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Art. 50. An Ejay towards a Demonstration of the Scripture Tri

. nity. By the late learned Dr. Daniel Scott, Author of the Ap. pendix to H. Stephens's Greek Lexicon in 2 Vols. Folio. Third Edition, to which is prefixed some Account of the Author. 12mo. I s. Goadby.

The Author of this little tract was eminent in the learned world on account not only of the Appendix to the Greek Lexicon abore mentioned, but also for a New Version of St. Matthew's Gospel, with critical notes, and an examination of Dr. Mills's various read. ings, which he published in 1741. The two folio volumes addi" tional to Stephens's Lexicon fully displayed his diligence, critical kill and precision. They were dedicated to Archbihop Secker and Bishop Buller, who had been fellow pupils with Dr. Scott at an aca. demy' at Tewksbury, and honoured him with their esteem, friend. ship, and correspondence. By their persuasion, we are here told, he was engaged in the above work, to the regret of of his friends, and the friends of sacred literature : for his close application to it, for many years, broke his health and spirits, and probably shortened his useful life, exclusive of the consideration that he was a loser of several hundred pounds by this publication. We are farther informed that, by this means, he was prevented from completing a large Lexicon for the Greek Testament, on a plan resembling Pa. fors, which he had begun, and which would have been more use. ful than the other; he therefore lamented his having yielded to the persuasions of his dignified friends,

The present essay appears to have been first published in 1724 or 1725. This edition was so speedily disposed of as greatly to furo prize the Author, who soon had sufficient evidence that it was bought up and suppressed by an eminent prelate, Dr. Edmund Gibson. A fecond edition, with some enlargements, was published in 1738, and even then it was so difficult to procure the pamphlet, that there was reason, it is said, to suspect that dishonourable methods were taken to prevent its circulation. The present Editor was well acquainted with the deceased Author; and though this essay, he tells us, has not entirely brought him into his sentiments, yet it has increased his elteem and affection, for all pious and charitable Chriftians, whatever may be their different

sentiments concerning the important doc. trine here considered. This essay, hě observes, is an admirable model for those who may engage in writing on points controverted among Christians. There appears through the whole an uncommon spirit of candous, humility, and respect for the learned, from whom he differs, and whose mistakes or false reasonings he thought it bis duty to point out.'

The Author pursues his subject in a kind of mathematical form, by definitions, axioms, corollaries, &c. and on the whole concludes that the holy fcriptures plainly teach an inferiority of the Son and Spirit to the Supreme Father. . My conscience, says he, bears me witness, that I have proceeded always with this confia deration, that I am to give a most strict account of every line, and word, that passeth under my pen; and therefore I have been precisely careful for the matter of my book to defend truth only; and

only by trath.'


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The essay itself admitting of no extracts, we have only to add, thar whatever is the Reader's opinion on the particular point in quetion, he will, without doubt, approve of the ingenuous, pious, and charitable disposition of the learned and benevolent Writer. Art. 51. A practical Treatise on Afflictions. To which is added, a fhort Discourse on visiting the Sick. By Stephen Addington.

2 s. fewed. Marker-Harborough printed : London, sold by Buckland, &c. 1779.

The Author tells us, that having found the consolations and instructions contained in this book seasonable and valuable to himself in affli&ion, he wished to put them into the hands of others in the

4 s. in


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same circumstances. The work treats on afflictions in general, their 1 design, the duties they call for, and then proceeds to address a va

riety of suitable confiderations to afflicted persons, according to their different stations and circumstances : to which are added, inftructions and exhortations for those who are recovered from affliction. It is a plain, serious performance, and as we are all liable to distress, many may receive benefit from these benevolent instructions.. Art. 52. The Principles of the Christian Religion compared with

thuse of all the other Religions and Systems of Philosophy, which have appeared in the World. By J. Stephens, Esq. 8vo. Boards. Dodsley. 1777. This work, by accident, escaped our notice at the time of its publication ; we shall now, therefore, only observe, in brief, that the Christian world is sometimes not less obliged to the lait, than to the clergy, for a RATIONAL defence. Mr. Stephens has clearly shewa, the fuperiority of the Christian scheme, above all the other religious systems that have hitherto obtained any establishment, in any part of this globe, i

