonies by their mutual enemies. Scould peace once more be reftored, I doubt no: but that the countries I bare defcribed aill prove a more abundant source of ricbes to this natioe cas eliber its Basi or Wef Indian settlements; and I itall cor op's price yielf, but fincerely rejoice in being the means of pointing oc: so it io valcable an acquisition.'

"I cannot conclude the account of my ertesire toate!s, withoct exprelling my gratitude to that benefce: Becg bo izrizby pod. rected me through chofe perils which ocaroidac:y attended to locg a tour among fierce and opta tored favages.

ART. VI. An Efay sa tbe Izzatoriality and lansiety tbe Ssal,

and its instinctive Sezje of Gud sci Esii, Sc. És, jib 28 Ape pendix, in Answer to Dr. Prie sy's Diigoiitious oa Warter and Spirit. By the Author of the Letters in Proo: of a particolar as well as a general Providence, bich were 20. 30 D:. Haszer. worth, &c. &c. 8vo. 55. Boards. Doccer :--. THOUGH this Effayift declares, at the conceacessent of T his work, that he thinks ristit za fudies ziiba ise Structive, nor entertaining,'—and that be bou.d serer bare iu at the trouble of reading either Dr. Harda's Observations on Man, or the Introductory Etays wbicb D:. Pick sy bas pre. fixed to his abridgment of that work;' had not a J4. Sister's well-known advertisement informed him that D:. Pizar bad denied the immortality of the soul :-be bas nevertheless, bise self, compiled a metapha rał work, conting a co les 1820 466 pages in sitavo; and doubtless expects tba bere are readers, beside the Monthly Reviewers, who wii take the trible ci per using it, and may hope to rece ve isitruct o. entertaistect from it. A very brief account of tbe work 1 serve to 1057 how far such hopes are well founded.

Our Author firft endeavours to her the geoel bes ten. dency of Dr. Priestley's Letra:E 35 23cte mentored; and that his arguments in support of the ascris o webze man soul are equally inconfitent with that is a fature state, which is derived from the last cá nadre, aad wetse doctrines of revelatioa contained in the scrip::e. He isut seems inclined to enlisen the subject by a forced segi ci te (ridiculous consequences,' which, be 2 eze,


from denying the immateriality of the foui ci rza Tit 2:, ine deed, ridiculous enough.- We mean the band's craquercas;

and that we too may enliven the preieat Art, a resca it as entertaining as is confitent Fió ibe more oi te lapec


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