Art. 53. Georgical Esays : In which the Food of Plants is par-

ticularly considered, several new Composts are recommended, and
other important Articles of Husbandry explained, on the Princi-
ples of Vegetation. Vol. V. 8vo. 2 s. 6 d. sewed. Dodfey.

useful publication has been frequently recommended to our Readers : see Review, vols. xl. xliii. xliv. and xlvii. We hould have sooner inserted this fifth volume in our Journal, had we noc been prevented by the accident mentioned in the preceding Article.

SCHOOL-BOOKS. Art. 54. Lessons for Children of Three Years old. Part II +.

Small 4to. 6 d. Johnson. 1778. Art. 55. Leffons for Children from Three to Four Years old.

Small 4to. 6 d. Johnson. 1779. More pretty instructive stories for young children, agreeably in. terspersed with some of the first principles of natural knowledge

* The accident here alladed to, was the loss of a parcel of books fent, in the autumn of 1777; to a Reviewer in the country, which never came to hand. Two or three other publications have, by this means, passed hitherto unnoticed. + See Review for July, 1778, p. 256

C E.
But why will this good Lady go contrary to Nature, and perlit ir
making dumb creatures speaki-However innocently and usefully
fabulous, allegorical, and poetic language may be applied to ani.
mate ratural descriptions, and to enforce the lessons of wisdom when
addressed to perfons of riper years ; we humbly conceive that as the
bodies of children (hould be nourished with the food of nature, lo
their tender minds should be fed and replenished with simplicity and

Xl. The light in which public Calamities eugbt to be viewed, and the

Uje we should make of them--Preached in the English Chapel at:
Dunkeld, Feb. 9, 1979, the Day appointed for a General Fall.
By the Rev. James Pacerfon, M.D. Chaplain to her Grace the
Duchess of Athole. 8vo. 6d. Edinburgh printed, and fold by
Longman in London.

Very well written ; and very loyal. The Preacher expresses his abhorrence of the American rebellion in the warmelt terms. Hor. rid treason! Ingrateful disloyalty," &c. &c. What a contrast to the sermon preached on the same occasion by Dr. Price, in the Southern part of our Island !

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CORRESPONDENCE. "HE letter from Wadsley, figned 11:Qešu, and dated June 14, refers !!

to former letters from the fame Correspondent; who seems displeased that they have not been duly acknowledged.- We have searched our files, and turned over our memorandums, but can find no letters from this Gentleman, of a date prior to that of his present favour: so that we suppose they are lost in the wreck of books and papers, occafioned by the lamented death of an ingenious and worthy affociate, which happened a few months ago.

With respect to this Correspondent's present Inquiries, &c. we fall briefly reply to them, as follows:

1. All that we have heard concerning the learned Editor of Longinus, whose publication was the subject of an Article in our lat month's Review, is, that he is a clergyman, residing somewhere in the country,

2. Mason's Engliflo Garden, B. III. will, probably, appear in our

3. The second volume of Mr. Carr's Lucian is under considera tion. Our Correspondent inquires concerning the profession of this translator: a circumstance of which we are as ignorant as the inquirer. An account of the first volume of Mr. C 's translation may be found in the 49th volume of our Review, p. 161, Number for Sept. 1773

N. B. Our Wadsley Correspondent's frank was not allowed at the post office. When Gentlemen make inquiries, for their private fa

. tisfaction, it is usual to transmit them without expence to the




An account of Moral and Hiftorical Memoirs will be given ia

our next.

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Lettres sur l'Atlantide de Platon & sur l'Ancienne Histoire de l'Afie,

& C.-Letters concerning the Atlantides of Plato and the Ancient
History of Asia, by way of Supplement to the Letters * concerning
the Origin of the Sciences, addressed to M. de Voltaire. By M.
BAILLY. Paris. 8vo. 1779.
HOSE of our Readers who have a taste for discussions

of this kind may recollect, that Voltaire confidered the
Brahmins as the primitive sages and inventors of the sciences,
whereas M. BAILLY considers them only as the depositaries of
learning and philosophy, which they derived from the Northern
parts of our globe. A fourth letter from the deceased Poet to
our learned Author, containing new doubts and objections to
the system of the latter, is placed at the head of the present
publication. The filence of Messrs. Holwell and Dow, with
respect to the hypothefis of M. BAILLY, the total want of any
documents or vestiges of instruction communicated to the In-
dians by any foreign nation, are the two principal objections
contained in Voltaire's last letter; and, indeed, these obje
seem to leave nothing to support our Author's opinion, but
mere possibility, which is but a poor foundation for any hypo-

M. Bailly is not discouraged at the view of these objections; and his answers to them are composed with still more spirit and warmth than the preceding letters. But do they prove the Author's hypothesis ?-That's a crabbed question. We think not: though we think at the same time, that the agreeable and extensive erudition of the Author will, together with his inge

See an account of these Letters in the Appendix to the gou volume of our Review, 1777 APP, Rey. Vol. Ix.



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nious conjectures, almost make amends for the want of fatis.
factory evidence with respect to the main point. In the fire the
letter, which, being considered as a continuation, is called the
eleventh, M. B. observes, that the Hanferit, a language which
still exists, but is, now, little understood in India, is a fo
proof of the derivation of that language from some other na pre
tion, who transplanted it thither with their science and philole
fophy.--He, moreover, quotes Plato, as telling the Greeks, but
that they were only a feeble remnant of an ancient race of men, kn
the Atlantes, who formerly invaded Europe and Asia

, the cona quest of which produced multiplied scenes of desolation, and ha placed an immense desert between the vanquished nations and those that had subdued them. In the two following letters we of have the whole relation which Plato gives of the Atlantis

, ad tu of the Atlantides, before they had facrificed their primitire cu fimplicity and virtue to that luxury which increased their wants, by and inspired that thirst of depredation and conquest that rendered them the scourge of mankind, and drew down upon themselves by the judgments of Heaven in the submersion of their island. Nor is Plato the only witness alleged by our Author to ascertain the th former existence of this people and this island; Homer, Sancho-N niathon, and Diodorus Siculus, exhibit fragments of the genealo

. gies, exploits, manners and character of the Atlantides, and our Author is very dexterous in fewing together these broken scraps ; he has a knack at making handsome patch-work, la beyond what we have observed in almost any menders of the old fu and tattered garments of mythology and history. By his ingepi nious combinations of the reports of these Authors, it would ta appear that the Atlantides were an ancient and powerful people, of that they inhabited a fruitful and maritime country, that the tic history of this country is the history of the Egyptian and Grecian let mythology, and that it is with an account of this people that tás Egyptians begin their own history.

thi This now, being the primitive people from whom all science Ca and philosophy were derived; the next point to be fettled is, thi where were they situated ? Plato fays, in an island (long fince swallowed by the deep) near the continent, and opposite to the pillars of Hercules. But where was that? was it Cadiz ?--was ha it a land of which the Canaries are the fattered remains? was it what we now call America ? It was none of all these, as our Author proves in his fourteenth letter, nor yet any place in the ไ th ocean,

which has been called Atlantic for above two thousand years, nor in the Red Sea which Herodotus called the Atlantic, and in the neighbourhood of which a learned man discovered the do pillars of. Hercules, in the temple of that hero-god at Tyre

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. lo The learned arguments, embellished with all the

of wit

th and eloquence, that M. BAILLY has employed to prove,


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